ATH 390Z Pokemon: Global and Local Cultures
Mark Allen Peterson, PhD
simulacra
essence
REPRODUCTION
MODERN ART
MECHANICAL
REPRODUCTION
MECHANICAL
REPRODUCTION
Representation Counterfeit Simulation Simulacrum
Jean Baudrillard described a sequence of
representations becoming ever mo...
Here’s an
example of how
that works in
media
ORIGINAL
The novel The
Curse of
Capistrano by
Johnston McCulley
was published in
1919 in All Story
Weekly magazine.
REPRESENTATION
COUNTERFEIT
SIMULATION
SIMULACRUM
But Baudrillard
argues that this
process is also
part of the
condition of
postmodern life.
SIMULATION
1
• REALITY
2
• REPRESENTATION
• A serious effort to capture the essence of the real
3
• COUNTERFEIT
• Media change realit...
HYPERREALITY
A world of
simulacra, where
nothing is
unmediated.
Everything is a
representation of
a representation.
Baudrillard’s
ultimate example
of simulation:
Walt Disney
World
SIMULACRA:
Identical copies for which
there is no original
hyper
BUT
Baudrillard is known for:
Aphoristic writing
Hyperbolic statements
Politically charged examples
BUT
THE NUER
A.E. Evans-Pritchard
1940
“No high barriers of culture
divide men from beasts in their
common homes. The stark
nakedness of the Nuer amid
their catt...
BUT…
WHY?
Consonant: Being in
agreement or harmony
with. Resonating.
The Cultural Environment
“The inner world is
constructed from
the outer world…”
The Natural Environment
Given by nature
The Cultural Environment
“The inner world is
constructed from
the outer world…”
The Natural Environment
Given by nature
li...
The Cultural Environment
“The inner world is
constructed from
the outer world…”
The Natural Environment
Given by nature
tr...
Real Life?
Simulation?
All phenomena experienced
by humans are “simultaneously
real, like nature, narrated,
like discourse, and
collective, like ...
REAL
NARRATED
HUMAN
EXPERIENCE
COLLECTIVE
Reality exists
but we only
experience it
through social
relations and
cultural m...
Latour, Bruno. 1993. We
Have Never Been Modern.
Harvard University Press.
Peterson, Mark Allen. 2005.
Simulacra.
The Encyc...
Simulacra
Simulacra
Simulacra
Simulacra
Simulacra
Simulacra
Simulacra
Simulacra
Simulacra
Simulacra
Simulacra
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Another lecture for my Pokemon course

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Simulacra

  1. 1. ATH 390Z Pokemon: Global and Local Cultures Mark Allen Peterson, PhD simulacra
  2. 2. essence
  3. 3. REPRODUCTION
  4. 4. MODERN ART
  5. 5. MECHANICAL REPRODUCTION
  6. 6. MECHANICAL REPRODUCTION
  7. 7. Representation Counterfeit Simulation Simulacrum Jean Baudrillard described a sequence of representations becoming ever more distant from their original sources
  8. 8. Here’s an example of how that works in media
  9. 9. ORIGINAL The novel The Curse of Capistrano by Johnston McCulley was published in 1919 in All Story Weekly magazine.
  10. 10. REPRESENTATION
  11. 11. COUNTERFEIT
  12. 12. SIMULATION
  13. 13. SIMULACRUM
  14. 14. But Baudrillard argues that this process is also part of the condition of postmodern life.
  15. 15. SIMULATION
  16. 16. 1 • REALITY 2 • REPRESENTATION • A serious effort to capture the essence of the real 3 • COUNTERFEIT • Media change reality to make it more visual and fun 4 • SIMULATION • Idealized representation becomes more real than reality 5 • SIMULACRUM • Relationship between representation and reality breaks down
  17. 17. HYPERREALITY A world of simulacra, where nothing is unmediated. Everything is a representation of a representation.
  18. 18. Baudrillard’s ultimate example of simulation: Walt Disney World
  19. 19. SIMULACRA: Identical copies for which there is no original
  20. 20. hyper
  21. 21. BUT
  22. 22. Baudrillard is known for: Aphoristic writing Hyperbolic statements Politically charged examples BUT
  23. 23. THE NUER A.E. Evans-Pritchard 1940
  24. 24. “No high barriers of culture divide men from beasts in their common homes. The stark nakedness of the Nuer amid their cattle and the intimacy of their contact with them present a classic picture of savagery”
  25. 25. BUT…
  26. 26. WHY?
  27. 27. Consonant: Being in agreement or harmony with. Resonating.
  28. 28. The Cultural Environment “The inner world is constructed from the outer world…” The Natural Environment Given by nature
  29. 29. The Cultural Environment “The inner world is constructed from the outer world…” The Natural Environment Given by nature limited determined
  30. 30. The Cultural Environment “The inner world is constructed from the outer world…” The Natural Environment Given by nature transform technologies
  31. 31. Real Life? Simulation?
  32. 32. All phenomena experienced by humans are “simultaneously real, like nature, narrated, like discourse, and collective, like society.” Bruno Latour 1993: 6
  33. 33. REAL NARRATED HUMAN EXPERIENCE COLLECTIVE Reality exists but we only experience it through social relations and cultural models.
  34. 34. Latour, Bruno. 1993. We Have Never Been Modern. Harvard University Press. Peterson, Mark Allen. 2005. Simulacra. The Encyclopedia of Anthropology, James Birx, ed. Pp. 2088-2089. Sage Books. Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulation. University of Michigan Press. Benjamin, Walter. 1936 (1968) The Work of Art in an Age of Mechanical Reproduction. Illuminations. London: Fontana. Evans-Pritchard, E.E. 1969.The Nuer. Oxford University Press. References
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