Media Pedagogy for Professors

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  • 1. Using Audio and Video to Enhance your Class Media Pedagogy for Professors
  • 2. New Tools for Learning Common Video Formats Common Audio Formats • Flash Video • .MP3 files • • QuickTime • Real Audio • Windows Media • .Wav files • Real Video
  • 3. Does it Work? Examples of Video Examples of Audio • Military research going back to WW2 • Radio • Sesame Street
  • 4. Why use it? Reduce Development Time • Access vast libraries of audio and video. • Reduce the time necessary to develop lecture materials. • Eliminate the need to reserve audio and video from a library or instructional media center. Classroom Management • Save classroom time by assigning students to review parts of a lecture on their own. • Use class time for meaningful discussions. Learning • Record a quick video message or lecture for your class. • Provide visual representations that you could not achieve using a text book. • Provide opportunities for remedial instruction. • Empower you and your students to control the pace of the audio and video. • Stimulate student interest and motivation to learn.
  • 5. Getting Started Format Hardware Software Internet Download Connection Time Audio - Speakers or - The necessary - Broadband Audio files are Files headphone for audio player access or typically smaller option higher than video ones. Video - Speakers or - The necessary - Broadband Video files can Files headphone for audio player access or be large and option higher require time for downloading.
  • 6. Playing Audio vs. Video Play Audio When • The subject matter does not require a visual representation, such as a speech or an interview. • You want to present a handout or slide supported by audio narration. • The internet connection being used is not fast enough for video. * check the audio quality to ensure that it will be audible at a volume loud enough in the desired listening environment. Play Video When • The subject matter requires a visual representation, such as a step-by-step demonstration. • Moving images would help establish relevancy or the context of the subject matter. • Images would help better describe the subject matter. • The internet connection being used is fast enough to support streaming video. * check the video quality to ensure that it will 1) be audible in the desired listening environment, and 2) the video will be visible in the desired viewing environment.
  • 7. Streaming vs. Downloading Downloading – a copy of the audio or video file is downloaded to your computer. You will need to wait until the entire file is downloaded before playing it. This can take a long time depending on the file size and the speed of the Internet connection. Streaming – audio and video files are played directly from the website, and nothing is downloaded to your computer. This results in less time required before a file plays.
  • 8. Delivering Media to Students How How How • Direct link • iTunes U (podcasts) • iPod or other media player • Embedding • Zune Marketplace • AppleTV (podcasts) • Download • iPhone, Blackberry or • XBOX, PlayStation or Portable other mobile phone handheld video game system
  • 9. Teaching & Learning Principles • Use audio or video to improve the credibility of the lecture. “Student confidence and efforts to succeed are increased in proportion to the perceived credibility of the source.” • Use audio or video to stimulate curiosity. “If you can stimulate a student’s curiosity during the first few minutes of instruction, you are more likely to have a motivated student.” • Use audio or video to present problems to gain interest. “When students are presented with a problem that catches their interest, the stage is set for learning.” • Use audio or video to increase student interest by showing/explaining anecdotes or vignettes about noteworthy people in the area of study, the obstacles they faced, their accomplishments, and the consequences.
  • 10. Examples of Educational Media Instructional Website Instructions Uses in the classroom Content Interviews with Newshour • Type the • Access to expert experts keywords interviews increases “energy experts” learner confidence. in the search • Student motivation box. increases in proportion to • Press enter on the perceived credibility of your keyboard. the source.
  • 11. More Examples of Educational Media Instructional Website Instructions Uses in the Content classroom Lab Google Video • Type the keywords • Stimulate curiosity and demonstrations “Conversion of Bond motivation to learn. Energy to Heat Energy • Demonstrate & Light Energy” in the procedures and search box. processes that are not • Press enter on your practical in the keyboard. classroom. Field footage Internet Archive • Type the keywords Increase student “Peace March. interest by showing Thousands Oppose anecdotes or vignettes Vietnam War” in the about noteworthy search box. people. • Press enter on your keyboard. Documentaries Internet Archive • Type the keywords Increase student “JFK video, part 2” in interest by showing the search box. anecdotes or vignettes • Press enter on your about noteworthy keyboard. people.
  • 12. Creating a Link to Audio or Video The following two links point to the same webpage, though the text used for the links are different: Visible Link http://www.learner.org/resources/browse.html?discipline=7&grade=5&imageField2. =9&imageFied2.y=18 Descriptive Link Annenberg Media
  • 13. Guidelines for Preparing to use Media in your Class • Search for audio or video featuring content related to your topic. • Review the audio or video to make sure it is relevant and appropriate. • Note the specific time interval of the audio or video segment you would like to use. • Check the technical requirements for playing the audio or video file. • Present any necessary technical requirements to your students. • Create link(s) to the audio or video file(s) in your presentation. • Anticipate student questions related to the audio or video file(s).
  • 14. Guidelines for using Media in your Class • Introduce the audio or video file(s) to your class. • Present the time code for the specific segment of the file the students will view. • Relate the new audio or video material to previous student knowledge. • Place the new material properly in relationship to the rest of the course content. • Explain what you are expecting your student to get out of playing the media. • Allocate classroom time for a discussion of the content.
  • 15. Sample use of Media Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) Avian influenza is a virus that originates in birds. The infection is very contagious among birds and can spread to some domesticated birds, including chickens, ducks, and turkeys. People can become infected with the avian influenza from having contact with infected poultry. Infected people can transmit the virus, though this is not common. This virus is similar to the other viruses we have discussed during this module. Please watch this video in its entirety, and visit the discussion forum to answer the questions listed. * You will need the Flash Player and either speakers or headphones to view this video on YouTube.
  • 16. More Examples & Possibilities Audio or Video Presentation Followed by a Classroom Activity Step-by-Step • Hands-on practice Demonstrations/Explanations • Question & answer sessions Controversial Subject Matter • Classroom debate Historical Subject Matter • Classroom discussion • Critiques • Analysis • Reflections • Quizzes • Essays
  • 17. Common Audio and Video Players Player Format Files QuickTime Player for Mac Audio and video player .MOV, more and Windows Flash Player for Mac and Audio and video player .FLV, .MOV Windows Windows Media Player for Audio and video player .WMV, .AVI., .ASF, more Windows Flip4mac for Mac Audio and video player .WMV, .AVI, more VLC Player for Mac and Audio and video player LOTS of files! Windows Real Player for Mac and Audio and video player .RM, .RA Windows
  • 18. Audio and Video Editing Programs Program Format Level Availability iMovie Audio and video editing Easy Free with some Macs Windows Media Maker Audio and video editing Easy Free with Windows Adobe Premiere ElementsAudio and video editing Medium Fee Final Cut Pro Express Audio and video editing Medium Fee MPEG Streamclip Audio and video editing Medium Free for Mac and Windows Adobe Flash Audio and video editing Easy Fee QuickTime Pro Audio and video editing Easy Fee Adobe Premiere Audio and video editing Advanc Fee ed Final Cut Pro Audio and video editing Advanc Fee ed
  • 19. Video Encoding • A codec is a software program that compresses an audio or video file to reduce its size while retaining its quality. • A codec contained inside of a player is also required to play back the compressed file. • Sites like YouTube automatically apply compression to your files as soon as you upload them.
  • 20. Audio and Video Encoders Program Format Availabilty MPEG Streamclip for Audio and video editor/ Free Mac and Windows encoder Audacity for Mac and Audio and video editor/ Free Windows encoder QuickTime for Mac and Audio and video editor/ Free Windows encoder
  • 21. Audio and Video Encoding Example Original Format Convert to Program to use AVI ? MPEG Stream Clip Quick Time ? MPEG Stream Clip Flash Video ? MPEG Stream Clip WMV ? MPEG Stream Clip
  • 22. Audio and Video Hosting Options Sites Format Platform YouTube Flash Video Mac/PC TeacherTube Flash Video Mac/PC Vimeo Flash Video Mac/PC Viddler Flash Video Mac/PC iTunes U Quick Time Mac/PC Archive.org Flash Video, AVI Mac/PC Blip.TV Flash Video Mac/PC College server Variable Variable CMS Variable Variable
  • 23. Make your own Audio and Video Site Format Level Web Camera Audio and Video Easy Headset with mic Audio Easy Microphone Audio Easy Portable Audio Audio Easy Recorder Flip Camera Audio and Video Easy Still Image Camera Audio and Video Easy to Medium Video Camera Audio and Video Medium to Advanced
  • 24. Questions?