1. The history of home schooling in U.S.A.
2. Home Schooling’s problems in pictures.
3. The Shortcomings of the Public School.
4. Personal cons of home schooling.
5. The deferent situations of home schooling to be
6. The conclusion : what I have learned?
7. Suggested plan to apply home schooling
in Saudi Arabia.
1- The history of home schooling
• During colonial; era
Some colonial families participated in
home schooling to achieve literacy and
• Famous people and presidents were
taught by home schooling :
Woodrow Wilson, Franklin
Roosevelt, Thomas Edison, Pearl.
Buck, General Macarthur,
Pallone, and Rebecca Sealfon 1997
• Home schooling became in the concious of the
American public when Rebecca Sealfon won the
National spelling Bee in 1997.
• What happened in 1999 in Oklahoma
concerning killing 12 students and the teacher in
a school consider important in home schooling
• It was through the efforts of religion
fundamentalists home schooling has become
legal in all states.
• But later on there have been a shift in the
reasons people choose the home schooling :
1. To improve educational result.
2. To improve communication between families
3. To bring meaningful involvement in
4. 2 % of students population taught by home
schooling in USA.
3- The Shortcomings of the
• A good number of Americans view schools as
falling short of its expectations.
• Public school teachers do not have teaching
credential, because of the miss education of
• Some criticize the public education for lack of
socialisation; children not living in the real world,
while the home school; children spend their day
in the real world.
• Some parents believe that public schools do a
poor job of teaching the values and morals.
• Others believe that public school unable to serve
children with unique learning styles or scholarly
• Public schools are viewed by some parents, as
lacking the ability to maintain a disciplined
environment and security for children.
• Negative peer pressure in the form of drugs and
premarital sex are cited as intrinsic in public edu.
• Spending is in public education is up and achievement is
Dr. Ray “In strengths of their own” found the average
cost per home school student is $565 while the average
cost per public schools students 5,325. The average of
home school children is 85% while the average of public
school children is 50%. On national standardized
(Mrantc, Camille A ;An examination of how home schooling
program respond to parental concern).
• Public school teachers lament that they can not get to
know the large majority of their students; Because of
large class size, in public schools.
4- Pros and Cons about home
a. The disadvantages of the home schooling.
The National Educations Association
States that “home schooling can not provide the
student with a comprehensive education
The decision to home school usually entails one
of the parents to give up a career outside of
Home schooling parents must have self- discipline.
If this is accomplished then children well also
learn to adopt these habits.
Home schooling hampers the acquisition of
Home school advocates seek a differention
between positive and negative socialisation.
When a child personality develops in a warm
atmosphere of love and acceptance he well
usually socialize well with all age grups including
Home schools overcome the potential for the
Isolation through heavy involvement in youth
groups by community activities clubs sports
participation activities with neighbourhood
children and academic contests.
b.The advantages of the home schooling.
In home schooling education becomes the
substance of life not appendage of it; any
given moment could be an educational
The home school setting allows valuable
gifts a parent can give a child which are
time and self.
Home schooling fosters communications
between the parent and the child.
Home schooling strengthen bonds between
parents and children.
In homes where there are several siblings being
home schooled that unique bond extends to
William J. Bennett
Reagan, Secretary of Education stated that” All
parents are teachers, the all but indispensable
5- The deferent situations of home
schooling to be used successfully.
a.For : Strengthening the partnership between family
by: Martin, Emma J; Hagan-Burke Shanna
Establishing a home school connection between
schools and parents with the explanation of
seven steps to facilitate effective communication.
Journal citation: preventing school failure, v46, n2
p,26-56 Win 2002.
b.For: The bare foot hours out-of school
by: Boss, Suzie
The Bare Foot Hours: out of school
programs offer to make the most of kids
free time, turning potentially risky
afternoon into golden house of
This program to reduce juvenile crime and
Journal citation: North west Educationnv1,
n4 p2-7 sum2002.
c.For : special education( gifted children)
Is Home schooling right for your highly
By: (Morse Karen).
This article describe the most common
teaching strategies that home schools
have successfully used.
Journal citation: understanding our gifted
v14 n1 p25-26 fall 2001.
d.Can be used during war.
Meeting E.F.A Afghanistan Home. Based schools:
By Kirt, Jackie and Winthron, Rebecca 2006.
Formal schools fail to reach many of the country
5 days ago, U.N. announced that half of school
children in Afghanistan out of schools.
Non governmental organization in Afghanistan are
promoting home education.
e.For decreasing illiteracy.
Invisible Teacher of literacy: collusion between
siblings and teachers in creating classroom
By: Geogory, Eve.
In East London siblings have been found to be
efficient leaders of home schooling as well as
(1% of U. K. school students are home schooled
literacy v38 n2 p97-105 Jun, 2004.
f.For students who suffer from stress.
Alternative education in Japan: brief
By: Needle, Nat.
Home scholling in Japan is slow and it is
beginning. It is for students suffer from
It is after school program.
Paths of learning: option for families and
communities n5 p41-45 Jun, 2000.
g.For school readiness (pre schooling in
New approaches to organizing assistance to
Home school used in Russia to prepare
children to attend regular class.
Russian Education and society v41 n5 p65-
h.For those who have socioeconomic
problems (in Malaysia).
The socioeconomic context of home Basd learning
by women in Malaysia
(By Lee Loh-Ludher). It present that education
usually take place at home in Malaysia for the
benefit of the poor and needy as a form of
distance Education. They took benefit of the
information and communication technology
(I C T). Distance Education v28 n2 p179-193 Aug,
i.For those who have psychological
Personal, social and family characteristics of
By: fryxell, Dale, Smith, Douglas c.
Journal citation, professional school
consenting v4 n2 p80-94 Dec 2000.
j.For those who live in grazing properties.
Every day life in distance education: one family’s home
schooling experience ( Australia)
By: Green, Nicole c.
In Queensland, Australia, most of the families own or
manage sheep and beef grazing properties
There children receive education by correspondence and
home tutor by the support of school staff.
It shoes what home schooling is a like as a component of
living and working on sheep or cattle properties
Distance Education v27 n1 p27-44 May 2006.
6- The conclusion
Those families who choose home schooling need to take benefit from
educational professional and exchange ideas and methods with
them and with other home schooling families.
Parents and school teacher should be trained to build abetter education
One size of home schooling does not fit all: (deference models,
To get acceptance and have legal regulations; the pioneers of home
schooling should start “home school schooling legal defence
association as called in the United State (HSlOA).
U.S. Home Schooling Push Movement Around the World.
By: zehr, Mary Ann.
Scours: education week; v4 2006, vol25 issue 16, p8
7-Why and How I chose to do a
research on home schooling?
(an article on home schooling).
First, 8 years ago I read a translated article in one
of the Arabic magazine about the subject. Its title
“ Home schooling: Is it your best alternative?”. It
reminded me with the old informal education, but
it showed me the home schooling in the United
State is more developed and more organized
and it has different level of legal regulations
Dr. Harld Chane
(The impact of futurism and
Second, I have learned from educational practice
and from some courses in 80th. Specially, from
Doctor Harld Chane one of the greatest scholars
in the futurism movement and alternative school
in U.S.A. I have learned that the term
“alternative” in education does not mean
changing the existing system with a completely
new one but it means improving the existing.
For this reasons, I decided to make a research in
this area to share in improving education system
8- Suggested Plan
to Apply Home Schooling
in Saudi Arabia.
1. The Suggested Plan
• This model depends on providing the following:
allocating a budget providing administrative assistance
and technical support suitable for such a program and
the services it provides. This model also depends on
creating a major unit for teaching and education under
the supervision of the deputy development of ministry
of education. It is suggested that several mini units or
subdivisions will branch out of this major unit, in
accordance, or to accommodate the number of school
administrations in the kingdom. This major unit in the
Ministry of Education and subdivision in the school
administration will have the following departments:
• 1. Department for Educational Evolvement and
• 2. Department for National Families
• 3. Department for Communications and
• 4. Home Schooling Association
1. Department of Educational Devolvement
and Teaching Resources
• This is the main department of the home schooling program within the
Ministry of Education. It is divided into several departments in accordance to
the number of schools administrations in the Kingdom.
• The main responsibility of this department is to plan for future programs and
solve any sudden obstacles during its administration. Another responsibility
is to evaluate, monitor and assure the continuation of the program by the
National Families, Home School Association, and the Communication and
Transportation Departments. In order to develop this program and assure its
success the above departments need to establish and information center
that provides a list of all satellite learning channels, program schedules and
contents after being reviewed and evaluated by the National Families. Also,
provide information about the Internet and websites that offer free tutoring
programs for home schooled children. Furthermore, need to establish and
provide information about testing and ways to improve it through research
and development. Another responsibility may include planning and
scheduling educational field trips for home-schooled children with similar
interests. This can be used to provide a suitable environment outside the
home to enhance and enrich their learning experience. Also provide
educational training for parents through public services associated with
Teacher Training Center in teacher colleges and the Colleges of Education.
2. National Families Department (NFD)
• The most important function of this department is; preparing and arranging
for programs, curriculums, assessments/examinations, and providing the
necessary tools or equipments. Special preparation should be made to
educate and train home-schooled parents. Another duty includes issuing
certificates and keeping a log of all students who are interested in the
research in the practical field and in the scientific studies. They can also
form a network of national and international personnel to benefit from the
experience in this field of study.
• The National Families Department will be composed of several
advisors interested in this alternative teaching, under the supervision of
these advisors in the NFD. The NFD is composed of the following
• 1. National Family for Religion curriculum.
• 2. National Family for Languages curriculum.
• 3. National Family for Science and Mathematics curriculum.
• 4. National Family for Social Studies curriculum.
• 5. National Family for Fine Art and Sports curriculum.
• 6. National Family for training parents
• 7. National Family for teacher training to work and keep close
communication with parents.
3. Department of Communications and
• As mentioned previously, the home schooling branch inside
the Ministry of Education is composed of this and other
departments except, this department has many subdivisions.
These subdivisions carry the same tile and are numbered
according to how many school administrations are available in
the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The sole responsibility of this
department is to keep a log and list of names and addresses
of all home schooled children and their families in order to
exchange information and share their experiences. Another
responsibility includes providing free transportation to home
schooled children during their field trips, exchanging visits,
community and social events and sport activities. This
department may include an information center with names
and addresses of volunteers willing to provide free tutoring via
email, and give support during social events or sport activities.
4. Home Schooling Associations
• This association consists of home schooled
parents, education supervisors, school principals,
teachers, business men and owners of industries
and factories that are available in every city, town
directors, government administrations, Deans of
the College of Education, and etcetera.
Furthermore the duty of this association is to
provide information, suggestions, advanced new
ideas and concepts, and encourage fields and
scientific researches for this field and keep close
contact with international organizations and learn
from their experiences in order to submit final
reports to the responsible parties. The members of
these associations and the works should be done
with some financial support and administrative