Aquatic Ecosystems
What type of Freshwater
ecosystem are these?
Flowing Water
Streams and Rivers
• Rivers change from source point to end point (where they empty out,
usually ocean)
– Source: usually ...
Organisms adapt
What type of fresh water
ecosystem is this?
Standing Water Ecosystem
Ponds and Lakes
• Water bodies with very little dissolved salt
• Standing water
• Photic zone: surface of water
– Phytopla...
Plankton
• Phytoplankton
– Unicellular
algae
– cyanobacteria
• Zooplankton
– Planktonic
animals that
feed on
phytoplankton
Name this marine ecosystem…
Fresh water Wetlands
Wetlands
• Aquatic ecosystem where water covers
the soil or is present near the surface of
soil for at least part of the y...
Bogs
Small depressions where water collects
Lots of mosses
Marsh
Marsh
Shallow wetlands along
rivers
Grass-like plants in water
Looks like river of grass
Swamp
Swamp
Water is slowly
flowing through these
wetlands
Looks like a flooded
forest
Name this ecosystem
(hint: unique to Florida)
Everglades
•Covers much of south
florida
•Unique
•Water from Lake
Okeechobee flows to the
Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic
•Wet...
Estuary•Wetlands where rivers meet ocean
•Mix of fresh and salt water (brackish)
•Affected by rise and fall of ocean tides...
Salt Marsh
Salt tolerant plants above low tide line
Sea grasses underwater
Found along eastern North America
(Maine to Geo...
Mangrove Swamp
Coastal estuaries found in
tropical regions
Hawaii and Florida
Salt tolerant trees
(mangroves)
Sea grasses
...
Marine Ecosystems
Zones of Marine ecosystems
• 2 Main Divisions Based on Light
– Photic
• 200 m
• photosynthesis
– Aphotic
• Permanent darkn...
Name this Marine Ecosystem
Intertidal Zone
ZONATION
prominent horizontal banding of organisms in particular
habitat
Coastal ocean (Neritic)
Kelp Forests
• Pacific Ocean
• Cold, nutrient rich water
• Support many organisms
• Grow up to 50 feet tall!
Open Ocean Ecosystem (largest)
(Oceanic/Pelagic)
• Phytoplankton drifting in photic layer
• Zooplankton-feed off phytoplan...
Benthic Zone
• Depth of 2,500 meters
• Spots on the ocean floor where hot
gases and minerals spew out of
Earth’s crust from its interio...
Coral Reefs
Coral Reefs
• Biologically diverse
• Equivalent to the tropical rainforest but the watery version
• All invertebrates are ...
Zones of Marine ecosystems
• 2 Main Divisions Based on Light
– Photic
• 200 m
• photosynthesis
– Aphotic
• Permanent darkn...
Aquatic Ecosystems
Aquatic Ecosystems
Aquatic Ecosystems
Aquatic Ecosystems
Aquatic Ecosystems
Aquatic Ecosystems
Aquatic Ecosystems
Aquatic Ecosystems
Aquatic Ecosystems
Aquatic Ecosystems
Aquatic Ecosystems
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Aquatic Ecosystems

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Aquatic Ecosystems

  1. 1. Aquatic Ecosystems
  2. 2. What type of Freshwater ecosystem are these?
  3. 3. Flowing Water
  4. 4. Streams and Rivers • Rivers change from source point to end point (where they empty out, usually ocean) – Source: usually cold (water is from springs), low in nutrients and clear • shallow and narrow • few phytoplankton • major producers are algae on rocks in river bed • Arthropods in benthic zone that feed on algae and leaves • Common fish is trout – Downstream from source • Wider and deeper • Marshes and other wetlands • Warmer and murkier water • Phytoplankton • Frogs, catfish, insect larvae
  5. 5. Organisms adapt
  6. 6. What type of fresh water ecosystem is this?
  7. 7. Standing Water Ecosystem
  8. 8. Ponds and Lakes • Water bodies with very little dissolved salt • Standing water • Photic zone: surface of water – Phytoplankton and water plants that use photosynthesis • Aphotic zone: no light/little light – Light levels too low to support photosynthesis – Benthic zone • Rock, sand, sediment • Floor
  9. 9. Plankton • Phytoplankton – Unicellular algae – cyanobacteria • Zooplankton – Planktonic animals that feed on phytoplankton
  10. 10. Name this marine ecosystem…
  11. 11. Fresh water Wetlands
  12. 12. Wetlands • Aquatic ecosystem where water covers the soil or is present near the surface of soil for at least part of the year • Water may be flowing or standing, salty, or brackish • Very productive ecosystem • Four types
  13. 13. Bogs Small depressions where water collects Lots of mosses
  14. 14. Marsh
  15. 15. Marsh Shallow wetlands along rivers Grass-like plants in water Looks like river of grass
  16. 16. Swamp
  17. 17. Swamp Water is slowly flowing through these wetlands Looks like a flooded forest
  18. 18. Name this ecosystem (hint: unique to Florida)
  19. 19. Everglades •Covers much of south florida •Unique •Water from Lake Okeechobee flows to the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic •Wet season (May to October) •Dry season (November to April) •Unique Wildlife •Endangered species
  20. 20. Estuary•Wetlands where rivers meet ocean •Mix of fresh and salt water (brackish) •Affected by rise and fall of ocean tides •Many are shallow •Photosynthesis plays a major role even in benthic zone •Primary producers are plants and bacteria, who use both photosynthesis and chemosynthesis •Estuary food webs differ from other ecosystems because primary production is not consumed by herbivores •Most organic material enters food web as detritus •Detritus: made of tiny pieces of organic material that provide food for organisms at the base of the estuary food web •Clams, worms, and sponges feed on this •Support large biomass •Fewer species than fresh water ecosystems •2 types
  21. 21. Salt Marsh Salt tolerant plants above low tide line Sea grasses underwater Found along eastern North America (Maine to Georgia) Chesapeake Bay in Maryland
  22. 22. Mangrove Swamp Coastal estuaries found in tropical regions Hawaii and Florida Salt tolerant trees (mangroves) Sea grasses Prevalent in Everglades
  23. 23. Marine Ecosystems
  24. 24. Zones of Marine ecosystems • 2 Main Divisions Based on Light – Photic • 200 m • photosynthesis – Aphotic • Permanent darkness • chemosynthesis • Depth/Distance Divisions – Intertidal Zone • Rocky • zonation – Coastal Ocean (neritic zone) • Low tide mark to outer edge of continental shelf – Open Ocean (pelagic zone) • Edge of continental shelf and outward • 500m to 11000m • Largest division – Benthic Zone • Ocean floor • Attached organisms…
  25. 25. Name this Marine Ecosystem
  26. 26. Intertidal Zone
  27. 27. ZONATION prominent horizontal banding of organisms in particular habitat
  28. 28. Coastal ocean (Neritic)
  29. 29. Kelp Forests • Pacific Ocean • Cold, nutrient rich water • Support many organisms • Grow up to 50 feet tall!
  30. 30. Open Ocean Ecosystem (largest) (Oceanic/Pelagic) • Phytoplankton drifting in photic layer • Zooplankton-feed off phytoplankton • Whales, squid, dolphins
  31. 31. Benthic Zone
  32. 32. • Depth of 2,500 meters • Spots on the ocean floor where hot gases and minerals spew out of Earth’s crust from its interior • No sunlight (aphotic) • Producers are prokaryotes that use chemosynthesis to make hydrogen and sulfur containing compounds into carbohydrates they can use • Tube worms (up to 3m long!) and clams feed on these prokaryotes Hydrothermal Vents
  33. 33. Coral Reefs
  34. 34. Coral Reefs • Biologically diverse • Equivalent to the tropical rainforest but the watery version • All invertebrates are found here – Sponges, sea anemones, worms, star fish, mollusks, sea urchins • Vertebrates also roam the reefs – Sea turtles and tropical fish • Reefs are formed from colonies of coral polyps – Animals in the Phylum Cnidarian (Jellyfish phylum) • These organisms secrete hard exoskeletons made of calcium bicarbonate that make up the hard, stone like base of the reef • This is the home to many coral polyps, sponges and algae • Coral polyps use photosynthesis During the day to make their own food • Coral polyps also have stinging tentacles to help them capture zooplankton
  35. 35. Zones of Marine ecosystems • 2 Main Divisions Based on Light – Photic • 200 m • photosynthesis – Aphotic • Permanent darkness • chemosynthesis • Depth/Distance Divisions – Intertidal Zone • Rocky • zonation – Coastal Ocean/neritic • Low tide mark to outer edge of continental shelf – Open Ocean/pelagic • Edge of continental shelf and outward • 500m to 11000m • Largest division – Benthic Zone • Ocean floor • Attached organisms…
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