What the complete streets legislation means for you ed stachura


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What the complete streets legislation means for you ed stachura

  1. 1. NYSCHSA Summer 2012 ConferenceOtesaga Hotel / Cooperstown, New York August 27, 2012
  3. 3. • Includes all transportation modes• Safe, comfortable and convenient travel• Applies to new construction and reconstruction• Special and limited exceptions are allowed• Use of Context Sensitive Design in conjunction with Complete Streets …. sets a vision• Use latest design standards with flexibility• Performance standards
  4. 4. • Design prescription• Mandate for immediate retrofit• Silver bullet – other initiatives need to be addressed such as land use, environmental concerns, vehicle miles traveled (VMT) reduction, potential for usage
  5. 5. • 55% of public would rather drive less, walk more• Nearly 1/3 of public don’t drive 21% are over 65 children under 16 many low income don’t have access to motor vehicles• 47% of the older say it is unsafe to cross a major street near home• 54% say they would walk and bike more often if the built environment improved• 66% want more transportation options• 73% currently feel they have no choice but to drive more• 57% would like to spend less time in car Future of Transportation National Survey (2010)
  6. 6. • Pedestrians are at risk – In NY state, 23% traffic deaths vs. 12% nationwide 5 largest upstate counties, pedestrian killed every 10 days NYC, every 2.5 days ; Long Island every week More than 40% of pedestrian deaths (2007 & 2008) where no crosswalks were available – 10% where available Disproportionate are seniors / 19% fatalities, 11% injury• Impact on aging population – 2.04 per 100,000 population• Children / 19% between ages 5>9; 7% age 15 and younger; 23% of all pedestrians injured• Disabled• Extensive infrastructure focused toward motor vehicles• Unsafe for traveling by foot or bicycle• Promote economic development in business districts• Improve environmental quality / air, noise
  7. 7. • Unsafe for pedestrians and bicyclists Represent 12% of all trips Suffer 13% of fatalities Receive 1% of federal funding• Bike lanes are available for about 5% of bicycle trips• Of all trips 50% are under 3 miles 28% are 1 mile or less 72% of trips 1mile or less are driven 25% of walking trips take place on roads w/o shoulders or sidewalks
  8. 8. • Title 23 / Transportation (23CFR) No specific provisions in current regulations Complete Streets Act of 2011 – H.R. 1780/S. 1056 67% of all pedestrian fatalities on roads eligible for federal aid• Nationally – over 200 jurisdictions have policy• New York State -Senate Bill S05411 - Assembly A8366 / passed unanimously -Governor Cuomo signed August 15, 2011 -Effective 180 days later – February 11, 2012 -Projects are “grandfathered” prior to effective date -Amendment to NYS Highway Law, Section 331
  9. 9.  In 2010, New York State  1,200 total traffic fatalities  19,392,283 (thousands) Resident Population  303 were pedestrian fatalities  25.3% of total ( U.S. total = 13%)  1.56 pedestrian fatalities per 100,000 population  1.38 U.S. per 100,000 population  Ref: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  10. 10. Rural = 27% Urban = 73% Intersection = 21% Non-Intersection = 79% Clear/Cloudy = 88% Rain = 9% Snow = 1% Fog = 1% Daytime = 32% Nighttime = 68% (8pm > 11:59pm)Nearly one-half (48%) on Friday, Saturday, Sunday 16% 17% 15%
  11. 11. • State, county, local transportation projects with federal and state funding• Construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation projects• Not on resurfacing, maintenance, pavement recycling, interstate highways• Not where cost is disproportionate … land use context; population density; current and projected traffic volumes / more than 20% of project costs
  12. 12. • Not where demonstrated lack of need determined by land use, existing and future traffic, lack of community support, or use of design features would have an adverse impact, or be contrary to, public safety• No expenditure in excess of project funding• Institutionalize design features into planning, project scoping, design implementation• Document analysis ; publicly available
  13. 13. • For everyone – pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, transit riders of all ages and abilities• Easy to cross streets• Design and operate the entire right-of-way to enable safe access for all users, regardless of age, ability, or mode of transportation
  14. 14. • No single prescription / each is unique to community’s vision• May include: -Sidewalks and curb ramps -Bike lanes (or wide paved shoulders) -Special bus lanes -Comfortable, safe, accessible bus stops -Frequent, safe crossing opportunities -Median Islands -Accessible pedestrian signals -Curb extensions; bulb outs -Narrower travel lanes -Roundabouts -Intersection control – turn lanes, signals
  15. 15. • Complete Streets Improve Safety For example - use of medians enable pedestrians to cross busy roads in 2 stages, reduce left-turning conflicts• Complete Streets Encourage Health For example – bicycling and walking help prevent obesity (Ref: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)• Complete Streets Lower Transportation Costs On average, U.S. residents spend 18-cents of every dollar for transportation, with the poorest 20% spending 36-cents. Taking public transportation saves an estimated $9,581/year• Complete Streets Foster Strong Communities Social interaction
  16. 16. CHILDREN • Incomplete streets: a barrier for children • Leading cause of unintentional, injury related death, ages 5 >14 • More than 1/3 of nation’s children are overweight or obese • Limited physical activity • Complete Streets: provide dedicated space for bicycling and walking and give children safety, mobility to be physically active and independent
  17. 17. PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES • Incomplete streets impede livability, are unsafe, inaccessible for wheelchair users • 20% of public have a disability that limits their daily activities – short-term / long-term • Complete Streets remove barriers, reduce isolation and dependence • Complete Streets feature curb cuts, high visibility crosswalks, and other designs for the disabled
  18. 18. HEALTH • Incomplete streets restrict physical activity • Walking is the 2nd most common form of travel, 10.9% of all trips • Complete Streets make active living easy
  19. 19. Obesity is lower in places where people use bicycles, public transportation, and their feet. 30 60 Percent Walk, Bike,Transit 25 50 Percent of Obesity 20 40 15 30 10 20 5 10 0 0 d ia a d e d y n y n ia s d k SAalan tral nad elan anc lan Ital pai ma n e de str land rlan mar U e us a Ir Fr in F S er w Au er tze en Z A C G S ew eth wi D N N S Obesity Walk, Bike, Transit Pucher, “Walking and Cycling: Path to Improved Public Health,” Fit City Conference, NYC, June 2009
  20. 20. OLDER ADULTS • Incomplete streets a problem for older individuals -2025: 1 in 5 will be over 65 (Ref: U.S. Census Bureau) • Complete streets help create livable communities • About ½ of all non-drivers over 65 would like to get out more often • Independence
  21. 21. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION • Incomplete Streets: a hindrance to riders, good service • Connect transit to work, to shops, to schools, to homes through appropriate design for transit users • Create smooth, predictable transit trips by planning and designing for transit vehicles • Complete Streets make transit safe, convenient, and comfortable
  22. 22. CLIMATE CHANGE • Incomplete streets hamper climate change • Climate-cooling potential of Complete Streets • Reduce environmental quality concerns …. air, noise, energy usage, visual, land use
  23. 23. ECONOMIC REVITALIZATION • Incomplete streets can restrict economic development • In areas studied, each 1-point increase in the 100-point Walk Score scale = an increase of home value of $500 – $3,000 Ref: Washington, DC: Barracks Row / 8th Street SE -$8-M public streetscape investment 2003-2004 -$8-M private investment in following 2 years -32 new business establishments -$80,000 in annual sales tax revenue • Complete Streets help create viable communities
  24. 24. GAS PRICES • Incomplete streets cost families money and encourage oil consumption • Complete Streets help create viable communities
  25. 25. SAFETY • Incomplete streets put people at risk -Walk, bike, run on roadway -Transit stops poorly placed in shoulder area -Lack of adequate shoulder area, or sidewalks -3,200 lb. vehicle vs. 75-200 lb. pedestrian • Complete Streets help reduce accidents • In 2010 -4,280 pedestrians killed …. 1 every 2 hours • 70,000 injured … 1 every 8 minutes
  26. 26. TRANSPORTATION COSTS • Incomplete streets lead to higher costs • Car purchase, operation … insurance, maintenance, value • Complete Streets give choices …. control over expenses, replacing expensive local car travel with cheaper options --- walking, riding bikes, public transportation
  27. 27. EASE TRAFFIC WOES • Incomplete streets breed congestion • Complete Streets ease congestion • Complete Streets increase road capacity, level of service (LOS)
  28. 28. COST OF COMPLETE STREETS • Help prevent costly delays and retrofits • Require minimal to zero additional funding • Save money through better design • Investment in the community
  29. 29. CHANGE TRAVEL PATTERNS • Incomplete streets discourage getting out of the car • Residents are 65% more likely to walk in a neighborhood with sidewalks • Regions with more bike lanes per square mile have higher levels of bicycle commuting • Complete Streets increase use of public transportation, bicycling, and walking
  30. 30. CREATE LIVABLE COMMUNITIES • Incomplete streets deny citizens safety, choice • Walkable communities = happier communities • Residents of walkable communities: -More likely to be socially engaged and trusting -Report being in good health and happy more often • Complete Streets create more choices, shorten travel times and encourage less carbon intensive transportation
  31. 31. SUSTAINABLE STREETS• Many elements of street design, construction, and operation can achieve both streets that work for all travelers and “green” streets that improve environmental sustainability -Pavement -Landscaping -Climate
  32. 32. POLICY ELEMENTS • Sets a community vision • Specifies all users / modes • Connectivity / network to serve all users • Specifies and limits exceptions as documented • All phases of applicable projects … road, utilities • Flexible design criteria • Context-sensitive • Sets performance measures • Implementation steps
  33. 33. A series of “Before” and “After” situations.In addition to looking at things differently, the main question to always ask, “Can’t we do better than this?”
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  38. 38. Edward Stachura Senior Project Manager TVGA Consultants 716.849.8739 estachura@tvga.com Information Credits:Complete Streets Organization, Washington, DC U.S. Department of Transportation, FHWA New York State Department of TransportationNational Highway Traffic Safety Administration Transportation for Amrica