Biology - Cells 1011

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Biology - Cells 1011

  1. 1. Cells ~ Biology Edgar
  2. 10. Muscle Tissue Stomach Epithelium Beta Cells – Islets of Langerhans Adipose Tissue
  3. 13. LE 4-4a Rough endoplasmic reticulum Smooth endoplasmic reticulum Nucleus Flagellum Lycosome Centriole Not in most plant cells Peroxisome Microtubule Intermediate filament Microfilament Cytoskeleton Golgi apparatus Ribosomes Plasma membrane Mitochondrion
  4. 14. LE 4-4b Not in animal cells Golgi apparatus Nucleus Central vacuole Chloroplast Cell wall Mitochondrion Peroxisome Plasma membrane Rough endoplasmic reticulum Smooth endoplasmic reticulum Ribosomes Microtubule Intermediate filament Microfilament Cytoskeleton
  5. 15. LE 4-5 Chromatin Nucleolus Pore Nucleus Two membranes of nuclear envelope Rough endoplasmic reticulum Ribosomes
  6. 16. LE 4-7 Smooth ER Rough ER Nuclear envelope Ribosomes Smooth ER Rough ER TEM 45,000 
  7. 17. LE 4-8 Transport vesicle buds off Ribosome Polypeptide Glycoprotein Sugar chain Rough ER Secretary (glyco-) protein inside trans- port vesicle
  8. 18. LE 4-9 Golgi apparatus “ Receiving” side of Golgi apparatus Transport vesicle from ER New vesicle forming “ Shipping” side of Golgi apparatus Transport vesicle from the Golgi Golgi apparatus TEM 130,000 
  9. 19. LE 4-10a-1 Plasma membrane Rough ER Lysosomes Transport vesicle (containing inactive hydrolytic enzymes) Golgi apparatus
  10. 20. LE 4-10a-2 Plasma membrane Rough ER Lysosomes Transport vesicle (containing inactive hydrolytic enzymes) Golgi apparatus Engulfment of particle “ Food” Food vacuole Digestion
  11. 21. LE 4-10a-3 Plasma membrane Rough ER Lysosomes Transport vesicle (containing inactive hydrolytic enzymes) Golgi apparatus Engulfment of particle “ Food” Food vacuole Digestion Lysosome engulfing damaged organelle
  12. 22. LE 4-10b Lysosome Nucleus TEM 8,500 
  13. 23. LE 4-10c Lysosome containing two damaged organelles TEM 42,500  Mitochondrion fragment Peroxisome fragment
  14. 24. LE 4-13 Transport vesicle from ER to Golgi Rough ER Nucleus Smooth ER Nuclear envelope Golgi apparatus Lysosome Vacuole Plasma membrane Transport vesicle from Golgi to plasma membrane
  15. 25. LE 4-12 LM 650  Central vacuole Nucleus Contractile vacuoles Nucleus Chloroplast Colorized TEM 8,700 
  16. 26. LE 4-14 Chloroplast Stroma Inner and outer membranes Granum Intermembrane space TEM 9,750 
  17. 27. LE 4-15 Mitochondrion Intermembrane space Outer membrane Inner membrane Cristae Matrix TEM 44,880 
  18. 28. Figure 4.17a
  19. 29. Figure 4.17b
  20. 30. LE 4-18a Vacuole Walls of two adjacent plant cells Plasmodesmata Layers of one plant cell wall Cytoplasm Plasma membrane
  21. 32. Table 4.19
  22. 33. Table 4.19
  23. 34. Table 4.19

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