FO Lichts Next Gen London


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FO Lichts Next Gen London

  1. 1. The Commercial Development of Lignocellulosic Ethanol<br />Mark D. Stowers, Ph.D.<br />Senior Vice President of Science and Technology<br />F.O. Lichts Developing and Commercialising Next Generation Biofuels<br />London, UK<br />9-11 February 2010<br />© POET LLC<br />
  2. 2. Ethanol Background<br />Corn Ethanol and POET’s Approach<br />POET’s Cellulosic Ethanol Activities<br />Biomass Strategy<br />Process Technology<br />Corn-Cellulose Ethanol Integration<br />Criteria for Success<br />Vision for the Future<br />Outline<br />
  3. 3. Ethanol – Past, Present and Future <br />100 years ago<br />Today<br />Tomorrow<br />© POET LLC<br />
  4. 4. Ethanol Technology<br />Product Attributes<br />Adaptability<br />Burning Attributes<br />Octane<br />Product Challenges<br />Energy Density<br />Current Engine Technology<br />New Applications<br />E100 – proven fuel in Indy Cars<br /><ul><li>Ricardo’s EBDI Engine – the future
  5. 5. Ethanol Boost, Direct Injection
  6. 6. 3.2 L engine to replace 6.6 -7 L CI engine to deliver peak power
  7. 7. 450+ hp, 663 lb-ft torque at 3000 rpm
  8. 8. More horsepower and torque than gasoline
  9. 9. Diesel engine replacement
  10. 10. Closes the gap in fuel economy
  11. 11. Meets new US EPA emissions stds</li></ul>© POET LLC<br />
  12. 12. Ethanol <br />US Market Biofuels<br />36 Billion Potential<br />>25% volumetric replacement<br />National Security<br />Cost of Oil (USD)<br />Environment<br />Total GHG Reduction<br />Rural Development (Jobs)<br />Green Jobs Waiver (E15)<br />136,000 new jobs<br />US$24 billion/year to GDP<br />One Time GDP Impact<br />US$37 billion in capital projects<br />260,000 jobs<br />RFS2<br />GHG Reduction <br />© POET LLC<br />Source: BESS version 2008.3.0, Liska and Cassman, 2009 GREET, Wang et al, 2007.<br />
  13. 13. Corn Ethanol Process<br />Biomass and LFG (Energy Supply)<br />High Gravity Fermentation<br />Reduced Water Usage<br /> Branded DDGS<br /> Branded DDGS<br /> Raw Starch Hydrolysis<br /> Corn Fractionation<br />Implemented at 26 plants producing over 1.5 billion gallons and 4 million tons of distillers’ grains<br />© POET LLC<br />
  14. 14. Cellulosic Ethanol Activity in the US<br />© POET LLC<br />
  15. 15. Project BELL (Scotland, South Dakota)<br />1-2 tonnes biomass/day<br />Biochemical Process<br />Dilute Acid Pretreatment<br />Anaerobic Digester for Waste Stream Processing<br />Project LIBERTY (Emmetsburg, Iowa)<br />700 tonnes Loose and Baled Cobs/day<br />Biochemical Process<br />Co-located on Corn Ethanol Plant Site<br />Significant Energy Supply to Corn Ethanol Plant<br />POET’s Cellulosic Ethanol Plans<br />© POET LLC<br />
  16. 16. Biomass Availability<br /><ul><li>Worldwide
  17. 17. 385-472 MM ha of idled cropland (Campbell et al, 2008)
  18. 18. US
  19. 19. 1+ billion tons of available biomass (Perlack et al, 2005)</li></ul>© POET LLC<br />
  20. 20. Biomass Collection: Challenges and Solutions<br />© POET LLC<br />
  21. 21. Biomass: Field to Plant<br />Available Biomass<br />90+ million acres of corn<br />Corn Stover (enriched with cobs)<br />Multiple Models<br />Loose and Baled Cobs<br />Total Price Target<br />US$30-60/ton delivered<br />POET Strategies<br />Leverage our existing footprint<br />Work with our existing farmer investor group<br />Created procurement and logistics entity<br />Partnered with DOE and USDA<br />Collaborate with National Labs and Universities<br />ANNUAL LIBERTY TONS REQUIRED<br />*estimated<br />© POET LLC<br />
  22. 22. Cellulosic Ethanol Process<br />© POET LLC<br />
  23. 23. Pretreatment<br /><ul><li>Multiple Models
  24. 24. Adaptable to MultipleFeedstocks
  25. 25. Optimize Solids Loading
  26. 26. Minimize Catalyst Costs
  27. 27. Minimize Energy Usage</li></ul>Energy costs<br />Solids Loading<br />© POET LLC<br />
  28. 28. Enzymes and Saccharification Process<br />Multiple Strategies<br />Highly Dependent on Pretreatment System<br />Enzyme Availability Largely Limited to Cellulases<br />Cost Reduction Requires a Close Collaboration with Enzyme Suppliers<br />Ethanol Yield <br /> Enzyme Cost <br /> Enzyme Loading <br />© POET LLC<br />
  29. 29. Fermentation<br />Multiple Options<br />Feedstock Implications<br />Biocatalysts<br />Multiple Process Scenarios<br />Yeast cell photo credit:<br />© POET LLC<br />
  30. 30. POET’s Cellulosic Ethanol Process Today<br />Process Improvements Achieved<br />Streamlined Unit Operations<br />Effective Lignin Removal<br />Cost Reductions Realized<br />Chemical Raw Materials<br />Lower Energy Usage<br />Energy Offset to Corn Ethanol Plant<br />Enzyme Use<br />Plant, Property and Equipment<br />Continuing Challenges<br />Enzyme Use<br />Fermentation Efficiency<br />Pretreatment Effectiveness<br />© POET LLC<br />
  31. 31. Co-Location with Existing Corn Ethanol Plant<br />Shared Infrastructure<br />Common Feedstock Suppliers<br />Synergistic Energy and Natural Resources Strategies<br />Corn and Cellulosic Ethanol Integration<br />POET Biorefining -- Emmetsburg<br />© POET LLC<br />
  32. 32. Ethanol Market<br />Continued Product Performance<br />RFS2 Volumes<br />E15, FFVs, New Engines<br />Consistent Governmental Policies<br />Feedstock Supply and Logistics System<br />Cost Effective Cellulose Conversion Technology<br />Value Capture Mechanism for Waste Streams<br />Criteria for Success<br />© POET LLC<br />
  33. 33. Vision for the Future<br />Roll out<br />RFS2 -- Achievable in the US<br />90 billion gallons by 2030 (Sandia & GM, 2009)<br />Potential for 100% Domestic Fuel<br />Drivers<br />National Security<br />Environment<br />Economic Development<br />Global Impact<br />Benefits are translatable.<br />All biomass is local.<br />Technology is transferrable.<br />© POET LLC<br />