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Cervical Cancer Treatment and Surgery in India
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Cervical Cancer Treatment and Surgery in India


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Cervical cancer is the malignancy that starts in the cervix. Cervical cancer instigate from the cells located on the surface of the cervix. Cervical cancer occurs in several forms. The most common is …

Cervical cancer is the malignancy that starts in the cervix. Cervical cancer instigate from the cells located on the surface of the cervix. Cervical cancer occurs in several forms. The most common is squamous cell carcinoma, which accounts for 85 to 90 percent of cervical cancers.

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  • 1. World's Most Advanced Medical Treatment in India - Get free Expert Medical Opinion and Treatment Estimate Cost Cervical Cancer Treatment and Surgery in India - MedWorld India Affiliated Best Cancer Hospitals in India Cervical cancer is the malignancy that starts in the cervix. Cervical cancer instigate from the cells located on the surface of the cervix. Cervical cancer occurs in several forms. The most common is squamous cell carcinoma, which accounts for 85 to 90 percent of cervical cancers. Other forms include adenocarcinomas and combination cancers such as adenosquamous carcinoma. Some strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a virus transmitted during sex, play a role in causing most cases of cervical cancer. The type of cervical cancer is determined by the type of cell where the early genetic mutation occurred. The type also helps in determining the specific treatment for a patient. There are two main types of cervical cancer that include –  Adenocarcinomas: This type takes place in the glandular cells lining the cervical canal. Adenocarcinomas accounts for a smaller portion of all cervical cancers.
  • 2.  Squamous Cell Carcinomas: This type starts in the flat and thin cells lining the bottom of the cervix. Squamous cell carcinomas make up for a large majority of cervical cancers. Abnormal cervical cell changes rarely cause symptoms. But you may have symptoms if those cell changes grow into cervical cancer. Symptoms of cervical cancer may include:  Bleeding from the vagina that is not normal or a change in your menstrual cycle.  Bleeding when something comes in contact with your cervix, such as during sex  Pain during sex  Vaginal discharge that is tinged with blood  Leakage of urine or feces from vagina  Swelling in legs.  Loss of weight Causes Cervical cancer stands as the third most common type of cancer in women. The main cause is HPV (Human Papilloma Virus), a common virus that spreads through sexual intercourse. Risk factors * Having premature sex * Having more than one sexual partner * Poor socioeconomic status * Weakened immune system Symptoms of advanced cervical cancer * Low backache * Pain in the pelvis * Exhaustion * Excretion of urine or feces through the vagina * Single swollen leg * Loss of appetite * Weight loss
  • 3. Investigations Screening tests * For pre-cancer and cancer, Pap smear screens are effective, though not for final diagnosis. * Colposcopy is carried out if abnormal changes are discovered. In this procedure, pieces of tissue are surgically removed (biopsy) and sent to a laboratory for examination under magnification. The role of the Pap smear is to screen for cervical cancers and cervical pre-cancers. In its early stages, cervical cancer usually has no symptoms. To diagnose cervical cancer, Gyneconcologist first performs the following procedures: Pap smear : In this test, Gyneconcologist collects cells from the cervix during a vaginal exam to look for abnormal, or precancerous, changes in the lining of the cervix Colposcopy : If the Pap smear results are abnormal, Gyneconcologist may check the cervix using a magnifying lens (colposcopy) and collects and examines cells (biopsy) to determine whether cancer is present. Some other tests are also ordered when cervical cancer is diagnosed. The spread of the cancer can be easily determined with the help of these tests. The different tests include :-  MRI of the pelvis  Chest x-ray  Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)  CT scan of the pelvis  MRI of the pelvis
  • 4. Treatment plan The treatment of cervical cancer depends on: * Stage * Size and shape of the tumour * The woman's desire to have children in the future * The woman's age and general health Treatment of early cervical cancers * To ensure that a woman can bear children in the future, removing the precancerous or cancerous tissue without removing the uterus or harming the cervix, can cure early cervical cancer. * Pre-cancerous conditions are curable when followed up and administered proper treatment. Treatment of advanced cervical cancers * Radical hysterectomy: The uterus and much of the surrounding tissues are removed, including lymph nodes and the upper part of the vagina. *Radiation therapy: It is used in cases where the cancer has spread beyond the pelvis, or cancer that has returned. Radiation therapy is of two types: * External radiation therapy is like an X-ray and delivers radiation from a large machine onto the part of the body where the cancer is located. * Internal radiation therapy or brachytherapy entails placing a device filled with radioactive material inside the woman's vagina. * Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) and Image Guided Radiotherapy (IGRT) help deliver radiation to the tumour and adjacent tissues sparing nearby normal structures like urinary bladder, rectum and intestines and thus preventing long term complications.
  • 5. * Chemotherapy uses drugs such as carboplatin, paclitaxel, 5- FU and cisplatin to destroy cervical cancer. It is generally used along with radiation to sensitize the tumour. Radiation and chemotherapy may be used before or after surgery. Why should you choose to get Indian hospitals offer the Best Cancer Treatment in India at affordable prices. MedWorld india associated Best Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India have the latest technology and infrastructure to offer the Most Advanced Cancer Treatment at low cost.; At MedWorld India Affiliated Best Cancer Hospitals are to deliver highest quality and advanced oncology care in a supportive and compassionate environment to all our patients, and to advance the treatment and prevention of cancers through innovative research MedWorld India Affiliated Best Cancer Hospitals in India offer:  World class results for Cancer Treatment  World Class equipment for investigations, radiotherapy and surgery  Cancer specialists with great qualifications and experience  Low cost of cancer treatment Get the MedWorldindia Advantage – Benefit from our Expertise of helping a large number of foreign patients get world class medical care in India at affordable cost. Our team has a vast experience of working with the leading hospitals and doctors in India. WHAT WE OFFER AT NO COST TO YOU :- 1. Expert Professional Advice on choosing the best hospital and surgeon 2. Help on Airport pick up, transfers and local assistance in India 3. Coordination of Medical Opinion before and after your visit to India 4. Help in obtaining visa and travel assistance. FREE EXPERT MEDICAL OPINION FROM TOP DOCTORS IN INDIA If any of your friends and relatives are considering to go to India for medical treatment, please ask them to scan and email their medical reports to us at
  • 6. We will get a no obligation opinion from at least three hospitals in our network from top doctors and send you their advice and an estimated cost at no cost to you at all. If you decide to come we will help you and handhold you ....AT NO EXTRA COST TO YOU. EMAIL YOUR REPORTS TO GET FREE EXPERT MEDICAL OPINION FROM INDIA BEST DOCTORS IN MAX 48 HOURS ADVANCED MEDICAL & SURGICAL TREATMENTS AT MOST AFFORDABLE COSt  Cancer Treatment - Medical, Surgical & Radiation Oncology.  Neurology & Neurosurgery - Spine Surgery, Brain Tumor removal  Cardiology & Cardiothoracic Surgery  Orthopedics - Hip & Knee Joint Surgery , Arthroscopic Surgery  Most Advanced Robotic Surgery - Prostate Cancer  IVF, Cosmetic, Dental Surgery  Gastroenterology, Urology & Nephrology - Kidney & Liver Transplants