Car City Confluence: Town Planning and Mobility July 2009 (Partial)

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On 22nd July 2009, I welcomed the opportunity to share my perspective as an experienced town planner and project manager to the Ford Strategic Design Group in London and offer insight into the California development process. The presentation’s purpose was to provide an overview of town planning and highlight key elements of environmental analysis for new development master plans and regeneration projects relevant to transport, namely, the automobile. It included a featured a sustainable transportation case study on the Orange County Great Park and Great Park Neighborhoods, a 4,700-acre regeneration project in Irvine, California (40 miles south of Los Angeles, California). Ending with recommendations for Ford to collaborate with emerging developments, I offered California-based opportunities that promote a reduction in vehicle miles traveled (VMT) and support zero-carbon emission climate change strategies, while facilitating community mobility.

For access to the full presentation or to provide comments/feedback, please email mdrouse5@gmail.com.

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Car City Confluence: Town Planning and Mobility July 2009 (Partial)

  1. 1. The Car‐City Confluence  Town Planning & Mobility  www.MichelleDrouse.com
  2. 2. Presentation Contents   Town Planning Overview   New Urbanism   Mobility / Circulation   Environmental Analysis   Case Study: Orange County Great Park (Calif.)   Strategic Car Design & Town Planning   NEV Recommendation   Communication/Social Networking   Resources 
  3. 3. Town Planning Overview  New Urbanism, Mobility/Circulation & Environmental Analysis 
  4. 4. What do town planners want?  Get our ducks in a row  Balance Opportunities & Constraints  & create sustainable  ‐Political Environment  developments!  ‐Physical Environment  ‐Regulatory Environment 
  5. 5.  Master Planning  What is Town Planning?   Regeneration/Redevelopment  Shaping the built environment in a strategically  planned manner while considering social,   Environmental Analysis  environmental, and economic sustainability principals. 
  6. 6. New Urbanism  "Giving people many choices for living an urban lifestyle in sustainable, convenient and  enjoyable places, while providing the solutions to peak oil, global warming, and climate  change.” – www.newurbanism.org   Renewable Energy + Electric Transportation + Walkable Urbanism  ‐Shift from non‐renewable to renewable resources  ‐Shift from investing in roads to investing in trains  ‐Shift from suburban to dense development  Photos/Information from  www.newurbanism.org  
  7. 7. New Urbanism Comparison:   Pedestrian‐Centric vs. Automobile‐Centric Designs  Photos/Information source:  www.newurbanism.org  
  8. 8. Mobility/Circulation  ENHANCE CONNECTIVITY: Moving people, goods,  services to facilitate quality of life (live, work, play)   Public transit: plane, bus, boat/ferry, rail (light, heavy,  underground, at‐grade, elevated)   Pedestrians, wheelchairs, segways, people movers   Bicycles   Equestrian   Motorcycles, Scooters, Golf Carts, NEVs   Automobiles  
  9. 9. How do planners review projects?  Environmental Public Disclosure:  Using thresholds of significance, determine  project’s cumulative impact after mitigation.   Traffic: Operational/Capacity   Air Quality: Various Emissions   Noise: Decibels   Water Quality: Stormwater Runoff   Waste: Hazardous/Recycling   Climate Change: Greenhouse Gases (GHG)  Environmental Analysis  California Environmental Quality Act  (CEQA) 
  10. 10. Mitigation Measures (MM),    Development & Engineering Standards   Safety & traffic calming   Emergency access   Number of lanes/signalization   Road/pavement width reduction    Alternate transit modes   Parking (spaces & dimensions)   Building setbacks from roads  Tools:  Environmental Analysis MMs   Green building standards (LEED)  Zoning Codes, Plans & Design Guidelines  Standard Engineering Plans 
  11. 11. Case Study  Orange County Great Park & Neighborhoods – Irvine, California, USA  Photo Source:  LATimes.com 
  12. 12. Case Study:   Orange County Great Park &  Great Park Neighborhoods  (Irvine, California, USA)   First Great Metropolitan Park of 21st Century   40 miles south of Los Angeles, California   4,700 acres of vacant former military base   City re‐zoned land to non‐aviation park use   Navy sold land to developer Lennar Corp. in a  public bid    Lennar Corp. dedicated 1,300 acres to City of  Irvine for public metropolitan park use & to  contribute $200M to backbone infrastructure.   GPN Imagine Video – OCGP Video 
  13. 13. Great Park  Sustainable Transportation  The Great Park is designed to promote  sustainable means of transportation. The  Park is easily accessible by mass transit via  the Irvine Station near Marine Way. Those  coming by car can park once and spend the  day. Once they arrive, visitors have a  selection of ways to get around that do not  require gasoline or generate pollution. A  non‐polluting shuttle system will take  visitors to major park attractions. They can  also use an orange bike which will be  available at little to no cost. It is easy to bike  because the Park’s bike trails mesh with City  and regional trail networks. Walkers and  hikers have a choice of gentle or challenging  routes. All sections of the park are accessible  to all people, regardless of physical ability.  (Source: www.ocgp.org) 
  14. 14. Sustainable Travelways – “Green Streets”     Source: http://www.ci.irvine.ca.us/depts/redevelopment/sustainable_travelways.asp  Enhanced tree canopy   Low volume irrigation   Permeable pavements and road surfaces   Use of recycled materials   Integrated runoff treatment   Conservation oriented planting palettes   Structured soil preparation   Reflective color/light values   Integrated transit or NEV travelways   Alternative lighting   Traffic calming features   Reduced pavement/road widths   Are all elements incorporated in the Master  Plans & Maps? 
  15. 15. Strategic Car Design  Relation to Town Planning 
  16. 16. Strategic Car Design & Town Planning   The genesis of ideation   Opportunities/Constraints    Economic downturn   Going Green/Sustainability   Consider potential impacts & mitigation to  generate new vehicle solutions and  opportunities    Designing for mass consumption or specific  markets/communities?    Lincoln C   Science Museum Japan Cars Exhibition   Consider partnerships with new master  planned communities and redeveloping  communities (developers, jurisdictions,  planning associations)   Recommendation: Emerging NEV Market  (Calif.) 
  17. 17. Resources  Reports, Links, Key Words/Tags 
  18. 18. Resources  • Sustainable Travelways Guidelines (Fuscoe Engineering)  • Outfitting Cities for NEVs (Urban Crossroads)  • NEVs – The Other Way Around Town (Urban Crossroads)  Tags/Key Words:  High Density, Mixed Used  Neighborhoods, Innovation, Mobility, Place, Public  Spaces, Space, Sustainable Transport, Transit Oriented  Development, Urban Planning, Urbanization, NEV  Links:   http://thecityfix.com/  http://www.carfree.com/   http://www.carfree.com/link/furp.html  http://www.worldcarfree.net/   http://www.wired.com/autopia/  http://www.rtpi.org.uk/  http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustainable/  http://www.masdar.ae/en/home/index.aspx  http://www.newurbanism.org/    http://www.ocgp.org  http://www.greatparkneighborhoods.com  
  19. 19. The Car‐City Confluence  Town Planning & Mobility  www.MichelleDrouse.com

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