MediaFilmExchange.co.uk Powerpoint

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MediaFilmExchange.co.uk Powerpoint

  1. 1. Auteurs Do they exist
  2. 2. What is an auteur? <ul><li>Auteur theory holds that the director is the primary creative force behind their film; that it is the repeated use of individual signature characteristics that distinguish a group of films from any other. </li></ul>
  3. 3. When Auteurs Began <ul><li>The term Auteur originally came from Andre Bazin when he wrote about it in a French magazine called ‘Cahiers Du Cinema’ </li></ul><ul><li>Cahiers Du Cinema literally translated means cinema notes </li></ul><ul><li>In 1954 François Truffant wrote an article entitled ‘Une Tendency du Cinema’ criticising French cinema and called for auteurs </li></ul><ul><li>Alfred Hitchcock was recognised as by the Cahiers Du Cinema as an auteur </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is an auteur? <ul><li>Andrew Sarris, an American, in 1962 wrote that auteurs should be: </li></ul><ul><li>technically competent, </li></ul><ul><li>will have specific signatures (stylistic, thematic or ideological) </li></ul><ul><li>their personality and/or tendencies, consciously or unconsciously, will become evident </li></ul>
  5. 5. Who knows – you decide <ul><li>It is our job to: </li></ul><ul><li>consider whether directors deserve the title of auteur </li></ul><ul><li>challenge the ideas from the Cahiers du Cinema and Andrew Sarris’ definition of an auteur </li></ul><ul><li>consider whether key personnel such as editors, cinematographers, composers, screen writers have informed the creative vision </li></ul><ul><li>consider if CGI has been used, has it effected that </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ridley Scott <ul><li>Use of strong female characters </li></ul><ul><li>Creating cinematic worlds </li></ul><ul><li>Alien, Thelma and Louise & GI Jane </li></ul><ul><li>Blade Runner, Alien and Gladiator </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ridley Scott <ul><li>Cinematography in numerous films by John Mathieson </li></ul><ul><li>Music in numerous films by Hans Zimmer </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous films edited by Pietro Scalia </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tim Burton? <ul><li>Loner characters – people who don’t fit into society </li></ul><ul><li>Dark Oppressive Settings </li></ul><ul><li>Prefers Orchestral Music </li></ul><ul><li>Edward Scissor hands, Big Fish, Sleepy Hollow </li></ul><ul><li>Sleepy Hollow, Nightmare Before Christmas </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tim Burton <ul><li>Music often by Danny Elfman </li></ul><ul><li>Often uses the acting talents of Johnny Depp </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous films edited by Lebenzon </li></ul>
  10. 10. Joel and Ethan Coen? <ul><li>Collision of comedy and violent crime </li></ul><ul><li>Unexceptional well meaning people acting honourably </li></ul><ul><li>Colourful dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Fargo </li></ul><ul><li>The Big Lebowski </li></ul><ul><li>Fargo </li></ul><ul><li>O Brother Where art thou, Intolerable Cruelty </li></ul>
  11. 11. Joel and Ethan Coen? <ul><li>Edit their own films </li></ul><ul><li>Cinematography by Roger Deakins on … </li></ul><ul><li>Music by Carter Burwell on … </li></ul>
  12. 12. Mel Brooks <ul><li>Genre Spoofing </li></ul><ul><li>Deliberate bad taste </li></ul><ul><li>Slap stick innuendo </li></ul><ul><li>Young Frankenstein, Blazing Saddles, Space Balls, Robin Hood – Men in Tights </li></ul><ul><li>Blazing Saddles, The Producers </li></ul><ul><li>See above </li></ul>
  13. 13. Mel Brooks <ul><li>Music wrote the music for a lot of his films </li></ul><ul><li>Actors: uses gene wilder in numerous films </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote the screenplays for the films that he has made </li></ul>
  14. 14. David Cronenberg <ul><li>Exploration of the limits of human experience </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on technology and obsession </li></ul><ul><li>Implausible narratives </li></ul><ul><li>Existenz </li></ul><ul><li>Crash </li></ul><ul><li>The Fly </li></ul>
  15. 15. David Cronenberg <ul><li>Howard Shore has been used numerous times to compose the music for his films. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Suschitzky has been used as a cinematographer on numerous of his films </li></ul><ul><li>Ronald Sanders has edited numerous of his films </li></ul>
  16. 16. Quentin Tarantino <ul><li>Everyday/mundane Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of popular music & memorable soundtrack </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotypical / genre characters saying atypical lines </li></ul><ul><li>PF – Jules talks to Vincent about foot massages & Discussion about Madonna’s ‘Like a Virgin’ </li></ul><ul><li>RD – Stuck in the middle with you KB Bang Bang </li></ul><ul><li>PF – Boxers talking about pot bellies RD Gangsters talking about ‘Like a Virgin’ </li></ul>
  17. 17. Quentin Tarantino <ul><li>Films edited by Sally Menke </li></ul><ul><li>Cinematography by Tarantino himself </li></ul><ul><li>Tarantino uses music from popular culture rather than having music composed specifically for the films </li></ul>

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