Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter

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  • 1. Material Spaces and Environmental Places in 3DP
  • 2. Mark Ganter/Duane Storti–Open3DP University of Washington Solheim AM Lab / Mech Engr
  • 3.  UV/Photo Cure Image fromWikipedia
  • 4.  Material Sintering Image fromWikipedia
  • 5.  FFF (fused filament fabrication) Click below for movie
  • 6.  Frostrusion/Syringe Extrusion/FAB@home Image used with permission of Unfold.be
  • 7.  Powder Printing Click Below for Movie
  • 8.  Mass customization possible  Complex Geometries (almost free)  Changing size (almost free)  Making “n” of the same thing, costs “n” times the cost of making one thing.  Variety is free.  Flexibility is free.
  • 9.  Mass customization possible  Complex Geometries (almost free)  Changing size (almost free)  Making “n” of the same thing, costs “n” times the cost of making one thing.  Variety is free.  Flexibility is free.  Limited material systems.  Possibly lower energy footprint (~60-90W)
  • 10. What Materials Should We Try? Each RP system is in need of materials. We like 3D Powder Printers - FAST Dr. Ben Utela “A Review of Process Development Steps for New Materials in Three Dimensional Printing (3DP)” SME J. Man. Proc. 2009 What about Dirt !!!
  • 11. What Materials Should We Try? Each RP system is in need of materials. We like 3D Powder Printers - FAST Dr. Ben Utela “A Review of Process Development Steps for New Materials in Three Dimensional Printing (3DP)” SME J. Man. Proc. 2009 What about Dirt !!! Ceramics …
  • 12. Ceramics – Broad Class Of Materials Ganter, M., Storti, D. and Utela, B.,”The Printed Pot”, Ceramics Monthly, Feb. 2009.
  • 13. Multitudes Of Materials And Finishes. Terra Cotta with silica and clear glaze.
  • 14. Medium Fire
  • 15. Stoneware with traditional glaze.
  • 16. Stoneware with silica infiltrant and clear glaze. Michael Eden
  • 17. Raku glaze and fired!
  • 18. 6 Months Later… 3DP Glass Including recycled glass!
  • 19. Glass Ruffle
  • 20. Glass Enneper’s Minimal Surface
  • 21. Multi-color Via Multi-material
  • 22. SW Pots
  • 23. 6 More Months Pass •Juliana Meira DoValle • Michael Storey …3DP Bone
  • 24. J. Meira Do Valle Bones of Bones
  • 25. 3DP in Wood Test Bar by Meghan Trainor Mask by Charlie Wyman
  • 26.  Sugars/Proteins (Gelatins/Cartilage,etc)  Rice Flour /Other Food-flours  Ice tea (Mango)/ hot chocolate  Super-Plasters /Concrete / cement / mortar  Wood (Cellulose) /Nut-Flour (allergies)  Rocket Fuels/KNO3/Rocket Candy?  Plastics (all the colors of the rainbow)  Moss/Living Cells & Plants  Soaps (worst smell ever!)
  • 27. Brandon Bowman
  • 28. Burke Museum, Seattle, WA
  • 29. Polyethylene terephthalate (Dacron) -> PET Polyethylene terephtalate Glycol -> PETG
  • 30. What does that look like? What does ~100 BILLION plastic bags/year look like? (Earth911.com)
  • 31. Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010. Nov 2010. PDF
  • 32.  If it is economically viable? (paper/cardboard)  Government mandated? (paper,etc)  If it is energy viable? (aluminum/steel cans)  How does 3DP help or hurt?  Using recycled or recyclable materials!  Lower energy footprint (personal 3DP 60-90 watts)  What to do with re-prints?
  • 33. Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010. Nov 2010. PDF
  • 34. Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010. Nov 2010. PDF
  • 35. What happens if the major buyer stops buying plastic recycle?
  • 36. About 10% of ALL of the plastic we use as humans is recycled world-wide!
  • 37. WOOF- First Ever 3D Printed Boat Made of 100% recycled materials HDPE Big Red Printer 5x10x3 ft (1.5x3x1 m) (recycled plasma cutter)
  • 38. Seafair Milk Carton Derby (must be made of milk cartons/jugs)
  • 39. 1M printer < $1000 C. Whitefield Compositing Toilet By M.Rogge
  • 40. Each of us must do our part!
  • 41.  Desktop Factory Competition, $40K prize for a low-cost filament extruder to reduce the cost of FFF materials by 5-10 X by making filament from pellets. Must cost < $250!  Hugh Lyman wins w The Lyman Filament Extruder II
  • 42. Almost free!
  • 43.  3DP is a manufacturing process.  3DP contributes to MWS (may add non- traditional waste household waste).  3DP community needs to embrace environmental issues.  3DP can use materials friendly to environment.  3DP users will start asking for recycled materials (forcing the value proposition).  Recycled material systems will ensure a sustainable future for 3DP.