Adaptation Efforts in the Carpathians


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Presentació per part de Filippo Montalbetti (Consultor ambiental) en el marc de l’acte de clausura del projecte europeu CIRCLE 2 MOUNTain co-organitzat per l'Oficina Catalana del Canvi Climàtic durant els dies 26 i 27 de setembre de 2013.

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Adaptation Efforts in the Carpathians

  1. 1. Adaptation Efforts in the Carpathians Circle 2, MOUNTain - Final Meeting Barcelona, 26-27 September 2013
  2. 2. The Carpathians • Largest, longest, most twisted and fragmented mountain range in Europe • A dynamic and unique common living space • Important for its ecological resources and cultural heritage
  3. 3. The Carpathian Region in Numbers • 7 countries • Length about 1 500 km • 470 000 km2 (190 000 km2 - mountains) • 53 millions inhabitants (13,3 mln - mountains) • Highest peak is 2655 m Pictures: A. Czaderna, A.& D. Nowak, Pieniny National Park
  4. 4. Major Threats • Deforestation • Over-exploitation of niche resources (wood and certain mineral ores) • Land use changes (land abandonment) • Degradation, elimination of traditional livelihoods • Climate Change related issues
  5. 5. The Carpathian Convention at Glance • Adopted on 22 May 2003 • Entered in force on 4 January 2006 • Ratified by all the seven Carpathian countries • Current presidency: Slovak Republic Main Goal: Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathian Region
  6. 6. The Carpathian Convention •It is a framework Convention for cooperation and multi-sectoral policy coordination, •A platform for joint strategies for sustainable development •A forum for dialogue between all stakeholders involved Biodiversity Protocol (entered into force) Forests and Tourism Protocols (Adopted)
  7. 7. Carpathian Network of Protected Areas (CNPA) Steering Committee Conference of the Parties Carpathian Convention Implementation Committee CCIC WG Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development WG Biodiversity WG Sustainable Tourism WG Sustainable Transport and Infrastructure WG Spatial Development WG on Adaptation to Climate Change The Convention as an Institution
  8. 8. Covered Topics (PoW 2012-2014) Spatial Planning, Development Water and River Basins Awareness Raising, Education and Participation Agriculture and Rural Development Industry, Energy, Transport and Infrastructure Climate Change Cultural Heritage and Traditional Knowledge Assessment and Monitoring Carpathian Network on Protected Areas Sustainable Tourism
  9. 9. CC, WG on Adaptation to Climate Change • Decision COP3 2011, Establishment of WG on Adaptation to Climate Change • Financed by the CARPATCLIM project • WG meetings: Bruxelles, February 2012 and Eger, October 2012
  10. 10. Art. 12: “The Parties shall apply risks assessments, environmental impact assessments taking into account the specificities of the Carpathian mountain ecosystem “ • Preparation of strategic agenda on adaptation to climate change in the Carpathians • Comments and feedbacks to the list of adaptation measures developed within the CARPIVIA and CarpathCC projects • Develop communication strategy • Contribution to the establishment of a web based information system on adaptation to climate change for the Carpathians Carpathian Convention WG on Adaptation to Climate Change
  11. 11. Forthcoming Meetings • WG on Adaptation to Climate Change , Brussels, November 2013 • Conference of the Parties (COP4), Mikulov, September 2014
  12. 12. Eger Group, WS on Sharing Experiences on Adaptation • Workshop on sharing of experiences on adaptation to climate change in mountain areas, Eger, Hungary, 22 October 2012 • Participation of representatives from Pyrenees, Alps, Carpathians, Balkans, Caucasus, Central Asia • Main outcome: establishment of a platform for exchange of information and know-how and development of possible common activities • On Facebook: Eger Working Group ECCA, Hamburg, 18 March 2013
  13. 13. Eger Group Round Table discussion, main outcomes: • Information exchange on adaptation strategies • Strengthen the cooperation between science and policy makers • Importance of awareness rising and involvement of stakeholders • Global and transboundary cooperation • Look at existing conventions and agreements as potential tool for management of shared resources in other mountain regions
  14. 14. UNEP and the Mountains • UN General Assembly resolution 2008: “Mountains provide early indications of global climate change". • Special recognition of role of „developing countries with fragile mountainous ecosystems“ in frame of UNFCCC (preamble) • UNSG Report on Sustainable Mountain Development
  15. 15. Rio + 20 Conference Para.210 “We recognize that the benefits derived from mountain regions are essential for sustainable development. Mountain ecosystems play a crucial role in providing water resources to a large portion of the world’s population; fragile mountain ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change, deforestation and forest degradation, land use change, land degradation and natural disasters; and mountain glaciers around the world are retreating and getting thinner, with increasing impacts on the environment and human well-being.”
  16. 16. Rio + 20 Conference Para.211 “(…) We invite States to strengthen cooperative action with effective involvement and sharing of experience of all relevant stakeholders, by strengthening existing arrangements, agreements and centres of excellence for sustainable mountain development, as well as exploring new arrangements and agreements, as appropriate.” (Reference to importance of regional cooperation: Alpine and Carpathian Convention)
  17. 17.  Austria funded project (approx. 1,95 Mio EUR) „Climate change action in developing countries with fragile mountainous ecosystems from a regional perspective“ (UNFCCC/FSF): Regional climate change impact and vulnerability assessments and fostering regional cooperation platforms (focus inter alia on Central Asia, Andes, Caucasus, Africa and Balkans), 2014-2017 UNEP Activities on Mountains
  18. 18. On relevant initiatives and activities in the regions can be found on the following webpages: further on : More Information…
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention Filippo Montalbetti UNEP Vienna – Interim Secretariat of the Carpathian Convention