People in orgns in terms of numbers, roles and abilities, are not a given which you then proceed to ‘manage’. Rather they are an essential part of the choices managers have to make once they have determined the objectives of the orgn, about the means by which they can achieve those objectives.
As part of this choice, the use of people, and what kinds of people to use must be considered at the same time as a consideration of other resources, such as capital equipment and raw materials.
What is it to be a human resource?
People can sell their physical, mental abilities, psychological makeup, time availability, skill, knowledge, creativity, expertise, reputation.
OB is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups and structure have on behaviour within organizations for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an orgn.’s effectiveness.
It is concerned with the study of what people do in orgn.’s and how the bahaviour affects the perf. of the orgn.
Behaviour generally is predictable if we know how the person perceived the situation and what is important to him/her.
While people’s behaviour may not appear to be rational to an outsider, there is reason to believe it usually is intended to be rational and it is seen as rational to them.
Psychology:A science that seeks to measure, explain and sometimes change the behaviour of humans and other animals
- Psychologists concern themselves with studying and attempting to understand individual behaviour.
- Contributions include in the areas of learning, perception, personality, emotions, training, leadership effectiveness, needs and motivational forces, job satisfaction, decision making processes, perf appraisal, attitude measurement, employee selection techniques, work design and job stress.
Sociology: study people in relation to other fellow humans.
- Group behaviour, orgn structures, orgn culture, comm.