Cross-border cooperation and climate change: a priority for the Pyrenees Working Community (CTP)
Cross-border cooperation and climate change: apriority for the Pyrenees Working Community (CTP) The Pyrenees Climate ECCA Conference Session Change Observatory Climate Change Adaptation in Mountain Areas (OPCC) Hamburg, March 18th
About the PyreneesWorking Community(CTP)Eight political entitiesfrom three states:• France(Aquitaine,Midi-Pyrénées, Languedoc-Roussillon)• Spain(Catalunya, Aragón,Navarra, Euskadi)• PrincipatdAndorra
Why cross-border cooperation and climate change isa priority to the Pyrenees Working Community(CTP)? 2007 report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate In its Change (IPCC) identified mountainous areas particularly sensitive to climate change. Climate change impacts natural systems and socio-economic sectors. Climate change has no borders: to work alone, without cooperation, is a nonsense.For these reasons, the CTP launched the Pyrenees ClimateChange Observatory (OPCC) in 2010. The OPCC projecthas been scheduled in the European program POCTEFA(2011-2013). Its actions are supported by 65% by ERDF.
What is the main goal of the Pyrenees ClimateChange Observatory (OPCC) ?The OPCC’s goal is to monitor and understand the climate evolution in thePyrenees, with the aim of becoming less vulnerable to the impacts ofclimate change, and adapting to its effects by defining appropriateadaptation strategies for socio-economic sectors and the most fragile naturalareas.How to get this main goal?• Data base: knowledge on the impact of climate change in the Pyrenees.• Risk assessment: vulnerability of environment and society.• Mainstreaming: a better adaptation of economic activities and natural environments by promoting the harmonious development of the mountains and its population.• Capacity building : to promote awareness and adaptation among stakeholders.• Networking: international visibility of the Pyrenees through Europe and the World.
The actions in OPCCs projectSeven actions:Climate, Biodiversity, Forests and Natural Hazards, Water,Remote Sensing, Geoportal and AdaptationAnd a cross action:Coordination, Communication and lobbying... in order to develop consistent adaptation strategiesand to contribute to the adoption of the results and of the toolscreated by all administrations of the territory of theCTP.
Climate action in the OPCCs project: Development of a uniquedatabase of high quality climate series based on precipitation, temperature,and the definition of common indicators to all territories of the Pyrenees.Biodiversity action in the OPCCs project: Network monitoring ofspecies and populations of the vascular flora of the Pyrenees to detect theimpact of climate change and to develop possible measures to control oradapt.Forests and Natural Hazards in the OPCCs project:Understanding the potential impacts of climate change on naturalhazards. Propose guidelines to improve the management of forestsintegrating climate change.Water in the OPCCs project: Apply knowledge of the impact ofclimate change on water resources. Develop methodologies to integrateclimate change in the Drought Management Plan.
Remote Sensing in OPCCs project: Understand and characterizethe effects of climate change on vegetation, snow and soil occupation.Geoportal in OPCCs project: Development of a common protocoltransboundary climate change monitoring. Diffusion studies, catalogs, datamapping and climate change in the Pyrenees: www.opcc-ctp.orgAdaptation action in OPCCs project: Understand and analyzeadaptation initiatives in the territory. Diagnosing the Pyrenees vulnerabilityto climate change. Analysis of adaptation measures in other europeanmountains transferable to the Pyrenees. Seminar presentation: spring 2013.Coordination, Communication and lobbying: Project coordinationamong partners, including the scientific committee. Communication anddissemination of the project through website, Newsletter, social networking,seminars, participation in conferences and events, and organizing the finalevent of the project .
Adaptation action in OPCCs project:€100,000 (Aug 2011-April 2013)Some results: Only a few initiatives specifically designed as adaptationmeasures out of 90 in the Pyrenees, mainly related to knowledge andscenario building.•Tourism requires a lot of attention and initiatives should focus onintegrating CC into current decision systems rather than being addedto it as external measures.•Agriculture and natural risk management require most of the future effortsin terms of new measures . For forestry it is more an issue ofknowledge sharing than creation.•Health and industry seem alien to the discussion so far.
Adaptation action:Key conclusions• Adaptation is about integration of climate change into current practice and not limited to specific adaptation measures per se. This has implications as to the adaptation approach to be followed at local level: -Whether to approach stakeholders by inviting them to develop an adaptation strategy with a programme of measures OR -Support or incentive them to include the factor “climate” into their existing decision making framework.• The Pyrenees have started to adapt in comparable ways to other mountain areas in the EU with most efforts focused on knowledge building.• There is a key role for public institutions to help stakeholders to take into account the climate change in particular through knowledge development and diffusion.
Challenges OPCC 2013:1. Final event of OPCC in autumn to publish final results with partners and stakeholders.2. Strategy development in the short, medium and long term OPCC: the strategy is working closely with partners and the CTP executive committee.3. International Symposium: we want to go beyond the project-POCTEFA OPCC, and make this event a true forum for discussing climate change in mountain areas.