World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition

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World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition

  1. 1. Series V, No. 37 Department of Economic and Social Affairs Statistics Division World Statistics Pocketbook 2013 edition United Nations, New York, 2013
  2. 2. The DDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat is a vital interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action. The Department works in three main interlinked areas: (i) it compiles, generates and analyses a wide range of economic, social and environmental data and information on which States Members of the United Nations draw to review common problems and to take stock of policy options; (ii) it facilitates the negotiations of Member States in many intergovernmental bodies on joint courses of action to address ongoing or emerging global challenges; and (iii) it advises interested Governments on the ways and means of translating policy frameworks developed in United Nations conferences and summits into programmes at the country level and, through technical assistance, helps build national capacities. Note The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The term “country” as used in this publication also refers, as appropriate, to territories or areas. Visit the United Nations World Wide Web site on the Internet: For the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, http://www.un.org/esa/desa/ For statistics and statistical publications, http://unstats.un.org/unsd/ For UN publications, https://unp.un.org/ ST/ESA/STAT/SER.V/37 United Nations Publication Sales No. E.13.XVII.4 ISBN-13: 978-92-1-161570-8 All queries on rights and licenses, including subsidiary rights, should be addressed to United Nations Publications, 300 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017, USA, e-mail: publications@un.org, web: http://un.org/publications World Statistics Pocketbook, 2013 edition © 2013 United Nations New York, NY 10017, United States of America All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America
  3. 3. Contents World Statistics Pocketbook iii Introduction ................................................................................................................................vii Symbols, abbreviations and conversion factors..........................................................................ix Country profile information and indicator list..............................................................................xi Country profiles .....................................................................................................................................1 Technical notes ....................................................................................................................... 219 Statistical sources and references.......................................................................................... 233 Index of indicator notes and definitions.................................................................................. 237 United Nations statistical publications................................................................................... 239 Country profiles Afghanistan .........................................................3 Albania.................................................................4 Algeria..................................................................5 American Samoa.................................................6 Andorra ................................................................7 Angola..................................................................8 Antigua and Barbuda...........................................9 Argentina...........................................................10 Armenia .............................................................11 Aruba..................................................................12 Australia.............................................................13 Austria................................................................14 Azerbaijan..........................................................15 Bahamas............................................................16 Bahrain...............................................................17 Bangladesh........................................................18 Barbados............................................................19 Belarus...............................................................20 Belgium..............................................................21 Belize..................................................................22 Benin..................................................................23 Bermuda.............................................................24 Bhutan................................................................25 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)..........................26 Bosnia and Herzegovina....................................27 Botswana...........................................................28 Brazil ..................................................................29 British Virgin Islands..........................................30 Brunei Darussalam............................................31 Bulgaria..............................................................32 Burkina Faso ......................................................33 Burundi...............................................................34 Cambodia...........................................................35 Cameroon...........................................................36 Canada...............................................................37 Cape Verde ........................................................38 Cayman Islands .................................................39 Central African Republic ...................................40 Chad .................................................................. 41 Chile................................................................... 42 China ................................................................. 43 China, Hong Kong SAR..................................... 44 China, Macao SAR............................................ 45 Colombia ........................................................... 46 Comoros ............................................................ 47 Congo ................................................................ 48 Cook Islands...................................................... 49 Costa Rica ......................................................... 50 Côte d'Ivoire...................................................... 51 Croatia............................................................... 52 Cuba .................................................................. 53 Cyprus................................................................ 54 Czech Republic.................................................. 55 Democratic People's Republic of Korea........... 56 Democratic Republic of the Congo .................. 57 Denmark............................................................ 58 Djibouti.............................................................. 59 Dominica ........................................................... 60 Dominican Republic.......................................... 61 Ecuador.............................................................. 62 Egypt.................................................................. 63 El Salvador ........................................................ 64 Equatorial Guinea ............................................. 65 Eritrea................................................................ 66 Estonia............................................................... 67 Ethiopia ............................................................. 68 Faeroe Islands................................................... 69 Fiji...................................................................... 70 Finland............................................................... 71 France................................................................ 72 French Guiana................................................... 73 French Polynesia............................................... 74 Gabon................................................................ 75 Gambia.............................................................. 76 Georgia.............................................................. 77 Germany............................................................ 78
  4. 4. Contents (continued) iv World Statistics Pocketbook Ghana.................................................................79 Greece................................................................80 Greenland ..........................................................81 Grenada..............................................................82 Guadeloupe........................................................83 Guam..................................................................84 Guatemala .........................................................85 Guinea................................................................86 Guinea-Bissau....................................................87 Guyana...............................................................88 Haiti....................................................................89 Honduras............................................................90 Hungary..............................................................91 Iceland................................................................92 India ...................................................................93 Indonesia............................................................94 Iran (Islamic Republic of)...................................95 Iraq .....................................................................96 Ireland................................................................97 Israel ..................................................................98 Italy.....................................................................99 Jamaica............................................................100 Japan ...............................................................101 Jordan..............................................................102 Kazakhstan.......................................................103 Kenya ...............................................................104 Kiribati..............................................................105 Kuwait..............................................................106 Kyrgyzstan........................................................107 Lao People's Democratic Republic .................108 Latvia................................................................109 Lebanon............................................................110 Lesotho.............................................................111 Liberia ..............................................................112 Libya.................................................................113 Liechtenstein ...................................................114 Lithuania ..........................................................115 Luxembourg .....................................................116 Madagascar.....................................................117 Malawi.............................................................118 Malaysia..........................................................119 Maldives..........................................................120 Mali..................................................................121 Malta................................................................122 Marshall Islands..............................................123 Martinique.......................................................124 Mauritania.......................................................125 Mauritius..........................................................126 Mexico............................................................. 127 Micronesia (Federated States of)................... 128 Monaco ........................................................... 129 Mongolia......................................................... 130 Montenegro .................................................... 131 Morocco .......................................................... 132 Mozambique ................................................... 133 Myanmar......................................................... 134 Namibia........................................................... 135 Nauru............................................................... 136 Nepal............................................................... 137 Netherlands .................................................... 138 Netherlands Antilles....................................... 139 New Caledonia ............................................... 140 New Zealand................................................... 141 Nicaragua........................................................ 142 Niger................................................................ 143 Nigeria............................................................. 144 Niue................................................................. 145 Northern Mariana Islands.............................. 146 Norway............................................................ 147 Oman............................................................... 148 Pakistan........................................................... 149 Palau................................................................ 150 Panama............................................................ 151 Papua New Guinea......................................... 152 Paraguay.......................................................... 153 Peru.................................................................. 154 Philippines....................................................... 155 Poland.............................................................. 156 Portugal........................................................... 157 Puerto Rico...................................................... 158 Qatar................................................................ 159 Republic of Korea............................................ 160 Republic of Moldova....................................... 161 Réunion ........................................................... 162 Romania .......................................................... 163 Russian Federation......................................... 164 Rwanda ........................................................... 165 Saint Kitts and Nevis...................................... 166 Saint Lucia....................................................... 167 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines................. 168 Samoa ............................................................. 169 San Marino ..................................................... 170 Sao Tome and Principe................................... 171 Saudi Arabia ................................................... 172 Senegal ........................................................... 173 Serbia.............................................................. 174
  5. 5. Contents (continued) World Statistics Pocketbook v Seychelles........................................................175 Sierra Leone.....................................................176 Singapore.........................................................177 Slovakia............................................................178 Slovenia ...........................................................179 Solomon Islands..............................................180 Somalia............................................................181 South Africa.....................................................182 Spain................................................................183 Sri Lanka ..........................................................184 State of Palestine............................................185 Sudan...............................................................186 Suriname..........................................................187 Swaziland ........................................................188 Sweden............................................................189 Switzerland......................................................190 Syrian Arab Republic.......................................191 Tajikistan..........................................................192 Thailand ...........................................................193 The former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia.......194 Timor-Leste......................................................195 Togo .................................................................196 Tonga............................................................... 197 Trinidad and Tobago....................................... 198 Tunisia............................................................. 199 Turkey.............................................................. 200 Turkmenistan .................................................. 201 Tuvalu.............................................................. 202 Uganda............................................................ 203 Ukraine............................................................ 204 United Arab Emirates ..................................... 205 United Kingdom .............................................. 206 United Republic of Tanzania .......................... 207 United States of America............................... 208 United States Virgin Islands........................... 209 Uruguay........................................................... 210 Uzbekistan....................................................... 211 Vanuatu........................................................... 212 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)................. 213 Viet Nam ......................................................... 214 Western Sahara.............................................. 215 Yemen ............................................................. 216 Zambia............................................................. 217 Zimbabwe ....................................................... 218
  6. 6. Introduction World Statistics Pocketbook vii The World Statistics Pocketbook is an annual compilation of key economic, social and environmental indicators, presented in one-page profiles. This edition includes country profiles for 216 countries or areas of the world. Prepared by the United Nations Statistics Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, it responds to General Assembly resolution 2626 (XXV), in which the Secretary-General is requested to supply basic national data that will increase international public awareness of countries' development efforts. The indicators shown are selected from the wealth of international statistical information compiled regularly by the Statistics Division and the Population Division of the United Nations, the statistical services of the United Nations specialized agencies and other international organizations and institutions. Special recognition is gratefully given for their assistance in continually providing data. Time period This issue of the World Statistics Pocketbook covers various years from 2005 to 2012. For the economic indicators, in general, three years - 2005, 2010 and 2011 - are shown, unless otherwise indicated. Due to space limitations, data for one year only are shown for the indicators in the social and environmental categories. For the six social indicators for which the range of years 2010-2015 is shown, the data refer to projections. When other ranges of years are shown, the data refer to the most recent year available within that range. Organization of the Pocketbook The country tables or profiles are presented alphabetically according to countries’ names in English and contain the available data for the following broad categories: x General information: includes each country’s location by geographical region, currency, surface area, population and population density, capital city and United Nations membership date x Economic indicators: includes national accounts (Gross domestic product (GDP), GDP growth rate, GDP per capita, gross national income per capita and gross fixed capital formation), exchange rates, balance of payments, consumer price index, production indices (industrial, agricultural and food), unemployment, employment, labour force participation, tourist arrivals, energy production, telephone subscribers and internet users x Trade: contains the value of total exports, imports and the trade balance as well as the countries’ main trading partners x Social indicators: includes population (growth rates, urban percentage, age groups and sex ratios), life expectancy, infant mortality rate, total fertility
  7. 7. Introduction (continued) viii World Statistics Pocketbook rate, contraceptive prevalence, international migrant stock, refugees, education (expenditure and enrolment), intentional homicides and female participation in national parliaments • Environmental indicators: includes threatened species, forested area, CO2 emission estimates, energy consumption per capita and climatological information. The complete set of indicators, listed by category and in the order in which they appear in the profiles, is shown at the beginning of the country profile section. Not all indicators are shown for each country or area due to different degrees of data availability. The technical notes section, which follows the country profile pages, contains brief descriptions of the concepts and methodologies used in the compilation of the indicators as well as information on the statistical sources for the indicators. Readers interested in longer time-series data or more detailed descriptions of the concepts or methodologies should consult the primary sources of the data and the references listed in the section following the technical notes. The index of indicators, at the back of this publication, lists the complete set of indicators in alphabetical order and shows the category in which each is presented in the country profiles along with the pages on which information on the concepts, definitions and the data sources are given. As noted above, the number of indicators actually shown for the countries varies according to data availability. Note The present World Statistics Pocketbook, 2013 edition (Series V, No. 37) is an update of the previous edition which was released in 2012 and entitled World Statistics Pocketbook 2011 (Series V, No. 36). * * * The World Statistics Pocketbook is prepared annually by the Statistical Services Branch of the Statistics Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. The programme manager is Mary Jane Holupka, the editor is Iliana Vaca, and the software developer is Salomon Cameo. Comments on this publication are welcome and may be sent by e-mail to statistics@un.org.
  8. 8. Symbols, abbreviations and conversion factors World Statistics Pocketbook ix The following symbols and abbreviations have been used in the World Statistics Pocketbook: ... Data not available – Magnitude zero < Magnitude not zero, but less than half of the unit employed –< Magnitude not zero, but negative and less than half of the unit employed 000 Thousands °C Degrees Celsius °F Degrees Fahrenheit % Percentage 60+ Aged sixty years and over . Decimal figures are always preceded by a period (.) CFA Coopération financière en Afrique centrale CIF Cost, Insurance and Freight CO2 Carbon dioxide CPI Consumer price index f Females FOB Free on board GDP Gross domestic product GNI Gross national income ILO International Labour Organization ISIC International Standard Industrial Classification ISO International Organization for Standardization km Kilometres m Males mt Metric tons UN United Nations UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNHCR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNSD United Nations Statistics Division US$ United States dollars The metric system of weights and measures has been employed in the World Statistics Pocketbook. The equivalents of the basic British Imperial and United States weights and measures are as follows: Area 1 square kilometre = 0.386102 square mile Weight or mass 1 ton = 1.102311 short tons or = 0.987207 long ton 1 kilogram = 35.273962 avoirdupois ounces = 2.204623 avoirdupois pounds Distance 1 kilometre = 0.621371 mile 1 millimetre = 0.039 inch Temperature °C = (°F - 32) × 5/9
  9. 9. Country profile information and indicator list* World Statistics Pocketbook xi General information Region Currency Surface area (square kilometres) Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) Capital city and population in 2011 (000) United Nations membership date Economic indicators GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) GDP per capita (current US$) GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Exchange rates (national currency per US$) Balance of payments, current account (million US$) CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) Industrial production index (2005=100) Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) Food production index (2004-2006=100) Unemployment (% of labour force) Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) Labour force participation, adult female population (%) Labour force participation, adult male population (%) Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) Trade Total trade (exports, imports and balance, million US$) Major trading partners (exports and imports, %) Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) Urban population growth rate (average annual %) Rural population growth rate (average annual %) Urban population (%) Population aged 0-14 years (%) Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) Sex ratio (males per 100 females) Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) Education: Primary and secondary gross enrolment ratio (females and males per 100) Education: Female third-level students (% of total) Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) Environmental indicators Threatened species Forested area (% of land area) CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) Temperature in the capital city, mean ˚C (minimum and maximum) * The complete set of information and indicators listed here may not be shown for each country or area depending upon data availability.
  10. 10. Country profiles
  11. 11. $IJKDQLVWDQ Region South-central Asia Currency Afghani (AFN) Surface area (square kilometres) 652 864 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 32 358 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 49.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kabul (3 097) United Nations membership date 19 November 1946 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 6 622 16 078 18 949 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.9 3.2 5.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 240.0 512.0 586.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 240.0 450.0 560.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.8 17.5 15.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 50.41 45.27 49.04 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 107 114 109 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 107 114 109 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 13.9 15.5 15.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.6 80.4 80.3 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 85 420b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 4.7 41.4 54.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.2 4.0 5.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 375.9 Pakistan 48.0 Pakistan 13.7 Imports 6 390.3 India 18.7 Russian Federation 12.6 Balance –6 014.4 Russian Federation 8.8 Uzbekistan 11.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Urban population (%) 2012 23.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 3.9/3.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 107.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 49.5/49.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 124.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 22.8 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 90.9/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1 548 374 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 57.0/89.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 18.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)c 2008-2010 0.9/3.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 27.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 36 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 2.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6 309/0.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 71.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 312 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.3/19.6 a Principal rate. b 2009. c Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 3
  12. 12. $OEDQLD Region Southern Europe Currency Lek (ALL) Surface area (square kilometres) 28 748 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3 216 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 111.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tirana (419) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 8 159 11 954 13 000 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.8 3.9 2.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 597.0 3 731.0 4 042.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 649.0 3 705.0 4 075.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 37.0 32.3 31.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 103.58 104.00 107.54 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –571 –1 353 –1 595 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 117 135 139 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 140 121 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 119 123 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 119 123 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 13.5c 19.9de ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 58.5c 44.1de ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.0 49.7 49.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 71.7 71.3 71.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)fg 748 2 417 2 932 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 945 1 050e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 57.6 94.4 106.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 6.0 45.0 49.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 1 948.2 Italy 53.4 Italy 30.5 Imports 5 395.9 Serbia 9.3 Greece 10.6 Balance –3 447.7 Turkey 7.4 China 6.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.0 Urban population (%) 2012 54.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 21.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 14.4/13.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.4/74.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 69.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 89.1/2.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 106 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 87.6/90.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.9/7.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 109 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 28.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 3 004/1.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 402.0 a Market rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Official estimates. d Age group 15 to 64 years. e 2009. f Excludes nationals residing abroad. g Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. h Data refer to foreign citizens. 4 World Statistics Pocketbook
  13. 13. $OJHULD Region Northern Africa Currency Dinar (DZD) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 381 741 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 35 980 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 15.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Algiers (2 916) United Nations membership date 8 October 1962 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 103 198 161 986 198 735 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.1 3.3 2.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 138.0 4 567.0 5 523.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 805.0 4 280.0 5 176.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.4 36.1 26.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 73.38 74.94 76.06 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 21 083 11 832 19 393 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 117 146 154 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 97 97 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 125 129 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 125 129 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 26.0bcd 33.1e ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 20.7bcd 11.7e ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 13.0 14.7 15.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 73.2 71.7 71.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)fg 1 443 2 070 2 395 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 189 329 173 267h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 49.4 100.7 107.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 5.8 12.5 14.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 73 436.3 United States 20.6 France 15.1 Imports 47 219.7 Italy 14.2 China 10.0 Balance 26 216.6 Spain 9.8 Italy 9.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 73.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 26.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.9/6.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.0/71.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 21.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 61.4 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)ij mid-2010 242.3/0.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 94 964k Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.9/101.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 58.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)l 2008-2010 4.1/10.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 31.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 110 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 121 213/3.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 117.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 598 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 11.9/23.7 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c 2004. d September. e Fourth quarter. f Includes nationals residing abroad. g Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. h 2009. i Data refer to foreign citizens. j Includes refugees. k According to the Government of Algeria, there are an estimated 165,000 Sahrawi refugees in the Tindouf camps. l Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 5
  14. 14. $PHULFDQ 6DPRD Region Oceania-Polynesia Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 199 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 70 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 349.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Pago Pago (65) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)a 122 ... ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 107 106 96 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 107 106 96 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 24 25b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants)c 16.5 15.2 ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 93.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%)d 2012 34.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)d 2012 8.2/7.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)d 2012 104.0e Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)f 2010-2015 76.2/68.5b Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)d 2010-2015 11.3g Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)d 2010-2015 4.0h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 28.4/41.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 80 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 89.0 a Excludes rent. b 2006. c Main telephone lines only. d Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. e 2011. f Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Year- book system. g 2006-2008. h 2000. 6 World Statistics Pocketbook
  15. 15. $QGRUUD Region Southern Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 468 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 86 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 184.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Andorra la Vella (24) United Nations membership date 28 July 1993 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 3 133 3 422 3 577 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.4 –3.4 –2.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 40 228.0 40 324.0 41 517.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 40 228.0 40 324.0 41 517.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 29.4 22.3 21.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 113 126 129 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2 418 1 808cd 1 948 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 7 5ef ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 128.4 122.2 120.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 37.6 81.0 81.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.5 Urban population (%) 2012 86.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%)ghi 2012 14.8j Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)ghi 2012 18.6/18.0j Sex ratio (males per 100 females)hk 2012 104.6j Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)h 2010-2015 1.2e International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)l mid-2010 55.9/64.4 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 85.3/84.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 50.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 11 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 36.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 517/6.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 636.0 a Market rate. b Index base 2001=100. c Methodology revised. d Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years. e 2009. f UNSD estimate. g De jure estimate. h Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. i Data refer to the latest available census. j 2011. k De jure national estimate. l Data refer to foreign citizens. World Statistics Pocketbook 7
  16. 16. $QJROD Region Middle Africa Currency Kwanza (AOA) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 246 700 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 19 618 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 15.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Luanda (5 068) United Nations membership date 1 December 1976 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 32 811 82 513 104 332 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 20.5 3.5 3.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 990.0 4 324.0 5 318.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 745.0 3 860.0 4 630.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 8.3 15.3 15.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 80.78 92.64 95.27 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 5 138 7 421 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 1 846 3 438c 3 901 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 105 171 188 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 105 170 187 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 64.4 62.7 62.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.3 77.0 77.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 210 425 481 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 63 896 92 954d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 10.4 48.3 49.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.1 10.0 14.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population (%) 2012 60.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.3/3.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 53.2/50.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 96.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 6.2e International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)f mid-2010 65.4/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 23 357 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 73.5/93.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 45.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)g 2008-2010 7.7/30.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)h 2012 34.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 123 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 47.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 26 634/1.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 249.0 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.3/27.7 a Official rate. b Luanda. c Series linked to former series. d 2009. e 2001. f Includes refugees. g Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. h As of 31 October 2012. 8 World Statistics Pocketbook
  17. 17. $QWLJXD DQG %DUEXGD Region Caribbean Currency E.C. Dollar (XCD) Surface area (square kilometres) 442 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 90 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 202.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) St. John's (27) United Nations membership date 11 November 1981 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 002 1 154 1 118 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.1 –7.9 –5.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 11 940.0 13 006.0 12 480.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 11 439.0 12 646.0 12 080.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 29.3 36.3 29.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.70 2.70 2.70 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –171 –162 –120 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 110 ... ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 95 110 113 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 95 110 113 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)bc 15.6 15.6d ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)bc 2.8 2.8d ... Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)ef 245 230 241 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 146.0 230.3 221.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 34.7 80.0 82.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports)g Exports 29.0 United States 38.3 Imports 471.4 United Kingdom 8.3 Balance –442.4 Barbados 7.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population (%) 2012 29.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%)hij 2012 28.3k Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)hij 2012 9.8/8.8k Sex ratio (males per 100 females)ilm 2012 88.5n Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)o 2006-2010 52.6p International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 20.9/23.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0q Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.1/103.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)r 2006-2012 68.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 42 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 22.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 462/5.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 759.0s Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 052 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.9/29.6 a Official rate. b Official estimates. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d 2008. e Air arrivals. f Excludes nationals residing abroad. g For more information, refer to the technical notes. h De facto estimate. i Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. j Data refer to the latest available census. k 2005. l The distribution between males and females was extrapolated from previous years. m De facto national estimate. n 2010. o Age group 15 to 44 years. p 1988. q Value is zero, not available or not applicable. r National estimate. s UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 9
  18. 18. $UJHQWLQD Region South America Currency Argentine Peso (ARS) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 780 400 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 40 765 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 14.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Buenos Aires (13 528) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 183 196 370 263 448 165 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.2 9.2 8.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 4 736.0 9 162.0 10 994.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 4 576.0 8 911.0 10 727.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.5 22.0 22.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 3.01 3.96 4.28 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 5 274 2 830 –6 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 162 249 273 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 115 115 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 115 115 Unemployment (% of labour force)cd 11.5 7.7ef 7.2 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)g 23.5dhi 23.2cj 23.8cj Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)g 1.1dhi 1.3cj 1.2cj Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 48.8 47.0 47.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.6 74.9 74.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 3 823 5 325 5 705 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 86 293 81 878k ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 81.7 157.6 159.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 17.7 40.0 47.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 83 950.2 Brazil 20.7 Brazil 29.5 Imports 73 936.5 China 7.4 China 14.3 Balance 10 013.7 Chile 5.8 United States 10.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.2 Urban population (%) 2012 92.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 24.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 17.0/12.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.9/72.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 65.3l International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 449.3/3.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 4 578 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.1/100.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/5.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 37.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 219 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 174 575/4.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 774.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 215 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.5/22.5 a Official rate. b Metropolitan areas. c 31 urban agglomerations. d Age group 10 years and over. e Methodology revised. f Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years. g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. h 28 urban agglomerations. i Second semester. j Average of quarterly estimates. k 2009. l 2001. 10 World Statistics Pocketbook
  19. 19. $UPHQLD Region Western Asia Currency Dram (AMD) Surface area (square kilometres) 29 743 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3 100 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 104.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Yerevan (1 116) United Nations membership date 2 March 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 4 900 9 260 10 138 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 13.9 2.2 4.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 598.0 2 995.0 3 270.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 642.0 3 140.0 3 383.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 29.8 33.4 26.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 450.19 363.44 385.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –52 –1 373 –1 134 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 117 154 165b Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 103 116 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 102 116 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cd 15.9 16.8e ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cd 46.2 44.2e ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 52.1 49.0 49.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 69.9 69.6 70.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 319 684 758 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 386 388f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 29.8 144.2 122.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 5.3 25.0 32.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 1 320.4 Russian Federation 16.7 Russian Federation 21.5 Imports 4 109.3 Germany 12.0 China 9.8 Balance –2 788.9 Bulgaria 11.5 Turkey 5.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 64.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 20.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 17.2/12.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 87.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.3/71.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 24.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 53.1g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 324.2/10.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 85 892 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.4/86.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/4.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 40 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 9.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4 488/1.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 728.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 277 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.5/18.2 a Official rate. b Series linked to former series. c Official estimates. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e 2008. f 2009. g 2005. h Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 11
  20. 20. $UXED Region Caribbean Currency Aruban Guilder (AWG) Surface area (square kilometres) 180 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 108 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 600.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Oranjestad (37) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 331 2 410 2 677 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.2 –5.7 8.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 23 080.0 22 416.0 24 753.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 21 679.0 21 067.0 23 265.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 32.1 28.7 28.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.79 1.79 1.79 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 114 –426 –235 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 117 139 145 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 20.3bcd ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 0.7bcd ... ... Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 733 824 870 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)e 121 124f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 140.3 155.2 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 25.4 42.0 57.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 148.0 Colombia 40.7 United States 50.6 Imports 1 195.8 Venezuela 20.5 Netherlands 11.6 Balance –1 047.8 United Kingdom 4.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population (%) 2012 46.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 18.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 16.6/14.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 90.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.8/73.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 34.3/31.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 4 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 101.5/102.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 22 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 2.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 294/21.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 333.0e Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 472 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 25.9/31.5 a Official rate. b October. c 2007. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e UNSD estimate. f 2009. 12 World Statistics Pocketbook
  21. 21. $XVWUDOLD Region Oceania Currency Australian Dollar (AUD) Surface area (square kilometres) 7 692 024 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 22 606a Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 2.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Canberra (399) United Nations membership date 1 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 759 697 1 283 352 1 515 468 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.0 1.9 3.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 37 234.0 57 631.0 67 039.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 35 787.0 55 401.0 64 936.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 27.9 26.5 27.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 1.36 0.98 0.98 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –41 728 –35 666 –32 882 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 116 134 139 Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 110 110 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 108 99 108 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 108 101 108 Unemployment (% of labour force) 5.0 5.2 5.1 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 21.3de 21.1fg ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 3.6de 3.3fg ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 57.0 58.7 58.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 72.2 72.5 72.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)hi 5 499 5 885 5 875 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)j 278 077 308 655g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 139.9 148.6 155.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 63.0 76.0 79.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 245 631.0 China 27.5 China 18.5 Imports 234 319.3 Japan 19.2 United States 11.4 Balance 11 311.7 Republic of Korea 8.9 Japan 7.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 1.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 –0.1 Urban population (%)a 2012 89.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%)a 2012 19.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)a 2012 20.6/18.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)a 2012 99.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)a 2010-2015 84.3/79.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)a 2010-2015 4.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)a 2010-2015 2.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)k 2006-2010 70.8l International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)a mid-2010 4 711.5/21.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 28 676 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 115.7/119.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.2/3.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.7 Environmental indicators Threatened speciesm 2012 869 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 19.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 399 867/18.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent)j 2009 5 929.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 629 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.4/19.5 a Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island. b Market rate. c Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated. d Average of February, May, August and November. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Average of quarterly estimates. g 2009. h Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members. i Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. j Excludes the overseas territories. k Age group 16 to 59 years. l 2001-2002. m Excludes Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands. World Statistics Pocketbook 13
  22. 22. $XVWULD Region Western Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 83 871 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 8 413 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 100.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Vienna (1 720) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 304 984 379 311 418 031 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.4 2.1 2.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 37 048.0 45 190.0 49 686.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 36 688.0 45 085.0 49 516.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.0 21.2 22.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 6 245 11 671 7 988 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 111 121 125b Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 110 118 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 100 108 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 100 108 Unemployment (% of labour force) 5.2 4.4 4.1 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 27.5cd 24.9e 26.0e Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 5.5cd 5.2e 5.3e Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 51.2 53.9 53.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 67.3 67.8 67.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 19 952 22 004 23 012 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 6 066 6 878g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 150.7 186.3 195.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 58.0 75.2 79.8 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 169 511.4 Germany 30.7 Germany 38.2 Imports 182 349.8 Italy 7.7 Italy 6.5 Balance –12 838.4 Switzerland 5.3 Switzerland 5.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.5 Urban population (%) 2012 67.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 26.1/21.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.6/78.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 50.9i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 310.2/15.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 72 017 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.5/100.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/2.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 27.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 102 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 47.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 62 262/7.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 124.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 620 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.7/14.5 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c Excludes conscripts. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). f Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. g 2009. h Age group 20 to 49 years. i 1995-1996. 14 World Statistics Pocketbook
  23. 23. $]HUEDLMDQ Region Western Asia Currency Azerbaijan Manat (AZN)a Surface area (square kilometres) 86 600 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9 306b Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 107.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Baku (2 123) United Nations membership date 2 March 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 13 245 52 906 63 404 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 26.4 5.0 0.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 542.0 5 758.0 6 813.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 366.0 5 413.0 6 405.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 41.3 18.2 19.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)c 0.92 0.80 0.79 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 125 204 ... Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 200 190 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 104 117 125 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 122 129 Unemployment (% of labour force) 5.7d 5.7 5.9 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 12.1ef 13.7g 14.1g Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 39.3ef 38.2g 37.9g Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 59.3 61.1 61.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 68.4 67.8 68.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 693 1 280 1 562 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 28 101 68 543h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 38.9 115.5 126.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 8.0 46.0 50.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 26 480.2 Italy 35.3 Russian Federation 16.9 Imports 9 732.9 France 15.2 Turkey 13.4 Balance 16 747.3 United States 8.6 Germany 8.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)b 2010-2015 1.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population (%)b 2012 53.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%)b 2012 21.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)b 2012 10.3/7.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)b 2012 98.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)b 2010-2015 73.7/68.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)b 2010-2015 37.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)b 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 51.1 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 263.9/3.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 602 711 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)j 2006-2012 86.9/89.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 6.7/23.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 16.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 48 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 49 035/5.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 309.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 210 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.0/18.1 a Beginning January 2006, 1 new Manat = 5000 old Manats. b Includes Nagorno-Karabakh. c Official rate. d 2008. e Official estimates. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g December. h 2009. i Includes refugees. j National estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 15
  24. 24. %DKDPDV Region Caribbean Currency Bahamian Dollar (BSD) Surface area (square kilometres) 13 943 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 347 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 24.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nassau (254) United Nations membership date 18 September 1973 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 7 706 7 771 7 788 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.4 0.2 1.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 24 130.0 22 665.0 22 431.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 23 723.0 22 060.0 21 889.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.2 23.4 26.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.00 1.00 1.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –701 –814 –1 091 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 110 125 129 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 116 114 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 116 114 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 17.8c 16.0cd 12.9e Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 3.5c 2.9cd 3.7e Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 68.0 69.3 69.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 78.0 79.4 79.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 608 1 370 1 346 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 113.0 162.7 124.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 25.0 43.0 65.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports)f Exports 726.9 United States 78.3 United States 88.9 Imports 3 410.3 United Kingdom 4.3 Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 Balance –2 683.4 France 3.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 84.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 21.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 12.5/9.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.9/72.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)g 2006-2010 61.7h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 33.4/9.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 42 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)i 2006-2012 2.9j Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.9/102.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.8/46.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 68 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 51.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 583/7.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 531.0k Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 396 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.7/28.9 a Principal rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c April. d 2009. e May. f For more information, refer to the technical notes. g Age group 15 to 44 years. h 1988. i UNESCO estimate. j 2000. k UNSD estimate. 16 World Statistics Pocketbook
  25. 25. %DKUDLQ Region Western Asia Currency Bahraini Dinar (BHD) Surface area (square kilometres) 758 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 324 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 1 747.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Manama (262) United Nations membership date 21 September 1971 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 13 459 21 930 25 825 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.9 4.5 2.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 18 569.0 17 379.0 19 512.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 17 999.0 15 499.0 18 292.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.1 28.1 23.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.38 0.38 0.38 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 1 474 770 3 247 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 105 120 119 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 117 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 92 115 158 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 92 115 158 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 15.0bcd ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 0.8bcd ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 36.1 39.2 39.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 83.6 87.2 87.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 3 914 4 935e ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 16 759 18 345f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 132.5 142.3 148.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 21.3 55.0 77.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 7 071.3 Saudi Arabia 23.2 China 13.4 Imports 10 173.9 Qatar 11.0 Brazil 12.4 Balance –3 102.6 Oman 10.9 United States 8.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population (%) 2012 88.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 20.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.5/3.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 166.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.1/74.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 61.8g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 315.4/39.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 359 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 106.2/104.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 60.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.0/0.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 32 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 24 201/20.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 8 656.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 71 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.0/30.1 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c 2004. d November. e 2007. f 2009. g 1995. h Data refer to foreign citizens. World Statistics Pocketbook 17
  26. 26. %DQJODGHVK Region South-central Asia Currency Taka (BDT) Surface area (square kilometres) 147 570 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 150 494 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 1 019.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dhaka (15 391) United Nations membership date 17 September 1974 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 57 628 99 689 106 200 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.0 6.1 6.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 410.0 670.0 706.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 431.0 733.0 764.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.5 24.4 24.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 66.21 70.75 81.85 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –176 2 109 244 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 127 183 203 Industrial production index (2005=100)cd 100 148 173 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 129 132 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 130 131 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 14.5ce ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 48.1ce ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 55.5 56.9 57.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 85.0 84.4 84.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 208 303 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 12 262 17 665f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 7.2 47.2 57.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.2 3.7 5.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)g (% of exports)g (% of imports)g Exports 13 143.0 United States 25.7 China 15.6 Imports 17 622.9 Germany 15.2 India 13.2 Balance –4 479.9 United Kingdom 9.5 Kuwait 7.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population (%) 2012 28.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 30.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.0/6.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 102.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 70.2/68.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 41.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 55.8 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 1 085.3/0.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 229 671 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 37.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 4.3/12.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 124 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 50 996/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 146.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 154 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.5/30.6 a Principal rate. b Government officials. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated. e Year ending in June of the year indicated. f 2009. g 2007. h Includes refugees. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death regis- tration data from other countries in the region. 18 World Statistics Pocketbook
  27. 27. %DUEDGRV Region Caribbean Currency Barbados Dollar (BBD) Surface area (square kilometres) 430 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 274 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 637.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bridgetown (122) United Nations membership date 9 December 1966 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 3 908 4 245 4 313 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.0 0.2 0.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 14 448.0 15 531.0 15 744.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 13 737.0 14 331.0 14 439.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.9 14.0 14.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.00 2.00 2.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –467 –236 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 113 149 163 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 88 85 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 106 92 93 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 106 92 93 Unemployment (% of labour force) 9.1 10.8 11.2 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 17.3cd 19.6e 20.3e Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 3.3cd 2.8e 3.3e Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 64.4 64.8 64.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.1 76.3 76.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 548 532 568 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 90 56f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 126.1 178.4 178.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 56.1 70.2 71.8 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)g (% of imports) Exports 508.4 United States 31.9 Imports 1 775.4 Trinidad and Tobago 26.5 Balance –1 267.0 Suriname 4.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 44.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 19.5/14.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.3/73.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 55.0i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 28.1/11.0 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)j 2006-2012 117.2/111.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 69.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 7.3/15.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 41 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 19.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 572/5.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 742.0 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c 2004. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. e Average of quarterly estimates. f 2009. g For more information, refer to the technical notes. h Age group 15 to 44 years. i 1988. j National estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 19
  28. 28. %HODUXV Region Eastern Europe Currency Belarusian Ruble (BYR) Surface area (square kilometres) 207 600 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9 559 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 46.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Minsk (1 861) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 30 210 55 221 55 136 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.4 7.7 5.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 075.0 5 755.0 5 768.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 080.0 5 634.0 5 584.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 26.5 39.3 38.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2 152.00 3 000.00 8 350.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 497 –8 260 –5 702 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 384 623b ... Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 146 159 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 117 117 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 117 117 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 51.0 50.0 50.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 62.9 62.2 62.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 91 120 116 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2 542 2 454e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 75.2 150.8 155.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) ... 31.8 39.6 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports)f Exports 41 418.7 Russian Federation 34.8 Russian Federation 54.0 Imports 45 759.1 Netherlands 14.8 Germany 5.6 Balance –4 340.4 Ukraine 10.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.0 Urban population (%) 2012 75.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 23.0/14.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 86.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.4/65.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 72.6g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 090.4/11.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 8 036 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 101.3/103.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)h 2006-2012 57.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.8/6.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 26.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 22 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 42.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 60 243/6.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 529.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 677 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 2.1/9.9 aOfficialrate.bSerieslinkedtoformerseries.cTheindicesareshownintermsofISICRev.3.dOrganized tourism. e 2009. f For more information, refer to the technical notes. g 2005-2006. h National estimate. 20 World Statistics Pocketbook
  29. 29. %HOJLXP Region Western Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 30 528 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 754 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 352.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Brussels (1 949)a United Nations membership date 27 December 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 377 351 471 660 514 122 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.8 2.4 1.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 36 234.0 44 031.0 47 807.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 36 472.0 44 898.0 48 332.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.7 20.0 20.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 7 703 6 132 –4 839 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 111 123 127 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 105 110 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 101 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 101 104 Unemployment (% of labour force) 8.4 8.3 7.1 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 24.7d 23.4 23.2 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 2.0d 1.4 1.3 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 45.8 47.6 47.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 61.5 60.8 60.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 6 747 7 186 7 494 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 4 321 4 638f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 138.3 156.8 159.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 55.8 75.0 78.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 477 925.2 Germany 18.2 Netherlands 19.7 Imports 465 216.1 France 16.4 Germany 14.8 Balance 12 709.1 Netherlands 12.2 France 10.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.9 Urban population (%) 2012 97.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 26.2/21.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.8/77.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 74.6g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 974.9/9.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 42 105 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 106.1/108.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/2.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 38.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 31 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 22.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 103 508/9.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 611.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 820 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.7/13.9 a Refers to the population of the arrondissement of Brussels. b Market rate. c European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. f 2009. g 2004. h Data refer to foreign citizens. World Statistics Pocketbook 21
  30. 30. %HOL]H Region Central America Currency Belize Dollar (BZD) Surface area (square kilometres) 22 966 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 318 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 13.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Belmopan (14) United Nations membership date 25 September 1981 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 115 1 401 1 474 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.1 2.7 2.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 968.0 4 496.0 4 636.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 561.0 4 180.0 4 310.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.5 18.0 19.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.00 2.00 2.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –151 –46 –31 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 113 128 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 96 91 88 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 96 91 88 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 17.9bcd ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 19.5bcd ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 44.8 48.0 48.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.8 81.8 81.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 237 242 250 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 6 21e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 46.2 72.0 72.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 9.2 14.0 ... Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 396.2 United States 56.7 United States 31.5 Imports 835.5 United Kingdom 16.6 Curaçao 14.6 Balance –439.3 Guatemala 6.9 China 14.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3 Urban population (%) 2012 44.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 33.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.0/5.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.8/74.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 34.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)f mid-2010 46.8/15.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 133 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.6/97.5g Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 62.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 10.1/73.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 3.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 99 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 61.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 414/1.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 587.0h Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 020 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.3/30.9 a Official rate. b April. c Age group 14 years and over. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e 2009. f Includes refugees. g 2004. h UNSD estimate. 22 World Statistics Pocketbook
  31. 31. %HQLQ Region Western Africa Currency CFA Franc (XOF) Surface area (square kilometres) 114 763 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9 100 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 79.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Porto-Novo (315)a United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 4 358 6 558 7 295 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.9 2.6 3.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 571.0 741.0 802.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 567.0 741.0 793.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.4 20.5 20.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –270 –618 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 115 134d 137 Industrial production index (2005=100)e 100 134 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 117 115 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 123 120 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 66.1 67.1 67.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 78.6 78.3 78.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 176 199 209 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 8.8 81.5 87.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.3 3.1 3.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)f (% of exports)f (% of imports)f Exports 434.5 Nigeria 48.5 France 16.3 Imports 1 494.3 China 11.6 China 12.6 Balance –1 059.8 India 5.2 Togo 10.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population (%) 2012 45.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 43.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.4/3.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 58.7/54.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 76.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 17.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)gh mid-2010 232.0/2.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7 575 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 79.9/101.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 21.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 4.9/25.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 66 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 41.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4 851/0.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 169.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)c 1 308 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)c 24.3/30.1 a Porto-Novo is the constitutional capital, Cotonou is the seat of government. b Official rate. c Cotonou. d Series linked to former series. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f 2010. g Data refer to foreign-born and foreign citizens. h Includes refugees. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 23
  32. 32. %HUPXGD Region Northern America Currency Bermudian Dollar (BMD) Surface area (square kilometres) 53 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 65 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 1 227.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Hamilton (11) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 4 868 5 765 5 973 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.0 –1.9 0.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 75 910.0 88 766.0 91 780.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 93 858.0 110 692.0 114 449.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.6 18.8 18.8 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 116 136 139 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 117 115 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 117 115 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 12.1abc ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 1.7ac ... ... Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 270 232 236 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 164.0 224.8 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 65.5 84.2 88.3 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Imports 880.8 United States 71.0 Canada 12.2 Venezuela 4.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0 Urban population (%) 2012 100.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%)efg 2012 17.3h Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)efg 2012 20.4/16.6h Sex ratio (males per 100 females)fij 2012 90.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)f 2010-2015 82.3/76.9h Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)f 2010-2015 1.8k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 19.9/30.7 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 86.0/80.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 67.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 55 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 20.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 465/7.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 375.0l Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 410 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 19.6/24.4 a 2004. b Excludes mining and quarrying. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. d Air arrivals. e De jure estimate. f Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. g Data refer to the latest available census. h 2010. i The distribution between males and females was extrapolated from previous years. j De jure national estimate. k 2009. l UNSD estimate. 24 World Statistics Pocketbook

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