Efforts in the field of adaptation in the Alpine space . outcomes of the C3-Alps Projects- capitalising climate change knowledge for adaptation in the Alpine space
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Efforts in the field of adaptation in the Alpine space . outcomes of the C3-Alps Projects- capitalising climate change knowledge for adaptation in the Alpine space

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Presentació per part de Wolfgang Lexer i Markus Leitner (Environment Agency Austria) en el marc de l’acte de clausura del projecte europeu CIRCLE 2 MOUNTain co-organitzat per l'Oficina Catalana del......

Presentació per part de Wolfgang Lexer i Markus Leitner (Environment Agency Austria) en el marc de l’acte de clausura del projecte europeu CIRCLE 2 MOUNTain co-organitzat per l'Oficina Catalana del Canvi Climàtic durant els dies 26 i 27 de setembre de 2013.

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  • 1. capitalising climate change knowledge for adaptation in the alpine space wwww.c3alps.eu info@c3alps.eu C3-Alps – Capitalising climate change knowledge for adaptation in the Alpine Space Moving from knowledge to action Wolfgang Lexer , Environment Agency Austria CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain Final Meeting Barcelona, Spain, 26-27 September 2013
  • 2. Project coordinates • Funding: ETC Alpine Space Programme 2007-2013 • Duration: 01/2012 – 12/2014 • LP: Umweltbundesamt GmbH (Environment Agency Austria) • Partnership: 17 partners from all Alpine Space countries (AT, DE, IT, F, SLO, CH, FL)
  • 3. Idea & mission  Topic: Adaptation to climate change  Capitalisation of previously achieved project results and taking the steps forward towards implementation:  Generating synthesis knowledge that is useable and useful to policy- and decision-making  Transfer to target groups  Initiating, supporting and taking action on real-world adaptation processes Available knowledge of climate change adaptation is reviewed, prepared, translated and made usable & accessible for the needs of…  decision makers in politics and administration  and of regions and municipalities …to be implemented in regional and local adaptation initiatives, strategies, decisions, and day-to-day work.
  • 4. 4 C3-Alps within the Alpine Space Programme ClimChAlp Climate change projects cluster Strategic policy development ParaMount AlpWaterScarce PermaNet ClimAlpTour AdaptAlp CLISP SILMAS MANFRED AlpFFIRS Exploration & piloting Capitalisation & policy implementation
  • 5. Perceived need for action  Projects have achieved sound and partly excellent results  Mostly sector-specific and mono-thematic projects, results addressed to specific sectoral actors  Awareness of results outside of partnerhips often limited  Doubts about actual use and implementation of results by policy makers, decision makers, practitioners  Lack of long-term, sustainable effects?  Usability and practicability of results?  Knowledge transfer?  Behavioral change? Policy change?
  • 6. 6 PP1 PP4 PP2 PP5 PP3 LP WP4 WP5 WP7 WP6 Studies Reports Best Practice Handbooks Guidelines Recommendations „The typical (ETC) project“ The Project World. The real world. The outside world. Does the mayor know about project results? If yes, what does he do with the English language handbook? Was he already waiting for project`s guidelines, is he ready for action? Is he able to adjust and implement the project's recommendations in his municipality? „Nice. Safe. Cozy.“ Source: Florian Ballnus, ACP Germany
  • 7. Changes in the real world! Project Results #2 Project Results #3 Project Results #4 Project Results #5 Project Results #6 Project Results #1 Synthesis, Transformation, Transfer Source: Florian Ballnus, ACP Germany
  • 8. 8 Challenge: Project information overflow Here are all the results you might need!!  Do I need all the results?  Are they relevant to my needs?  Are they in the right format for me?  Do they really support my decision making? ? ?? ? ?
  • 9. Capitalisation approach in a nutshell  Generating and providing a synthesis inventory of CC(IV)A knowledge that cuts across sectors, is usable and useful to decision-makers, and driven by user needs of target groups  Knowledge transfer and communication to target groups (decision-makers, stakeholders, users)  Analyzing performance of existing adaptation policies, governance systems and the adaptation science-policy chain  Informing, supporting, preparing, and initiating the actual use and implementation of adaptation knowledge in policy-making and practice.  Supporting bottom-up action on regional adaptation strategies  Contributing to implementation and advancement of national adaptation strategies  Enhancing policy coherence Capitalisation: „Moving from outputs to impacts!“
  • 10. 10 Bridging the Knowledge-User-Divide U S E F U L N ES S Knowledge transfer, learning User needs, communication requirements Customizing information
  • 11. 11 Objectives 1. Preparing state of the art synthesis knowledge inventory on CCA, usable to decision makers and harmonized across sectors 2. Learning from existing adaptation policy performance to enhance policy effectiveness and the science-policy interface 3. Developing and applying social science-based strategies for communication, knowledge transfer and learning based on target group research 4. Initiating, supporting & implementing tailored frameworks for action on adaptation in Alpine pilot regions, municipalities and at transnational scale
  • 12. 12 WP5 Knowledge Transfer WP3 Information & Publicity WP6 Synthesis Knowledge Inventory WP4 Adaptation Policy & Governance WP7 Piloting & Implementation Public Project StructurePolicyMakerPanel AdvisoryPanel Pilot area stakeholders
  • 13. Key outputs & results (I)  Adaptation synthesis knowledge base for the Alps (target group-oriented, cross-cutting, different levels of analysis)  Exposure - Impacts & vulnerabilities – adaptation policies - adaptation action portfolios – methods, tools, guidance – practice examples  Knowledge inventory – User guides to resources – thematic products - customized information products  Knowledge Inventory Web Platform for the Alpine Space  Synergizing, clustering and integrating existing web resources  Prototype and „business model“for continued operation & extension  Knowledge on target groups and criteria & guidance for preparing the synthesis knowledge inventory according to user needs and along didactic threads  Guidance, training materials, and coaching on communication of adaptation issues
  • 14. 14  In-depth knowledge on the strengths & weaknesses, barriers & success factors of adaptation policy making and governance systems (institutions, actors, decision- making processes, vertical & horizontal coherence) in AS countries, including the science-policy chain and good examples  Policy options for enhancing effectiveness of adaptation policies & adaptation knowledge generation and of "good adaptation governance“  Delivering tailored adaptation strategies, action plans & decision support in pilot regions & municipalities  Permanent transnational platform for knowledge exchange between CCA policy makers Expected key outputs & results (II)
  • 15. 15 Objectives: • Getting an overview of the state of climate change adaptation (CCA) policy making and governance in the Alpine Space • Assessing the performance of climate adaptation policies • Assessing strengths and weaknesses of adaptation governance systems; identifying good practices • Reviewing the science-policy interface in adaptation decision-making • Developing options and proposals for improving the performance of climate adaptation policies and for optimizing the science-policy interface  Supporting ongoing development of emerging national CCA strategies  Supporting development of regional CCA strategies  Supporting implementation of adopted CCA strategies Adaptation policy & governance WP4: Adaptation Policy & Governance
  • 16. 16 Understanding of the climate change adaptation policy field POLICY OUTPUTS (decisions, policy document) IMPACTS, OUTCOMES (direct effects, long-term benefits) EXTERNAL FACTORS (external to CCAP process) +weather and/or disaster events + media activities + upcoming elections + other policies DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES (decision-making rules, involved stakeholders, structures) Boards, formal & informal working groups Parts of a CCAP IMPLEMENTATION (actions, measures, activities) GOVERNANCE INPUT (knowledge, resources, events) DRIVERS, MOTIVATIONS
  • 17. 17 1) Stock-taking and screening of available CCA policies (CCA strategies & action plans; sector policies; laws & regulations; support activities) 2) Empirical evaluation and analysis of selected policies: 2.1) Territories with a policy document: o Online questionnaire o Structured in-depth interviews (interview guide) o Manual for policy document analysis 2.2) Territories without a policy document: o Structured in-depth interviews • Evaluation conducted by: project partner teams • Respondents, interviewees: policy makers, process owners, involved experts, participating stakeholders Methods & work steps
  • 18. OUTPUT (enactment to form a formal board in charge of CCA strategy development) AGENDA SETTING & PREPARATION PROCESS (informal board working towards CCA strategy) Stage I OUTPUT (strategy document; goals defined) STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT PROCESS (formal board working towards CCA strategy; commitments) Stage II impact Stage III OUTPUT (action plan; action fields defined; partl. actions prioritised) ACTION DEVELOPMENT PROCESS (sectors, regions and stakeholders gather ideas on actions to achieve goals; coordination and priorisation of action fields) impact IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS (sectors and regions/levels plan actions on the ground) Stage IV impact IMPACT/OUTCOME (coordinated action taken; damages from CC avoided; opportunities from CC exploited) Stage II-III: Policy formulation NOT SHOWN STAGE V MONITORING, EVALUATION, POLICY REVISION Liechtenstein Piemonte (IT) South-Tyrol (IT) Veneto (IT) Baden-Württemberg (DE) Slovenia Switzerland Austria Bavaria (DE) Rhone-Alpes (FR) France Italy (national level)
  • 19. 19 • Country and region assessment reports o Austria, Switzerland, Slovenia, Liechtenstein (national level) o Piedmont (IT), South-Tyrol (IT), Baden-Württemberg (DE), Bavaria (DE), Rhone-Alpes (F) • Transnational synthesis report (ARE/WSL) Available products Climate adaptation policies, governance and the science-policy interface in Alpine countries Contents • Strengths & weaknesses, barriers & facilitating factors • Policy development process, policy document, implementation and impacts, science-policy interface • Examples of „good adaptation governance“ • Policy recommendations (for stages of policy cycle)
  • 20. Objectives 20 - Embedding the project in a process- and target group- oriented perspective of communication, knowledge transfer and learning - Knowledge on Target Groups (identification of core target groups, analysing their specific interests, user expectations, and information needs) - Guidance & criteria for tailoring the knowledge base to user needs - Capacity-building for communicating CCA knowledge and counseling pilot activities - Communication strategies and delivery of key messages Knowledge Transfer & Communication
  • 21. Focus on communication is regarded as vital to transport climate change adaptation 21 • Evaluation report on survey to learn about user needs • Compilation of key messages (how to convey adaptation concerns) • Manual on communication challenges and how to overcome them • „CCA in still & moving pictures“ • Review of knowledge transfer experiences in regional development • Communication strategies (project - regional) Outputs & results
  • 22. Objectives 22 • Preparing a state-of-the-art synthesis knowledge base on climate change & adaptation in the Alps that cuts across sectors, is useable and useful to policy- & decision-makers on different territorial levels, and focused on information & communication needs of target groups o Knowledge pool: ASP projects plus selected other EU & national projects o Selection of knowledge products and design of knowledge base driven by target group requirements o Nested levels of depth of analysis (searchable inventory, thematic collections, customized products) o Focus on cross-sector issues and transferability of adaptation options o Considering maladaptation risks • Establishing a lasting & user-friendly knowledge inventory web platform on adaptation in the Alps o Synergizing, clustering and integrating existing web resources o Cooperating and coordinating with other platforms (Climate-Adapt, transnat., national, project- based) o Prototype and „business model“for continued operation Synthesis Knowledge Inventory
  • 23. 23 Bringing available information …
  • 24. 24 ..into structure
  • 25. Piloting & Implementation 25 Objective: Initiating, supporting & implementing tailored frameworks for action on adaptation in regions, municipalities & at transnational scale by implementing pilot capitalisation activities aimed at long-lasting impacts. Features: • Work in pilot areas (regions, municipalities) • Supporting regional & local bottom-up action; contributing to implementation of National Adaptation Strategies • Tailoring available results of WP4-6 to pilot area needs and applying them • Learning from experiences made and feeding lessons learnt back to transnational project level • “Catching them where they are”: Pilot activities have a different focus ranging from communication & information to concrete political action (depending on policy cycle state of pilot areas)
  • 26. Expected results 26 • Customized adaptation knowledge transferred to decision-makers & stakeholders in pilot regions & municipalities; behavioral change promoted; tested communication concepts, methods & materials • Tested concept for "climate fitness audits/adaptation awards, operational standards & procedural guidance for municipalities; master plan for transnational implementation • Tailored adaptation strategies, action plans & decision support delivered in pilot regions & municipalities • Awareness raised, knowledge transferred, municipal council decisions on frameworks for action taken, implementation projects initiated and running, adaptation strategy processes running • Lessons learnt from pilot activities
  • 27. 27 13 Pilot Activities in Alpine regions & municipalities Vinschgau/Val Venosta Mostviertel Gorenjska
  • 28. Strategic adaptation activities on various levels 28 • Climate Change Adaptation Strategy Document for Liechtenstein (Liechtenstein) • Changeable Mostviertel – fit into the climate future (Austria) • Climate Change Adaptation Fitness Check: elaborated with the municipalities of Schwindegg and Mittenwald; transferable to all Alpine municipalities (Bavaria) • Awareness raising and transfer of adaptation knowledge (Koroska, Slovenia) Pilot Activities I
  • 29. Sectoral adaptation activities 29 • Scenario planning for climate change adaptation in the field of spatial planning at the regional level (Gorenjska, Slovenia) • Adaptation Strategies for the tourism sector in the Vinschgau/Venosta Valley (South-Tyrol, Italy) • Climate change and local wildlife and biodiversity conservation in Verbano Cusio-Ossola (Piemonte, Italy • Storm-adapted Forest Planning in the Nature Park Südschwarzwald (Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany) • Sustainable forest management and planning in the Boite-Valley (Region Veneto, Italy) Pilot Activities II
  • 30. Activities with water focus 30 Pilot Activities III • Water Scarcity Index Determination in the Brenta River Basin (Region Veneto, Italy) • Water management and socio-economic development of Megeve in the next decades (France) • Water scarcity mitigation in the Savoie region (France)
  • 31. Zoom-in examples of capitalisation activities in C3-Alps How to make capitalisation operational? 31
  • 32. Alpine-wide online survey on information needs and communication profiles of core target groups of CCA knowledge I) Online survey on target groups 32 Identification of core dialogue groups (based on profession/role of respondents): 1. Municipalities (DG1) Local political decision makers and local administration: 138 (Mayors: 30; Members of Municipal Council: 17; Employees of Municipality/ Members of staff of municipal administration: 90) 2. Public administration (DG2) Regional /national level administration: 168 (Officers in public administration on national level: 40; Officers in public administration on regional level: 98; Officers in public administration on sub-regional level: 30) – 13 close-ended questions – 5 languages – Invitation distributed via partners’ networks, emailing lists – 3 months – 358 completed questionnaires
  • 33. Summary & conclusions 33 • CC effects on work that will increase in the future perceived by both DGs • DG1 less experienced with CCA and deals with it less regularly • CCA aspects with highest interest: Lower interest: – Future CC scenarios Past scenarios – CC impacts and vulnerabilities Guidance for adaptation processes – Good practice examples Support for I&C and awareness raising (DG2) • Level of information: – Broad but not detailed overviews (DG1) – Summarized info on state of knowledge (DG2) • Information products with highest interest: Lower interest: – Overview on existing information sources Databases of projects and studies – Visualised information In-depth reports – Geospatial information Compendium, fact sheets – How to do manuals
  • 34. Summary & conclusions 34 • Information sources: – Internet (DG 1+2) – General press (DG1) • Search for information on CCA: – Relevant websites – Google search – Professional journals, events and direct contacts (DG2) • Sectors with high interest in: Lower interest in: – Spatial planning Tourism – Natural hazard management Forestry
  • 35. Platform for dialogue with users of adaptation knowledge 35 II) The C3-Alps Advisory Panel • To inform on project activities, available results and expected final outputs • To discuss feedback, inputs and recommendations regarding the activities, methods and outputs of the project • To learn from experiences and knowledge about target groups, their information needs and their communication requirements • To identify needs for adjustments and changes in the project work in order to increase usability and usefulness of the results • To further establish cooperation and exchange with other climate adaptation networks, platforms and initiatives • In short, to check where C3-Alps is on the right track and where we could do better!
  • 36. Series of informal exchange meetings of responsible policy makers from all 7 Alpine countries on the „Governance of climate change adaptation – national strategies and their implementation“ Goals • to provide a platform for information exchange about adaptation policy processes among policy makers from the Alpine countries; • to facilitate mutual learning about governance challenges, success factors and experiences in developing and implementing adaptation strategies; • to promote tackling the truly transnational problem of climate change in a transnational and cross-border cooperation approach; • to allow benefitting from synergies in jointly managing common challenges; • to lay the ground for long-term transnational cooperation in the adaptation policy field in the Alpine Space. III) Transnational platform of CCA policy makers 36
  • 37. • 1st meeting: 9th May 2012, Ittigen/Switzerland, BAFU o Status quo of national CCA policy making o Challenges and facilitating factors of CCA policies • 2nd meeting: 15th May 2013, Vienna/Austria, UBA o Implementation of national adaptation strategies across governance levels (vertical and horizontal coordination challenges) o Representatives of EC, EEA, PSAC, 3 Austrian provincial state governments • Technical follow-up expert workshop on the development of monitoring and evaluation systems for adaptation: June 2013 • 3rd meeting: April 2014, Bern/Switzerland, BAFU • Perpetuation into a permanent transnational exchange process is in preparation III) Transnational platform of CCA policy makers 37
  • 38. Some pictures… 38
  • 39. IV) Pilot activity Mostviertel (Lower Austria) 39
  • 40. Topics and goals 40
  • 41. Contact Lead Partner Many thanks for your interest! Wolfgang Lexer Umweltbundesamt Umweltfolgenabschätzung & Klimawandel wolfgang.lexer@umweltbundesamt.at T: +43 (0)1 31304 3480 Jochen Bürgel Umweltbundesamt Umweltfolgenabschätzung & Klimawandel jochen.buergel@umweltbundesamt.at T: +43 (0)1 31304 5962 Umweltbundesamt www.umweltbundesamt.at C3-Alps Projektwebsite www.c3alps.eu
  • 42. capitalising climate change knowledge for adaptation in the alpine space 42