Simulacra
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Simulacra

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Another lecture for my Pokemon course

Another lecture for my Pokemon course

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Simulacra Simulacra Presentation Transcript

  • ATH 390Z Pokemon: Global and Local Cultures Mark Allen Peterson, PhD simulacra
  • essence
  • REPRODUCTION
  • MODERN ART
  • MECHANICAL REPRODUCTION
  • MECHANICAL REPRODUCTION
  • Representation Counterfeit Simulation Simulacrum Jean Baudrillard described a sequence of representations becoming ever more distant from their original sources
  • Here’s an example of how that works in media
  • ORIGINAL The novel The Curse of Capistrano by Johnston McCulley was published in 1919 in All Story Weekly magazine.
  • REPRESENTATION
  • COUNTERFEIT
  • SIMULATION
  • SIMULACRUM
  • But Baudrillard argues that this process is also part of the condition of postmodern life.
  • SIMULATION
  • 1 • REALITY 2 • REPRESENTATION • A serious effort to capture the essence of the real 3 • COUNTERFEIT • Media change reality to make it more visual and fun 4 • SIMULATION • Idealized representation becomes more real than reality 5 • SIMULACRUM • Relationship between representation and reality breaks down
  • HYPERREALITY A world of simulacra, where nothing is unmediated. Everything is a representation of a representation.
  • Baudrillard’s ultimate example of simulation: Walt Disney World
  • SIMULACRA: Identical copies for which there is no original
  • hyper
  • BUT
  • Baudrillard is known for: Aphoristic writing Hyperbolic statements Politically charged examples BUT
  • THE NUER A.E. Evans-Pritchard 1940
  • “No high barriers of culture divide men from beasts in their common homes. The stark nakedness of the Nuer amid their cattle and the intimacy of their contact with them present a classic picture of savagery”
  • BUT…
  • WHY?
  • Consonant: Being in agreement or harmony with. Resonating.
  • The Cultural Environment “The inner world is constructed from the outer world…” The Natural Environment Given by nature
  • The Cultural Environment “The inner world is constructed from the outer world…” The Natural Environment Given by nature limited determined
  • The Cultural Environment “The inner world is constructed from the outer world…” The Natural Environment Given by nature transform technologies
  • Real Life? Simulation?
  • All phenomena experienced by humans are “simultaneously real, like nature, narrated, like discourse, and collective, like society.” Bruno Latour 1993: 6
  • REAL NARRATED HUMAN EXPERIENCE COLLECTIVE Reality exists but we only experience it through social relations and cultural models.
  • Latour, Bruno. 1993. We Have Never Been Modern. Harvard University Press. Peterson, Mark Allen. 2005. Simulacra. The Encyclopedia of Anthropology, James Birx, ed. Pp. 2088-2089. Sage Books. Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulation. University of Michigan Press. Benjamin, Walter. 1936 (1968) The Work of Art in an Age of Mechanical Reproduction. Illuminations. London: Fontana. Evans-Pritchard, E.E. 1969.The Nuer. Oxford University Press. References