Material Spaces and
Environmental Places in 3DP
Mark Ganter/Duane Storti–Open3DP
University of Washington
Solheim AM Lab / Mech Engr
 UV/Photo Cure
Image fromWikipedia
 Material Sintering
Image fromWikipedia
 FFF (fused filament fabrication)
Click below for
movie
 Frostrusion/Syringe Extrusion/FAB@home
Image used with permission of Unfold.be
 Powder Printing
Click Below for
Movie
 Mass customization possible
 Complex Geometries (almost free)
 Changing size (almost free)
 Making “n” of the same th...
 Mass customization possible
 Complex Geometries (almost free)
 Changing size (almost free)
 Making “n” of the same th...
What Materials Should We Try?
Each RP system is in need of materials.
We like 3D Powder Printers - FAST
Dr. Ben Utela “A R...
What Materials Should We Try?
Each RP system is in need of materials.
We like 3D Powder Printers - FAST
Dr. Ben Utela “A R...
Ceramics – Broad Class Of Materials
Ganter, M., Storti, D. and Utela, B.,”The Printed Pot”,
Ceramics Monthly, Feb. 2009.
Multitudes Of Materials And Finishes.
Terra Cotta with silica and clear glaze.
Medium Fire
Stoneware with traditional glaze.
Stoneware with silica infiltrant and clear glaze.
Michael Eden
Raku glaze and fired!
6 Months Later… 3DP Glass
Including recycled glass!
Glass Ruffle
Glass Enneper’s Minimal Surface
Multi-color Via Multi-material
SW Pots
6 More Months Pass
•Juliana Meira DoValle
• Michael Storey
…3DP Bone
J. Meira Do Valle Bones of Bones
3DP in Wood
Test Bar by Meghan Trainor
Mask by Charlie Wyman
 Sugars/Proteins (Gelatins/Cartilage,etc)
 Rice Flour /Other Food-flours
 Ice tea (Mango)/ hot chocolate
 Super-Plaste...
Brandon Bowman
Burke Museum, Seattle, WA
Polyethylene terephthalate (Dacron) -> PET
Polyethylene terephtalate Glycol -> PETG
What does that look like?
What does ~100 BILLION plastic bags/year look like? (Earth911.com)
Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and
Disposal in the United States: Facts and...
 If it is economically viable? (paper/cardboard)
 Government mandated? (paper,etc)
 If it is energy viable? (aluminum/s...
Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and
Disposal in the United States: Facts and...
Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and
Disposal in the United States: Facts and...
What happens if
the major buyer
stops buying
plastic recycle?
About 10% of ALL of the plastic we use as
humans is recycled world-wide!
WOOF- First Ever 3D Printed Boat
Made of 100% recycled materials HDPE
Big Red Printer 5x10x3 ft (1.5x3x1 m) (recycled plas...
Seafair Milk Carton Derby
(must be made of milk cartons/jugs)
1M printer < $1000 C. Whitefield Compositing Toilet By M.Rogge
Each of us must do our part!
 Desktop Factory Competition, $40K prize for a
low-cost filament extruder to reduce the cost of
FFF materials by 5-10 X b...
Almost free!
 3DP is a manufacturing process.
 3DP contributes to MWS (may add non-
traditional waste household waste).
 3DP communi...
Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter
Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter
Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter
Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter
Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter
Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter
Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter
Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter
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Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter

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Transcript of "Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter"

  1. 1. Material Spaces and Environmental Places in 3DP
  2. 2. Mark Ganter/Duane Storti–Open3DP University of Washington Solheim AM Lab / Mech Engr
  3. 3.  UV/Photo Cure Image fromWikipedia
  4. 4.  Material Sintering Image fromWikipedia
  5. 5.  FFF (fused filament fabrication) Click below for movie
  6. 6.  Frostrusion/Syringe Extrusion/FAB@home Image used with permission of Unfold.be
  7. 7.  Powder Printing Click Below for Movie
  8. 8.  Mass customization possible  Complex Geometries (almost free)  Changing size (almost free)  Making “n” of the same thing, costs “n” times the cost of making one thing.  Variety is free.  Flexibility is free.
  9. 9.  Mass customization possible  Complex Geometries (almost free)  Changing size (almost free)  Making “n” of the same thing, costs “n” times the cost of making one thing.  Variety is free.  Flexibility is free.  Limited material systems.  Possibly lower energy footprint (~60-90W)
  10. 10. What Materials Should We Try? Each RP system is in need of materials. We like 3D Powder Printers - FAST Dr. Ben Utela “A Review of Process Development Steps for New Materials in Three Dimensional Printing (3DP)” SME J. Man. Proc. 2009 What about Dirt !!!
  11. 11. What Materials Should We Try? Each RP system is in need of materials. We like 3D Powder Printers - FAST Dr. Ben Utela “A Review of Process Development Steps for New Materials in Three Dimensional Printing (3DP)” SME J. Man. Proc. 2009 What about Dirt !!! Ceramics …
  12. 12. Ceramics – Broad Class Of Materials Ganter, M., Storti, D. and Utela, B.,”The Printed Pot”, Ceramics Monthly, Feb. 2009.
  13. 13. Multitudes Of Materials And Finishes. Terra Cotta with silica and clear glaze.
  14. 14. Medium Fire
  15. 15. Stoneware with traditional glaze.
  16. 16. Stoneware with silica infiltrant and clear glaze. Michael Eden
  17. 17. Raku glaze and fired!
  18. 18. 6 Months Later… 3DP Glass Including recycled glass!
  19. 19. Glass Ruffle
  20. 20. Glass Enneper’s Minimal Surface
  21. 21. Multi-color Via Multi-material
  22. 22. SW Pots
  23. 23. 6 More Months Pass •Juliana Meira DoValle • Michael Storey …3DP Bone
  24. 24. J. Meira Do Valle Bones of Bones
  25. 25. 3DP in Wood Test Bar by Meghan Trainor Mask by Charlie Wyman
  26. 26.  Sugars/Proteins (Gelatins/Cartilage,etc)  Rice Flour /Other Food-flours  Ice tea (Mango)/ hot chocolate  Super-Plasters /Concrete / cement / mortar  Wood (Cellulose) /Nut-Flour (allergies)  Rocket Fuels/KNO3/Rocket Candy?  Plastics (all the colors of the rainbow)  Moss/Living Cells & Plants  Soaps (worst smell ever!)
  27. 27. Brandon Bowman
  28. 28. Burke Museum, Seattle, WA
  29. 29. Polyethylene terephthalate (Dacron) -> PET Polyethylene terephtalate Glycol -> PETG
  30. 30. What does that look like? What does ~100 BILLION plastic bags/year look like? (Earth911.com)
  31. 31. Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010. Nov 2010. PDF
  32. 32.  If it is economically viable? (paper/cardboard)  Government mandated? (paper,etc)  If it is energy viable? (aluminum/steel cans)  How does 3DP help or hurt?  Using recycled or recyclable materials!  Lower energy footprint (personal 3DP 60-90 watts)  What to do with re-prints?
  33. 33. Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010. Nov 2010. PDF
  34. 34. Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010. Nov 2010. PDF
  35. 35. What happens if the major buyer stops buying plastic recycle?
  36. 36. About 10% of ALL of the plastic we use as humans is recycled world-wide!
  37. 37. WOOF- First Ever 3D Printed Boat Made of 100% recycled materials HDPE Big Red Printer 5x10x3 ft (1.5x3x1 m) (recycled plasma cutter)
  38. 38. Seafair Milk Carton Derby (must be made of milk cartons/jugs)
  39. 39. 1M printer < $1000 C. Whitefield Compositing Toilet By M.Rogge
  40. 40. Each of us must do our part!
  41. 41.  Desktop Factory Competition, $40K prize for a low-cost filament extruder to reduce the cost of FFF materials by 5-10 X by making filament from pellets. Must cost < $250!  Hugh Lyman wins w The Lyman Filament Extruder II
  42. 42. Almost free!
  43. 43.  3DP is a manufacturing process.  3DP contributes to MWS (may add non- traditional waste household waste).  3DP community needs to embrace environmental issues.  3DP can use materials friendly to environment.  3DP users will start asking for recycled materials (forcing the value proposition).  Recycled material systems will ensure a sustainable future for 3DP.
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