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Surgical Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer in India
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Surgical Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer in India


The most common cancer that arises in the pancreas is the adenocarcinoma, which carries the worst prognosis. The main risk factors are smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, obesity and diabetes …

The most common cancer that arises in the pancreas is the adenocarcinoma, which carries the worst prognosis. The main risk factors are smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, obesity and diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1. World's Most Advanced Medical Treatment in India - Get free Expert Medical Opinion and Treatment EstimateCost Surgical Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer in India Pancreatic Cancer The pancreasisa gland behind your stomach and in front of your spine. It producesthe juicesthat help break down food and the hormones that help control blood sugar levels. Pancreatic cancer usually beginsin the cells that producethe juices. Somerisk factorsfor developing pancreatic cancerinclude  Smoking  Long-term diabetes  Chronic pancreatitis  Certainhereditarydisorders
  • 2. Pancreatic cancerishard to catch early. It doesn't causesymptomsright away. When you do get symptoms, they are often vague or you may not notice them. They include yellowing of the skin and eyes, painin the abdomenand back, weight loss and fatigue. Also, becausethepancreas is hiddenbehind other organs, health careproviderscannot see or feel the tumorsduring routineexams. Doctorsuse a physicalexam, blood tests, imagingtests, and a biopsy to diagnoseit. Becauseit is often found late and it spreadsquickly, pancreatic cancer canbe hard to treat. Possibletreatmentsincludesurgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Targetedtherapyusessubstances that attackcancercells without harmingnormalcells. The most common cancer that arises in the pancreas is the adenocarcinoma, which carries the worst prognosis. The main risk factorsaresmoking, excessive alcohol consumption, obesity and diabetes mellitus. There is also a strong relation to chronic pancreatitis and a family history of cancer. Hence this cancer can be guarded against by lifestyle modifications, such as cessation of smoking, change in drinking habits, regular exercise and a healthy lifestyle. Signs and symptoms The initial signs and symptoms of this disease are very nonspecific and emulate everyday troubleslike indigestion and acidity. However, cancer of thepancreatic head announces itself comparatively early by blocking the common bile duct and thus causing jaundice, which is initially painless. Hence any painless jaundice should be immediately investigated with anabdominal ultrasound. Cancer of the other parts of the pancreasdonot cause jaundiceand areconsequently diagnosed even later. They usually cause severe abdominal pain spreading to the back, weight loss, vomiting and onset diabetes. Diagnosis Diagnosis is done by imaging, such as CT scan, MRI, CT guided fine needle biopsy (FNAC) and a blood test to detect a specific proteincalled CA 19.9, the level of which is elevated in pancreatic cancer. It is not always possible to do preoperative biopsy or FNAC successfully, and it frequently
  • 3. happensthat the surgeondecides to operate on clinical and radiological suspicionalone. During the operation, a frozen section biopsy is used to confirm the disease. Treatment Treating pancreatic cancercanbechallenging. Your doctorswill consider several different factorswhen choosing the best treatment for you. These includethe gradeand stageof the cancer, the locationand extent of the disease. Other factsinclude: • Your age, overall health, and medicalhistory • Your toleranceof specific medicines, procedures, or therapies • Expectationsfor the course of the disease • Your opinion or preference For most patientsdiagnosed with pancreatic cancer, themaingoalof treatment isto controlsymptoms. All treatmentshavebenefitsand risks. You and your doctor should carefully balancethepotentialbenefitsof any cancer treatment with itspotentialrisks. Treatment options may include: Surgery - Surgeryfor pancreatic cancer maybe curativeor palliative. Potentiallycurativesurgeryisused when imaging studiestellthe surgeon that it is possibleto remove all thecancer. Research has shown that the riskof major complications and mortalityaresignificantly reduced if the Whippleprocedure or other pancreatic surgery isperformed at an institutionthat performsa high volume of these procedures Palliativesurgerymaybe done if imaging studiesshow that the tumor is too widespread tobe completely removed. Palliativesurgerycanrelieve symptomslike jaundiceand prevent certaincomplications. Radiation therapy - Radiationtherapyuseshigh-energyradiation to kill cancer cells and shrinktumors. Chemotherapy - Chemotherapyisthe use of cytotoxic (anti-cancer)
  • 4. medicinestotarget and destroy cancer cells. It is an important treatment optionfor many types of cancer and clinicaltrials. For more information visit: http://www.medworldindia.com https://www.facebook.com/medworld.india Please scan and email your medical reports to us at care@medworldindia.com and we shall get you a Free Medical Opinion from India’s Best Doctors. Call Us : +91-9811058159 Mail Us : care@medworldindia.com