Honors - Carbon & organic compounds 1213
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Honors - Carbon & organic compounds 1213

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  • Figure 4.1 What properties make carbon the basis of all life? <br />
  • Figure 4.2 INQUIRY: Can organic molecules form under conditions believed to simulate those on the early Earth? <br />
  • Figure 4.7 Three types of isomers, compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures. <br />
  • Figure 4.8 The pharmacological importance of enantiomers. <br />
  • Figure 4.UN02 <br />

Honors - Carbon & organic compounds 1213 Honors - Carbon & organic compounds 1213 Presentation Transcript

  • Organic Compounds Enzymes
  • Figure 4.1
  • Figure 4.2 EXPERIMENT “Atmosphere” Water vapor CH4 Electrode NH 3 H2 Condenser Cooled “rain” containing organic molecules H2O “sea” Sample for chemical analysis Cold water
  • Figure 4.7 (a) Structural isomers (b) Cis-trans isomers cis isomer: The two Xs are on the same side. trans isomer: The two Xs are on opposite sides. (c) Enantiomers CO2H CO2H H NH2 CH3 L isomer NH2 H CH3 D isomer
  • Figure 4.8 Condition Ibuprofen Effective Enantiomer Ineffective Enantiomer S-Ibuprofen Drug R-Ibuprofen R-Albuterol S-Albuterol Pain; inflammation Albuterol Asthma
  • Figure 4.UN02 Estradiol Testosterone
  • Carbonyl
  • Hydroxyl
  • Carboxyl
  • Amino
  • Phosphate
  • Methyl
  • Sulfhydryl
  • What does this mean about connection between Genes and Protein?
  • Hemoglobin JMOL
  • Monomers and Polymers
  • Cooperative Binding
  • Carbonic Anhydrase • 104 to 106 reactions per second.
  • QUESTION: In ray-finned fish how does the Root effect allow unloading of oxygen to peripheral tissues without compromising its uptake in the gills during blood acidosis.
  • No plamsa-accessible CA (in gills)
  • Hemoglobin JMOL
  • Functions of Proteins When in doubt…..proteins
  • Storage
  • Structural
  • Transport
  • Hormonal
  • Receptor
  • Contractile & Motor
  • Defensive
  • Enzymes
  • Restriction Enzyme
  • Enzymes
  • Enzyme Simulation • How is the velocity of an enzyme reaction effected by: – pH – Temperature – Substrate Concentration
  • Initial Velocity (V0 or VI)
  • Initial Velocity (V0 or VI)
  • Vmax
  • Enzymatic Pathway
  • Protein Quantification
  • Starch Starch Glucose Monomers vs. polymers
  • AMYLASE: AMY Gene (multiple copies) LACTASE: LCT (Single Mutation)