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© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
3D PRINTING,
PAST AND FUTURE
Inside 3D Printing Conference and Expo, ...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
THE PAST
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Not Quite an Overnight Sensation
• 3D printing was first commercializ...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
STEREOLITHOGRAPHY
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
The Epicenter
• Sylmar, CA: Best known
for a major earthquake in
1971...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
The Genesis of Stereolithography
• Invented by Chuck Hull at Ultra Vi...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Just a Bit Too Wild
• Ray and Chuck couldn’t
find investors at first
...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Famous at Last
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
A Single Paragraph That Changed my Life
• By the time I joined in 198...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
SLA-250: The Industry Workhorse
• Introduced at the
“AUTOFACT” show i...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Ads of the Day
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Early Adopters
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
SELECTIVE LASER
SINTERING
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
The Birth of SLS
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
DTM, then 3D Systems
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
FUSED DEPOSITION
MODELING
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
IBM’s Foray into 3D Printing
• Similar to FDM
• Unveiled in early 199...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
“3D PRINTING”
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Powder, Binder, and a Great Name
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Soligen and DSPC
1 jet
128 jets
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Many, Many, Many Castings
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Upload and Quote
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Z Corp
• License for concept models
• Hired MIT grad students
• First...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Multiple Fields of Use
• Extrude Hone: Direct metal parts
• Later: Ex...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
OTHER EARLY
TECHNOLOGIES
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
• 1991-2000
• 375 machines sold
• Benefits
• Fast, especially for lar...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
LOM
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Not Quite Dead
• Kira
• Selective gluing
• Mechanical cutting
• Copy ...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Solid Ground Curing (Cubital)
• 1991-2000
• 33 systems sold
• Benefit...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Other Deceased Companies
• BPM
• 1988-1997
• “Ballistic Particle Manu...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Direct Metal Printing: A Long Time Coming…
• Incre: Metal droplet pri...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
EFAB *
* Now MICA Freeform
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
PERSPECTIVES
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Early Issues
• Shrinkage and
distortion
• Still an issue
• Brittle pa...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
Some Lessons Learned from History
• It’s harder than you
think (even ...
© 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com
For Industry Historians
• The Rapid Prototyping Patent Museum
additiv...
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Inside3DPrinting_AdamCohen

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Transcript of "Inside3DPrinting_AdamCohen"

  1. 1. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com 3D PRINTING, PAST AND FUTURE Inside 3D Printing Conference and Expo, NYC, April 3, 2014 Adam Cohen, Principal Consultant and CEO Additive Insight LLC www.additiveinsight.com adam@additiveinsight.com
  2. 2. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com THE PAST
  3. 3. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Not Quite an Overnight Sensation • 3D printing was first commercialized nearly 30 years ago • With just one process • The industry has grown very steadily since • More applications • More processes • More materials • More companies • More revenues • We now have a $3B industry and an major ecosystem of machines, materials, services, software… • And even, consultants
  4. 4. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com STEREOLITHOGRAPHY
  5. 5. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com The Epicenter • Sylmar, CA: Best known for a major earthquake in 1971 • Economically, a far more significant “earthquake” was coming • In 1986, 3D Systems was founded, giving birth to an industry that will transform our lives
  6. 6. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com The Genesis of Stereolithography • Invented by Chuck Hull at Ultra Violet Products • Spun off into 3D Systems with Ray Freed’s seed funding • Initial prototype made with HP plotters, a mercury lamp, a fiber optic bundle, and masking tape
  7. 7. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Just a Bit Too Wild • Ray and Chuck couldn’t find investors at first • Eventually sold 70% of the company to a Vancouver firm and went public in Vancouver
  8. 8. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Famous at Last
  9. 9. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com A Single Paragraph That Changed my Life • By the time I joined in 1987, starting to ship 6 “Beta” machines to Kodak, Pratt & Whitney, and others
  10. 10. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com SLA-250: The Industry Workhorse • Introduced at the “AUTOFACT” show in November 1988 • 3D in 1989 • Sales grew from $4.6M to 17.5M • Staff grew from 94 to 194 • Key patent survived a legal challenge from DuPont • In 1990, 3D was listed on NASDAQ
  11. 11. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Ads of the Day
  12. 12. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Early Adopters
  13. 13. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
  14. 14. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)
  15. 15. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com The Birth of SLS
  16. 16. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com DTM, then 3D Systems
  17. 17. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com FUSED DEPOSITION MODELING
  18. 18. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)
  19. 19. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com IBM’s Foray into 3D Printing • Similar to FDM • Unveiled in early 1994 • Ultimately left the business • Stratasys bought the patents
  20. 20. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com “3D PRINTING”
  21. 21. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Powder, Binder, and a Great Name
  22. 22. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Soligen and DSPC 1 jet 128 jets
  23. 23. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Many, Many, Many Castings
  24. 24. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Upload and Quote
  25. 25. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Z Corp • License for concept models • Hired MIT grad students • First multi-color process
  26. 26. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Multiple Fields of Use • Extrude Hone: Direct metal parts • Later: ExOne • Therics: Medical devices • Later: Defunct • Specific Surfaces: Ceramic filters for smokestacks • Later: Defunct
  27. 27. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com OTHER EARLY TECHNOLOGIES
  28. 28. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com • 1991-2000 • 375 machines sold • Benefits • Fast, especially for large parts • Big issues • Reliability, maintenance • Mechanical strength • Special paper • Time-consuming post-processing • Fire hazard • Might have survived had it focused on its key application Laminated Object Manufacturing (Helisys)
  29. 29. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com LOM
  30. 30. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Not Quite Dead • Kira • Selective gluing • Mechanical cutting • Copy paper • Mcor • Selective gluing • Mechanical cutting • Copy paper • Color
  31. 31. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Solid Ground Curing (Cubital) • 1991-2000 • 33 systems sold • Benefits • Very innovative • Highest throughput of all • First process to use a 2nd material for supports • Easy removal • Multi-component assemblies • Big issues • Massive (14’, 10,000 lb), complex, unreliable machine needing frequent repair • Costly to operate (consumables, maintenance)
  32. 32. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Other Deceased Companies • BPM • 1988-1997 • “Ballistic Particle Manufacturing” • Took 8 years to ship machines, yet even then… • Poor performance and reliability: many initial customers returned their machines • No clear advantage over FDM, 3DP, etc.; poorer materials and speed • Quadrax • 1990-1992 • Stereolithography copycat • Sold 2 systems before 3D shut them down
  33. 33. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Direct Metal Printing: A Long Time Coming… • Incre: Metal droplet printing • U. Nottingham: 3-D welding • USC / Microfabrica: Electrochemical Fabrication (EFAB)
  34. 34. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com EFAB * * Now MICA Freeform
  35. 35. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com PERSPECTIVES
  36. 36. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Early Issues • Shrinkage and distortion • Still an issue • Brittle parts • Supports • Bridgeworks helped (1991) • Remain an issue, esp. for metal • Lengthy file prep • Messy materials
  37. 37. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com Some Lessons Learned from History • It’s harder than you think (even for large companies) • Cost isn’t everything • Keep it simple • The competition matters; make sure pros > cons • True innovation often comes from startups and universities: it needs strong patent protection
  38. 38. © 2014 Additive Insight LLC, www.additiveinsight.com For Industry Historians • The Rapid Prototyping Patent Museum additive3d.com/museum/mp.htm • Wohlers Web site wohlersassociates.com • Rapid Prototyping Report
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