Social Networking For Social Participation Long V2 Slideshare

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Access to technology is more than about access to PCs. This keynote describes issues related to the 'digital divide' and argues that meaningful, ethical participation in online culture is already becoming a key to success -- and is already sorting out the 'haves' from the 'have nots'. Drawing on examples of online mentoring and outreach programs, I show that those involved in pastoral can make a difference to the lives of young people by guaranteeing everyone’s right to contribute to the collective imagination.

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Social Networking For Social Participation Long V2 Slideshare

  1. 1. Dr Megan Poore Social networking for social Megan.Poore@canberra.edu.au participation
  2. 2. Overview •What I’ll be doing today is taking you on a tour of the new knowledge space -- that is, the digital environment that we’re finding ourselves in. •Because things are moving ahead pretty quickly in the digital world and we need to get a hold on things -- culturally and socially, as well as ethically -- if we are going to guide our kids through digital spaces
  3. 3. Overview •We’ll have quick look at the digital revolution, at ‘Web 2.0’ and then we’ll get into the good stuff around what’s called ‘participatory culture’
  4. 4. Overview •We’ll be looking at how new media, or digital, literacy is going to be a key to successful civic engagement -- indeed, it already is. •And one of the questions I’ll be exploring is, what conditions do we need to respond to help our kids succeed in the knowledge space?
  5. 5. Overview •What skills will they need? And what are the moral and ethical imperatives that we’ll be facing as teachers, educators, as counsellors? •What will we need to address in terms of literacy? Do we need to broaden our notion of what literacy is?
  6. 6. Overview •I’m also going to challenge, ever so slightly, the notion of social inclusion in favour of a more active concept of participation •And I’ll be arguing that it is participation that will be essential to success in the new knowledge space that is unfolding before us.
  7. 7. PART I VIVE LA REVOLUTION, OR A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE INTERNET
  8. 8. Technological revolutions •Now and then, humanity undergoes a technological revolution.
  9. 9. Awareness •Language •Technology •Social organisation •Myth •Rite •Cosmology Lévy, Pierre. 1997 [1994]. Collective Intelligence. Mankind’s Emergence into Cyberspace. Perseus Books: Cambridge, Massachussets.
  10. 10. Agricultural revolution •Sedentarism •Boundedness •Cultivation •Domestication
  11. 11. Industrial revolution •Manufacturing •Processes of mass production •Machinery •Economic rationalism •Markets, labour, commodities
  12. 12. Digital revolution •Internet •Computing •Communications •Data •Information •Collective intelligence
  13. 13. Technological revolutions •Why is it a revolution? Because we’re seeing shifts in consciousness, and that’s what revolutions are about.
  14. 14. Digital revolution •So, we’re currently seeing shifts in ‣How we understand the world ‣How we understand ourselves ‣How we understand others •In other words, how we think and what we think about is changing
  15. 15. Digital revolution •So revolutions are social as much as they are technological •And one of the most significant socio- technological developments of recent times has been Web 2.0
  16. 16. Web 2.0 •Web 2.0 is not a software package •It is the ‘read-write’ web
  17. 17. Web 2.0 •Wikis and blogs •MySpace, Facebook, social networking •Podcasting •Tagging, RSS •YouTube •Social bookmarking •Twitter
  18. 18. WEB 2.0 WEB 1.0 WEB 2.0 Ofoto Flickr Mp3.com Napster Britannica Online Wikipedia Personal websites Blogging Publishing Participation Content mgt systems Wikis Directories (taxonomy) Tagging (‘folksonomy’) Stickiness Syndication Software as package Software as service O’Reilly, Tim. 2005. What Is Web 2.0. Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software. http://www.oreilly.com/pub/a/oreilly/tim/news/2005/09/30/what-is- web-20.html. Accessed 10 October 2007.
  19. 19. Mindset 1.0 Mindset 2.0 The world is appropriately interpreted, The world cannot adequately be interpreted, understood and responded to in broadly understood and responded to in physical- physical industrial terms industrial terms only Value is a function of scarcity Value is a function of dispersion Products as material artifacts Products as enabling services Tools for producing Tools for mediating and relating Focus on individual intelligence Focus on collective intelligence Expertise and authority ‘located’ in individuals Expertise and authority are distributed and and institutions collective; hybrid experts Space as enclosed and purpose specific Space as open, continuous and fluid Social relations of ‘bookspace’; a stable Social relations of emerging ‘digital media ‘textual order’ space’; texts in change Lankshear, Colin and Michele Knobel. 2006. Blogging as participation: the active sociality of a new literacy. http://www.geocities.com/c.lankshear/bloggingparticipation.pdf. Accessed 10 October 2007
  20. 20. TRANSITION •So, what we’re seeing here is a significant change in how we understand the world -- it is a revolution, after all. •And just as at any time of significant social change, there will be those members of society who are disenfranchised from taking part in the new order of things.
  21. 21. PART II ACROSS THE DIGITAL DIVIDE: THE JOURNEY TO PARTICIPATION
  22. 22. The digital divide
  23. 23. The digital divide •This term has been about for some time now, and is generally understood to describe the gap between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have nots’ in terms of access to technology Green, Hannah, and Celia Hannon. 2007. Their Space. Education for a digital generation. Available at http://www.demos.co.uk/publications/theirspace. Accessed 21 October 2008. pp 59 - 60
  24. 24. The digital divide •It’s safe to say that, early on, we really only understood this problem in terms of access to hardware and the technological systems that supported them. •e.g., PCs, access to the internet, servers, email and the like
  25. 25. The digital divide •And it still is ... indeed there are strong correlations between things such as weekly income and computer ownership Green, Hannah, and Celia Hannon. 2007. Their Space. Education for a digital generation. Available at http://www.demos.co.uk/publications/theirspace. Accessed 21 October 2008. pp 59 - 60
  26. 26. The digital divide •And in this sense it’s been important to distinguish between ‘theoretical’ access and ‘effective’ access ... •Without effective access outside of school, young people may be seriously disadvantaged. Grant, Lyndsay. 2007. Learning to be part of the knowledge economy: digital divides and media literacy. Available at http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/documents/discussion_papers/ Digital_Divides_Media_Literacy.pdf Accessed 22 March 2010. pp 1 - 2.
  27. 27. The digital divide •But we also need to think about which technologies: mobile phones, games consoles, email, internet -- these things have moved on since Web 1.0 Grant, Lyndsay. 2007. Learning to be part of the knowledge economy: digital divides and media literacy. Available at http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/documents/discussion_papers/ Digital_Divides_Media_Literacy.pdf Accessed 22 March 2010. pp 1 - 2.
  28. 28. The digital divide •Because the problem is rather more subtle than just access to PCs •This has no doubt been exacerbated by the sudden rise in collaborative technologies characterised by Web 2.0 Green, Hannah, and Celia Hannon. 2007. Their Space. Education for a digital generation. Available at http://www.demos.co.uk/publications/theirspace. Accessed 21 October 2008. pp 59 - 60
  29. 29. The digital divide •What we’re seeing now is that it’s becoming more and more about access to knowledge and networks, and the ways in which people use technologies to participate in the knowledge space Green, Hannah, and Celia Hannon. 2007. Their Space. Education for a digital generation. Available at http://www.demos.co.uk/publications/theirspace. Accessed 21 October 2008. pp 59 - 60
  30. 30. The digital divide •In other words, it’s also about knowing how to think with the technology, not just being able to access a PC •Because simply having a computer at home doesn’t automatically guarantee its effective use
  31. 31. The digital divide •“... Students who do not have the economic, cultural and social capital to achieve meaningful and effective engagement with ICTs out of school ... may find themselves disadvantaged as a new literacies paradigm becomes increasingly important for participation in social routines.” Grant, Lyndsay. 2007. “Learning to be part of the knowledge economy: digital divides and media literacy.” Available at http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/publications-reports-articles/ discussion-papers/Discussion-Paper816. Accessed on 9 July 2009.
  32. 32. The digital divide •Economic capital issues: financial resources to purchase hardware •Social capital: Having the social connections to access networks of expertise; asking for advice or help; getting recommendations and suggestions Grant, Lyndsay. 2007. Learning to be part of the knowledge economy: digital divides and media literacy. Available at http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/documents/discussion_papers/ Digital_Divides_Media_Literacy.pdf Accessed 22 March 2010. pp 2 - 3.
  33. 33. The digital divide •Cultural capital: how to perform and operate in culturally appropriate ways, i.e., how to use the technology for communication and engagement Grant, Lyndsay. 2007. Learning to be part of the knowledge economy: digital divides and media literacy. Available at http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/documents/discussion_papers/ Digital_Divides_Media_Literacy.pdf Accessed 22 March 2010. pp 2 - 3.
  34. 34. The digital divide •All of this is really about the ability to participate in meaningful social -- and societal -- relations. •To that end, it’s not entirely about social inclusion. •Let me tell you why ... Grant, Lyndsay. 2007. Learning to be part of the knowledge economy: digital divides and media literacy. Available at http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/documents/discussion_papers/ Digital_Divides_Media_Literacy.pdf Accessed 22 March 2010. pp 2 - 3.
  35. 35. Social inclusion •Social inclusion is a key theme in the Rudd government’s social policy approach and it informs all areas of social policy •The term has been taken up by many as, perhaps, a salve to the harsher social policies of the Howard era •It recognises that there are people who are disenfranchised, disadvantaged, being left behind
  36. 36. Social inclusion •However, social inclusion as a concept isn’t without its problems •For a start, some argue that it presents those ‘being included’ as passive objects of policy rather than as active participants in a society Buckmaster, Luke and Matthew Thomas. 2009. Social inclusion and social citizenship—towards a truly inclusive society. Research Paper, 23 October 2009, no. 8, 2009–10. Parliamentary Library, Parliament of Australia.
  37. 37. Social inclusion •Indeed, inclusion could be seen to imply the need to conform to dominant social discourses •Now, before you think I sound too bolshie, let’s simply think about re-framing this notion to one of participation Buckmaster, Luke and Matthew Thomas. 2009. Social inclusion and social citizenship—towards a truly inclusive society. Research Paper, 23 October 2009, no. 8, 2009–10. Parliamentary Library, Parliament of Australia.
  38. 38. Social participation •Participation assumes not that people need to have things done to them (i.e., ‘be included’), but that people have something valuable and worthwhile to contribute to begin with •Participation is a far more active concept than is inclusion Buckmaster, Luke and Matthew Thomas. 2009. Social inclusion and social citizenship—towards a truly inclusive society. Research Paper, 23 October 2009, no. 8, 2009–10. Parliamentary Library, Parliament of Australia.
  39. 39. Social participation •So, participation is a right and entitlement but it comes with civic responsibilities, too •Participation means developing skills for meaningful, active and responsible involvement in society, culture and politics
  40. 40. Social participation •The role of schools, then is to prepare young people for this type of ethical participation in the new knowledge space •So, what might this participatory culture look like?
  41. 41. PART II PARTICIPATORY CULTURE
  42. 42. Participatory culture
  43. 43. Participatory culture: a definition •Henry Jenkins has identified what he calls ‘participatory culture’ •It takes on different forms and emphasises certain skills •But also brings with it certain concerns ... we’ll get to those in a minute Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21st Century. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010.
  44. 44. Participatory culture: a definition •Has relatively low barriers to artistic expression and civic engagement •Members believe that their contribution matters and they feel a social connection with one another Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21st Century. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  45. 45. Forms of participatory culture •Affliliations •Expressions •Collaborative problem-solving •Circulations Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21st Century. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  46. 46. Affiliations •Membership to online communities •e.g., Facebook, MySpace, game clans, message boards Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21st Century. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  47. 47. Expressions •Producing new creative forms •e.g., digital sampling, mash-ups, videomaking, fan fiction writing Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21st Century. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  48. 48. Collaborative problem-solving •Working in teams to complete tasks and develop new knowledge •e.g., Wikipedia, gaming cheat manuals, discussion forums Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21st Century. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  49. 49. Circulations •Shaping the flow of media •e.g., podcasting, blogging, Twitter Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21st Century. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  50. 50. Benefits of participation •Peer-to-peer learning •Diverse cultural expressions •Development of skills for modern workplace •More opportunities for participatory citizenship Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21st Century. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  51. 51. Benefits of participation •So what does a participatory culture actually look like online?
  52. 52. Benefits of participation •But, a warning ...
  53. 53. | Access to this participatory culture functions as a new form of the hidden curriculum, shaping which youth will succeed and which will be left behind ... — Henry Jenkins, Confronting the Challenges of ccParticipatory Culture
  54. 54. The return of the digital divide •We also have to remember that not all young people acquire the skills and competencies they need to succeed in the digital world, simply through being online Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  55. 55. The return of the digital divide •Three main concerns: ‣Participation gap ‣Transparency problem ‣Ethics challenge Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  56. 56. Participation gap •Unequal access to opportunities, skills, knowledge for full participation in 21st century life and work Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  57. 57. Transparency problem •Challenges in understanding how media shape perceptions of the world Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  58. 58. Ethics challenge •Preparing young people for their increasingly public roles as media makers and community participants Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 3
  59. 59. TRANSITION •So, in meeting these challenges, what skills will we need to teach young people so that they can meaningfully participate in online public spaces?
  60. 60. PART III RE-THINKING LITERACY: SKILLS FOR THE 21st CENTURY
  61. 61. 21st century skills
  62. 62. Skills for participation •Play •Collective intelligence •Performance •Judgement •Simulation •Transmedia •Appropriation navigation •Multi-tasking •Networking •Distributed cognition •Negotiation Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  63. 63. Play •Experimentation as a form of problem- solving Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  64. 64. Performance •Adopting alternative identities for the purpose of improvisation and discovery Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  65. 65. Simulation •Interpreting and constructing dynamic models of real-world processes Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  66. 66. Appropriation •Meaningfully sampling and re-mixing media content Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  67. 67. Multitasking •Scanning the environment and shifting focus to salient details Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  68. 68. Distributed cognition •Interacting meaningfully with tools that expand mental capacities Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  69. 69. Collective intelligence •Pooling knowledge and comparing notes with others towards a common goal Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  70. 70. Judgement •Evaluating the reliability and credibility of different information sources Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  71. 71. Transmedia navigation •Following the flow of stories and information across multiple modalities Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  72. 72. Networking •Searching for, synthesising and disseminating information across the web Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  73. 73. Negotiation •Working across diverse communities, discerning and respecting multiple perspectives, grasping and following alternative norms Jenkins, Henry. 2006 Confronting The Challenges Of Participatory Culture. Media Education For The 21stCentury. Available at http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2713. Direct download link http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/download/nwp_file/10932/ Confronting_the_Challenges_of_Participatory_Culture.pdf?x-r=pcfile_d. Accessed 25 January 2010. p. 4
  74. 74. New skills •Note that these skills are almost all social skills
  75. 75. TRANSITION •These types of skills are multi-modal and quite different from traditional literacy skills, aren’t they? •It points to the fact that rather than see literacy simply as a set of functional or cognitive skills, we need to understand it as a set of social practices Grant, Lyndsay. 2007. Learning to be part of the knowledge economy: digital divides and media literacy. Available at http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/documents/discussion_papers/ Digital_Divides_Media_Literacy.pdf Accessed 22 March 2010. p 5.
  76. 76. TRANSITION •The role of schools, then, is to prepare young people for ethical participation in the new knowledge space •It means teaching them how to navigate the new media landscape, and that means teaching them to be digitally literate
  77. 77. Digital media literacy
  78. 78. What is digital media literacy? • “Digital literacy is the ability to locate, organize, understand, evaluate, and create information using digital technology.” • The Northwest Learning Grid adds, importantly, 1) the ability to define the task, and, 2) the ability to communicate Wikipedia. Defintion of ‘Digital Literacy’. Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Digital_literacy Accessed 11 September 2009. NWLG. Teachers Notes on Digital Literacy. Northwest Learning Grid. Available at http:// www.nwlg.org/digitalliteracy/teachernotes.html Accessed 11 September 2009.
  79. 79. MCEETYA: ICT proficiency • MCEETYA says being ICT proficient involves 1. Working with information 2. Creating and sharing information 3. Using ICT responsibly MCEETYA. 2007. National Assessment Program -- ICT Literacy Years 6 & 10. Report 2005. Available at http://www.mceetya.edu.au/mceetya/nap_ictl_2005_years_6_and_10_report-press_release,22065.html Accessed 21 October 2008.
  80. 80. MCEETYA: ICT literacy 1. Accessing info (identification, retrieval) 2. Managing info (organising, storing) 3. Evaluating info (integrity, relevance, usefulness) 4. New understandings (creating knowledge, authoring) 5. Communicating with others (sharing, creating products) 6. Using ICT appropriately (critical, reflective, strategic, ethics, legals) MCEETYA. 2007. National Assessment Program -- ICT Literacy Years 6 & 10. Report 2005. Available at http://www.mceetya.edu.au/mceetya/nap_ictl_2005_years_6_and_10_report-press_release,22065.html Accessed 21 October 2008.
  81. 81. MCEETYA: ICT literacy Patterns • Low socio-economic background • Indigeneity • Remote locality • Gender not an issue MCEETYA. 2007. National Assessment Program -- ICT Literacy Years 6 & 10. Report 2005. Available at http://www.mceetya.edu.au/mceetya/nap_ictl_2005_years_6_and_10_report-press_release,22065.html Accessed 21 October 2008.
  82. 82. And another list • Find and select • Organise and process • Create • Communicate and collaborate • Review and improve • Understanding Hague, Cassie, and Ben Williamson. 2009. Digital participation, digital literacy, and school subjects. A review of the policies, literature and evidence. Published by Futurelab. Available at http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/documents/lit_reviews/DigitalParticipation.pdf. Accessed 22 March 2010.
  83. 83. MCEETYA: ICT literacy Findings 1. Communication is a frequent use BUT 2. Less use of applications for creating, analysing, transforming information MCEETYA. 2007. National Assessment Program -- ICT Literacy Years 6 & 10. Report 2005. Available at http://www.mceetya.edu.au/mceetya/nap_ictl_2005_years_6_and_10_report-press_release,22065.html Accessed 21 October 2008.
  84. 84. ICT proficiency levels “Challenging but reasonable” expectation: • Year 6: 49% • Year 10: 61% MCEETYA. 2007. National Assessment Program -- ICT Literacy Years 6 & 10. Report 2005. Available at http://www.mceetya.edu.au/mceetya/nap_ictl_2005_years_6_and_10_report-press_release,22065.html Accessed 21 October 2008.
  85. 85. Literacy
  86. 86. Literacy • We need to think about how we should develop amongst young people a literacy that will help them navigate the unfolding digital spaces. • In other words, we need to help them become digitally literate
  87. 87. Digital literacy • We need a literacy that teaches us how to participate in, and to produce (as well as consume), digital culture because it is this type of literacy that will be essential to helping us navigate the digital world.
  88. 88. Digital literacy • Schools should be showing young people how to make the most of electronic and digital media -- not how to make the least of them. Hartley, John. 2009. The Uses of Digital Literacy. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press. p. 20.
  89. 89. Human flourishing
  90. 90. Why literacy? • Literacy is the key to unlocking an individual’s potential • Literacy is about building citizens • Literacy is about intellectual, ethical wealth • Literacy is about dignity • Literacy is a right • Literacy is about human flourishing
  91. 91. Human flourishing • Everything we do as teachers needs to be about helping young people come to know themselves • It’s about helping them become aware of how they are socially constructed, how they construct themselves, and how they construct others • It’s a realisation of the social forces that act upon us and how we ourselves contribute to them and can shape them
  92. 92. Human flourishing • It’s about recognising that the self is part of something bigger • It’s about recognising and responding to the human condition • It’s about people’s ability to succeed with others • It’s about contributing to a greater kowledge of oneself and a shared knowledge of others
  93. 93. Human flourishing • As teachers, then, we should be aiming at helping young people recognise their autonomy, but also their interdependence.
  94. 94. Human flourishing • As teachers, we are the catalysts for discovery and the guides for exploration
  95. 95. To succeed we will need to be •Open-minded •Curious •Meta-cognitive •Seeking truth and understanding •Strategic •Sceptical Ritchhart (2002), quoted in Loader, David. 2007. New generation learning. Chapter 1 in Jousting for the New Generation. Challenges to contemporary schooling. Camberwell: ACER Press. p. 30
  96. 96. ‘New’ roles for teachers
  97. 97. ‘New’ roles for teachers •Facilitate discovery •Stimulate community •Demand critique •Encourage collaboration •Inspire experimentation •Foster creativity •Model problem-solving •Promote respect
  98. 98. Shaping the future •Teachers must shape the future in ethically proper ways •To do this, we must also help young people shape the future in ethically proper ways •New media literacy will be key to this
  99. 99. Summing up •We are, indeed, living in ‘interesting times’ -- in new times, in digital times.
  100. 100. Summing up •We will need to broaden and deepen our understandings of literacy if we are to equip students with the skills they need to succeed in the current century •We need to reflect on our own participatory skills and inclinations and see where we can improve.
  101. 101. Summing up •And you might want to ask what our own digital literacy is like. •Do we know enough about what’s going on online to safely guide young people through the digital environment? •One thing is sure -- we need to get skilled up ourselves. If we don’t, we’ll be letting the kids down.
  102. 102. Image references Ghostface. http://www.cs4fn.org/fundamentals/images/ghostface.jpg Searching. http://www.reputationmanagementfirm.com/iStock_000005808627Small.jpg Earth and Moon http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/upload/2009/04/ earth_day_from_space/apollo08_earthrise.jpg Ancient Egyptian agriculture http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/91/ Maler_der_Grabkammer_des_Sennudem_001.jpg Web 2.0: http://blogs.alfresco.com/wp/ianh/files/2008/06/web-2-0-logos.gif Digital divide http://www.columbia.edu/itc/sipa/nelson/newmediadev/files/ worlddotblack.jpg Participatory culture. http://www.fly.co.uk/blog/wp-content/uploads/social-networking.jpg 21st century skills. http://marcopolo.mci.com/images/features/21_century_PR_1.jpg Superman. http://www.usps.com/communications/news/stamps/2006/images/25/ dccomics_superman_hr.jpg All other images are copyright- and royalty-free

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