OPEN education?

Let's get your initial
ideas!
Why open education matters
Link to video: http://vimeo.com/43401199
“a collective term to describe institutional
practices and programmatic initiatives that
broaden access to the learning an...
“open” in open education =
elimination of barriers
What barriers?
●
●

●

High cost

Access to resources

Distance to inst...
When and how did it all start?

Universal Declaration of Human Rights:
“Everyone has the right to education .
Education sh...
A bit of history...

On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY)
A bit of history...

Global
Open
Education
movement

On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC...
Take home message

Openness in education is not a new idea,
fundamentally, education is a human
right.
And looking at the ...
Key players
The 4Rs:
Reuse
Remix
Revise
Redistribute
David Wiley
1998: “Open Content”

Open Source Initiative (CC-BY)
Davi...
Key players

Richard Baranuik
1999: Connexions
A global repository for educational content,
provided by volunteers, availa...
Key players

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2001: MIT OpenCourseWare
MIT committed to putting all their content (le...
Open Educational Resources
(OER)

"teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the
public domain or have bee...
Key players

Larry Lessig
2001: Creative Commons
A non-profit organization that enables the sharing
and use of creativity ...
A shared culture
Link to video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1DKm96Ftfko
Open licenses are a tool to enable
sharing, legally
By attribution

Share-alike

No derivatives

Non-commercial

Closed

Open

www.creativecommons.org
A global change
OER initiatives
Enter the MOOC
Massive Open Online Course
2012: “The year of the MOOC”

www.mooc-list.com
Enter the MOOC

MOOC poster (CC-BY)
Benefits of open licenses and OER
OER are freely available for use by educators and learners,
without the need to pay roya...
Benefits of open licenses and OER
Let's brainstorm!
●

●

We can't afford new textbooks for our school.

I can't afford th...
Benefits of open licenses and OER
Grant freedoms instead of impose restrictions
Sharing is fundamental to teaching
Collabo...
Open education and OER in Africa

CC-BY on Flickr

CC-BY on Flickr

Contexts abound and all are
challenging
Every child de...
Open education and OER in Africa

CC-BY on Flickr

CC-BY on Flickr

Build capacity by providing educators free
or low-cost...
Open education and OER in Africa

Plays a leading role in supporting higher
education institutions across Africa in the
de...
Siyavula – 'we are opening'

Community

Siyavula is a social enterprise built on
community, openness and technology,

y
y
...
What we have done
Technology enables and enriches
Open everything...
Open processes - iterative, transparent and collaborative
Open copyright licenses - freedom to distribu...
National distribution in South
Africa

~ 10 million books
Community - Volunteers

y
y
log
log
no
no
ch
ch
Te
Te

Op
en
ne s
s

Community
Who?

Volunteers:

Postgrad students:

Honours, Masters, PhD

Lecturers and senior lecturers

Educators

People in in...
Why?
South Africa has many different contexts
Teachers are from different backgrounds that teach in different areas
Drawin...
How?
Recruitment
How?
Workshops
How?
Online proofreading
How?
Online translation and translation days
Community - Recognition
Challenges of OER?

Technology
Awareness
Sustainability
Open business models
Let's remix!
By attribution

Share-alike

No derivatives

Non-commercial

Closed

Open

www.creativecommons.org
By attribution

Share-alike

No derivatives

Non-commercial
OPEN education?

Let's get your initial
ideas!
Why open education matters
Link to video: http://vimeo.com/43401199
“a collective term to describe institutional
practices and programmatic initiatives that
broaden access to the learning an...
“open” in open education =
elimination of barriers
What barriers?
●
●

●

High cost

Access to resources

Distance to inst...
When and how did it all start?

Universal Declaration of Human Rights:
“Everyone has the right to education .
Education sh...
A bit of history...

On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY)
A bit of history...

Global
Open
Education
movement

On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC...
Take home message

Openness in education is not a new idea,
fundamentally, education is a human
right.
And looking at the ...
Key players
The 4Rs:
Reuse
Remix
Revise
Redistribute
David Wiley
1998: “Open Content”

Open Source Initiative (CC-BY)
Davi...
Key players

Richard Baranuik
1999: Connexions
A global repository for educational content,
provided by volunteers, availa...
Key players

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2001: MIT OpenCourseWare
MIT committed to putting all their content (le...
Open Educational Resources
(OER)

"teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the
public domain or have bee...
Key players

Larry Lessig
2001: Creative Commons
A non-profit organization that enables the sharing
and use of creativity ...
A shared culture
Link to video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1DKm96Ftfko
Open licenses are a tool to enable
sharing, legally
By attribution

Share-alike

No derivatives

Non-commercial

Closed

Open

www.creativecommons.org
A global change
OER initiatives
Enter the MOOC
Massive Open Online Course
2012: “The year of the MOOC”

www.mooc-list.com
Enter the MOOC

MOOC poster (CC-BY)
Benefits of open licenses and OER
OER are freely available for use by educators and learners,
without the need to pay roya...
Benefits of open licenses and OER
Let's brainstorm!
●

●

We can't afford new textbooks for our school.

I can't afford th...
Benefits of open licenses and OER
Grant freedoms instead of impose restrictions
Sharing is fundamental to teaching
Collabo...
Open education and OER in Africa

CC-BY on Flickr

CC-BY on Flickr

Contexts abound and all are
challenging
Every child de...
Open education and OER in Africa

CC-BY on Flickr

CC-BY on Flickr

Build capacity by providing educators free
or low-cost...
Open education and OER in Africa

Plays a leading role in supporting higher
education institutions across Africa in the
de...
Siyavula – 'we are opening'

Community

Siyavula is a social enterprise built on
community, openness and technology,

y
y
...
What we have done
Technology enables and enriches
Open everything...
Open processes - iterative, transparent and collaborative
Open copyright licenses - freedom to distribu...
National distribution in South
Africa

~ 10 million books
Community - Volunteers

y
y
log
log
no
no
ch
ch
Te
Te

Op
en
ne
ss

Community
Who?

Volunteers:

Postgrad students:

Honours, Masters, PhD

Lecturers and senior lecturers

Educators

People in in...
Why?
South Africa has many different contexts
Teachers are from different backgrounds that teach in different areas
Drawin...
How?
Recruitment
How?
Workshops
How?
Online proofreading
How?
Online translation and translation days
Community - Recognition
Challenges of OER?

Technology
Awareness
Sustainability
Open business models
Let's remix!
By attribution

Share-alike

No derivatives

Non-commercial

Closed

Open

www.creativecommons.org
By attribution

Share-alike

No derivatives

Non-commercial
Open education, OER and the African context
Open education, OER and the African context
Open education, OER and the African context
Open education, OER and the African context
Open education, OER and the African context
Open education, OER and the African context
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Open education, OER and the African context

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Programme, looking at open education, OER, what this means in an African context and what we have accomplished at Siyavula within South Africa.

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Open education, OER and the African context

  1. 1. OPEN education? Let's get your initial ideas!
  2. 2. Why open education matters Link to video: http://vimeo.com/43401199
  3. 3. “a collective term to describe institutional practices and programmatic initiatives that broaden access to the learning and training traditionally offered through formal education systems”
  4. 4. “open” in open education = elimination of barriers What barriers? ● ● ● High cost Access to resources Distance to institutions ● ● ● Restrictive copyright laws Incompatible technology Academic admission requirements ● Accreditation
  5. 5. When and how did it all start? Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “Everyone has the right to education . Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages” (United Nations, 1948, Art. 26, para. 1)
  6. 6. A bit of history... On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY)
  7. 7. A bit of history... Global Open Education movement On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY)
  8. 8. Take home message Openness in education is not a new idea, fundamentally, education is a human right. And looking at the historical development “shows us not only a technological, but also a social, cultural and economic phenomenon.” On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY)
  9. 9. Key players The 4Rs: Reuse Remix Revise Redistribute David Wiley 1998: “Open Content” Open Source Initiative (CC-BY) David Wiley (CC-BY) A creative work freely available for modification, use and redistribution under a license similar to those used by the Open Source / Free Software community
  10. 10. Key players Richard Baranuik 1999: Connexions A global repository for educational content, provided by volunteers, available for remixing, editing and download in various formats.
  11. 11. Key players Massachusetts Institute of Technology 2001: MIT OpenCourseWare MIT committed to putting all their content (lecture notes, syllabi, lecture videos) for all their courses on the web, freely accessible to the public
  12. 12. Open Educational Resources (OER) "teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge" William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  13. 13. Key players Larry Lessig 2001: Creative Commons A non-profit organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools. Lawrence Lessig (CC-BY)
  14. 14. A shared culture Link to video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1DKm96Ftfko
  15. 15. Open licenses are a tool to enable sharing, legally
  16. 16. By attribution Share-alike No derivatives Non-commercial Closed Open www.creativecommons.org
  17. 17. A global change
  18. 18. OER initiatives
  19. 19. Enter the MOOC Massive Open Online Course 2012: “The year of the MOOC” www.mooc-list.com
  20. 20. Enter the MOOC MOOC poster (CC-BY)
  21. 21. Benefits of open licenses and OER OER are freely available for use by educators and learners, without the need to pay royalties Remember the 4 Rs? Reuse Remix Revise Redistribute
  22. 22. Benefits of open licenses and OER Let's brainstorm! ● ● We can't afford new textbooks for our school. I can't afford the textbook for my university course. ● The resources we have do not suit our needs or context. ● ● Our textbooks do not align to our curriculum or standards. ● ● ● Our textbooks are outdated. I want to share my notes with others in my community. We don't have additional resources for students to go beyond the lesson. I want to add in my own activities to existing resources but don't know how.
  23. 23. Benefits of open licenses and OER Grant freedoms instead of impose restrictions Sharing is fundamental to teaching Collaboration
  24. 24. Open education and OER in Africa CC-BY on Flickr CC-BY on Flickr Contexts abound and all are challenging Every child deserves a chance Parklands School gallery
  25. 25. Open education and OER in Africa CC-BY on Flickr CC-BY on Flickr Build capacity by providing educators free or low-cost access to tools, content and communities of practice ● ● ● Parklands School gallery Reduce the cost of access to educational materials Adapt and develop materials relevant to African contexts and learners
  26. 26. Open education and OER in Africa Plays a leading role in supporting higher education institutions across Africa in the development and use of OER to enhance teaching and learning, covering teacher education, agriculture and health. The African Virtual University released 73 of its courses as OER in 2006, and has since developed the OER@AVU repository to increase the number of Africans using and adapting OER. An initiative which brings together teachers and teacher educators across sub-Saharan Africa, offering a range of OER to support school based teacher education and training.
  27. 27. Siyavula – 'we are opening' Community Siyavula is a social enterprise built on community, openness and technology, y y log log no no ch ch Te Te Op e nn es s working to make high quality educational resources available to every learner and teacher in South Africa.
  28. 28. What we have done
  29. 29. Technology enables and enriches
  30. 30. Open everything... Open processes - iterative, transparent and collaborative Open copyright licenses - freedom to distribute, adapt and enhance Open standards - formats that enable the freedoms Opensource software - freedom distribute, adapt and enhance
  31. 31. National distribution in South Africa ~ 10 million books
  32. 32. Community - Volunteers y y log log no no ch ch Te Te Op en ne s s Community
  33. 33. Who? Volunteers:  Postgrad students:  Honours, Masters, PhD  Lecturers and senior lecturers  Educators  People in industry Provide a space for people to give back meaningfully to education in South Africa
  34. 34. Why? South Africa has many different contexts Teachers are from different backgrounds that teach in different areas Drawing on these experiences helps us ensure that our textbooks include aspects that are relevant to the different contexts More eyes = fewer errors that slip through
  35. 35. How? Recruitment
  36. 36. How? Workshops
  37. 37. How? Online proofreading
  38. 38. How? Online translation and translation days
  39. 39. Community - Recognition
  40. 40. Challenges of OER? Technology Awareness Sustainability Open business models
  41. 41. Let's remix!
  42. 42. By attribution Share-alike No derivatives Non-commercial Closed Open www.creativecommons.org
  43. 43. By attribution Share-alike No derivatives Non-commercial
  44. 44. OPEN education? Let's get your initial ideas!
  45. 45. Why open education matters Link to video: http://vimeo.com/43401199
  46. 46. “a collective term to describe institutional practices and programmatic initiatives that broaden access to the learning and training traditionally offered through formal education systems”
  47. 47. “open” in open education = elimination of barriers What barriers? ● ● ● High cost Access to resources Distance to institutions ● ● ● Restrictive copyright laws Incompatible technology Academic admission requirements ● Accreditation
  48. 48. When and how did it all start? Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “Everyone has the right to education . Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages” (United Nations, 1948, Art. 26, para. 1)
  49. 49. A bit of history... On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY)
  50. 50. A bit of history... Global Open Education movement On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY)
  51. 51. Take home message Openness in education is not a new idea, fundamentally, education is a human right. And looking at the historical development “shows us not only a technological, but also a social, cultural and economic phenomenon.” On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY)
  52. 52. Key players The 4Rs: Reuse Remix Revise Redistribute David Wiley 1998: “Open Content” Open Source Initiative (CC-BY) David Wiley (CC-BY) A creative work freely available for modification, use and redistribution under a license similar to those used by the Open Source / Free Software community
  53. 53. Key players Richard Baranuik 1999: Connexions A global repository for educational content, provided by volunteers, available for remixing, editing and download in various formats.
  54. 54. Key players Massachusetts Institute of Technology 2001: MIT OpenCourseWare MIT committed to putting all their content (lecture notes, syllabi, lecture videos) for all their courses on the web, freely accessible to the public
  55. 55. Open Educational Resources (OER) "teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge" William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  56. 56. Key players Larry Lessig 2001: Creative Commons A non-profit organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools. Lawrence Lessig (CC-BY)
  57. 57. A shared culture Link to video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1DKm96Ftfko
  58. 58. Open licenses are a tool to enable sharing, legally
  59. 59. By attribution Share-alike No derivatives Non-commercial Closed Open www.creativecommons.org
  60. 60. A global change
  61. 61. OER initiatives
  62. 62. Enter the MOOC Massive Open Online Course 2012: “The year of the MOOC” www.mooc-list.com
  63. 63. Enter the MOOC MOOC poster (CC-BY)
  64. 64. Benefits of open licenses and OER OER are freely available for use by educators and learners, without the need to pay royalties Remember the 4 Rs? Reuse Remix Revise Redistribute
  65. 65. Benefits of open licenses and OER Let's brainstorm! ● ● We can't afford new textbooks for our school. I can't afford the textbook for my university course. ● The resources we have do not suit our needs or context. ● ● Our textbooks do not align to our curriculum or standards. ● ● ● Our textbooks are outdated. I want to share my notes with others in my community. We don't have additional resources for students to go beyond the lesson. I want to add in my own activities to existing resources but don't know how.
  66. 66. Benefits of open licenses and OER Grant freedoms instead of impose restrictions Sharing is fundamental to teaching Collaboration
  67. 67. Open education and OER in Africa CC-BY on Flickr CC-BY on Flickr Contexts abound and all are challenging Every child deserves a chance Parklands School gallery
  68. 68. Open education and OER in Africa CC-BY on Flickr CC-BY on Flickr Build capacity by providing educators free or low-cost access to tools, content and communities of practice ● ● ● Parklands School gallery Reduce the cost of access to educational materials Adapt and develop materials relevant to African contexts and learners
  69. 69. Open education and OER in Africa Plays a leading role in supporting higher education institutions across Africa in the development and use of OER to enhance teaching and learning, covering teacher education, agriculture and health. The African Virtual University released 73 of its courses as OER in 2006, and has since developed the OER@AVU repository to increase the number of Africans using and adapting OER. An initiative which brings together teachers and teacher educators across sub-Saharan Africa, offering a range of OER to support school based teacher education and training.
  70. 70. Siyavula – 'we are opening' Community Siyavula is a social enterprise built on community, openness and technology, y y log log no no ch ch Te Te Op en ne ss working to make high quality educational resources available to every learner and teacher in South Africa.
  71. 71. What we have done
  72. 72. Technology enables and enriches
  73. 73. Open everything... Open processes - iterative, transparent and collaborative Open copyright licenses - freedom to distribute, adapt and enhance Open standards - formats that enable the freedoms Opensource software - freedom distribute, adapt and enhance
  74. 74. National distribution in South Africa ~ 10 million books
  75. 75. Community - Volunteers y y log log no no ch ch Te Te Op en ne ss Community
  76. 76. Who? Volunteers:  Postgrad students:  Honours, Masters, PhD  Lecturers and senior lecturers  Educators  People in industry Provide a space for people to give back meaningfully to education in South Africa
  77. 77. Why? South Africa has many different contexts Teachers are from different backgrounds that teach in different areas Drawing on these experiences helps us ensure that our textbooks include aspects that are relevant to the different contexts More eyes = fewer errors that slip through
  78. 78. How? Recruitment
  79. 79. How? Workshops
  80. 80. How? Online proofreading
  81. 81. How? Online translation and translation days
  82. 82. Community - Recognition
  83. 83. Challenges of OER? Technology Awareness Sustainability Open business models
  84. 84. Let's remix!
  85. 85. By attribution Share-alike No derivatives Non-commercial Closed Open www.creativecommons.org
  86. 86. By attribution Share-alike No derivatives Non-commercial

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