The Mayor of London’s draft Air
Quality Strategy

Simon Cousins
Greater London Authority




                             ...
What is the problem? – PM10 concentrations
in central London in 2011 without the
Strategy
PM10 emissions sources in central London

                                                        160.0

                 ...
NO2 Limit Value in 2015
London wide issue
 Limit Value for annual mean NO2 = 40 µg/m3




                                ...
NOx emissions sources in Greater London
Reducing emissions from transport (1)
New   smarter travel schemes – building on existing initiatives
  •   Promoting eco-...
Reducing emissions from transport (2)


Low Emission Zone:
  • Tighter standard for lorries, buses and coaches from 2012
 ...
Reducing emissions from non-transport
  sources
Updating construction and demolition Best Practice Guidance:
  • Review an...
What this will achieve – PM10

                                                         160.0




                        ...
What this will achieve – NOx

                                                         60000




                         ...
Barriers to delivery
Around 40 per cent of PM10 concentrations in central London originate
  from outside London.

And aro...
Working with UK Government
We believe that PM10 limit values will be met by 2011.

But on its own London cannot meet NO2 l...
Thank you


More information at: www.london.gov.uk
Simon.cousins@london.gov.uk




                                       ...
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Simon Cousin - (Esborrany de l’Alcalde de Londres sobre l’estratègia de la qualitat de l’aire)

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Simon Cousin - (Esborrany de l’Alcalde de Londres sobre l’estratègia de la qualitat de l’aire)

  1. 1. The Mayor of London’s draft Air Quality Strategy Simon Cousins Greater London Authority 1
  2. 2. What is the problem? – PM10 concentrations in central London in 2011 without the Strategy
  3. 3. PM10 emissions sources in central London 160.0 Other Sources 140.0 Boilers Other Agriculture / Nature Annual PM emissions in central London (tonnes) 120.0 Industrial and Commerci al Gas Domesti c Gas HGV, Tyre & Brake Wear 100.0 HGV, Exhaust LGV, Tyre & Brake Wear 80.0 LGV, Exhaust Bus, Tyre & Brake Wear 60.0 Bus, Exhaust 10 Car, Tyre & Brake Wear 40.0 Car, Exhaust Taxi, Tyre & Brake Wear Taxi, Exhaust 20.0 Motorcycle, Tyre & Brake Wear Motorcycle, Exhaust 0.0 2008
  4. 4. NO2 Limit Value in 2015 London wide issue Limit Value for annual mean NO2 = 40 µg/m3 Limit Value 4
  5. 5. NOx emissions sources in Greater London
  6. 6. Reducing emissions from transport (1) New smarter travel schemes – building on existing initiatives • Promoting eco-driving • Travel plans (inc freight) • Anti-idling campaigns and enforcement Promoting cleaner vehicles • Electric Vehicle Delivery Plan • Procurement processes Tailored action plans for priority locations (from summer 2010). • Power washing streets and applying dust suppressants • Redeploying cleanest buses • Traffic management Reducing emissions from public transport • Bus NOx retrofit • Age based limits for taxis and PHVs
  7. 7. Reducing emissions from transport (2) Low Emission Zone: • Tighter standard for lorries, buses and coaches from 2012 • Vans and minibuses included from 2012 • New NOx standard for lorries, buses and coaches from 2015 Air Quality Action Days and Special Measures • Special measures during extreme pollution episodes • Planned regular events to encourage mode shift to cycling and walking.
  8. 8. Reducing emissions from non-transport sources Updating construction and demolition Best Practice Guidance: • Review and update early in 2011. • Giving Guidance statutory status in planning process to assist enforcement • Ensure included in major planning applications Better use of planning system: • New developments to be ‘air quality neutral’ or better – using planning process for ‘offsetting’ • Emissions limits and abatement requirements for new biomass boilers Energy efficient schemes for homes and workplaces Urban realm programmes Encouraging innovation
  9. 9. What this will achieve – PM10 160.0 140.0 Other Sources Boilers Other Agriculture / Nature Annual PM10 emissions in central London (tonnes) 120.0 Industrial and Commercial Gas Domestic Gas 100.0 HGV, Tyre & Brake Wear HGV, Exhaust LGV, Tyre & Brake Wear 80.0 LGV, Exhaust Bus, Tyre & Brake Wear 60.0 Bus, Exhaust Car, Tyre & Brake Wear Car, Exhaust 40.0 Taxi, Tyre & Brake Wear Taxi, Exhaust 20.0 Motorcycle, Tyre & Brake Wear Motorcycle, Exhaust 0.0 2008 2011 with 2015 with strategy strategy
  10. 10. What this will achieve – NOx 60000 50000 Annual NOx emissions in Greater London (tonnes) Other Sources Rail 40000 Airport Part A / B Industry Industrial-Commercial Gas Domestic Gas 30000 Artic HGVs Rigid HGVs LGVs 20000 Buses Cars Taxis Motorcycles 10000 0 2008 2015 with strategy
  11. 11. Barriers to delivery Around 40 per cent of PM10 concentrations in central London originate from outside London. And around 20 per cent of NO2 concentrations in Greater London originate from outside London. 35 per cent of PM10 emissions from road transport are from tyre and brake wear – which cannot be regulated. Lack of policy levers. Lack of funding. Knowledge gaps (eg. emissions v concentrations).
  12. 12. Working with UK Government We believe that PM10 limit values will be met by 2011. But on its own London cannot meet NO2 limit values by 2015. London requires funding from UK Government to implement this Strategy. UK Government needs to implement national measures: Extended vehicle scrappage schemes Use of tax incentives Certification scheme for NOx abatement equipment National framework for LEZs – and financial support Grant schemes for vehicle retrofit Rail electrification Funding for new low-emission technology Funding for and restructuring of energy efficiency schemes Publicity campaigns Targeted information to those at risk. 12
  13. 13. Thank you More information at: www.london.gov.uk Simon.cousins@london.gov.uk 13

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