From Fine-dust Binder CMA
        to Traffic Bans

   Actions for Air Quality Improvement
            in Klagenfurt, Austr...
Klagenfurt
93.000 inhabitants
160.000 daily population
120 km2
Capital of province of Carinthia
trade and school center of the region...
PM 10 Daily mean 22 – 32 g/m3
 Samstag, 12. 11. 2005


                                4
Fine Dust (PM 10 ) in Klagenfurt

                                                     Temperatur
                        ...
Fine Dust (PM10)
                                  Nov 03 – April 04
140.0

120.0
100.0

 80.0
                           ...
EU-Project
KAPA GS
www.kapags.at
 2004 - 2007

                7
Annual mean PM10 2005




                        8
Sources apportionment PM 10 –
   Völkermarkter Str. (hot spot, traffic)
                        traffic exhaust
          ...
KAPA GS – results and measures
1st generation   • 2nd generation
8 electronic environmental indicator boards
        example: Ebenthaler Straße
Park & Ride West & Ost
     (2 parking lots and shuttle service)
• all over the year
• Mo-Fr 06.20–20.00 h,
  Sa -13.00
• ...
Car-free day 22.09.2006
Traffic ban of inner city road




                                 14
15
Reduction of domestic heating emissions,
617 municipal apartments, effects on AM PM10
CMA-trial 2006/2007

                                                     start:
                                         ...
ratio PM10 / NOx in Klagenfurt
                             0.45
                                                         ...
Result:

15-31%
PM10-reduction
                 19
LIFEplus-Project CMA+




PM10 reduction by the application of
liquid Calcium-Magnesium Acetate
(CMA) in the Austrian an I...
Objectives of CMA+
• Development and demonstration of a standard
  methodology for the application of CMA as fine
  dust b...
CMA as Finedust binder

• CMA = Calcium-Magnesium-
  Acetate, 25%-solution
• CMA is a deicing agent up to
  -16°C
• CMA is...
Traffic Safety
frictiontests in driving center – ÖAMTC
Expert opinion on liability – ÖAMTC
Investigation of accidents, dri...
2 km testroads in Klagenfurt as of
          October 2009
                          Völkermarkter Straße
                 ...
Institut für Verbrennungskraftmaschinen und Thermodynamik
                                                                ...
Institut für Verbrennungskraftmaschinen und Thermodynamik
                                                                ...
Institut für Verbrennungskraftmaschinen und Thermodynamik
                                                       Fachberei...
CMA
Summer trials in Klagenfurt -
          Druckerweg




PM10 - Reduction   3 x 30 g/m2
appr. 50%
Aerea without CMA




Aerea with CMA
laboratory




• Roadsimulator – Schweden, VTI
• Friction tests – ACCT, Wien
50 km/h, ”dry” CMA-treated surface
                                Number of wheel passages after road simulator start
   ...
PM10 results, CMA and RH effect
PM10 results, RH effect
A dry CMA-treated surface compared to a
dry clean surface



            1.2
dM/dlogDp




            0.8




           ...
CMA – current results
• Significant PM10-reduktion by CMA at kerb side
  (30% daily / 20% monthly / 10% annual mean)
• 10 ...
International Congress




Innovative Winter Service for Finedust reduction
            first results from
– 30.September ...
PM 10 - JMW
        45
                                                 GW ab 2005 in A und EU
        40


        35


 ...
PM10 - Anzahl der Tage pro Jahr mitthe daily mean limit value
                                          Number of days exc...
42
EU-Project „PM inter“
  Interregional interaction of measures to reduce
domestic fuels and traffic in Klagenfurt, South St...
NO2 - JMW

        50


        45
                                                       Limit 2005 in A, ab 2010 in EU
 ...
NO2- Annual mean value 2005




                          45
Sources apportionment NOx –
  Völkermarkter Str. (hot spot, traffic)

                     HDV
                     10%

 ...
NO2-Reduction by new Buses +
traffic flow reduction in inner city




                                   47
Air Quality Action Plan for Klagenfurt
        20 measures with 245 actions
              (PM10 and NO2)
    CMA-Applicati...
Conclusion from the point of view
          of Klagenfurt
• EU-limits for NO2 and PM10 / PM2.5 can be
  achieved by
  – Fi...
E-mobility
2 EU-projects

REZIPE: Renewable Energies for Zero Emission
Transport in Europe

CEMOBIL: CO2-neutral Electromo...
Lienz



                                30.9.-
www.feinstaubfrei.at            1.10.2010

www.life-spas.at
www.life-cma.a...
Wolfgang Hafner - (De l’anàlisi comparativa del mercat (CMA) d’aglutinants de pols fina a les prohibicions en el trànsit: ...
Wolfgang Hafner - (De l’anàlisi comparativa del mercat (CMA) d’aglutinants de pols fina a les prohibicions en el trànsit: ...
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Wolfgang Hafner - (De l’anàlisi comparativa del mercat (CMA) d’aglutinants de pols fina a les prohibicions en el trànsit: accions per a la millora de la qualitat de l’aire a Klagenfurt, Àustria)

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Transcript of "Wolfgang Hafner - (De l’anàlisi comparativa del mercat (CMA) d’aglutinants de pols fina a les prohibicions en el trànsit: accions per a la millora de la qualitat de l’aire a Klagenfurt, Àustria)"

  1. 1. From Fine-dust Binder CMA to Traffic Bans Actions for Air Quality Improvement in Klagenfurt, Austria Wolfgang Hafner City of Klagenfurt, Dep. Environment Protection Barcelona, 18.06.2010 1
  2. 2. Klagenfurt
  3. 3. 93.000 inhabitants 160.000 daily population 120 km2 Capital of province of Carinthia trade and school center of the region 3
  4. 4. PM 10 Daily mean 22 – 32 g/m3 Samstag, 12. 11. 2005 4
  5. 5. Fine Dust (PM 10 ) in Klagenfurt Temperatur cold calm ~ 700 - dry 1000 m Daily mean PM [ g/m³] 100 Hot spots 77 µg/m3 75 Urban background 50 Regional background 5
  6. 6. Fine Dust (PM10) Nov 03 – April 04 140.0 120.0 100.0 80.0 Koschatstr. 60.0 Völkermarkter Str. Welzenegg 40.0 Neuer Platz 20.0 St.Veiter Str. 0.0 01.11.2003 01.12.2003 01.01.2004 01.02.2004 01.03.2004 01.04.2004 6
  7. 7. EU-Project KAPA GS www.kapags.at 2004 - 2007 7
  8. 8. Annual mean PM10 2005 8
  9. 9. Sources apportionment PM 10 – Völkermarkter Str. (hot spot, traffic) traffic exhaust 10% traffic non-exhaust 22% background 52% residential heating 10% agriculture industry 0% 6%
  10. 10. KAPA GS – results and measures 1st generation • 2nd generation
  11. 11. 8 electronic environmental indicator boards example: Ebenthaler Straße
  12. 12. Park & Ride West & Ost (2 parking lots and shuttle service) • all over the year • Mo-Fr 06.20–20.00 h, Sa -13.00 • every 20 min. • free of charge
  13. 13. Car-free day 22.09.2006
  14. 14. Traffic ban of inner city road 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. Reduction of domestic heating emissions, 617 municipal apartments, effects on AM PM10
  17. 17. CMA-trial 2006/2007 start: 25.11.06 end: 07.02.07 Calcium-Magnesium-Acetate is applied as a 25% solution
  18. 18. ratio PM10 / NOx in Klagenfurt 0.45 2004/05 0.40 2005/06 without CMA 0.35 2006/07 with CMA ratio delta PM10/delta NOx 0.30 0.25 0.20 0.15 0.10 - 18 % PM10 0.05 0.00 Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May
  19. 19. Result: 15-31% PM10-reduction 19
  20. 20. LIFEplus-Project CMA+ PM10 reduction by the application of liquid Calcium-Magnesium Acetate (CMA) in the Austrian an Italian cities Klagenfurt, Bruneck and Lienz
  21. 21. Objectives of CMA+ • Development and demonstration of a standard methodology for the application of CMA as fine dust binder in winter, for dust bindung in summer and as de-icing agent • Dosage, time and frequency have to be clarified as well as issues of traffic safety.
  22. 22. CMA as Finedust binder • CMA = Calcium-Magnesium- Acetate, 25%-solution • CMA is a deicing agent up to -16°C • CMA is hardly corrosive, biodegradable and harmless to plants and water
  23. 23. Traffic Safety frictiontests in driving center – ÖAMTC Expert opinion on liability – ÖAMTC Investigation of accidents, driving behaviour, potential of conflicts and public opinion poll - KfV GripTester on test roads (TU Vienna) Friction tests in the lab (ACCT)
  24. 24. 2 km testroads in Klagenfurt as of October 2009 Völkermarkter Straße Enzenbergstraße Rudolfsbahngürtel
  25. 25. Institut für Verbrennungskraftmaschinen und Thermodynamik Fachbereich Verkehr und Umwelt Results-Klagenfurt PM10 Daily Mean Values (Jan.-Apr. 2010) 100 50 CMA 90 Rudolfsbahn 45 80 Koschatstr. 40 70 35 60 30 µg/m³ [kg/d] 50 25 40 20 30 15 20 10 10 5 0 0 01.01.2010 08.01.2010 15.01.2010 22.01.2010 29.01.2010 05.02.2010 12.02.2010 19.02.2010 26.02.2010 05.03.2010 12.03.2010 19.03.2010 26.03.2010 02.04.2010 09.04.2010 16.04.2010 23.04.2010 Gerhard Namen Bachler CMA+ (EU-Life) Graz, 10.06.2010 27
  26. 26. Institut für Verbrennungskraftmaschinen und Thermodynamik Fachbereich Verkehr und Umwelt Results-Klagenfurt delta PM10/delta NOx Daily Mean Values (Jan.-Apr. 2010) 1 50 Rudolfsbahn 0.9 45 CMA 0.8 40 0.7 35 0.6 30 [kg/d] 0.5 25 0.4 20 0.3 15 0.2 10 0.1 5 0 0 01.01.2010 08.01.2010 15.01.2010 22.01.2010 29.01.2010 05.02.2010 12.02.2010 19.02.2010 26.02.2010 05.03.2010 12.03.2010 19.03.2010 26.03.2010 02.04.2010 Gerhard Namen Bachler CMA+ (EU-Life) Graz, 10.06.2010 28
  27. 27. Institut für Verbrennungskraftmaschinen und Thermodynamik Fachbereich Verkehr und Umwelt Summary A comparison between daily mean values w/o CMA application(Jan.-Apr. 2010) at both test sections in Klagenfurt showed: Lower delta PM10/delta NOx ratio at Völkermarkterstrasse and Rudolfsbahngürtel Reduction potential (Völkermarkterstrasse) ~20% on PM10 traffic (exhaust & non exhaust) Reduction potential (Rudolfsbahngürtel) ~30% on PM10 traffic (exhaust & non exhaust) Gerhard Namen Bachler CMA+ (EU-Life) Graz, 10.06.2010 29
  28. 28. CMA
  29. 29. Summer trials in Klagenfurt - Druckerweg PM10 - Reduction 3 x 30 g/m2 appr. 50%
  30. 30. Aerea without CMA Aerea with CMA
  31. 31. laboratory • Roadsimulator – Schweden, VTI • Friction tests – ACCT, Wien
  32. 32. 50 km/h, ”dry” CMA-treated surface Number of wheel passages after road simulator start 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 3 2 PM10 TEOM (mg m-3) ”Dry” CMA effect? 1 0 0 1 2 3 Time after road simulator start (h)
  33. 33. PM10 results, CMA and RH effect
  34. 34. PM10 results, RH effect
  35. 35. A dry CMA-treated surface compared to a dry clean surface 1.2 dM/dlogDp 0.8 0.4 0 0.6 0.7 0.80.9 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 10
  36. 36. CMA – current results • Significant PM10-reduktion by CMA at kerb side (30% daily / 20% monthly / 10% annual mean) • 10 g/m2 is sufficient • No influence on traffic safety • Frequency of application still unclear: depends on traffic flow, humidity and temperature ? • Deicing effect is very good, but only preventiv • Very good reduction on unpaved roads (at least - 50%), but with higher dosage of 100 g/m2, every 2 – 4 week
  37. 37. International Congress Innovative Winter Service for Finedust reduction first results from – 30.September 2010, 9-18 Uhr presentations by national and international experts – 1.October 2010, 9-13 Uhr Workshop for practicioners
  38. 38. PM 10 - JMW 45 GW ab 2005 in A und EU 40 35 30 St.Andrä 25 Wolfsberg µg/m3 Klagenfurt-Koschatstr. Klagenfurt-Völkermarkterstr. 20 Zell-Ebenthal 15 10 5 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 40
  39. 39. PM10 - Anzahl der Tage pro Jahr mitthe daily mean limit value Number of days exceeding Grenzwertüberschreitungen 90 Limit value for PM10: 50 g/m3 80 Daily mean 70 35 exceedances allowed per year in EU Anzahl der Tage > 50 µg/m3 60 30 in A as of 2005 50 25 in A as of 2010 St.Andrä Wolfsberg Klagenfurt-Koschatstr. 40 Klagenfurt-Völkermarkterstr. Zell-Ebenthal 30 20 10 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 41
  40. 40. 42
  41. 41. EU-Project „PM inter“ Interregional interaction of measures to reduce domestic fuels and traffic in Klagenfurt, South Styria and Maribor • Programme: INTERREG IV Slowenien-Österreich • Duration: 01.01.2010 - 31.12.2012 • 7 Partner: Klagenfurt, Marburg, Kärnten, Steiermark, TU Graz, Gesundheitsinstitut und Uni Marburg • Clarification of high PM10-background polllution in Carinthia, Styria and Slovenia foccusing on domestic fuels 43
  42. 42. NO2 - JMW 50 45 Limit 2005 in A, ab 2010 in EU 40 35 A-limit 2010 30 A-limit 2012 St.Andrä Wolfsberg µg/m3 25 Klagenfurt-Koschatstr. Klagenfurt-Völkermarkterstr. 20 Zell-Ebenthal 15 10 5 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 44
  43. 43. NO2- Annual mean value 2005 45
  44. 44. Sources apportionment NOx – Völkermarkter Str. (hot spot, traffic) HDV 10% public transport 19% passenger cars 42% domestic fuels 7% Industy 6% background 16% 46
  45. 45. NO2-Reduction by new Buses + traffic flow reduction in inner city 47
  46. 46. Air Quality Action Plan for Klagenfurt 20 measures with 245 actions (PM10 and NO2) CMA-Application Park & Ride West and East Efficient charging system for parking Cheaper monthly tickets for public tranport (21 € instead of 35 €) Refurbishment of 2400 municipal apartments (district heating instead of single stoves) • Extension of districheating by new NG-power plant ? • Renewal of busfleet Euro 5, EEV-Standard (CNG ?) Traffic ban of inner city roads ? Environmental zones ? • Priority for public transport (e.g. bus lanes) ? • Additional park & ride systems in north and South ? further EU-Projects, e.g. PMinter (domestic fuels), REZIPE & CEMOBIL (E-mobilität) Public relations 48
  47. 47. Conclusion from the point of view of Klagenfurt • EU-limits for NO2 and PM10 / PM2.5 can be achieved by – Finedust binder (CMA) – Reduction of domestic fuels by extension of domestic heating network – Renewal of public busfleet – Stop for traffic increase (efficient parking fee system, priority for public transport, walking and cycling) • Austrian limit values (35 / 30 µg/m3 NO2, 25 exceedance days for PM10) are not achieveable at hot spot
  48. 48. E-mobility 2 EU-projects REZIPE: Renewable Energies for Zero Emission Transport in Europe CEMOBIL: CO2-neutral Electromobility for the reduction of PM10, NO2 and CO2 in Klagenfurt 50
  49. 49. Lienz 30.9.- www.feinstaubfrei.at 1.10.2010 www.life-spas.at www.life-cma.at wolfgang.hafner@klagenfurt.at 51
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