Big Cats and Zoo Medicine

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Big Cats and Zoo Medicine

  1. BIG CATS And some other exotic tails by Dr. Bret Meckel
  2. Anatomy & Physiology <ul><li>Big cats are all very similar to little cats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obligate carnivores - HR lower (50bpm) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Claws retracted - RR lower (10bpm) </li></ul></ul>
  3. Nutrition <ul><li>All cats are obligate carnivores </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideal meal = you! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT ground beef </li></ul></ul><ul><li>10-14 LBS meat /day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Balance/Nebraska/Mazuri =balanced diets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local sources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fast Day (AKA Bone Day) </li></ul>Got meat?
  4. Preventative care <ul><li>Easier to PREVENT the problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find it before it becomes a problem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Especially true for exotics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hide illness (survival instinct) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can pick up on small problem before it becomes a BIG problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animal less at risk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Components of Preventative Medicine Program? </li></ul>
  5. Vaccines (Vet Med Nursing) <ul><li>FVRCP+C (q 2 yrs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canine distemper? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leukemia (q 2yrs) </li></ul><ul><li>Rabies (Annual) </li></ul><ul><li>FIP Testing </li></ul><ul><li>FVRCP+C (q 2 yrs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canine distemper? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leukemia (q 2yrs) </li></ul><ul><li>Rabies (Annual) </li></ul><ul><li>FIP Testing </li></ul>
  6. Fecal Exams/Worming (Parasitology) <ul><li>Fecals Exams =twice a year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sooner if diarrhea/blood, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yearly with dewormer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cycle fenbendazole, pyrantel, ivermectin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other treatments (tapes/coccidia) as needed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hairballs! </li></ul>
  7. Husbandry (Animal Care) <ul><li>Groups vs Singles </li></ul><ul><li>Enclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Nest Boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul><ul><li>Enrichment </li></ul>
  8. Daily Observations <ul><li>Role of Keepers/ Animal Care Staff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily observations (records) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early notification of medical staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assistant during procedures </li></ul></ul>
  9. Handling/Restraint <ul><li>Big cats are VERY different from little cats </li></ul><ul><li>Use the handler/”treats” if possible </li></ul><ul><li>Observation through fence </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10x10 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squeeze Box </li></ul></ul>
  10. Anesthesia (Surgical Nursing) <ul><li>“ Just mask him down” </li></ul><ul><li>Injectables only </li></ul><ul><li>Premeds? </li></ul><ul><li>Induction – Telazol OR Ketamine/Valium </li></ul><ul><li>Hand Inject vs Pole syringe vs Darting </li></ul>
  11. Pole Syringe
  12. Darting <ul><li>Just don’t inhale! </li></ul>
  13. Darting (cont)
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 pressurize fill needle safety make it fly!
  15. DARTING TECHNIQUE <ul><li>Hide (cats) vs Open (primates) </li></ul><ul><li>Ambiance </li></ul><ul><li>Record and Wait </li></ul><ul><li>Keep waiting </li></ul><ul><li>Redose to effect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Possibly hand inject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+“Premeds” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blindfold </li></ul><ul><li>Transport? </li></ul>
  16. Routine Exams with bloodwork/urine <ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>PE </li></ul><ul><li>Samples </li></ul><ul><li>Fluids </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure? </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Dart Wound Management </li></ul>
  17. Recovery <ul><li>Shhhhhh!!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Ambiance again </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Slow return to normal functions </li></ul><ul><li>Reintroduction to cagemates </li></ul>
  18. So What did we learn? <ul><li>Think of any species in terms of all your classes in Tech school </li></ul><ul><li>Other exotics in practice? </li></ul><ul><li>Niche role </li></ul>
  19. Others…

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