Honors - Carbon & organic compounds 1213

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  • Figure 4.1 What properties make carbon the basis of all life?
  • Figure 4.2 INQUIRY: Can organic molecules form under conditions believed to simulate those on the early Earth?
  • Figure 4.7 Three types of isomers, compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures.
  • Figure 4.8 The pharmacological importance of enantiomers.
  • Figure 4.UN02
  • Honors - Carbon & organic compounds 1213

    1. 1. Organic Compounds Enzymes
    2. 2. Figure 4.1
    3. 3. Figure 4.2 EXPERIMENT “Atmosphere” Water vapor CH4 Electrode NH 3 H2 Condenser Cooled “rain” containing organic molecules H2O “sea” Sample for chemical analysis Cold water
    4. 4. Figure 4.7 (a) Structural isomers (b) Cis-trans isomers cis isomer: The two Xs are on the same side. trans isomer: The two Xs are on opposite sides. (c) Enantiomers CO2H CO2H H NH2 CH3 L isomer NH2 H CH3 D isomer
    5. 5. Figure 4.8 Condition Ibuprofen Effective Enantiomer Ineffective Enantiomer S-Ibuprofen Drug R-Ibuprofen R-Albuterol S-Albuterol Pain; inflammation Albuterol Asthma
    6. 6. Figure 4.UN02 Estradiol Testosterone
    7. 7. Carbonyl
    8. 8. Hydroxyl
    9. 9. Carboxyl
    10. 10. Amino
    11. 11. Phosphate
    12. 12. Methyl
    13. 13. Sulfhydryl
    14. 14. What does this mean about connection between Genes and Protein?
    15. 15. Hemoglobin JMOL
    16. 16. Monomers and Polymers
    17. 17. Cooperative Binding
    18. 18. Carbonic Anhydrase • 104 to 106 reactions per second.
    19. 19. QUESTION: In ray-finned fish how does the Root effect allow unloading of oxygen to peripheral tissues without compromising its uptake in the gills during blood acidosis.
    20. 20. No plamsa-accessible CA (in gills)
    21. 21. Hemoglobin JMOL
    22. 22. Functions of Proteins When in doubt…..proteins
    23. 23. Storage
    24. 24. Structural
    25. 25. Transport
    26. 26. Hormonal
    27. 27. Receptor
    28. 28. Contractile & Motor
    29. 29. Defensive
    30. 30. Enzymes
    31. 31. Restriction Enzyme
    32. 32. Enzymes
    33. 33. Enzyme Simulation • How is the velocity of an enzyme reaction effected by: – pH – Temperature – Substrate Concentration
    34. 34. Initial Velocity (V0 or VI)
    35. 35. Initial Velocity (V0 or VI)
    36. 36. Vmax
    37. 37. Enzymatic Pathway
    38. 38. Protein Quantification
    39. 39. Starch Starch Glucose Monomers vs. polymers
    40. 40. AMYLASE: AMY Gene (multiple copies) LACTASE: LCT (Single Mutation)

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