All About Medieval Swords


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The medieval sword was the weapon of choice during the Middles Ages. Known also as the Medieval Era, this period covered the years between the Roman Empire and the Renaissance, 476 to 1450 A.D. Battles were fought by knights wearing heavy armor and using swords and lances.

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All About Medieval Swords

  2. 2. All AboutMedieval Swords
  3. 3. T he medieval sword wasthe weapon of choice during the MiddlesAges. Known also as the Medieval Era,this period covered the years between theRoman Empire and the Renaissance, 476 to1450 A.D. Battles were fought by knightswearing heavy armor and using swordsand lances. It needs skill and strength touse a sword and during those times, notanybody can just wield one. It would take
  4. 4. several years of training before a squirecould become a knight; earn his place inbattle and given his own sword, the firstamong many. The fall of the Roman Empire saw theemergence of the medieval swords, whichwere more a derivative of the Vikingswords rather than the Roman swordsspatha. The Viking raiders were quick toset a trend with their swords and Vikinghelmets at that time. The swords wereheavier, longer and more lethal than the
  5. 5. Roman gladius or spatha. The medievalswords continued to evolve and theMiddle Ages produced different medievalswords – Broadsword, Falchion,Longsword, Greatsword and the Scimitar.
  6. 6. The Broadsword is the earliest knownsword depicting the medieval period. It isa two-edge sword weighing about 3 to 5pounds, measuring 2 to 3 inches in widthand 30 to 45 inches in length. Most medieval Knights who went onCrusades preferred the Medieval Falchionswords. Similar to the Scimitar’s curvedblade used by the Saracens in the HolyLand, the Falchion came with a heavysingle edge blade. The Longswords alsoknown as the Hand and a Half swords orthe Bastardswords are longer with length
  7. 7. going from 44 to 55 inches. The longest ofall medieval swords are the Greatswords.These were two-handed swords with 50 to72 inches blade length plus 18 to 21 inchesof handle. It was the heaviest medievalsword as well at 6 to 10 pounds.
  8. 8. The medieval sword has two mainparts – the hilt and the blade. The hilt hasthree main components – pommel, gripand the crossbar or cross-guard. The pommel is a small round metal onthe end of the hilt that provides a sort ofcounterbalance for the blade and helpsincrease maneuverability. The grip or handle is where swords areheld. The cross-guard served twopurposes – as a hand shield and for addedbalance. When it comes to the blade, it isstraight and typically wider at the base. It
  9. 9. is either single-edged or double-edged andfeatured a central groove or fuller thatmade the sword lighter and stronger. The strength of the sword depends onhow it was forged. Strip welding is a
  10. 10. technique used by the Vikings wheremetals are bundled, bended andhammered together several times to makeit tougher and stronger. As medieval Knights favored the use ofthe cutting swords of the Vikings ratherthan those of the Romans, they toopreferred the Viking helmets instead ofthe Roman helmets. The helmets evolvedwith the medieval swords to make knightsand warriors more impregnable to theiropponents. The medieval swords wereeffective for cutting and slicing as well as
  11. 11. thrusting and piercing. Understanding thesword was important to enable the Knightsto use it effectively. They had to undergoextensive training involving strategicmaneuvers and strokes to disengageenemies. It took most of their time tobecome experts. Training with the swordbecame a part of medieval life as it meanslife and death during those times.
  12. 12. Medieval Swords:Past and Present
  13. 13. M edieval swords areknown to many people around the world.As the swords are great part of thehistory, medieval swords are among thekinds that never fail to bring back the oldtimes in the past. It is undeniable that allthroughout the whole middle age, theswords had played the biggest part of peo-ple’s lives as battle then was left and right.Almost everyone had one.
  14. 14. everyone had one. In the modern times that we live intoday, swords which are made fromauthentic medieval fighting weapons stillhave the same quality as before. Unlikecenturies ago, you do not really have to bein the upper class just to have a weaponthat is considered to be effective, useful,well made, easy to handle and beautiful. People choose medieval swords fromits different kinds. Those kinds servevaried purposes as well. There aremedieval swords which are generally
  15. 15. based on models in the history which arethen made specifically for one army orcertain geographical region. Like forinstance, you may have English swordsthat were used by the knights or ratherbroadswords or Celtic swords fromGermany.
  16. 16. History enthusiasts along with antiquecollectors truly find sword made from itsreal model amazing great part of theircollection. These swords are capable ofbringing beauty to the wall of a house andwonderful displays on a rack. Needless to say, medieval times are stillas popular as before for the new generationtoday. Festivals depicting Middle Agesalong with numerous reenactments are stillbeing presented to the young people thesedays. These plays and festivals alwaysinclude sword fights. Actually, it is
  17. 17. something that will never be out of sight asswords are important equipment of alltime. There are swords styled in the medievalway and made ideal for some occasions. Inany festivals, swords complete the physicalappearance of people attending it. It ismade with different designs to choosefrom. Remembering the Middle Ages can bedone through this way – carrying fightingweapons along with national clothes ofcertain country. As reenactment is an
  18. 18. important part in the tradition, being partof it requires you to have medieval swordswhich are also battle-ready in order tomeet up safety requirements along withthe assurance of not getting damagedeasily. Swords can also be chosen based on apersonality of the person buying it. It ismade to specifically to suit a person.
  19. 19. Swords made from great high qualitymaterials with only one hand and madefrom designs in the medieval times areideal for people who are generally strongand experienced in using swords. On theother hand, inexperienced, younger andolder people may choose to have swordsthat are generally light and short with twohands for easy usage. Handle of theswords is an important consideration asit should be made from high qualitymaterials so as to be sure it will not havethe chance to slip out of the hands during
  20. 20. Swords made from great high qualitymaterials with only one hand and madefrom designs in the medieval times areideal for people who are generally strongand experienced in using swords. On the other hand, inexperienced,younger and older people may choose tohave swords that are generally light andshort with two hands for easy usage.
  21. 21. Handle of the swords is an importantconsideration as it should be made fromhigh quality materials so as to be sure itwill not have the chance to slip out of thehands during practice and during battle.
  22. 22. For more information about medieval sword and viking helmets, please check