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MediaFilmExchange.co.uk Powerpoint MediaFilmExchange.co.uk Powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • MEDIA LANGUAGE MISE EN SCENE
  • MISE EN SCENE
    • Mise en scene is a French word which means everything in the shot. The codes of mise en scene are the tools by which the media producer alters and tries to control our reading of the shot. The elements covered by mise en scene are:
    • Settings
    • Props
    • costume
    • Performance
    • Lighting
    • Colour
    • Composition
  • SETTINGS
    • The settings provide the space in which all other elements of mise en scene are situated.
    • Settings set up expectations for the viewer and can instantly produce meanings; it signifies things.
    • For example in Western films we expect the action to take place in deserts, towns, bars etc.
    • News readers are usually in a studio, which is carefully designed.
    • Can you think of any other settings that would help you to categorise a media text?
  • Settings
  • PROPS
    • Props are inanimate (lifeless) objects placed within the setting. They may remain static (furniture) or may be used by the characters in the film (knives, guns, cars).
    • Props may also strengthen the effect of the settings by making the environment in which the action takes place more convincing.
    • For example hi tech equipment, space crafts makes Science Fiction films more believable.
    • Props can also inform the viewer about the impending action – a shot of a gun usually indicates violence.
  • COSTUMES
    • Costumes help to create an actor’s character. They can place an actor within a particular historical period, indicate social class or life style, and even determine what is possible and what is not.
    • A space suit makes survival in space possible, a gangster with a gun can survive a shoot out with the police or his enemies.
    • Costumes also help to define the genre of a media text.
  • PERFORMANCE
    • What an actor or TV presenter/celebrity does within a shot obviously contributes to the meaning produced. The way they:
    • Move
    • Body language
    • Non-verbal communication
    • Speech patterns
    • These terms can also be called figure performance, in short.
  • LIGHTING
    • Lighting is usually thought of in terms of high key (balanced) and low key lighting (chiaroscuro) .
    • High key lighting is used when a relatively normal, everyday scenario is being filmed. This technique is used to ensure that everything is visible.
    • Low key lighting is used to create suspense and fear. This is achieved by providing a lack of information and hiding detail. Low key lighting creates shadows and strong contrasts.
  • COLOUR
      • Colour has long been thought to affect mood; for instance, light green is believed to be a relaxing colour; red is a ‘restless colour’.
      • But as well as having a psychological effect, colours can also symbolise emotions and values, thus producing meanings in a text.
      • What do the following colours signify?
      • Black
      • Blue
      • White
      • Red
  • COMPOSITION
    • Having selected all the elements for inclusion in the shot, the media producer then has to place them as required. The arrangement of the elements within a shot is known as composition.
    • The composition of the shot can add to the overall meaning of the shot.