What Is Anthropology?Anthropology is the scientific study of whatit means to be human
What Is Anthropology?As a scholarly discipline, anthropologystraddles the sciences, social studies andhumanities.
What Is Anthropology?What makes anthropology unique is itsholistic approach: the notion that hardsciences, social sciences and humanitiescan all speak to one another within the samedisciplinary tradition.
Anthropology recognizes that almost all phenomena “are simultaneously real, like nature, narrated, likediscourse, and collective, like society.”
The Four FieldsWhat makes human beings unique?Human Characteristic Anthropological SubfieldHumans shape their material environment ArchaeologyHumans differ in their physical form Physical/Biological AnthropologyHumans have a unique communication Linguistic AnthropologysystemHumans act according to learned knowledge Cultural Anthropologysystems
Archaeology Studies the ways humans manipulate their material environment Examines material environment of past societies for clues about their lives
Physical Anthropology Examines the ways humans are biologically similar to and different from other animals Primatology Human Evolution
Linguistic Anthropology How humans use language to communicate The spread and transformation of language Language acquisition Language revitalization
Cultural Anthropology Describes and analyzes the beliefs people have about their social and material worlds, and the ways these affect human action
Interdisciplinarity & Holism Cultural Archaeology Physical Linguistic