Geography and Public Health:   Using Technology to  Strengthen Programs ANDREW INGLIS: USAID | DELIVER PROJECT OCTOBER 8, ...
Technology Public Health Geography
Role of Geography in Public Health <ul><li>John Snow’s map of Broad Street pump: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>map did NOT identif...
Role of  Geography in Strategic Thinking <ul><li>Use to inform decision makers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>visually </li></ul><...
Pre- and Post-GIS <ul><li>Pre-GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping was generally limited issues directly related space; </li>...
GIS Software <ul><li>Proprietary software </li></ul><ul><li>Open source GIS </li></ul>GRASS GIS
Current : STATCompiler and Other Web Tools Spatial Data Repository
New and Improved  STATCompiler
<ul><li>STATCompiler working group includes MEASURE DHS staff from various teams including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissemin...
Interactive Session - No slides
Google Earth <ul><li>Great idea with real applications </li></ul>
Interactive Session - No slides
How to Use the Functionality <ul><li>Web mapping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive (als...
What Can We Learn from Past Use of Mapping in Public Health? <ul><li>Explain/demonstrate patterns  </li></ul><ul><li>Ident...
What Has Changed <ul><li>Speed (potentially near real-time mapping) </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to make maps </li></ul><ul><...
What Has Not Changed <ul><li>Reliance on good/organized data </li></ul><ul><li>Needs when making decisions </li></ul><ul><...
How Has Technology Shaped the  way make maps and use maps? <ul><li>Change paradigm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From one-off to c...
Example: Rwanda <ul><li>Supply Chain </li></ul><ul><li>Census </li></ul><ul><li>MEASURE DHS </li></ul>Interactive Session ...
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Geography and Public Health: Using Technology to Strengthen Programs

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Geography and Public Health: Using Technology to Strengthen Programs

  1. 1. Geography and Public Health: Using Technology to Strengthen Programs ANDREW INGLIS: USAID | DELIVER PROJECT OCTOBER 8, 2010 BLAKE ZACHARY: MEASURE DHS
  2. 2. Technology Public Health Geography
  3. 3. Role of Geography in Public Health <ul><li>John Snow’s map of Broad Street pump: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>map did NOT identify the pump as the cause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>map was used to demonstrate and explain the relationship between the pump and cholera outbreak </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Role of Geography in Strategic Thinking <ul><li>Use to inform decision makers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>visually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>point of discussion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>explaining plans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Military </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Urban </li></ul>Photo: A.Inglis 2005
  5. 5. Pre- and Post-GIS <ul><li>Pre-GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping was generally limited issues directly related space; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land tenure, navigation, military, transport, etc… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive, time consuming and activity specific maps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Post-GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping applications was expanded and made accessible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health, shopping, population, recreation…. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linking data to a geographic location </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. GIS Software <ul><li>Proprietary software </li></ul><ul><li>Open source GIS </li></ul>GRASS GIS
  7. 7. Current : STATCompiler and Other Web Tools Spatial Data Repository
  8. 8. New and Improved STATCompiler
  9. 9. <ul><li>STATCompiler working group includes MEASURE DHS staff from various teams including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissemination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographic Information Systems (GIS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process of identifying key functionalities for new tool </li></ul>
  10. 10. Interactive Session - No slides
  11. 11. Google Earth <ul><li>Great idea with real applications </li></ul>
  12. 12. Interactive Session - No slides
  13. 13. How to Use the Functionality <ul><li>Web mapping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive (also Desktop) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geo RSS feeds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Central Data linked to Decentralized Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Health Facility Database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crowd sourcing information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Geo Mobile technology </li></ul><ul><li>How do I use this spatial information to make a </li></ul><ul><li>decision? </li></ul>
  14. 14. What Can We Learn from Past Use of Mapping in Public Health? <ul><li>Explain/demonstrate patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Identify gaps </li></ul><ul><li>Generate points of discussion </li></ul>
  15. 15. What Has Changed <ul><li>Speed (potentially near real-time mapping) </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to make maps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-GIS users can make maps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On and offline mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sharing maps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Across the internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interactive maps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No longer just paper maps! </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. What Has Not Changed <ul><li>Reliance on good/organized data </li></ul><ul><li>Needs when making decisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right Place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right Scale </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. How Has Technology Shaped the way make maps and use maps? <ul><li>Change paradigm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From one-off to continuous mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moving from a single purpose surveys </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple purpose mapping </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential of integration data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linking using geography between different datasets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transport, Education, Health, etc… </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Example: Rwanda <ul><li>Supply Chain </li></ul><ul><li>Census </li></ul><ul><li>MEASURE DHS </li></ul>Interactive Session - No slides

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