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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE Surgery and Treatment
 

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE Surgery and Treatment

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MedicYatra provides the safe & best Cardiovascular disease surgery and treatment at its affiliate & trusted hospitals & clinics in various metro cities of India, like Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, ...

MedicYatra provides the safe & best Cardiovascular disease surgery and treatment at its affiliate & trusted hospitals & clinics in various metro cities of India, like Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Pune etc.Our Associate Board certified doctors are extensively trained and vastly experienced and have performed hundreds of such cases at our state of the art JCI accredited hospitals & Clinics. Our aim is to provide you the best of the services at the most affordable costs. Don't forget to say hi at info@medicyatra.com

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    CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE Surgery and Treatment CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE Surgery and Treatment Presentation Transcript

    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comCARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE WHERE ARE WE GOING IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Cardiovascular Disease Statistics1996 estimates 58,800,000 Americans haveCardiovascular Disease.•High blood pressure - 50,000,000•Coronary heart disease - 12,000,000 *Myocardial infarction (acute heart attack) - 7,000,000 *Angina pectoris (chest pain) - 6,200,000( Stroke - 4,400,000 Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Cardiovascular diseases:• Claimed 959,227 lives in 1996.• Other 1996 mortality: total cancer 544,728; accidents 93,874; HIV (AIDS) 32,655.• One sixth of all people killed by CVD are under age 65.• From 1985 to 1995 death rates from CVD declined 22%.• In the same 10-year period the actual number of deaths declined only 2.0 percent Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Coronary Heart Disease• Caused 476,124 deaths in ‘96 - the single leading cause of death in America today.• This year an estimated 1,100,000 Americans will have a new or recurrent coronary attack, and about 1/3 will die.• At least 250,000 people a year die of coronary attack within 1 hr. of the onset of symptoms. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Cardiovascular Disease Cost•The cost of cardiovascular diseases and stroke in1999 is estimated by the AHA at $286.5 billion.This includes direct costs, which include cost ofphysicians and other professions, hospital andnursing home services, the cost of medications,and home health.•It is impossible to assess the cost in terms ofsuffering and human life. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What is Heart Disease?What are some types of heart and blood vesseldiseases?•HARDENING OF THE ARTERIES•HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE•HEART ATTACKS•HEART FAILURE•STROKE and TIA Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What is a Heart Attack?What causes a heart attack? Myocardial Infarction: •Blood flow is blocked (by a blood clot or buildup of plaque).Warning signs: •Uncomfortable heavy feeling, pressure, pain or squeezing in the center of your chest that lasts more than a few minutes. •Pain that goes to your shoulders, neck or arms. •Discomfort in your chest along with a light head, fainting, sweating, nausea or shortness of breath. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Risk Factors• Family history• Smoking• Hyperlipidemia• Hypertension• Obesity• Inactive Lifestyle• Diabetes Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comYour FAMILY HISTORY may increaseyour risk if. . . Your father or brother had a heart attack before age 55 OR your mother or sister had one before age 65. You have a close blood relative who had a stroke. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com CIGARETTE SMOKING . . . it’ll make you choke!•Cigarette smoking is the most important preventable cause of premature death inthe United States. Current estimates for the United States are that 25.2 million men (26.7%) & 23.2 million women (22.8%) are smokers, putting them at increased risk of heart attack. In addition, an estimated 4.1 million teenagers aged 12 thru 17 years are smokers.•Women who smoke and use oral contraceptives greatly increase their risk of coronaryheart disease compared with women who neither smoke nor use oral contraceptives.•People who smoke cigars or pipes seem to have a higher risk of death fromcoronary heart disease (possibly stroke), but their risk is not as great as cigarettesmokers. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com SMOKING CESSATIONApproximately 48 million Americans currently smoke cigarettes, butmost smokers are either actively trying to quit or want to quit. Since1965, more than 40% of all adults who have ever smoked have quit.•After 1 year off cigarettes, the excess risk of heart disease caused bysmoking is reduced by half. After 15 years of abstinence, the risk issimilar to that of persons who have never smokes.•In 5 to 15 years, the risk of stroke for ex-smokers returns to the level ofthose who have never smokes.•Male smokers who quit between 35 to 39 add an average of 5 years totheir lives. Female quitters in this age group add 3 years. Men andwomen who quit at ages 65 to 69 increase their life expectancy by 1 Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comHigh Blood Cholesterol . . .is your number up? Estimates are that 98.1 million American adults (51.9%) have total blood cholesterol values of 200 mg/dL and higher, and about 39.4 million American adults (about 20%) have levels of 240 or above. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com CHOLESTEROL, Lowering the LevelsThe American Heart Association dietary guidelinesfor healthy Americans recommend that no morethan 30 percent of your total calories should comefrom fat.The AHA also recommends that your daily intakeof dietary cholesterol be less than 300 milligrams(mg) and no more than 200 mg is you havecoronary heart disease. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comHow Can I Lower High Cholesterol• Low fat, low cholesterol diet• Weight control• Exercise program• Medication Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE . . The Silent KillerHigh blood pressure (hypertension) killed 41,634Americans in 1996 and contributed to the deaths ofabout 202,000. •One in five Americans (and one in four adults) has high blood pressure. •Of those people with high blood pressure, 31.6% don’t know they have it. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What is blood pressure?Blood pressure is the result of two forces. One is created by the heartas it pushes blood into the arteries and through the circulatory systemThe other is the force of the arteries as they resist the blood flow.What do blood pressure numbers indicate?•The higher (systolic) number represents the pressure while the heartis beating.•The lower (diastolic) number represents the pressure when the heartis resting between beats.Blood pressure of less than 140 over 90 is considered anormal blood pressure reading for adults. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Blood Pressure cont.High blood pressure usually has no symptoms. Infact, many people have high blood pressure foryears without knowing it. That’s why it’s sodangerous.The only way to find out if you have high bloodpressure is to have your blood pressure checked. Your doctor or other qualified healthprofessional should check your blood pressure atleast once every two years. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comOBESITY AND OVERWEIGHT. . . It’s a Real Drag!About 61 million American adults are now 20% ormore over their ideal weight. People who are morethan 20% over their ideal body weight (obese) aremore likely to develop heart disease and stroke, even ifthey have no other risks factors.Obesity is defined simply as an excess of body fat.Obesity is now recognized as a major risk factor forcoronary heart disease, which can lead to heart attack. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comOBESITY:•raises blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels.•lowers HDL (the “good” cholesterol linked with lowerrisk).•raises blood pressure.•can induce diabetes. In some people, diabetes has astrongly adverse effect on these risk factors. In them, theresulting danger of heart attack is especially high. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comPhysical Inactivity . . . Just move!Physical inactivity has been established as a majorrisk factor for the development of coronary arterydisease. It also contributes to other risk factorsincluding obesity, high blood pressure and a lowlevel of HDL cholesterol. Even moderate intensityphysical activity such as brisk walking is beneficialwhen done regularly for a total of 30 minutes orlonger on most days. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comWhat are other benefits of exercise?•Physical activity builds healthy bones, muscles,and joints, and reduces the risk of colon cancer. Infact, millions of Americans suffer from illnessesthat can be prevented or improved through regularphysical activity.•Physical activity also brings psychologicalbenefits. For example, it reduces feelings ofdepression and anxiety, improves mood andpromotes a feeling of well-being. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com DIABETES MELLITUSDiabetes mellitus killed 61,559 Americansin 1996.• 10,060,000 Americans have diabetes (about 4.6 million males and 5.5 million females).• 625,000 new cases of diabetes are diagnosed every year. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comWhat is diabetes mellitus?Diabetes mellitus is the inability of the body toproduce or respond to insulin properly. Insulinallows the body to use glucose (sugar).Diabetes is a major risk factor for strokeand is now recognized as a major risk factorfor coronary heart disease, which leads toheart attack. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
    • Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comHow Can I Avoid a Heart Attack? •Don’t smoke. •Treat high blood pressure if you have it. •Eat a diet that’s low in fat, cholesterol, and salt. •Exercise. •Keep your weight in the normal range. •Follow your doctor’s orders for taking medicine. •See your doctor for regular checkups. •Control your blood sugar if you have diabetes. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd