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Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter
 

Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter

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    Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter Inside3DPrinting_MarkGanter Presentation Transcript

    • Material Spaces and Environmental Places in 3DP
    • Mark Ganter/Duane Storti–Open3DP University of Washington Solheim AM Lab / Mech Engr
    •  UV/Photo Cure Image fromWikipedia
    •  Material Sintering Image fromWikipedia
    •  FFF (fused filament fabrication) Click below for movie
    •  Frostrusion/Syringe Extrusion/FAB@home Image used with permission of Unfold.be
    •  Powder Printing Click Below for Movie
    •  Mass customization possible  Complex Geometries (almost free)  Changing size (almost free)  Making “n” of the same thing, costs “n” times the cost of making one thing.  Variety is free.  Flexibility is free.
    •  Mass customization possible  Complex Geometries (almost free)  Changing size (almost free)  Making “n” of the same thing, costs “n” times the cost of making one thing.  Variety is free.  Flexibility is free.  Limited material systems.  Possibly lower energy footprint (~60-90W)
    • What Materials Should We Try? Each RP system is in need of materials. We like 3D Powder Printers - FAST Dr. Ben Utela “A Review of Process Development Steps for New Materials in Three Dimensional Printing (3DP)” SME J. Man. Proc. 2009 What about Dirt !!!
    • What Materials Should We Try? Each RP system is in need of materials. We like 3D Powder Printers - FAST Dr. Ben Utela “A Review of Process Development Steps for New Materials in Three Dimensional Printing (3DP)” SME J. Man. Proc. 2009 What about Dirt !!! Ceramics …
    • Ceramics – Broad Class Of Materials Ganter, M., Storti, D. and Utela, B.,”The Printed Pot”, Ceramics Monthly, Feb. 2009.
    • Multitudes Of Materials And Finishes. Terra Cotta with silica and clear glaze.
    • Medium Fire
    • Stoneware with traditional glaze.
    • Stoneware with silica infiltrant and clear glaze. Michael Eden
    • Raku glaze and fired!
    • 6 Months Later… 3DP Glass Including recycled glass!
    • Glass Ruffle
    • Glass Enneper’s Minimal Surface
    • Multi-color Via Multi-material
    • SW Pots
    • 6 More Months Pass •Juliana Meira DoValle • Michael Storey …3DP Bone
    • J. Meira Do Valle Bones of Bones
    • 3DP in Wood Test Bar by Meghan Trainor Mask by Charlie Wyman
    •  Sugars/Proteins (Gelatins/Cartilage,etc)  Rice Flour /Other Food-flours  Ice tea (Mango)/ hot chocolate  Super-Plasters /Concrete / cement / mortar  Wood (Cellulose) /Nut-Flour (allergies)  Rocket Fuels/KNO3/Rocket Candy?  Plastics (all the colors of the rainbow)  Moss/Living Cells & Plants  Soaps (worst smell ever!)
    • Brandon Bowman
    • Burke Museum, Seattle, WA
    • Polyethylene terephthalate (Dacron) -> PET Polyethylene terephtalate Glycol -> PETG
    • What does that look like? What does ~100 BILLION plastic bags/year look like? (Earth911.com)
    • Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010. Nov 2010. PDF
    •  If it is economically viable? (paper/cardboard)  Government mandated? (paper,etc)  If it is energy viable? (aluminum/steel cans)  How does 3DP help or hurt?  Using recycled or recyclable materials!  Lower energy footprint (personal 3DP 60-90 watts)  What to do with re-prints?
    • Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010. Nov 2010. PDF
    • Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010. Nov 2010. PDF
    • What happens if the major buyer stops buying plastic recycle?
    • About 10% of ALL of the plastic we use as humans is recycled world-wide!
    • WOOF- First Ever 3D Printed Boat Made of 100% recycled materials HDPE Big Red Printer 5x10x3 ft (1.5x3x1 m) (recycled plasma cutter)
    • Seafair Milk Carton Derby (must be made of milk cartons/jugs)
    • 1M printer < $1000 C. Whitefield Compositing Toilet By M.Rogge
    • Each of us must do our part!
    •  Desktop Factory Competition, $40K prize for a low-cost filament extruder to reduce the cost of FFF materials by 5-10 X by making filament from pellets. Must cost < $250!  Hugh Lyman wins w The Lyman Filament Extruder II
    • Almost free!
    •  3DP is a manufacturing process.  3DP contributes to MWS (may add non- traditional waste household waste).  3DP community needs to embrace environmental issues.  3DP can use materials friendly to environment.  3DP users will start asking for recycled materials (forcing the value proposition).  Recycled material systems will ensure a sustainable future for 3DP.