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Integration of Acoustic Quality Objectives in Planning - Maite Majó [en]
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Integration of Acoustic Quality Objectives in Planning - Maite Majó [en]

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  • 1. Conference on RECOVERY AND IMPROVE THE QUALITY ACOUSTICS, action plans INTEGRATION OF ACOUSTIC QUALITY OBJECTIVES IN PLANNINGMaite Majo, maite.majo @ gencat.catService for the Prevention of Pollution Acoustics and LightDirectorate General of Environmental Quality September 20, 2011 1 BarcelonaIntegration of acoustic quality of the planning 2
  • 2. What are the quality objectives? Written action plan agglomeration supra The spatial planning in relation to its acoustic capacity And Barcelona considering land use Purpose: Compatiing CompatiingThe development and management of production systems, transportation and mobility withCriteria regarding the environmental quality of the territory from technical, economic and social 3What are the quality objectives? In relation to the capacity of the land acoustic Immission limit values ​​in dB (A) Zoning acoustic territory Ld (7am - 21pm) Le (21h - 23h) Ln (23h - 7h) Area high acoustic sensitivity (A) 60 60 50 Moderate noise sensitive area (B) 65 65 55 Area sensitivity noise floor (C) 70 70 60 4
  • 3. Quality objectives and land use Immission limit values in dB (A) Noise sensitive areas and land use LNo (23 am - 7 Ld (7 pm - 21 pm) LE (21 pm - 23 pm) pm) AREA HIGH SENSITIVITY NOISE (A) (A1) Areas of natural interest and other - - - (A2) Prevalence of use of soil health, education and cultural 55 55 45 (A3) Homes located in rural 57 57 47 (A4) Predominance of residential land 60 60 50 AREA SENSITIVITY NOISE moderate (B) (B1) Coexistence of residential land use activities and / or 65 65 55 existing transport infrastructure (B2) Predominant land use in different tertiary (C1) 65 65 55 (B3) Existing urbanized areas affected by land for industrial 65 65 55 use AREA SENSITIVITY NOISE FLOOR (C) (C1) Recreation and entertainment 68 68 58 (C2) Prevalence of land for industrial use 70 70 60 (C3) Areas affected by general systems of land transport - - - infrastructure and other public facilities 5 -Values of attention: In urbanized areas and for existing land uses (A2) (A4) (B2) (C1) and (C2), and existing housing in rural areas (A3), the emission limit value s increases by 5 dB (A) Where to apply Urban areas, population centers and where appropriate areas of the environment Maps acoustic capacity Apply to all areas that affect issuers acoustic 6
  • 4. Map of noise capacity MUNICIPALITIES REGARDING THE ABILITY OF NOISE MAPS (February 2011) Map of noise capacity approved and / or appropriate in adaptation pending adjustment 7 Development Plans in the acoustic zones Where to exceed the sound quality objectives must develop plans to establish a reasonable time and taking into account the means to finance them. If you apply measures can not be avoided compliance measures must be taken long term and particularly not broken inside the sensitive uses. 8
  • 5. Integration of acoustic quality of the planning Regional Plans The environmental sustainability report, ISA, territorial plans subject to environmental assessment must integrate the acoustic quality objectives The way these objectives are taken into account in its preparation and approval. 9Integration of acoustic quality of the planning Urban planning The Plan for Urban Municipal (POUM) and the resulting planning must integrate the acoustic quality objectives and how these objectives are taken into account in its preparation and approval. New developments In new residential uses should be in accordance with the objectives of acoustic quality. . 10
  • 6. New Developments In new buildings if they exceed the quality objectives of the zone can not be granted new licenses building intended for sensitive uses not sure if the objectives applicable to the interior space. The council should provide adequate insulation for the Ld of the façade faç 11 New Developments The council must ensure that the basic construction of a new forward, collect the required acoustic quality objectives and provides the necessary steps for compliance. You should also check that these measures are effective and objectives in the project implementation and in planning and design stages. In new buildings if they exceed the quality objectives of the zone can not be granted new licenses building intended for sensitive uses not sure if the objectives applicable to the interior space. 12
  • 7. Goals for the interior noise Immission limit values Use of the building Dependencies Ld (8 am - 21 pm) LE (21 pm - 23 pm) LNo (23 am - 8 pm) Housing or Rooms Lounge 45 45 35 residential use Bedrooms 40 40 30 Areas of stay 45 45 35 Using hospital Bedrooms 40 40 30 Classrooms 40 40 40 Using educational or cultural Reading rooms 35 35 35 Applicable to all acoustic transmitters that affect 13Responsibilities and Management DG Planning Territorial planning Acoustic quality of the Law 6 / 2009 territory CouncilsEnvironmental Indirect Integration: POUMs Esponjamnet kernels Assessment Consultants Reduce mobility Law 16/2002 Social demand ArchitectsDecree 176/2009 Projects Training Action Plans Ordinances 14
  • 8. Ways to take into account the objectivesSeparateAway from noise sources (industrial, commercial, services, recreation, clubs, multipurpose halls) in areas with sensitive use of buildings. 15Ways to take into account the objectivesSeparateZoom residential areas and noise sensitive uses (use medical, educational, cultural and natural interest, quiet areas you want to keep silent for tourist reasons and others) of the sound sources. 16
  • 9. Ways to take into account the objectivesPositionOrienting the buildings and equipment noise in relation to residential areas and residential sensitive to noise when using the barrier effect of the building Exhaust apparatus and noisy Insulated walls on the next to opposite side sensitive areas Entrance to the opposite side Building noise Residential area 17Ways to take into account the objectivesPositionTarget housing and other buildings sensitive to noise pollution according to the sources of noise Terraces and sensitive areas along the calm Street noise Industrial Buildings 18
  • 10. Ways to take into account the objectives Compact Compact noise and prevent its spreading across the territory. Better to have a very hierarchical road network with few ways to pass some half-speed for most residents and inverted priorities, rather than extend a homogeneous network where vehicles can get anywhere at any speed. 19Ways to take into accountProtectBarriers and specks of landThe effectiveness of a barrier or a speck of land is essentially based on their height, their length and position of the respective source and receiver. Industrial activity Barrier Road Mota groundNOTE: barriers plants are ineffectiveA do or a row of trees is inefficient to make the noise barrier. A band of 100 m wide forest may provide an additional attenuation of 3 to 5 dB (A) in relation to the attenuation related to the distance. 20
  • 11. Ways to take into accountIsolateIsolate the noise sourcesWhatever the source of noise: industrial, commercial, services, recreation, clubs, multipurpose rooms or transport infrastructure, the isolation of the source is always the most effective solution. Fireplace extraction Insulated wall or soundproofed and window blinds oriented in the next to the opposite housing neighbors Gateway Local groups or refrigeration Camera compressors soundproofed. Placing deflectors to aerate Building noise Residential area 21 Thank youService for the Prevention of Pollution Acoustics and LightDirectorate General of Environmental QualityDepartment of Planning and Sustainabilitymaite.majo @ gencat.catacustica.dtes @ gencat.cat 22

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