Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona

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Presentació de Xavier Guinart, director del Servei de Vigilància i Control de l'Aire del Departament de Territori i Sostenibilitat de la Generalitat de Catalunya, en les jornades Urban Air Quality: The Challenge of Non-Exhaust Road Transport Emissions, organitzades per B·Debate —iniciativa de Biocat i l’Obra Social “la Caixa”— i l’Institut de Diagnosi Ambiental i Estudis de l'Aigua (IDAEA-CSIC) els dies 11 i 12 de juliol a Barcelona.
Es presenten algunes de les mesures que incorpora el nou pla de qualitat de l'aire de l'àrea metropolitana de Barcelona, que té com a objectiu assolir uns nivells de seguretat d'aquí a 2015: oferir descomptes als peatges d'accés a la ciutat als vehicles híbrids o poc contaminants, fomentar l'ús del transport públic i de la bicicleta i reduir les emissions de les persones i el tràfic de mercaderies l'aeroport del Prat i el port de Barcelona.

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Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona

  1. 1. Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona Urban Air Quality. The challenge of non-exhaust road transport emissions Barcelona, 11 July 2013 el Papiol de Llobregat Viladecans Cornellà el Prat de Castelldefels Gavà Llobregat l'Hospitalet de Llobregat de Llobregat Sant Boi de Llobregat Sant Climent de Llobregat de Llobregat Torrelles rana de Cervelló Santa Coloma Despí Sant Joan de Llobregat Esplugues Desvern Sant Just Sant Feliu dels Horts Sant Vicenç Pallejà Molins de Rei Castellbisbal de la Barca Sant Andreu Barcelona de Gramenet Santa Coloma Sant Adrià de Besòs Badalona Sant Cugat del Vallès del Vallès Montcada T Cervelló la Palma de Cervelló 1:154000 N
  2. 2. 2 Objectives Air quality assessment Affected area definition Analyzing the emissions: Inventories Air quality plan structure Some relevant measures Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  3. 3. 3 Area of Barcelona BASIC FIGURES MUNICIPALITIES INVOLVED: 40 municipalities AREA: 725 km2 (2,3% CAT; 0,1% ES; 0,02% UE) POPULATION: 4 M habitants (53,1% CAT; 8,5% ES; 0,8% UE) GNP: 136.323 M € (65,0% CAT; 12,7% ES; 1,2% UE) Density: 5.200 hab/km2 Barcelona city: 16.000 hab/km2 VEHICLE PARC (2008): 1.54 milion passenger cars 0.49 milion mopeds & motorcycles 0.34 milion lorries (HDV & LDV) Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  4. 4. 4 Assessment of Air Quality concentrations for NO2 and PM10 – PM10 annual mean: 40 µg/m3 – PM10 daily mean: 50 µg/m3 (number of PM10 daily mean permitted exceedances: 35) – NO2 annual mean: 40 µg/m3 Air Quality Objectives: Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  5. 5. 5 The assessment and management of atmospheric pollution in Catalonia is carried out mainly through the Network of Monitoring and Forecast of the Atmospheric Pollution. Air Quality Evaluation in Catalonia More than 9 million annual data 89Municipalities with measurement stations 138Number of monitoring sites 653Number of measured parameters Statistics at 31 December 2012 Automatic measurement point Manual measurement point
  6. 6. 6 Media anual dióxido de nitrógeno (NO2) - Área de Barcelona 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 MediaanualNO2(µg/m 3 ) Badalona Badalona (Montroig-Ausiàs Marc) Barcelona (Ciutadella) Barcelona (Eixample) Barcelona (Gràcia-Sant Gervasi) Barcelona (Poblenou) Barcelona (Palau Reial) Barcelona (Sants) Barcelona (Parc Vall d'Hebrón) Cornellà de Llobregat El Prat de Llobregat (Pl. de l'esglèsia) El Prat de Llobregat (Jardins de la Pa El Prat de Llobregat (CEM Sagnier) Gavà (c/ Progrés) Gavà (Parc del Mil.lenni) L’Hospitalet de Llobregat Sant Adrià de Besòs Sant Vicenç dels Horts Santa Coloma de Gramenet Viladecans (Atrium) Valor límite anual (40 ug/m3) Media anual NO2 Área de Barcelona Assessment of Nitrogen Dioxide – Barcelona Area Evolution of annual means 2000 - 2012 NO2 Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  7. 7. 7 Media anual dióxido de nitrógeno (NO2) - Vallés - Baix Llobregat 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 MediaanualNO2(µg/m 3 ) Barberà del Vallès Granollers (av. Joan Prim) Granollers (Joan Vinyoli) Granollers (c/ Francesc Macià) Martorell Mollet del Vallès (Pista d’Atletisme) Mollet del Vallès (Plaça Pau Casals) Montcada i Reixac Pallejà Rubí Rubí (Ca'n Oriol) Sabadell (Gran Via) Sabadell (pl. Creu de Barberà) Sant Andreu de la Barca Sant Cugat del Vallès Sant Fost de Campsentelles Sta. Perpètua de Mogoda (Av. Onze de Setembre) Sta. Perpètua de Mogoda (Mercat Municipal) Terrassa Valor límite anual (40 ug/m3) Media anual NO2 Vallés-Baix Llobregat Assessment of Nitrogen Dioxide – Vallès i Baix Llobregat Evolution of annual means 2000 - 2012 Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona NO2
  8. 8. 8 Media anual PM10 - Área de Barcelona 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 MitjanaanualPM10(ug/m3 ) Badalona (Guàdia Urbana) Badalona (Assemblea de Catalunya) Barcelona (c/ Lluís Solé i Sabarís) Barcelona (Eixample) Barcelona (Gràcia - Sant Gervasi) Barcelona (IES Goya) Barcelona (IES Verdaguer) Barcelona (Vall d'Hebrón) Barcelona (pl. Universitat) Barcelona (Zona Universitària) Barcelona (Sants) Barcelona (Poblenou) Barcelona (Port Vell) Esplugues de Llobregat (esportiu La Plana) Esplugues de Llobregat (CEIP Isidre M artí) Gavà L'Hospitalet de Llobregat M olins de Rei (pl. del M ercat M unicipal) Santa Coloma de Gramenet (Ajuntament) Sant Feliu de Llobregat (CEIP M artí i Pol) Sant Vicenç dels Horts (Col·legi Sant Josep) El Prat de Llobregat (pl. de l'Església) Sant Feliu de Llobregat (Eugeni d'Ors) M olins de Rei (Ajuntament) Sant Adrià de Besòs Santa Coloma de Gramenet (Balldovina) Valor límite anual (40 ug/m3) M edia anual Área de Barcelona El Prat de Llobregat (Jardins de la Pau) El Prat de Llobregat (CEM Sagnier) Sant Vicenç dels Horts (Verge del Rocío) Viladecans (Atrium) Assessment of PM10 – Barcelona Area Evolution of annual means 2000 - 2012 PM10 Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  9. 9. 9 Media anual PM10 -Vallés - Baix Llobregat 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 MitjanaanualPM10(ug/m3 ) Barberà del Vallès (Ajuntament) Caldes de M ontbui (Ajuntament) Castellar del Vallès (Ajuntament) Castellbisbal (av. Pau Casals) Castellbisbal (M irador del Llobregat) Granollers (Vinyoli-Foix) M artorell (c/ Canyameres - c/ Sant A. M . Claret) M ollet del Vallès (Pista M unicipal d'Atletisme) M ontcada i Reixac (pl. de Lluís Companys) M ontcada i Reixac (Ajuntament) M ontornès del Vallès (CEIP M arinada) M ontornès del Vallès (pl. del Poble) Pallejà (M ercat M unicipal) Rubí (Ajuntament) Rubí (Ca n'Oriol) Sabadell (Escola Industrial) Sabadell (Gran Via - cra. de Prats) Sant Andreu de la Barca (CEIP Josep Pla) Sant Cugat del Vallès Santa Perpètua de M ogoda Sentmenat (Ajuntament) Terrassa (M ina Pública d'Aigües) Terrassa (rambla del Pare Alegre) M ontcada i Reixac (Can Sant Joan) M edia anual Vallés-Baix Llobregat Valor límite anual (40 ug/m3) Granollers (c/ Francesc M acià) Rubí (Escardívol) el Papiol (centre dia Josep Tarradellas) PM10 Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona Assessment of PM10 – Vallès i Baix Llobregat Evolution of annual means 2000 - 2012
  10. 10. 10 PM10 Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona Assessment of PM10 Exceedances of the daily limit value: 2000 - 2012 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 %stations ZQA 1 ZQA 2 Percentage of stations in each area exceeding the 90.4 percentile used to determine whether or not a point exceeds the daily limit value for PM10.
  11. 11. 11 High Road Urban and Interurban Transport Emissions Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona Source: BCN town council and IDAEA-CSIC 160.000 vehicles/day Dense framework: lots of streets among 7.000 and 87.000 vehicles/day + dense architecture 100.000 vehicles /day In the Special Protected Zone: High density of vehicles (cars/km2) Urban planning of the city: dense traffic network in some areas Around 50% of circulating vehicles in the agglomerating of Barcelona city comes from outside (most of them are diesel) Important averaged traffic intensities between municipalities in the zone IMD Total Vehicles IMD HDV Source ATM (Metropolitan Transport Authority)
  12. 12. 12 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 19 91 19 93 19 95 19 97 19 99 20 01 20 03 20 05 20 07 20 09 Parque vehiculos Gasolina Parque vehiuclos Diesel Matriculacion vehiculos Gasolina Matriculacion vehiculos Diesel Vehicle Park vs Registrations: Gasoline & Diesel Source: ANFAC & ACEA Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona Passenger cars evolution 2004-2010 Diesel: + 49% Gasoline: - 12% Gasoline vehicle park Gasoline vehicles registration Diesel vehicle park Diesel vehicles registration % 70% 30% 2010 New registrations Diesel: 70% vs Gasoline 30%
  13. 13. 13 Affected Area Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona Territorial delimitation of the Air Quality Plan: 40 municipalities of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (regions of Barcelonès, Baix Llobregat, Vallès Oriental and Vallès Occidental) Now all 40 municipalities declared as protected areas for PM10 and NO2
  14. 14. 14 ¤3 6 91,5 Km NOx (t/any) <1 10 20 40 60 80 90 100 >100 Road transport and mobility emissions: Road transport emissions come from mobile sources associated with the movement of goods and people: - Emissions from combustion: NO2, PM10 - Emissions of tires, brakes and pavement wear: PM10 Methodology: emission factors using the methodology of calculation specified in EMEP / EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook 2009 (1.A.3.b Road Transport) Emissions Inventory Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  15. 15. 15 Aerial Transport 4,7% Urban Road Transport 23,4% Industry, combustion & cogeneration < 50 MWt 25,0% Interurban Road Transpport 23,9% Domestic 5,0% Energy > 50 MWt 1,6% Maritime Transport 16,4% 47,3% of NOx Emissions due to Road Transport 2008 Inventory of Emissions: NOx Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  16. 16. 16 Mineral Activities 7,5% Interurban Road Transport 27,2% Urban Road Transport 17,9% Aerial Transport 1,5% Maritime Transport 22,5% Energy > 50 MWt 0,4% Industry, combustion & cogeneration < 50 MWt 21,5% Domèstic 1,5% 45,1% of PM10 Emissions due to Road Transport Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona 2008 Inventory of Emissions: PM10
  17. 17. 17 Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona Emissions and Immissions Maps Emissions anuals totals de PM 2008 ¤ 10 PM10 (t/any) <0.1 0.5 1 10 30 50 70 100 >1000 3 6 91,5 Km Immissions anuals totals de PM 2008 ¤0 3 6 91,5 Km PM (µg/m )3 10 10 <10 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 >100100 Maps of total emisisons for PM10 and immissions concentrations Model: ADMS-urban Metodology: EMEP/EEP emission factors (only wear) Effect of suspended particles (secondary) is not considered
  18. 18. 18 Mayor’s commitment for a cleaner air National Plan 7 Areas 13 Air Quality Objectives 34 long term Measures Air Quality Plan Horizon 2015 3 measures for Environmental Pollution Episodes Measures of the GC Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona: structure
  19. 19. 19 1. Road Transport and Mobility area: Objective 1: Promoting and encouraging the public urban and interurban transport services. Objective 2: Promoting the modal exchange, the energetic diversification and the rational use of the private vehicle. Objective 3: Greening of the vehicle park. 2. Industrial, Combustion and Cogeneration < 50 MWt area: Objective 4: Fulfillment of the environmental authorizations and sectorial regulations Objective 5: Encouraging energetic improvements in the Catalan industry. 3. Electrical Generation > 50 MWt area: Objective 6: Electrical generation within air quality criteria. 4. Barcelona - el Prat Airport area: Objective 7: Reducing the emissions of people and goods traffic that accesses in the airport Objective 8: Follow-up of the implantation of the measures to the airport activity emissions. 5 measures 9 measures 5 measures 1 measure 2 measures 1 measure 4 measures Planned measures at regional level Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  20. 20. 20 5. Port of Barcelona area: Objective 9: Promoting the train transport of merchandise. Objective 10: Ships controls and inspections management Objective 11: Follow-up of the electrification of ships working group at local, state and European level. 6. Domestic and Services area: Objective 12: Improving the energy efficiency or energetic savings. 7. Public Awareness, Education, Information and Communication area: Objective 13: Diffusion of the Action Plan and its measures, to make aware the population about the air quality levels and the need of certain changes of behavior. 1 measure 3 mesures 3 mesures Planned measures at regional level Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  21. 21. 21 – Barcelona Metropolitan Area Mobility Plan – Bicycle Plan, Infrastructures Director Plan, Voyagers Transport Plan – Urban Mobility Plans – Workplaces Mobility Plans – Vehicle Fleet “ecolabel” approved – Green Purchase Guide approved. – TMB bus fleet renewal: – 39% GNC. – 40% SCRT. – Hybridization of old diesel and GN buses Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona Road Transport and Mobility related Plans: Other measures:
  22. 22. 22 Toll discounts in several access to Barcelona city 1. High Occupancy Vehicles (+ 3): 40% discount 2. Clean Vehicles : 30 % discount if: Diesel, biodiesel (& hybrids): ≤ 108 g CO2/km Gasoline, bioethanol (& hybrids): ≤ 120 g CO2/km CNG, LPG & Electric vehicles: all Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona Road Transport and Mobility Measures
  23. 23. 23 Road Transport and Mobility Measures C-58 High Occupancy Vehicles Lane: 1. Only authorized vehicles 2. 2 lanes of 6,8 km 3. Mo-Fri: 6:30-13h BCN entrance & 16 h -22h BCN exit 4. Weekend & holidays: depending on traffic 5. New bus express services allowed 6. 80 M€ (EU funds cofinanciation) •Public transport vehicles (bus, taxi,..) •Passenger cars with more than 2 passengers •Low emission vehicles (ecolabel stick in windscreen) •Motorcycles •Reduced Mobility people’s vehicles since October 2012 Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  24. 24. 24 Distinctive of environmental quality for vehicle fleets What is it ? It s a voluntary eco-label that recognizes vehicle fleets with optimum environmental management beyond required by the regulations. It is awarded by the Government of Catalonia managed by the Ministry of Territory and Sustainability. It’s a measure of the Barcelona Area Air Quality Plan. Objectives: 1) Reduction of air pollutants emissions (PM10, NO2,…). 2) Improve eco-efficiency and sustainability (especially in urban environments). 3) Minimize impacts and greenhouse gas emissions from transport. Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  25. 25. 25 Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona Distinctive of environmental quality for vehicle fleets There are 8 sub-categories of the vehicle fleet distinctive according to: 1) Type of vehicle: Passenger car, Light Duty Vehicle, Heavy Duty Vehicle, Collective Transport or Special Services. 2) Type of applicant: Freelancer, Company or Institution. Environmental criteria to obtain the distinctive include mandatory standards and in some cases optional criteria related to: 1) Fleet Management (fuel monthly record,..) 2) Efficient driving (training, plans,..) 3) Maintenance of vehicles (eco-labeled workshop) 4) Euro standards (minimum) 5) Low emissions vehicles (renewal plans) 6) Other actions of environmental commitment (ISO, EMAS)
  26. 26. 26 Bus upgrades: fleet renewal and retrofit 411 natural gas buses of 1052 at June 2012 (39% of fleet). 500 foreseen for 2017-18 (47% of the fleet) 425 buses with SCRT filters at September 2012 (40% of the fleet) . (90% PM10 and 60% NOx reduction) TMB bus fleet renovation: TMB bus fleet retrofit : Year2005 812,54 Year2006 720,65 Year2007 662,56 Year2008 616,86 Year2009 546,37 Year2010 491,12 Year2011 300,60 Year2012estim 201,90 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 EMISSIONS EVOLUTION - FLEET TMB t/year NOx ∆ = - 610,64 (- 75%) GNC = - 477,5 t/y (-59%) +SCRT = - 133,1 t/y (-16%) Year2005 18,06 Year2006 15,89 Year2007 14,62 Year2008 13,61 Year2009 11,71 Year2010 10,22 Year2011 4,63 Year2012estim 2,20 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 EMISSIONS EVOLUTION - FLEET TMB t/year NOx ∆ = - 15,90 (- 88%) GNC = - 11,00 t/y (-61%) +SCRT = - 4,9 t/y (-27%) Source: TMB Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  27. 27. 27 Bus upgrades: fleet renewal and retrofit Compensation from new combined cycle power plant in Barcelona Harbour Target for Hybrid buses: 200 at end of 2015 (new & retrofit) New: 14 new Hybrid diesel buses in service. (Up to 26 at end 2012) Retrofit old diesel buses into hybrid diesel buses: 1 prototype in service with fuel savings of 25 %. Now 40 buses in service. (Up to 70 retrofit buses at end 2012) Retrofit old compressed natural gas buses into hybrid buses: 1 prototype in service with fuel savings of 30%. TMB Hybrid bus fleet increment project: Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  28. 28. 28 BICING 180 km 420 parking slots 122.000 subscribers (June 2012) More than 47.000 daily users (2,3% of daily journeys in working days) 82.500 daily cycled km (320.000 extra daily cycled km with private bykes) Road Transport and Mobility Measures: Cycling infraestructure Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  29. 29. 29 Awareness Measures Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona 3 measures for raising citizens awareness and education EFFICIENT DRIVING COURSES FOR HDV AND PASSENGER CARS DRIVERS FUEL SAVES UP TO 25% AT END OF COURSE. CONSOLIDATED 20% URBAN SPEED INCREASE OF 17%
  30. 30. 30 Air Pollution Episode 23 & 24 July 2012 Forest Fire PM10 levels Evolution in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (µg/m3) Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
  31. 31. Thank you for your attention Xavier Guinart xavier.guinart@gencat.cat More information about the Air Quality Plan in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona at: www.airemes.net

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