FO Lichts Next Gen London
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FO Lichts Next Gen London FO Lichts Next Gen London Presentation Transcript

  • The Commercial Development of Lignocellulosic Ethanol
    Mark D. Stowers, Ph.D.
    Senior Vice President of Science and Technology
    F.O. Lichts Developing and Commercialising Next Generation Biofuels
    London, UK
    9-11 February 2010
    © POET LLC
  • Ethanol Background
    Corn Ethanol and POET’s Approach
    POET’s Cellulosic Ethanol Activities
    Biomass Strategy
    Process Technology
    Corn-Cellulose Ethanol Integration
    Criteria for Success
    Vision for the Future
    Outline
  • Ethanol – Past, Present and Future
    100 years ago
    Today
    Tomorrow
    © POET LLC
    View slide
  • Ethanol Technology
    Product Attributes
    Adaptability
    Burning Attributes
    Octane
    Product Challenges
    Energy Density
    Current Engine Technology
    New Applications
    E100 – proven fuel in Indy Cars
    • Ricardo’s EBDI Engine – the future View slide
    • Ethanol Boost, Direct Injection
    • 3.2 L engine to replace 6.6 -7 L CI engine to deliver peak power
    • 450+ hp, 663 lb-ft torque at 3000 rpm
    • More horsepower and torque than gasoline
    • Diesel engine replacement
    • Closes the gap in fuel economy
    • Meets new US EPA emissions stds
    © POET LLC
  • Ethanol
    US Market Biofuels
    36 Billion Potential
    >25% volumetric replacement
    National Security
    Cost of Oil (USD)
    Environment
    Total GHG Reduction
    Rural Development (Jobs)
    Green Jobs Waiver (E15)
    136,000 new jobs
    US$24 billion/year to GDP
    One Time GDP Impact
    US$37 billion in capital projects
    260,000 jobs
    RFS2
    GHG Reduction
    © POET LLC
    Source: BESS version 2008.3.0, Liska and Cassman, 2009 GREET, Wang et al, 2007.
  • Corn Ethanol Process
    Biomass and LFG (Energy Supply)
    High Gravity Fermentation
    Reduced Water Usage
    Branded DDGS
    Branded DDGS
    Raw Starch Hydrolysis
    Corn Fractionation
    Implemented at 26 plants producing over 1.5 billion gallons and 4 million tons of distillers’ grains
    © POET LLC
  • Cellulosic Ethanol Activity in the US
    © POET LLC
  • Project BELL (Scotland, South Dakota)
    1-2 tonnes biomass/day
    Biochemical Process
    Dilute Acid Pretreatment
    Anaerobic Digester for Waste Stream Processing
    Project LIBERTY (Emmetsburg, Iowa)
    700 tonnes Loose and Baled Cobs/day
    Biochemical Process
    Co-located on Corn Ethanol Plant Site
    Significant Energy Supply to Corn Ethanol Plant
    POET’s Cellulosic Ethanol Plans
    © POET LLC
  • Biomass Availability
    • Worldwide
    • 385-472 MM ha of idled cropland (Campbell et al, 2008)
    • US
    • 1+ billion tons of available biomass (Perlack et al, 2005)
    © POET LLC
  • Biomass Collection: Challenges and Solutions
    © POET LLC
  • Biomass: Field to Plant
    Available Biomass
    90+ million acres of corn
    Corn Stover (enriched with cobs)
    Multiple Models
    Loose and Baled Cobs
    Total Price Target
    US$30-60/ton delivered
    POET Strategies
    Leverage our existing footprint
    Work with our existing farmer investor group
    Created procurement and logistics entity
    Partnered with DOE and USDA
    Collaborate with National Labs and Universities
    ANNUAL LIBERTY TONS REQUIRED
    *estimated
    © POET LLC
  • Cellulosic Ethanol Process
    © POET LLC
  • Pretreatment
    • Multiple Models
    • Adaptable to MultipleFeedstocks
    • Optimize Solids Loading
    • Minimize Catalyst Costs
    • Minimize Energy Usage
    Energy costs
    Solids Loading
    © POET LLC
  • Enzymes and Saccharification Process
    Multiple Strategies
    Highly Dependent on Pretreatment System
    Enzyme Availability Largely Limited to Cellulases
    Cost Reduction Requires a Close Collaboration with Enzyme Suppliers
    Ethanol Yield
    Enzyme Cost
    Enzyme Loading
    © POET LLC
  • Fermentation
    Multiple Options
    Feedstock Implications
    Biocatalysts
    Multiple Process Scenarios
    Yeast cell photo credit: http://www.sciencenews.net.au/
    © POET LLC
  • POET’s Cellulosic Ethanol Process Today
    Process Improvements Achieved
    Streamlined Unit Operations
    Effective Lignin Removal
    Cost Reductions Realized
    Chemical Raw Materials
    Lower Energy Usage
    Energy Offset to Corn Ethanol Plant
    Enzyme Use
    Plant, Property and Equipment
    Continuing Challenges
    Enzyme Use
    Fermentation Efficiency
    Pretreatment Effectiveness
    © POET LLC
  • Co-Location with Existing Corn Ethanol Plant
    Shared Infrastructure
    Common Feedstock Suppliers
    Synergistic Energy and Natural Resources Strategies
    Corn and Cellulosic Ethanol Integration
    POET Biorefining -- Emmetsburg
    © POET LLC
  • Ethanol Market
    Continued Product Performance
    RFS2 Volumes
    E15, FFVs, New Engines
    Consistent Governmental Policies
    Feedstock Supply and Logistics System
    Cost Effective Cellulose Conversion Technology
    Value Capture Mechanism for Waste Streams
    Criteria for Success
    © POET LLC
  • Vision for the Future
    Roll out
    RFS2 -- Achievable in the US
    90 billion gallons by 2030 (Sandia & GM, 2009)
    Potential for 100% Domestic Fuel
    Drivers
    National Security
    Environment
    Economic Development
    Global Impact
    Benefits are translatable.
    All biomass is local.
    Technology is transferrable.
    © POET LLC