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  • 1. TRUST Culture, Cooperation and Economics Yann Algan Sciences Po Medialab, May 26th 2009
  • 2. OUTLINE Multidisciplinary approach of human behavior Moral Sentiments and Economic incentives How do cooperative values interact with the economy ? • Trust/Cooperation Economy-Happiness / Institutions • Economy and Institutions Trust/Cooperation Integrative approach • Bridge the gap in social sciences - Other social sciences: link between trust, economy and institutions - Economics: incentives for given self-interested preferences • Integrative framework - Theory: internalization of cooperative values with economic incentives - Empirics: Quantitative data and Experimental approach
  • 3. Cooperative values and Economic attitudes on the Web Social reality mining on the web • Traditional data collection: one-time, static, separation micro-macro • New datascape on the web Large-scale quantitative data on cooperative values and behavior; Extended period of time; Micro/Macro, Individuals/groups • Challenges: Data are dispersed and noisy. Privacy: collection by private firms Research center on the cyberspace • MediaLab-Sciences Po: Multi-disciplinary laboratory (researchers, web engineers…) Develop cognitive tools: computational social science PI Cyber Research center on • ERC cooperative values and economic attitudes
  • 4. Public observatory on social and economic cooperation Picture in continuous time for academic society, civil society, policies Financial Crisis ? Public observatory on cooperative values and economic attitudes Queries Call for Regulation ? Social forums Data Collection Tools : -Web Crawler, Sociometers - On-line surveys Blogosphere Trust Business ? Trust Unions ? Natural experiment to measure effect of trust on economic behavior • Online Market activities : Ebay, online credit, professional networks: digital traces, surveys.. • Online Non-Market activities : Emergence of social production : open software, wikipedia…
  • 5. Effect of economic policies on pro-social attitudes How do we build up pro-social behavior? Other social sciences: equality, diversity, civil society… Experimental protocol: randomized trials Randomized assignment of policies between control and treated groups to control for selection bias Effect of policies on cooperation within organizations • Target policies between different divisions: Income equality, Team-based pay, Diversity gender-minorities • Experimental measures: Trust games, Implicit Association Tasks… PI Sciences Po Private sector (Schlumberger …) ERC Policies, Sociology Organization + Poverty Action Lab (MIT) Public sphere Civil society, Public policies