Modern Versions ofRoman ParatheatricalsSports Entertainment (pro wrestling)NASCAR
Commedia dell „arte (1560s-1700)ScenarioImprov and lazziStock characters unmasked: young lovers masked: zanni and masters
Commedia Dell’ArteTypical Commedia 10 Performers = 7 men + 3 women Traveling troupes Evolved from Greek & Roman mimes Storylines copied from Terence & Plautus Usually comedies, but occasionally a serious drama Not literary form – improvised Scenarios = short outlined scripts with no dialogue
Conventions of Commedia Dell’ArteScenarios Serious young lovers whose romance is blocked by Pantalone & Dottore Troupes adept at creating comic improv Lazzi – repeated bits of physical comedy Conventional entrance & exit speeches Prepared musical duets
Conventions ofCommedia Dell’Arte Costumes Traditional Costume assigned to each character Easily recognizable Harlequin – patchwork jacket Dottore – academic robes Exaggerated details Slapstick -Harlequin Masks Created characters Never worn by young lovers
Circus (1700 to the present)Originally focus: animalsCirque du Soleil focus: people and spectacle
Vaudeville (late 1800s to present)Precursor to musical theatreDiversity or “variety theatre”Tavern/Music HallInfluence on earlyfilm, radio, and popularmusic
Puppetry (pre-history to present)Shadow PuppetryHand Puppets/DollsBody PuppetsContemporary Puppetry
Magic (pre-history to present)Illusionism/tricks in HistorySlight of HandMechanical TricksLarge Scale IllusionsEscape Challenge Tricks
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