WB3 The whole story


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  • Software facilitates calculations and analysis to be made in the course of the evaluation and decision-making process. I found this open-source software and adapted it slightly for DESIRE Participatory approach to guide and lead the workshop participants through the single steps Workshop facilitator / moderator with big m ethodological and topical challenges: Variety of stakeholders Responsibility for result (affecting real life) Undestanding complex issue of degradation & conservation -> special training provided for all study sites (but not on moderation per se)
  • Step 6: Visualisation of the relative merits of the options. An option can only be sustainable if it receives good valuation in each category
  • WB3 The whole story

    1. 1. Assessment and selection of SLM technologies and approaches in DESIRE Gudrun Schwilch Centre for Development and Environment (CDE) University of Bern, Switzerland A structured participatory process at the local level Photos: G. Schwilch
    2. 2. Fictitious example: <ul><li>Saadi Mohamed, </li></ul><ul><li>agricultural advisor in Sehoul, Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>Land degradation is </li></ul><ul><li>getting worse -> action is needed! </li></ul><ul><li>But how? </li></ul><ul><li>where can this agricultural advisor find best practices, proven strategies, new ideas? </li></ul><ul><li>how appraising, selecting, deciding? </li></ul><ul><li>how promoting SLM among land users? </li></ul>Photos: G. Schwilch
    3. 3. Development of Methodological Framework <ul><li>-> three-part framework leading through whole procedure from initiation to final decision </li></ul><ul><li>based on </li></ul><ul><li>the WOCAT database of best practices </li></ul><ul><li>tools to assess and select SLM strategies </li></ul><ul><li>a methodology to apply these tools within a participatory process </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Part I – Identification : Identify existing and potential strategies with a participatory learning approach (stakeholder workshop 1) </li></ul><ul><li>Part II – Assessment : Evaluate, document and share strategies with standardised questionnaires </li></ul><ul><li>Part III – Selection : Select the most promising strategies with a decision support tool (stakeholder workshop 2) </li></ul>The 3 part for selecting SLM practices Photos: G. Schwilch
    5. 5. Spatial level and target group: <ul><li>The methodology is designed for: </li></ul><ul><li>land user level </li></ul><ul><li>Watershed level </li></ul><ul><li>Community / village level </li></ul><ul><li>District level </li></ul><ul><li>(national level) </li></ul><ul><li>to be used by: </li></ul><ul><li>(Individual land user) </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural advisors </li></ul><ul><li>SLM/SWC specialists </li></ul><ul><li>Project / research teams </li></ul><ul><li>Local authorities </li></ul><ul><li>(National Department of Agriculture, Environment, etc.) </li></ul>Photos: G. Schwilch
    6. 6. Part I: Identification <ul><li>3-days local stakeholder workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology based on the ‚learning for sustainability‘ approach (LforS), learning supported by facilitators </li></ul><ul><li>Participants: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>local stakeholders (land users, representatives of local authorities, local NGOs etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>external stakeholders , i.e. researchers and development professionals (from NGOs, GOs etc.) </li></ul></ul>Photos: G. Schwilch Training material Learning group Context Learning process
    7. 7. <ul><li>Trust and collaboration among participants </li></ul><ul><li>Initiate mutual learning and understanding of land degradation and conservation: processes, causes and impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of existing and new strategies to mitigate land degradation </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of a set of these identified strategies for further assessment </li></ul>Objectives of stakeholder workshop 1: Learning together and in the context Photo: G. Schwilch
    8. 8. <ul><li>After stakeholder WS 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Based on 3-10 most promising solutions identified in stakeholder workshop 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Questionnaires help to understand reasons behind successful local experiences  learning! </li></ul><ul><li>Standardisation allows to share experiences worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Database used for selection and decision process </li></ul>Part II: Assessment Photo: G. Schwilch
    9. 9. <ul><li>Use of the internationally recognized WOCAT Questionnaires on Technologies and Approaches </li></ul>Questionnaires Photo: G. Schwilch
    10. 10. Part III: Selection and decision <ul><li>Stakeholder Workshop 2 (2 days) </li></ul><ul><li>Working through a series of steps, incl. multi-criteria evaluation, to reach decision for trial implementation </li></ul>Photos: S. Acikalin
    11. 11. Key elements of Part III: <ul><li>Selection of options is based on WOCAT database </li></ul><ul><li>Scoring and decision process is supported by a decision support software </li></ul><ul><li>Both tools are embedded into a stakeholder workshop, continuing the ‘learning for sustainability’ approach </li></ul>Photo: G. Schwilch
    12. 12. Steps of decision taking <ul><li>Set objective(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Preselect SLM options </li></ul><ul><li>Define (and rank) criteria for evaluation (ecological, economic, socio-cultural) </li></ul><ul><li>Scoring the SLM options </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis and interpretation (with Facilitator) </li></ul><ul><li>Decision making: negotiation, prioritize options </li></ul><ul><li>Embedding into overall SLM strategy (framework conditions) and seek stakeholder commitment </li></ul>Photos: G. Schwilch
    13. 13. Result: selected technology for (test) implementation Photos: G. Schwilch
    14. 14. A participatory and structured process: <ul><li>starting from initial collective learning on desertification problems and respective solutions </li></ul><ul><li>to the description and evaluation of identified local solutions and </li></ul><ul><li>to the joint selection and decision- making for implementation. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Challenges of methodology <ul><li>Adaptation of options from other contexts : requires a good understanding of SLM principles and experience to adapt it to the local context </li></ul><ul><li>Decision support software : moderators must be clear about the potential and limitations to avoid false expectations and mistrust </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity of methodology : consecutive steps building on each other challenging for all involved partners and especially for moderator </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of the three components of the methodology: continuity required from WS1 to WS2 composition of stakeholders SLM objectives (focus of work) selected options </li></ul>Photos: G. Schwilch
    16. 16. Guidelines: <ul><li>didactic guidelines : describe step by step </li></ul>thematic sheets : theoretical and conceptual help; instruction sheets : how to use the software
    17. 17. Methodology development <ul><li>A collaboration of: </li></ul><ul><li>DESIRE : Desertification mitigation and remediation of land – a global approach for local solutions (EU FP6; www.desire-project.eu ) </li></ul><ul><li>WOCAT – World Overview on Conservation Technologies and Approaches </li></ul><ul><li>( www.wocat.net ) </li></ul>