Ovc saa hiv conference 2010 - final


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  • The survey has 5 specific objectives Other objectives Determine the number of OVC in selected households and institutions in Nigeria and the spatial distribution of OVC (by state and geopolitical zone, etc) Investigate the community-level factors (i.e. perceptions, attitudes, and practices, etc.) that impact the well-being of OVC
  • Response rate was between 97% and 99%
  • Estimates based on the fact that 51% of the Project 140,000 Million population of Nigeria are Children (0 – 17 yrs)
  • NB: The figures do not add up as some of the maternal / paternal orphan populations are also included among the population of children with sick parents.
  • Estimates based on the fact that 51% of the Project 140,000 Million population of Nigeria are Children (0 – 17 yrs)
  • The Increasing incidence and prevalence of OVC due to factors such as parental death, poverty, crises in the social sector, disease epidemics results portent important policy and programmatic implications
  • Ovc saa hiv conference 2010 - final

    1. 1. Nigeria Orphans and Vulnerable Children have poor psycho-social outcomes and high HIV risk behaviours compared to other children: Results of a national situation analysis and assessment MacJohn Nwaobiala, et. al.
    2. 2. Aim and Objectives of the Survey <ul><li>The aim of the study was to estimate the magnitude and well-being of OVC in Nigeria. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>factors responsible for orphanhood and vulnerability among children , aged 0-17 in Nigeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>describe the socio-economic wellbeing and living conditions of OVC in Nigeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess the educational, health, nutritional, psycho-social status and protection needs of OVC in Nigeria. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the number of OVC in selected households and institutions in Nigeria and the spatial distributions of OVC (by state and geo-political zones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigate the community level factors ( perceptions, attitudes and practices) that impact the well-being of OVC </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Study Population <ul><li>Orphans and vulnerable children in households </li></ul><ul><li>Orphans and vulnerable children residing in institutions and other group quarters, </li></ul><ul><li>Homeless orphans and other vulnerable children including street children </li></ul>
    4. 4. Survey Methodology <ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul><ul><li>Design: Cross Sectional Study </li></ul><ul><li>Sampling : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 stage stratified sampling for children in household, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>random sampling for children in institution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>convenient sampling for homeless children </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Qualitative Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Group Discussions and Key Informant Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Contextual Analysis & Thick Description </li></ul>
    5. 5. Response Rate Questionnaires Number Interviewed No of Completed Interviews Response Rate (%) Household Caregiver 23,680 23,227 98.0 Children in Household Children 37,532 37,475 99.8 Institutional Children 1,657 1,636 98.7 Homeless Children 1,327 1,298 97.8
    6. 6. Key Results <ul><li>Estimate of Orphans and OVC </li></ul><ul><li>Orphans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevalence: 10.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated Pop. 7.3 Million </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OVC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevalence: 24.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated Pop: 17.5 Million </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Types of Orphanhood and OVC Category Total % Number Double Orphans 1.8 662 Maternal Orphans 2.6 959 Paternal Orphans 8.0 3,013 Mother very sick 8.8 3,318 Father very sick 7.9 2,972 Total 24.5 9,189
    8. 8. Key Results <ul><li>OVC have poor access to: </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Shelter and care </li></ul><ul><li>Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Psychosocial </li></ul><ul><li>Protection and Rights </li></ul>
    9. 9. Health: History of Ill-Health
    10. 10. Health: Access to Health Facilities
    11. 11. Exploitation
    12. 12. Sexual Exploitation
    13. 13. Protection
    14. 14. Psycho-Social and Emotional Well-being of Children
    15. 15. Sexual Behavior of Children
    16. 16. Sexual Behavior of Children
    17. 17. Distribution of Children that have Indulged in Other Risky Behaviors
    18. 18. Awareness of HIV/AIDS Among Children (13 – 17 years)
    19. 19. HIV/AIDS Transmission
    20. 20. Knowledge of HIV Prevention Methods
    21. 21. Policy Implication and Recommendations <ul><li>Need to enforce set guidelines for establishment of child care institutions at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Need to initiate Universal Social Protection Agenda for Children and scale-up of IMNCH Strategy by the FMOH to target OVC </li></ul><ul><li>Develop comprehensive M&E system to guide policies, plans and Program </li></ul><ul><li>Further researches especially operations research to test scale-able and workable interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening coordination roles of the Government agencies responsible for OVC activities </li></ul>
    22. 22. Thank you <ul><li>OVC Division, FMWA&SD & </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Committee for the 2008 SAA on OVC in Nigeria </li></ul>