Commonalities between all Cognitive Behavior Approaches<br />Collaborative relationship between therapist & client<br />Premise psychological distress is largely a function of disturbance in cognitive processes<br />Focus on changing cognitions behaviors to produce desired changes<br />
Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT)<br />Stresses thinking, judging, deciding, analyzing, and doing<br />Teaches that our emotions stem mainly from our beliefs, evaluations, interpretations, and reactions to life situations<br />Albert Ellis<br />
Assumptions of REBT<br />People contribute to their own psychological problems & symptoms by way they interpret events & situations<br />Reorganization of one’s self-statements will result in reorganization of one’s behaviors<br />Operant conditioning, modeling & behavioral rehearsal applied to thinking & internal dialogue<br />
View of Human Nature<br />We are born with a potential for both rational and irrational thinking<br />We have the biological and cultural tendency for self-preservation and self-destruction<br />Humans are self-talking, self-evaluating & self-sustaining<br />We develop emotional & behavioral problems when we mistake simple preferences (love, approval, success) for dire needs<br />We learn and invent disturbing beliefs and keep ourselves disturbed through our self-talk<br />We have the capacity to change our cognitive, emotive, and behavioral processes<br />
Emotional Disturbance<br />We actively reinforce self-defeating beliefs by the processes of autosuggestion and self-repetition.<br />Blame is the core of emotional disturbance-so to recover stop blaming self & others<br />To recover from neurosis (personality disorder) we need to stop blaming ourselves and others<br />We escalate desires & preferences into dogmatic & absolutist “shoulds, musts, oughts, demands, commands-which are irrational beliefs which need to be changed<br />
Irrational Beliefs<br />Irrational ideas lead to self-defeating behavior<br />Some examples:<br />“I must have love or approval from all the significant people in my life.”<br />“I must perform important tasks competently and perfectly.”<br />“If I don’t get what I want, it’s terrible, and I can’t stand it.”<br />
Disputing Intervention<br />Challenges irrational beliefs<br />Use principles of logic to destroy unrealistic, unverifiable hypotheses<br />Detect - detect the “shoulds”, “I musts” “awfulizing” “self-downing”<br />Debate - learn to logically & empirically question beliefs-to argue self out of them<br />Discriminate - irrational-self-defeating from rational-self-helping beliefs<br />
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