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Honors - Carbon & organic compounds 1011

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Honors - Carbon & organic compounds 1011 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Organic Compounds
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13. Carboxyl Hydroxyl Carbonyl Amino Sulfhydryl Methyl Phosphate
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21. Hemoglobin JMOL
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29.  
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33. Functions of Proteins When in doubt…..proteins
  • 34. Enzymes
  • 35.  
  • 36. Enzymes
  • 37.  
  • 38.  
  • 39. Storage
  • 40. Structural
  • 41. Transport
  • 42. Hormonal
  • 43. Receptor
  • 44. Contractile & Motor
  • 45. Defensive
  • 46.
    • This lysozyme protein molecule is found in tears and protects the eye from bacterial infections. Which of the following best describes the outside of the molecule?
      • Mostly hydrophobic R-groups are on the surface of the molecule.
      • b) Mostly hydrophilic R-groups are on the surface of the molecule.
      • c) The R-groups on exterior of the molecule are mostly non-polar.
      • d) The R-groups on the exterior are constantly changing between non-polar and polar as the protein chain bends and folds.
    0
  • 47.
    • This lysozyme protein molecule is found in tears and protects the eye from bacterial infections. Which of the following best describes the outside of the molecule?
      • b) Mostly hydrophilic R-groups are on the surface of the molecule.
    0
  • 48. Initial Velocity (V 0 or V I )
  • 49. Initial Velocity (V 0 or V I )
  • 50.  
  • 51.  
  • 52. V max
  • 53.  
  • 54.  
  • 55.  
  • 56. Enzymatic Pathway
  • 57.  
  • 58.  
  • 59. Starch Starch Glucose Monomers vs. polymers
  • 60.  
  • 61.  
  • 62.  
  • 63.  
  • 64.  
  • 65.  
  • 66.  
  • 67.  
  • 68.  
  • 69.  
  • 70. High-Fructose Corn Syrup
  • 71. Enzyme
  • 72. HFCS and enzymes
    • Cornstarch  is treated with  alpha-amylase  to produce shorter chains of sugars called  oligosaccharides .
    • Glucoamylase  - which is produced by  Aspergillus , a fungus, in a fermentation vat — breaks the sugar chains down even further to yield the simple sugar glucose.
    • Xylose isomerase  (aka glucose isomerase) converts glucose to a mixture of about 42% fructose and 50–52% glucose with some other sugars mixed in.
  • 73.  
  • 74.  
  • 75.  
  • 76.  
  • 77.  
  • 78.  
  • 79.  
  • 80.  
  • 81.  
  • 82.  
  • 83.  
  • 84.  
  • 85.  
  • 86. Hemoglobin JMOL
  • 87.  
  • 88.  
  • 89.  
  • 90.  
  • 91.  
  • 92.  
  • 93.  
  • 94.  
  • 95.
    • When proteins are heated, they usually denature. If moderate heat was applied to this molecule of DNA what part of the molecule would break down or break apart first? (Use your knowledge of chemical bonds.)
      • A The nucleotides along each side would break apart.
      • B The sugar-phosphate backbone would separate from the nitrogen bases.
      • C The nitrogen base pairs would separate in the interior of the molecule.
    0
  • 96.
    • When proteins are heated, they usually denature. If moderate heat was applied to this molecule of DNA what part of the molecule would break down or break apart first? (Use your knowledge of chemical bonds.)
      • C The nitrogen base pairs would separate in the interior of the molecule.
    0
  • 97.  
  • 98.  
  • 99.  
  • 100.  
  • 101.  
  • 102.  
  • 103.  
  • 104. Monomers and Polymers
  • 105.  
  • 106.  
  • 107.  
  • 108.  
  • 109.  
  • 110. LACTASE : LCT (Single Mutation) AMYLASE : AMY Gene (multiple copies)
  • 111. Enzymes
  • 112.  
  • 113.  
  • 114.  
  • 115.  
  • 116.  
  • 117.  
  • 118.  
  • 119.  
  • 120.  
  • 121. Concept Check
    • Malonate is a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme succinate dehydrogenase. Describe how malonate would prevent the enzyme form acting on its normal substrate succinate?