Camelid Medicine and Nursing By Dr. Bret Meckel
Old World Camelids <ul><li>Africa/Asia </li></ul><ul><li>One hump or two? </li></ul><ul><li>Dromedary vs. Bactrian </li></ul>
New World Camelids <ul><li>All from South America </li></ul><ul><li>Llamas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guarding herds </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Alpaca </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huacaya (shorter fiber w/ crimp) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suri (long, straight fibe...
<ul><li>Vicuna </li></ul><ul><li>Guanaco </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both undomesticated </li></ul></ul>
Nutrition <ul><li>Extremely efficient digesters </li></ul><ul><li>Digestion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three compartments (lik...
Body Condition <ul><li>Page 38 </li></ul>
Body Language <ul><li>Ear Posture </li></ul><ul><li>Humming </li></ul><ul><li>Spitting </li></ul>http:// personal.smartt.c...
Restraint <ul><li>Attack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bite/charge/rear kick </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stand near shoulder </li></ul>...
Behavior <ul><li>Docile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Except males </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Berserk Male Syndrome </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Fighting <ul><li>Fighting teeth (p. 53) </li></ul><ul><li>Removal (p.55) </li></ul>
Eyes <ul><li>Corpus Nigrum (p. 57) </li></ul>
Toe Nail Trims <ul><li>Normal vs Overgrown </li></ul><ul><li>Trimming Technique (p 80) </li></ul>
Venipuncture <ul><li>“High Neck” </li></ul><ul><li>Jugular </li></ul>
Vaccinations <ul><li>Rabies </li></ul><ul><li>Clostridium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enterotoxemia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T...
Camelid Sex Life! <ul><li>Gestation  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Llama = 340-345d </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alpaca = 335-360d <...
Medical Treatment <ul><li>NSAIDS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phenylbutazone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banamine </li></ul></ul><...
 
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Camelid Medicine And Nursing

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Camelid Medicine And Nursing

  1. 1. Camelid Medicine and Nursing By Dr. Bret Meckel
  2. 2. Old World Camelids <ul><li>Africa/Asia </li></ul><ul><li>One hump or two? </li></ul><ul><li>Dromedary vs. Bactrian </li></ul>
  3. 3. New World Camelids <ul><li>All from South America </li></ul><ul><li>Llamas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guarding herds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Packing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fiber </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Alpaca </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huacaya (shorter fiber w/ crimp) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suri (long, straight fiber, no crimp) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Vicuna </li></ul><ul><li>Guanaco </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both undomesticated </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Nutrition <ul><li>Extremely efficient digesters </li></ul><ul><li>Digestion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three compartments (like ruminants) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But regurgitates and rechews more effectively </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fecal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pellets like deer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communal dung pile users </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Body Condition <ul><li>Page 38 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Body Language <ul><li>Ear Posture </li></ul><ul><li>Humming </li></ul><ul><li>Spitting </li></ul>http:// personal.smartt.com/~brianp/allsounds.html
  9. 9. Restraint <ul><li>Attack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bite/charge/rear kick </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stand near shoulder </li></ul><ul><li>Halters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t like head contact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chutes/ Stanchions </li></ul><ul><li>p. 24-31 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Behavior <ul><li>Docile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Except males </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Berserk Male Syndrome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottle fed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attaches to humans instead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neuter bottle fed males </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Fighting <ul><li>Fighting teeth (p. 53) </li></ul><ul><li>Removal (p.55) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Eyes <ul><li>Corpus Nigrum (p. 57) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Toe Nail Trims <ul><li>Normal vs Overgrown </li></ul><ul><li>Trimming Technique (p 80) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Venipuncture <ul><li>“High Neck” </li></ul><ul><li>Jugular </li></ul>
  15. 15. Vaccinations <ul><li>Rabies </li></ul><ul><li>Clostridium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enterotoxemia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tetanus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malignant Edema </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackleg </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Camelid Sex Life! <ul><li>Gestation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Llama = 340-345d </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alpaca = 335-360d </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Birth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dystocia = rare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily “Vet Friendly” </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Medical Treatment <ul><li>NSAIDS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phenylbutazone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banamine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anesthesia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ketamine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Xylazine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diazepam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Injection Map (p.130) </li></ul>

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