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Chateaux
 

Chateaux

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A presentation on the chateaux of the Loire Valley.

A presentation on the chateaux of the Loire Valley.

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    Chateaux Chateaux Presentation Transcript

    • Chateaux of the Loire Valley
      Megan Sulewski
      EDU 290
    • The Loire Valley
      Located in Northwest/Central France
      Middle stretch of the Loire River
      Continental climate, highly fertile
      Abundance of fruit orchards and vineyards
      Preferred location for the construction of chateaux, or castles, for French nobility
    • The Renaissance
      The French Renaissance began in the early 16th century
      Flourishing art, music and extravagant architecture
      King Francois I was an advocate for the embellishment of French culture
      Organized the construction of several Renaissance chateaux in the Loire Valley
      Francois I, courtesy of Wikipedia
    • Azay-le-Rideau
      Constructed between 1515 and 1527
      Located in the department of Indre-et-Loire
      Its foundations rise out of the Indre River, giving it the appearance of an island
      Photo by Megan Sulewski
    • Inside Azay-le-Rideau
      Gothic-style ceilings
      Renaissance stained glass
      Photos by Megan Sulewski
    • More fun facts
      Azay-le-Rideau is on the Unesco World Heritage list.
      The castle is decorated with the furniture and tapestries of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.
      Azay-le-Rideau retains a somewhat defensive appearance, typical of the chateaux-forts that had been the dominant form of architecture until the French Renaissance.
    • Chenonceau
      Chenonceau was constructed between 1515 and 1521
      Its signature arches cross the river Cher
      After King Francois I’s death, King Henri II offered the chateau to his mistress, Diane de Poitiers, as a gift
      Photo by Megan Sulewski
    • Inside Chenonceau
      The Great Hall
      An elaborate chapel
      The great hall was once a hospital for wounded soldiers in WWI
      Photos by Megan Sulewski
    • The Gardens of Chenonceau
      Chenonceau boasts two gardens designed in the typical French style
      Highly geometric and organized
      The two gardens were designed in honor of two important women
      The king’s wife
      The king’s mistress
      Photo by Megan Sulewski
    • Chambord
      Constructed by King Francois I between 1519 and 1547
      Technically never completed
      It is the largest chateau in the Loire Valley
      Photo by Megan Sulewski
    • Inside Chambord
      The King’s Chambers
      The many turrets of Chambord
      Photos by Megan Sulewski
    • Chambord fun facts
      Chateau Chambord was supposedly the inspiration for the castle in Disney’s Beauty and the Beast.
      Chambord served as the King’s hunting lodge.
      The chateau has an enormous double-helix staircase, so the King’s mistress and wife may ascend or descend, and not cross one another.
      Leonardo da Vinci is said to have designed many features of the chateau, including the staircase.
    • Architectural Progressions
      The elaborate designs of the Renaissance chateaux of the Loire Valley are big departures from the chateaux forts which preceded them
      A chateau fort is a chateau that served as a city’s defense.
      The chateau d’Angers (at right) is an example of a chateau fort.
      Photo by Megan Sulewski
    • Versailles and French absolutism
      The French Renaissance came to an end with the rise of Louis XIV to power
      Beginning of absolutism
      Louis XIV constructed Versailles as a display of his wealth and power
      Photo by Megan Sulewski
    • Sources
      Bezbakh, Pierre. Petit Larousse de l’histoire de France, 2009.
      Photo of Francois I from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francois_I
      Photos of chateaux and gardens are property of Megan Sulewski, unless otherwise noted.