Project management (E - Waste Management)


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Project management (E - Waste Management)

  1. 1. Team Heptad Submitted by: Vijay Kumar Ashil Shah Santanu Das Jayier D’Souza Fayaz Ahmed Kruthi Kumar Lalitha Madhuri
  2. 2. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA Acknowledgement We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all those who have been instrumental and helpful in the preparation and presentation of this project. We are deeply thankful to Mr. Basanna S. Patagundi and Mr. Deepak R. for providing us an opportunity with their consistent guidance and support throughout the project period. We are also thankful to K.S. Nandakumar, Director, MAIT (Manufacturers Association of Information Technology) for providing the needed information regarding the project. Last but not the least; we would like to thank the college for providing us with this opportunity to learn more about the different elements of project management. Team- HEPTAD Page 2
  3. 3. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA Introduction In this information age, technology is a major driver, but if certain matters are ignored, we will be paying heavy price for this development. E-Waste is one of those costs. Waste computers, laptops, home appliances etc. contribute to e-waste. All of these land up in scrap and after that they are dismantled; components which cannot be re-sold are burnt. The smoke that comes out is injurious to the people burning it and also to the environment. Discarded electronic devices contain substances that are both toxic and valuable. The quantities of devices to be disposed off are growing rapidly throughout the world. Although the quantity of electronic waste in respect to the total waste of developing and transition countries is lower than in industrialized countries, the lack of regulation in the disposal sector is a cause for concern. There is no scientific disposal yard for e-wastes. The figure below explains the present cycle of “E-waste Management System” in India. Team- HEPTAD Page 3
  4. 4. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA According to Manufacturers’ Association for Information Technology (MAIT), three hundred and thirty thousand metric tonnes (330,000 MT) of e-waste is generated annually in India, while an additional fifty thousand metric tonnes (50,000 MT) is illegally imported into the country. The agencies already working with e-waste management are able to cover only a certain part & proportion of the whole cycle. Thus, there is a need to initiate a large scale business model which can take care of all the aspects of e-waste. We, at Heptad are trying to do this. Team- HEPTAD Page 4
  5. 5. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA Stakeholders Corporate Companies: This includes all the companies which produce E-waste on a larger scale on yearly basis. Our initial activities will be targeted towards IT companies. Manufacturers: They are manufacturers of computers and its peripherals, all the electric appliances and other products which when scrapped produces e-waste. Our initial initiatives will be focused on companies which are conscious about their brands in the market and would get involved realizing their social responsibility. E-Waste Management Agencies: The agencies who process and re-cycle e-waste. Government: This includes various relevant government agencies such as Software Technology Parks of India (STPI). Team- HEPTAD Page 5
  6. 6. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA Problems identified Alarming increase in e-waste quantity in Bangalore: o Preliminary estimate: 8000 tons per annum. o manufacturers and assemblers produce electronic scrap:1200 tons/annum o Foreign countries export a huge quantity of e-waste. No Act or Rules for e-waste coverage. Environmental and Health & Safety: o Emission of bromine dioxins, heavy metal and hydrocarbons (PAH), water pollution with toxic phosphorus. o Silicosis, toxicity, respiratory irritation, cancer etc. Team- HEPTAD Page 6
  7. 7. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA Objectives of the project Develop a cleaner E-Waste Management System (WMS): Develop a one of its kind platform for communication and grievance handling hub for corporate, and government for e-waste management issues. The focus will be on eradicating the dumping of e- waste and to stop informal re-cycling. Awareness: Make people aware of the hazards of e-waste and improper disposal. Make the general people realize that e-waste can be avoided to great extent if suggested steps are taken. Providing a framework for the government to implement new policies: We want to be the agency which will provide a framework for the government to make policies regarding e-waste disposal, management and illegal importing of e-waste from developed countries. Team- HEPTAD Page 7
  8. 8. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA Solution/System Suggested To achieve the above mentioned objectives, the following steps we suggest to take: Create an awareness program for manufactures to make them aware of their Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). To accept the products back to the producers for re-use. Also that it is of vital importance for environment to design products with less hazardous or recyclable materials. Arrange a helpdesk for the corporate (especially IT companies) with co-operation of government, to help them scrap e-waste through legitimate e-waste management system. This will also include providing services to corporate such as inspecting the assets they want to scrap and take that list to government for approval of those assets to scrap and transporting those assets to e-waste management agencies. Provide government the required data about e-waste; help them to develop laws and policies related to e-waste management. Team- HEPTAD Page 8
  9. 9. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA Detailed Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Approaching Companies: The approach towards the companies would be done by fixing a prior appointment with the concern department in the company, once the convincing is done and the business agreement is being signed, the team seeks the references from the approached company and starts building the network for the company which intern turns as a data base. The basic idea being helping the environment and being more eco-friendly, the companies encourage such ideas as the entire corporate world believe in CSR (Corporate Social responsibility). Making data base of E-waste: The data base in this reference means the business which we are attaining from all those companies in different sectors. Companies Components No. of tons Information technology (20) Hardware components 3 Corporate Offices (15) Hardware 2.5 Other companies and institutes (10) Hardware 2.5 Total(45) 8 tons Team- HEPTAD Page 9
  10. 10. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA Getting Approval from STPI: The STPI approval plays a major role in this industry. The industry basically deals with demolition of the assets, though these may be waste at present but still at one point of time these were the assets for the company. The E-waste which is collected from the companies is to be dismantled and destroyed, in order to perform such action a government authority support will help the organization to be legal and on the bird view of the government. This approval will also help in gaining the favor of the Software industries as majority of these companies will be registered under STPI. Approaching E-waste agencies: The basic reason behind approaching the agencies is to supply the waste collected from the sectors so that they can reuse them for some useful purpose. As the organization has an approval from STPI the agencies will never back in getting linked with our organization. As the effort involved by the agencies is very negligible, the agencies can utilize the time very effectively for the other purposes. The tie-up with our organization will prove advantageous for the agencies. Collecting E-waste: The frequency (weekly, monthly...) of collecting the E-waste from the tied-up organizations will be based on their choice. The mode of collecting will be done by either road that depends on the distance and the quantity. For this we need trucks and trolleys. Handing of E-waste to E-waste Recyclers: The collected E-waste will be handed over to the agencies as and when collected through the same mode of transport. Team- HEPTAD Page 10
  11. 11. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA Budgeting According to the WBS, the proposed budget is Rs. 150,000 /- for the whole project. The funds are raised by the commission received between transactions of the Corporate and the E – Waste Agencies. The following table gives the expended amount among the WBS: WBS Requirements Cost Approaching Companies 4 Skilled Person 40,000 Making Database of e-waste 2 Skilled Person 5,000 Getting Approval from STPI 2 Skilled Person 10,000 Approaching E-waste 2 Skilled Person 10,000 Collecting E-Waste 10 Unskilled Person 50,000 + 1 Tempo (on rent) Handing over E-Waste to E-Waste agencies 10 Unskilled Person 5,000 + 1 Tempo (on rent) Various awareness programs On Contract Basis 25,000 Other Expenses 5,000 Total 150,000 Approaching companies: We will require 4 people who can interact with various representatives in 45 companies. They will talk regarding Heptad and our services. If the companies are interested enough, then they will ask for their problems while scraping e-waste. If the company is not following proper/legitimate method for scraping, we will make them aware the benefits for recycling e- waste and how we can help them out in this. Team- HEPTAD Page 11
  12. 12. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA Database of e-waste: By now we will have a list of companies who are interested in our initiative. So, our next step will be to get details of assets they want to scrap and scrutinize them on the basis of the way they can be processed (based on what information e-waste management agencies provide). Getting approval from STPI: We would have contacted STPI in advance about our program but we would require 2 skilled personnel to get the approval on the basis of the database we have got. Approaching E-waste agencies: The agencies will be contacted to and with their support we will be able get the recycling done. We also intend to enter into a contract with them so that they scrap the e-waste we supply without much of formalities to make the process faster. Collecting E-Waste: With network properly established we will send our vehicle to collect e-waste and if needed people to load and unload the e-waste. Handing over e-waste to e-waste agencies: The collected e-waste will be sending directly to the e-Waste Agencies from the companies point. Various awareness programs: This will be parallel activity and the programs will be targeted to various aspects and stakeholders of e-waste. Most likely, these programs will be carried through NGOs. Team- HEPTAD Page 12
  13. 13. NAMMA NAGARA SWACHA E-NAGARA Limitations Mobilization of funds. Identification, Extraction, Financial and Commercial constraints. References Team- HEPTAD Page 13