A SHORT PRESENTATION ON:Presented By :-   Maikel Das,                  School of Hydro-Informatics Engineering,           ...
BACKGROUNDINTRODUCTION APPLICATION
Anekāntavāda: This principle is stated by observingthat objects Polish logician and philosopher Jan Lukasiewicz           ...
Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) was developed byThe Fuzzy approach to set theory applied to control systems. This...
Today, almost every intelligent machine has fuzzy logic        technology inside it. But fuzzy logic doesnt only help boas...
INTRODUCTION   What is Fuzzy Logic?       Fuzzy logic provides a method to formalize reasoningwhen dealing with vague ter...
What are Fuzzy Sets?      In classical set theory, a set is defined by acharacteristic (membership) function thatassigns e...
The essential characteristics offuzzy logic as founded by Lotfi    Zadeh are as follows:
In fuzzy logic, exact reasoning is viewed as alimiting case of approximate reasoning     In fuzzy logic everything is a ma...
 Fuzzy Linguistic Variables are used to represent qualities  spanning a particular spectrum Temp:    {Freezing, Cool, Wa...
Drainage management problems areusually very hard to simulate due to theuncertainty of the hydraulic parametersinvolved. F...
Neural network and fuzzy logic have beensuccessfully applied to a wide range of problemscovering a variety of sectors. The...
Fuzzy-based methods are applied successfully foridentifying optimal control actions of wastewatertreatment plant, determin...
Database systems are one of the mostly usedsources of information that keep the vast amount ofinformation. We have to be a...
Mpimpas (1998) worked on arithmetic investigation ofpolluting elements dispersion using fuzzy logic, Ganoulis (2000)solved...
In many image processing applications, expertknowledge must be used for applications such as objectrecognition and scene a...
Wind energy converters can be enhancedwith a fuzzy system based on human experienceto find the best compromise to the trad...
In recent years, fuzzy logic has proven well itsbroad potential in industrial automation applications.Some of the most pop...
ADVANTAGES   Mimics human control logic   Tolerant of imprecise data   Inherently robust   Fails safely   Modified an...
DISADVANTAGES    It would be remarkable if a theory as far-reaching as fuzzy systems did not arouse someobjections in the ...
"Fuzzy theory is wrong, wrong, andpernicious. What we need is more logicalthinking, not less. The danger of fuzzy logicis ...
"’Fuzzification is a kind of scientificpermissiveness. It tends to result in sociallyappealing slogans unaccompanied by th...
"Fuzziness is probability in disguise. I candesign a controller with probability that coulddo the same thing that you coul...
Some other inherent drawbacks of the Fuzzy Logic approach arelisted below:Fuzzy logic is not always accurate. The results...
Fuzzy logic provides an alternative wayto represent linguistic and subjectiveattributes of the real world in computing.It ...
The                            controlstability, reliability, efficiency, and durability of fuzzy logic makesit popular. T...
It may be overkill in many places however itsimplifies the design of many morecomplicated cases. If a simple closed loop o...
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  • Animated pointer and light-up text(Advanced)To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Solid fill in the right pane, and select White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).To reproduce the rectangle on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rounded Rectangle (second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rounded rectangle.Select the rectangle. Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the amount of rounding on the corners. With the rounded rectangle still selected, under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 3.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 0.25”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, select Solid fill, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left).Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer select Offset Bottom (first row, second option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 0%.In the Sizebox, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 8.5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90°.In the Distance box, enter 1 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane. In the 3-D Format tab, do the following:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 5 pt, and in the Height box, enter 5 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Standard clickMatte (first row, first option from the left).Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left).On the slide, select the rounded rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, do the following:Click the arrow next to Shape Fill, and then click No Fill.Click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then click No Outline.Drag the second rectangle above the first rectangle until the lower edge overlays the top edge of the first rectangle. (Note:When the spinning animation effect is created later for these rectangles, the spin will center where the edges of the rectangles meet.)Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align Selected Objects.Point to Align, and then click Align Center.Click Group. On the slide, drag the group until it is centered horizontally on the left edge of the slide (straddling the edge).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.To reproduce the dashed arc on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Arc (third row, 12th option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw an arc.Select the arc. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 7.5”.With the arc still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline and then do the following:Under Theme Colors, click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left).Point to Dashes, and then click Dash (fourth option from the top).On the slide, drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle on the right side of the arc to the bottom of the arc to create a half circle.Drag the arc until the yellow diamond adjustment handles are on the left edge of the slide.With the arc still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide. Click Align Middle. To reproduce the half circle on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the arc. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate arc. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 3.33”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.33”.With the second arc still selected, under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline,and then click No Outline.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Effects, point to Shadow, and then click ShadowOptions. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets , under Inner click Inside Right (second row, third option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 86%.In the Blur box, enter 24 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.On the slide, drag the second arc until the yellow diamond adjustment handles are on the left edge of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Middle. Click Send to Back.To reproduce the button shapes on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw an oval.Select the oval. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 0.34”.In the Shape Width box, enter 0.34”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click More, and then click Light 1 Outline, Colored Fill – Olive Green, Accent 3 (third row, first option from the left).Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, select Solid Fill. Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Olive Green, Accent 3, Lighter 80°(second row, seventh option from the left).Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click Offset Bottom (first row, second option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 0%.In the Size box, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 8.5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90°.In the Distance box, enter 1 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the 3-D Format pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Art Deco (third row, fourth option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 5 pt, and in the Height box, enter 5 pt.UnderContour, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Size box, enter 3.5 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Standard click Matte (first row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left).On the slide, select the oval. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Position in the left pane, and in the Position pane, do the following to position the third and fourth ovals:In the Horizontal box, enter 2.98”.In the Vertical box, enter 1.5”.Select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate oval. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Position in the left pane, and in the Position pane, do the following to position the third and fourth ovals:In the Horizontal box, enter 3.52”.In the Vertical box, enter 2.98”. Repeat step 9 two more times, for a total of four ovals. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Position in the left pane, and in the Position pane, do the following to position the third and fourth ovals:Select the third oval on the slide, and then enter 3.52” in theHorizontal box and 4.27” in the Vertical box.Select the fourth oval on the slide, and then enter 2.99” in theHorizontal box and 5.66” in the Vertical box.To reproduce the text on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box and select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following: In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 22.Click the arrow next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box.On the slide, drag the text box to the right of the first oval.Select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate. Click in the text box and edit the text. Drag the second text box to the right of the second oval.Repeat steps 5-7 to create the third and fourth text boxes, dragging them to the right of the third and fourth ovals. To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility task pane, select the rectangle group. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Emphasis click Spin.Also on the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Spin dialog box, do the following:On the Effects tab, in the Amount list, in the Custom box, enter 123°,and then press ENTER. Also in the Amount list, clickCounterclockwise.On the Timing tab, in the Duration box, select 1.00. On the Timing tab, in theStart list, selectWith Previous. On the slide, select the first oval. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then click More Emphasis Effects.In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Fill Color. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Effect Options dialog box launcher. In Fill Color dialog box, the do the following:On the Effects tab, in the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red:130, Green:153, Blue: 117. On the Timing tab, in the Duration box, , enter 0.50.On the Timing tab, in the Startlist, select After Previous. On the slide, select the first text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Entrance click Fade.Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Duration box, enter 0.50. In the Selection and Visibility task pane, select the rectangle group. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Emphasis click Spin. Also on the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Spin dialog box, do the following:On the Effects tab, in the Amount list, in the Custom box, enter 22°, and then press ENTER. Also in the Amount list, click Clockwise.On the Timing tab, in theStart list, selectOn Click. On the Timing tab, in the Duration box, enter 0.50.On the slide, select the second oval. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click AddAnimation, and then click More Emphasis Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Fill Color. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Fill Color dialog box, do the following:On the Effects tab, in the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red:130, Green:153, Blue: 117. On the Timing tab, in the Startlist, select After Previous. On the Timing tab, in the Duration box, enter 0.50.On the slide, select the second text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Entrance click Fade.Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Duration box, enter 0.50. On the slide, select the third oval. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then click More Emphasis Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Fill Color. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Fill Color dialog box, do the following:On the Effects tab, in the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red:130, Green:153, Blue: 117. On the Timing tab, in the Startlist, select After Previous. On the Timing tab, in the Speedlist, select Very Fast.On the slide, select the third text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Entrance clickFade. Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Duration box, enter 0.50.On the slide, select the fourth oval. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then click More Emphasis Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Fill Color. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Fill Color dialog box, do the following:On the Effects tab, in the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red:130, Green:153, Blue: 117. On the Timing tab, in the Startlist, select After Previous. On the Timing tab, in the Duration box, enter 0.50.On the slide, select the fourth text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation,and then under Entrance click Fade. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Duration box, enter 0:50.
  • Picture with watercolor overlay background(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow below Crop, point to Crop to Shape, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the width of the donut shape.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size & Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.11” and the widthis set to 5.44”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 30%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 15pt.In the Angle box, enter 0.In the Distance box, enter 0.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:ClickItalic.In the Font Color list, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 240, Green: 240, and Blue: 240.In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 36 pt.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Texture and then choose Blue Tissue Paper.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -40%.In the Contrast box, enter 40%.Select the rectangle. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -15%.In the Contrast box, enter 50%.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Marker. Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 41%.In the Size box, enter 100%.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. In the Direction list, select From Center.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 34%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Press and hold CTRL, and then on the slide, select the picture and the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide (watercolor overlays), do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform.On the slide, click points to create a shape along the top edge of the slide, that fits across the width of the slide and includes multiple points along the bottom edge of the shape (in the example above, 24 points along the bottom edge). Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 112, and Blue: 192. Also in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 85%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, click the button next to Presets, and then click 10 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Right-click the duplicate shape and select EditPoints. Move most of the bottom edge points upward and adjust some of the points left or right also (the edge should not be a duplicate of the first shape).Press and hold CTRL, and select the two freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL, and select two new freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 118, Green: 41, and Blue: 20. In the Transparency box, enter 88%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 134, Green: 56, and Blue: 8. In the Transparency box, enter 66%. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then do the following:Click Flip Horizontal.Click Flip Vertical.Position the two new freeform shapes in the bottom left corner of the slide area. Select one of the new freeform shapes. Drag the right sizing handle of the shapes to the left, decreasing the width by approximately 1/3. Note: To bring the center picture and caption to the front, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.Press and hold CTRL, and in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the picture and text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.
  • Picture with watercolor overlay background(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow below Crop, point to Crop to Shape, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the width of the donut shape.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size & Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.11” and the widthis set to 5.44”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 30%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 15pt.In the Angle box, enter 0.In the Distance box, enter 0.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:ClickItalic.In the Font Color list, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 240, Green: 240, and Blue: 240.In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 36 pt.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Texture and then choose Blue Tissue Paper.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -40%.In the Contrast box, enter 40%.Select the rectangle. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -15%.In the Contrast box, enter 50%.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Marker. Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 41%.In the Size box, enter 100%.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. In the Direction list, select From Center.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 34%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Press and hold CTRL, and then on the slide, select the picture and the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide (watercolor overlays), do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform.On the slide, click points to create a shape along the top edge of the slide, that fits across the width of the slide and includes multiple points along the bottom edge of the shape (in the example above, 24 points along the bottom edge). Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 112, and Blue: 192. Also in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 85%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, click the button next to Presets, and then click 10 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Right-click the duplicate shape and select EditPoints. Move most of the bottom edge points upward and adjust some of the points left or right also (the edge should not be a duplicate of the first shape).Press and hold CTRL, and select the two freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL, and select two new freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 118, Green: 41, and Blue: 20. In the Transparency box, enter 88%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 134, Green: 56, and Blue: 8. In the Transparency box, enter 66%. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then do the following:Click Flip Horizontal.Click Flip Vertical.Position the two new freeform shapes in the bottom left corner of the slide area. Select one of the new freeform shapes. Drag the right sizing handle of the shapes to the left, decreasing the width by approximately 1/3. Note: To bring the center picture and caption to the front, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.Press and hold CTRL, and in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the picture and text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.
  • Picture with watercolor overlay background(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow below Crop, point to Crop to Shape, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the width of the donut shape.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size & Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.11” and the widthis set to 5.44”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 30%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 15pt.In the Angle box, enter 0.In the Distance box, enter 0.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:ClickItalic.In the Font Color list, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 240, Green: 240, and Blue: 240.In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 36 pt.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Texture and then choose Blue Tissue Paper.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -40%.In the Contrast box, enter 40%.Select the rectangle. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -15%.In the Contrast box, enter 50%.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Marker. Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 41%.In the Size box, enter 100%.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. In the Direction list, select From Center.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 34%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Press and hold CTRL, and then on the slide, select the picture and the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide (watercolor overlays), do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform.On the slide, click points to create a shape along the top edge of the slide, that fits across the width of the slide and includes multiple points along the bottom edge of the shape (in the example above, 24 points along the bottom edge). Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 112, and Blue: 192. Also in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 85%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, click the button next to Presets, and then click 10 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Right-click the duplicate shape and select EditPoints. Move most of the bottom edge points upward and adjust some of the points left or right also (the edge should not be a duplicate of the first shape).Press and hold CTRL, and select the two freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL, and select two new freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 118, Green: 41, and Blue: 20. In the Transparency box, enter 88%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 134, Green: 56, and Blue: 8. In the Transparency box, enter 66%. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then do the following:Click Flip Horizontal.Click Flip Vertical.Position the two new freeform shapes in the bottom left corner of the slide area. Select one of the new freeform shapes. Drag the right sizing handle of the shapes to the left, decreasing the width by approximately 1/3. Note: To bring the center picture and caption to the front, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.Press and hold CTRL, and in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the picture and text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.
  • Picture with watercolor overlay background(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow below Crop, point to Crop to Shape, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the width of the donut shape.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size & Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.11” and the widthis set to 5.44”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 30%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 15pt.In the Angle box, enter 0.In the Distance box, enter 0.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:ClickItalic.In the Font Color list, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 240, Green: 240, and Blue: 240.In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 36 pt.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Texture and then choose Blue Tissue Paper.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -40%.In the Contrast box, enter 40%.Select the rectangle. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -15%.In the Contrast box, enter 50%.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Marker. Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 41%.In the Size box, enter 100%.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. In the Direction list, select From Center.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 34%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Press and hold CTRL, and then on the slide, select the picture and the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide (watercolor overlays), do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform.On the slide, click points to create a shape along the top edge of the slide, that fits across the width of the slide and includes multiple points along the bottom edge of the shape (in the example above, 24 points along the bottom edge). Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 112, and Blue: 192. Also in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 85%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, click the button next to Presets, and then click 10 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Right-click the duplicate shape and select EditPoints. Move most of the bottom edge points upward and adjust some of the points left or right also (the edge should not be a duplicate of the first shape).Press and hold CTRL, and select the two freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL, and select two new freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 118, Green: 41, and Blue: 20. In the Transparency box, enter 88%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 134, Green: 56, and Blue: 8. In the Transparency box, enter 66%. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then do the following:Click Flip Horizontal.Click Flip Vertical.Position the two new freeform shapes in the bottom left corner of the slide area. Select one of the new freeform shapes. Drag the right sizing handle of the shapes to the left, decreasing the width by approximately 1/3. Note: To bring the center picture and caption to the front, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.Press and hold CTRL, and in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the picture and text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.
  • Picture with watercolor overlay background(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow below Crop, point to Crop to Shape, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the width of the donut shape.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size & Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.11” and the widthis set to 5.44”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 30%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 15pt.In the Angle box, enter 0.In the Distance box, enter 0.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:ClickItalic.In the Font Color list, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 240, Green: 240, and Blue: 240.In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 36 pt.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Texture and then choose Blue Tissue Paper.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -40%.In the Contrast box, enter 40%.Select the rectangle. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -15%.In the Contrast box, enter 50%.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Marker. Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 41%.In the Size box, enter 100%.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. In the Direction list, select From Center.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 34%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Press and hold CTRL, and then on the slide, select the picture and the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide (watercolor overlays), do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform.On the slide, click points to create a shape along the top edge of the slide, that fits across the width of the slide and includes multiple points along the bottom edge of the shape (in the example above, 24 points along the bottom edge). Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 112, and Blue: 192. Also in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 85%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, click the button next to Presets, and then click 10 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Right-click the duplicate shape and select EditPoints. Move most of the bottom edge points upward and adjust some of the points left or right also (the edge should not be a duplicate of the first shape).Press and hold CTRL, and select the two freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL, and select two new freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 118, Green: 41, and Blue: 20. In the Transparency box, enter 88%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 134, Green: 56, and Blue: 8. In the Transparency box, enter 66%. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then do the following:Click Flip Horizontal.Click Flip Vertical.Position the two new freeform shapes in the bottom left corner of the slide area. Select one of the new freeform shapes. Drag the right sizing handle of the shapes to the left, decreasing the width by approximately 1/3. Note: To bring the center picture and caption to the front, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.Press and hold CTRL, and in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the picture and text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.
  • Picture with watercolor overlay background(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow below Crop, point to Crop to Shape, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the width of the donut shape.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size & Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.11” and the widthis set to 5.44”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 30%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 15pt.In the Angle box, enter 0.In the Distance box, enter 0.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:ClickItalic.In the Font Color list, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 240, Green: 240, and Blue: 240.In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 36 pt.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Texture and then choose Blue Tissue Paper.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -40%.In the Contrast box, enter 40%.Select the rectangle. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -15%.In the Contrast box, enter 50%.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Marker. Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 41%.In the Size box, enter 100%.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. In the Direction list, select From Center.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 34%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Press and hold CTRL, and then on the slide, select the picture and the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide (watercolor overlays), do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform.On the slide, click points to create a shape along the top edge of the slide, that fits across the width of the slide and includes multiple points along the bottom edge of the shape (in the example above, 24 points along the bottom edge). Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 112, and Blue: 192. Also in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 85%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, click the button next to Presets, and then click 10 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Right-click the duplicate shape and select EditPoints. Move most of the bottom edge points upward and adjust some of the points left or right also (the edge should not be a duplicate of the first shape).Press and hold CTRL, and select the two freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL, and select two new freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 118, Green: 41, and Blue: 20. In the Transparency box, enter 88%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 134, Green: 56, and Blue: 8. In the Transparency box, enter 66%. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then do the following:Click Flip Horizontal.Click Flip Vertical.Position the two new freeform shapes in the bottom left corner of the slide area. Select one of the new freeform shapes. Drag the right sizing handle of the shapes to the left, decreasing the width by approximately 1/3. Note: To bring the center picture and caption to the front, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.Press and hold CTRL, and in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the picture and text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.
  • Picture with watercolor overlay background(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow below Crop, point to Crop to Shape, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the width of the donut shape.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size & Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.11” and the widthis set to 5.44”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 30%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 15pt.In the Angle box, enter 0.In the Distance box, enter 0.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:ClickItalic.In the Font Color list, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 240, Green: 240, and Blue: 240.In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 36 pt.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Texture and then choose Blue Tissue Paper.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -40%.In the Contrast box, enter 40%.Select the rectangle. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -15%.In the Contrast box, enter 50%.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Marker. Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 41%.In the Size box, enter 100%.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. In the Direction list, select From Center.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 34%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Press and hold CTRL, and then on the slide, select the picture and the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide (watercolor overlays), do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform.On the slide, click points to create a shape along the top edge of the slide, that fits across the width of the slide and includes multiple points along the bottom edge of the shape (in the example above, 24 points along the bottom edge). Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 112, and Blue: 192. Also in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 85%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, click the button next to Presets, and then click 10 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Right-click the duplicate shape and select EditPoints. Move most of the bottom edge points upward and adjust some of the points left or right also (the edge should not be a duplicate of the first shape).Press and hold CTRL, and select the two freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL, and select two new freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 118, Green: 41, and Blue: 20. In the Transparency box, enter 88%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 134, Green: 56, and Blue: 8. In the Transparency box, enter 66%. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then do the following:Click Flip Horizontal.Click Flip Vertical.Position the two new freeform shapes in the bottom left corner of the slide area. Select one of the new freeform shapes. Drag the right sizing handle of the shapes to the left, decreasing the width by approximately 1/3. Note: To bring the center picture and caption to the front, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.Press and hold CTRL, and in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the picture and text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.
  • Picture with watercolor overlay background(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow below Crop, point to Crop to Shape, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the width of the donut shape.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size & Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.11” and the widthis set to 5.44”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 30%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 15pt.In the Angle box, enter 0.In the Distance box, enter 0.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:ClickItalic.In the Font Color list, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 240, Green: 240, and Blue: 240.In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 36 pt.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Texture and then choose Blue Tissue Paper.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -40%.In the Contrast box, enter 40%.Select the rectangle. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -15%.In the Contrast box, enter 50%.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Marker. Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 41%.In the Size box, enter 100%.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. In the Direction list, select From Center.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 34%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Press and hold CTRL, and then on the slide, select the picture and the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide (watercolor overlays), do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform.On the slide, click points to create a shape along the top edge of the slide, that fits across the width of the slide and includes multiple points along the bottom edge of the shape (in the example above, 24 points along the bottom edge). Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 112, and Blue: 192. Also in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 85%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, click the button next to Presets, and then click 10 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Right-click the duplicate shape and select EditPoints. Move most of the bottom edge points upward and adjust some of the points left or right also (the edge should not be a duplicate of the first shape).Press and hold CTRL, and select the two freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL, and select two new freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 118, Green: 41, and Blue: 20. In the Transparency box, enter 88%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 134, Green: 56, and Blue: 8. In the Transparency box, enter 66%. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then do the following:Click Flip Horizontal.Click Flip Vertical.Position the two new freeform shapes in the bottom left corner of the slide area. Select one of the new freeform shapes. Drag the right sizing handle of the shapes to the left, decreasing the width by approximately 1/3. Note: To bring the center picture and caption to the front, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.Press and hold CTRL, and in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the picture and text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.
  • Animated, scrolling text over rainforest background(Basic)To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box. (Note: You may want to add a bullet point at the end of your text, as in the example above. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Symbol. In the Symbol dialog box, in the Font list, select (normal text).In the Subset list, select General Punctuation.In the Character Code box, enter 2022 to select BULLET, and then click Insert.)Select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Gill Sans MT.In the Font Size list, select 36.Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box. (Note: If the text wraps to more than one line, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to widen it until the text fits on one line.)Drag the text box to the left of the lower left edge of the slide. (Note: To see beyond the edges of the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 40%.) To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the AdvancedAnimation group, click AddAnimation, and then under Entrance click Fly In.On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Show Additional Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Fly In dialog box, do the following:on the Effect tab, under Settings, in the Direction list, click From Right.On the Timing tab, In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Duration box, enter 16 seconds.In the Repeat list, select Until End of Slide.On the slide, select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the second text box. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, estimate the number of seconds required for the first text string to scroll into the slide and enter that amount. The example above uses 8 seconds. Your text may require more or less time. Adjust the Delay setting as necessary to make the second text string immediately follow the first.On the slide, drag the second text box on top of the first text box. On the slide, select both text boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Design tab, in the Background group, click Background Styles, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Picture or texture fill in the Fill pane. Under Insert from, click File. In the Insert Picture dialog box,select a picture, and then click Insert.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 1”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click ShapeOutline, and then click No Outline.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, click Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right (first row).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Left.Click Align Middle.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click Linear Left (second row).With the duplicate rectangle still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Right.Click Align Middle.
  • Animated, scrolling text over rainforest background(Basic)To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box. (Note: You may want to add a bullet point at the end of your text, as in the example above. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Symbol. In the Symbol dialog box, in the Font list, select (normal text).In the Subset list, select General Punctuation.In the Character Code box, enter 2022 to select BULLET, and then click Insert.)Select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Gill Sans MT.In the Font Size list, select 36.Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box. (Note: If the text wraps to more than one line, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to widen it until the text fits on one line.)Drag the text box to the left of the lower left edge of the slide. (Note: To see beyond the edges of the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 40%.) To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the AdvancedAnimation group, click AddAnimation, and then under Entrance click Fly In.On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Show Additional Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Fly In dialog box, do the following:on the Effect tab, under Settings, in the Direction list, click From Right.On the Timing tab, In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Duration box, enter 16 seconds.In the Repeat list, select Until End of Slide.On the slide, select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the second text box. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, estimate the number of seconds required for the first text string to scroll into the slide and enter that amount. The example above uses 8 seconds. Your text may require more or less time. Adjust the Delay setting as necessary to make the second text string immediately follow the first.On the slide, drag the second text box on top of the first text box. On the slide, select both text boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Design tab, in the Background group, click Background Styles, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Picture or texture fill in the Fill pane. Under Insert from, click File. In the Insert Picture dialog box,select a picture, and then click Insert.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 1”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click ShapeOutline, and then click No Outline.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, click Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right (first row).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Left.Click Align Middle.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click Linear Left (second row).With the duplicate rectangle still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Right.Click Align Middle.
  • Animated, scrolling text over rainforest background(Basic)To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box. (Note: You may want to add a bullet point at the end of your text, as in the example above. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Symbol. In the Symbol dialog box, in the Font list, select (normal text).In the Subset list, select General Punctuation.In the Character Code box, enter 2022 to select BULLET, and then click Insert.)Select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Gill Sans MT.In the Font Size list, select 36.Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box. (Note: If the text wraps to more than one line, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to widen it until the text fits on one line.)Drag the text box to the left of the lower left edge of the slide. (Note: To see beyond the edges of the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 40%.) To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the AdvancedAnimation group, click AddAnimation, and then under Entrance click Fly In.On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Show Additional Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Fly In dialog box, do the following:on the Effect tab, under Settings, in the Direction list, click From Right.On the Timing tab, In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Duration box, enter 16 seconds.In the Repeat list, select Until End of Slide.On the slide, select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the second text box. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, estimate the number of seconds required for the first text string to scroll into the slide and enter that amount. The example above uses 8 seconds. Your text may require more or less time. Adjust the Delay setting as necessary to make the second text string immediately follow the first.On the slide, drag the second text box on top of the first text box. On the slide, select both text boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Design tab, in the Background group, click Background Styles, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Picture or texture fill in the Fill pane. Under Insert from, click File. In the Insert Picture dialog box,select a picture, and then click Insert.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 1”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click ShapeOutline, and then click No Outline.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, click Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right (first row).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Left.Click Align Middle.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click Linear Left (second row).With the duplicate rectangle still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Right.Click Align Middle.
  • Animated, scrolling text over rainforest background(Basic)To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box. (Note: You may want to add a bullet point at the end of your text, as in the example above. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Symbol. In the Symbol dialog box, in the Font list, select (normal text).In the Subset list, select General Punctuation.In the Character Code box, enter 2022 to select BULLET, and then click Insert.)Select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Gill Sans MT.In the Font Size list, select 36.Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box. (Note: If the text wraps to more than one line, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to widen it until the text fits on one line.)Drag the text box to the left of the lower left edge of the slide. (Note: To see beyond the edges of the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 40%.) To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the AdvancedAnimation group, click AddAnimation, and then under Entrance click Fly In.On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Show Additional Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Fly In dialog box, do the following:on the Effect tab, under Settings, in the Direction list, click From Right.On the Timing tab, In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Duration box, enter 16 seconds.In the Repeat list, select Until End of Slide.On the slide, select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the second text box. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, estimate the number of seconds required for the first text string to scroll into the slide and enter that amount. The example above uses 8 seconds. Your text may require more or less time. Adjust the Delay setting as necessary to make the second text string immediately follow the first.On the slide, drag the second text box on top of the first text box. On the slide, select both text boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Design tab, in the Background group, click Background Styles, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Picture or texture fill in the Fill pane. Under Insert from, click File. In the Insert Picture dialog box,select a picture, and then click Insert.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 1”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click ShapeOutline, and then click No Outline.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, click Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right (first row).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Left.Click Align Middle.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click Linear Left (second row).With the duplicate rectangle still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Right.Click Align Middle.
  • Animated, scrolling text over rainforest background(Basic)To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box. (Note: You may want to add a bullet point at the end of your text, as in the example above. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Symbol. In the Symbol dialog box, in the Font list, select (normal text).In the Subset list, select General Punctuation.In the Character Code box, enter 2022 to select BULLET, and then click Insert.)Select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Gill Sans MT.In the Font Size list, select 36.Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box. (Note: If the text wraps to more than one line, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to widen it until the text fits on one line.)Drag the text box to the left of the lower left edge of the slide. (Note: To see beyond the edges of the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 40%.) To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the AdvancedAnimation group, click AddAnimation, and then under Entrance click Fly In.On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Show Additional Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Fly In dialog box, do the following:on the Effect tab, under Settings, in the Direction list, click From Right.On the Timing tab, In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Duration box, enter 16 seconds.In the Repeat list, select Until End of Slide.On the slide, select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the second text box. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, estimate the number of seconds required for the first text string to scroll into the slide and enter that amount. The example above uses 8 seconds. Your text may require more or less time. Adjust the Delay setting as necessary to make the second text string immediately follow the first.On the slide, drag the second text box on top of the first text box. On the slide, select both text boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Design tab, in the Background group, click Background Styles, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Picture or texture fill in the Fill pane. Under Insert from, click File. In the Insert Picture dialog box,select a picture, and then click Insert.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 1”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click ShapeOutline, and then click No Outline.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, click Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right (first row).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Left.Click Align Middle.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click Linear Left (second row).With the duplicate rectangle still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Right.Click Align Middle.
  • Animated, scrolling text over rainforest background(Basic)To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box. (Note: You may want to add a bullet point at the end of your text, as in the example above. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Symbol. In the Symbol dialog box, in the Font list, select (normal text).In the Subset list, select General Punctuation.In the Character Code box, enter 2022 to select BULLET, and then click Insert.)Select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Gill Sans MT.In the Font Size list, select 36.Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box. (Note: If the text wraps to more than one line, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to widen it until the text fits on one line.)Drag the text box to the left of the lower left edge of the slide. (Note: To see beyond the edges of the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 40%.) To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the AdvancedAnimation group, click AddAnimation, and then under Entrance click Fly In.On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Show Additional Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Fly In dialog box, do the following:on the Effect tab, under Settings, in the Direction list, click From Right.On the Timing tab, In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Duration box, enter 16 seconds.In the Repeat list, select Until End of Slide.On the slide, select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the second text box. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, estimate the number of seconds required for the first text string to scroll into the slide and enter that amount. The example above uses 8 seconds. Your text may require more or less time. Adjust the Delay setting as necessary to make the second text string immediately follow the first.On the slide, drag the second text box on top of the first text box. On the slide, select both text boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Design tab, in the Background group, click Background Styles, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Picture or texture fill in the Fill pane. Under Insert from, click File. In the Insert Picture dialog box,select a picture, and then click Insert.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 1”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click ShapeOutline, and then click No Outline.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, click Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right (first row).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Left.Click Align Middle.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click Linear Left (second row).With the duplicate rectangle still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Right.Click Align Middle.
  • Animated, scrolling text over rainforest background(Basic)To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box. (Note: You may want to add a bullet point at the end of your text, as in the example above. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Symbol. In the Symbol dialog box, in the Font list, select (normal text).In the Subset list, select General Punctuation.In the Character Code box, enter 2022 to select BULLET, and then click Insert.)Select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Gill Sans MT.In the Font Size list, select 36.Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box. (Note: If the text wraps to more than one line, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to widen it until the text fits on one line.)Drag the text box to the left of the lower left edge of the slide. (Note: To see beyond the edges of the slide, on the View tab, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 40%.) To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the AdvancedAnimation group, click AddAnimation, and then under Entrance click Fly In.On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the Show Additional Effect Options dialog box launcher. In the Fly In dialog box, do the following:on the Effect tab, under Settings, in the Direction list, click From Right.On the Timing tab, In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Duration box, enter 16 seconds.In the Repeat list, select Until End of Slide.On the slide, select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the second text box. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, estimate the number of seconds required for the first text string to scroll into the slide and enter that amount. The example above uses 8 seconds. Your text may require more or less time. Adjust the Delay setting as necessary to make the second text string immediately follow the first.On the slide, drag the second text box on top of the first text box. On the slide, select both text boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Design tab, in the Background group, click Background Styles, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Picture or texture fill in the Fill pane. Under Insert from, click File. In the Insert Picture dialog box,select a picture, and then click Insert.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 1”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click ShapeOutline, and then click No Outline.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, click Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right (first row).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Left.Click Align Middle.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click Linear Left (second row).With the duplicate rectangle still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Right.Click Align Middle.
  • Fuzzy

    1. 1. A SHORT PRESENTATION ON:Presented By :- Maikel Das, School of Hydro-Informatics Engineering, NIT Agartala.
    2. 2. BACKGROUNDINTRODUCTION APPLICATION
    3. 3. Anekāntavāda: This principle is stated by observingthat objects Polish logician and philosopher Jan Lukasiewicz are infinite in their qualities and modesof existence, so they cannot be completely grasped False and proposed the three-valued logic : True, Possible. This principlefinite humanas Non- “law of Classical logic of Aristotle:known of thein all aspects and manifestations by is Law Contradiction: “Every proposition is either excluded middle”.perception. The origins of Anekāntavāda can be True or False(no middle)”traced back to the teachings of Mahāvīra. 599–527 BC 384-322 BC 1917
    4. 4. Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) was developed byThe Fuzzy approach to set theory applied to control systems. This The concept of Fuzzy Logic the optimal choice by Lotfi different type Zimmerman. MCDM is (FL) was conceived withwas not possible until the the University of California at Zadeh, a professor at 70s due to insufficient small-computer depended on decision makers’ preference, sorted of Multiplecapability priorpresented not as a control methodology, that people Berkley, andDecisiontime. ProfessorMultiplereasoned but to that Zadeh Objective Making and Attribute Decision Makingdo not require precise, numerical by allowing input, and yet they information partial set as a way of processing Yoon provided that MCDM is a possible (MADM). Hwang and dataare capable of highly adaptive set membership or non- membership scale for many characters or If feedback controllers control. evaluation rather than crisp quantities of decision makers’could be programmed to accept noisy, imprecise input, they would membership. It could be determined by advantage or ranking. evaluation.be much more effective and perhaps easier to implement. 1965 1973 1985
    5. 5. Today, almost every intelligent machine has fuzzy logic technology inside it. But fuzzy logic doesnt only help boast machine IQs. It also plays an important role in numerous otherThe first subway system was built which worked Water fields of applications, including Resourceswith a fuzzy logic-based automaticmore. operation Management, GIS and lots train The concept that everything iscontrol not just in Japan. It wasalso helps us to see the good things in system ‘good’ or ‘bad’ a big success and other people or things.resulted in a fuzzy boom. 1987 SINCE THEN – TODAY AND BEYOND
    6. 6. INTRODUCTION What is Fuzzy Logic? Fuzzy logic provides a method to formalize reasoningwhen dealing with vague terms. Traditional computing requiresfinite precision which is not always possible in real worldscenarios. Not every decision is either true or false, or as withBoolean logic either 0 or 1. Fuzzy logic allows for membershipfunctions, or degrees of truthfulness and falsehoods. Or as withBoolean logic, not only 0 and 1 but all the numbers that fall inbetween.
    7. 7. What are Fuzzy Sets? In classical set theory, a set is defined by acharacteristic (membership) function thatassigns each element a degree of membership:either 0 (the element is not member of the set) or1 (the element is member of the set). Fuzzy setsgeneralize classical (crisp) sets and the degree ofmembership to a fuzzy set can take any value inthe real unit interval [0, 1].
    8. 8. The essential characteristics offuzzy logic as founded by Lotfi Zadeh are as follows:
    9. 9. In fuzzy logic, exact reasoning is viewed as alimiting case of approximate reasoning In fuzzy logic everything is a matter of degree Any logical system can be fuzzified In fuzzy logic, knowledge is interpreted as a collection of elastic or equivalently , fuzzy constraint on a collection of variables Inference is viewed as a process of propagation of elastic constraints
    10. 10.  Fuzzy Linguistic Variables are used to represent qualities spanning a particular spectrum Temp: {Freezing, Cool, Warm, Hot} Freezing Cool Warm Hot10 10 30 50 70 90 110 Temp. (F°)
    11. 11. Drainage management problems areusually very hard to simulate due to theuncertainty of the hydraulic parametersinvolved. Fuzzy analysis is one of the availabletools that can be used for suchproblems, involving uncertain data. A fuzzyanalysis approach usually involves theconsideration of several α-level cuts and ananalytical approach or an explicit schemeapproach for the PDEs discretization.
    12. 12. Neural network and fuzzy logic have beensuccessfully applied to a wide range of problemscovering a variety of sectors. Their practicalapplications, especially of neural networks expandedenormously starting from mid 80s till 90s partly due to aspectacular increase in computing power. During the lastdecade ANN evolved from being only a research toolinto a tool that is applied to many real world problems:physical system control, various engineeringproblems, statistics, medical and biological fields.Consequently they are applied more and more in watermanagement field as well.
    13. 13. Fuzzy-based methods are applied successfully foridentifying optimal control actions of wastewatertreatment plant, determining optimal dosage thereofand determining leakage. They often are used incombination with the expert knowledge. Fuzzy rule-based systems (FRBS) (capable of building rulesautomatically) have been applied for drought prediction,determining optimal control action of polder pumpingstation and filling in gaps in the measured data.
    14. 14. Database systems are one of the mostly usedsources of information that keep the vast amount ofinformation. We have to be able to process and convertit into a form that meets the specific informationneeds. And this is a problem because the currentsearch techniques use "real values” questions. Theresult is short or long list of objects which satisfy theconditions. This list is to be re-evaluated unless isworthless. One of the possible solutions is to use fuzzylogic in searching databases.
    15. 15. Mpimpas (1998) worked on arithmetic investigation ofpolluting elements dispersion using fuzzy logic, Ganoulis (2000)solved an aquifer recharge problem with infiltration where thediffusion coefficient was not precisely known. Chalkidis (2005)and Chalkidis et al. (2006) worked on aquifer managementproblems using fuzzy logic and fuzzy linear programming. Mpallas(2007) worked on management and hydrological problems usingfuzzy rules, and Tzimopoulos et al. (2004) worked on twodimensional unsteady flow using fuzzy logic. Tzimopoulos et al.(2005) presented a quasi similar and shortened version of thispaper, using fuzzy logic. I.N. Halkidis, Ch.D. Tzimopoulos1, Ch.H. Evangelides, M. Sakellarioy-Makrantonaki (2009) Soil water management problem using fuzzy arithmetic, Global NEST Journal, Vol 11, No 4, pp 556-565
    16. 16. In many image processing applications, expertknowledge must be used for applications such as objectrecognition and scene analysis. Fuzzy set theory andfuzzy logic provide powerful tools to represent andprocess human knowledge in form of fuzzy IF-THENrules. Many difficulties in image processing are fuzzy innature and for the solution of these problems, fuzzyapproaches can be used.
    17. 17. Wind energy converters can be enhancedwith a fuzzy system based on human experienceto find the best compromise to the trade-offbetween efficiency, safety and wear of the windenergy converter.
    18. 18. In recent years, fuzzy logic has proven well itsbroad potential in industrial automation applications.Some of the most popular applications in this field are: 1. Anti-Sway Control of Cranes 2. Fire Zone Control in Waste Incineration Plants 3. Control of Tunnel Inspection Robots 4. Positioning in Presses 5. Temperature Control in Plastic Molding Machines 6. Climate Control and Building Automation 7. Fuzzy Logic Supervisory Control for Coal Power Plant
    19. 19. ADVANTAGES Mimics human control logic Tolerant of imprecise data Inherently robust Fails safely Modified and tweaked easily Flexible Conceptually easy to understand Fuzzy logic is based on natural language
    20. 20. DISADVANTAGES It would be remarkable if a theory as far-reaching as fuzzy systems did not arouse someobjections in the professional community. Therehave been generic complaints about the "fuzziness"of the process of assigning values to linguistic terms. Some of the objections that faced fuzzy logic in itsearly days are shown below.
    21. 21. "Fuzzy theory is wrong, wrong, andpernicious. What we need is more logicalthinking, not less. The danger of fuzzy logicis that it will encourage the sort of imprecisethinking that has brought us so muchtrouble. Fuzzy logic is the cocaine ofscience."-Professor William Kahan, (UC Berkeley)
    22. 22. "’Fuzzification is a kind of scientificpermissiveness. It tends to result in sociallyappealing slogans unaccompanied by thediscipline of hard scientific work and patientobservation."-Professor Rudolf Kalman, University ofFlorida
    23. 23. "Fuzziness is probability in disguise. I candesign a controller with probability that coulddo the same thing that you could do with fuzzylogic." -Professor Myron Tribus, on hearingof the fuzzy-logic control of the Sendai subwaysystem IEEE Institute, may 1988.
    24. 24. Some other inherent drawbacks of the Fuzzy Logic approach arelisted below:Fuzzy logic is not always accurate. The results are perceived as a guess, so it may not be as widely trusted .Requires tuning of membership functions which is difficult to estimate. Fuzzy Logic control may not scale well to large or complex problems Fuzzy logic can be easily confused with probability theory, and the terms used interchangeably. While they are similar concepts, they do not say the same things.
    25. 25. Fuzzy logic provides an alternative wayto represent linguistic and subjectiveattributes of the real world in computing.It is able to be applied to control systemsand other applications in order toimprove the efficiency and simplicity ofthe design process.
    26. 26. The controlstability, reliability, efficiency, and durability of fuzzy logic makesit popular. The speed andcomplexity of applicationproduction would not bepossible without systems likefuzzy logic.
    27. 27. It may be overkill in many places however itsimplifies the design of many morecomplicated cases. If a simple closed loop orPID controller works fine then there is noneed for a fuzzy controller. There are manycases when tuning a PID controller ordesigning a control system for a complicatedsystem is overwhelming, this is where fuzzylogic gets its chance to shine.
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