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  • 1. For more information please contact:Don McCarthy – Regional Manager ClientsT: +44 7824 815 896E: DMcCarthy@globalskm.comwww.globalskm.comHIGHER EDUCATION CAPABILITY STATEMENTwww.globalskm.comWe provide strategic advice that helps our clients to improvethe performance of their projects and enhance return oninvestment, enabling more informed decision-making. Weengineer and design practical solutions, anticipating barriersto implementation so that our designs can be delivered toschedule and budget, and endure the test of time.We are not just engineers, scientists, designers, consultantsand project deliverers. We are people who strive to deliveroutcomes which make a difference – economically, sociallyand environmentally – to ourselves, our clients and thecommunities in which we live and work. We do this byfinding smart solutions to our clients’ challenges.Sinclair Knight Merz is a leading projects firm,with global capability in strategic consulting,engineering and project delivery. Foundedin 1964, it operates in three regions: AsiaPacific, the Americas and EMEA, deployingsome 7,000 people from more than 40 officeswhile serving the Buildings and Infrastructure,Mining and Metals, Power & Energy and Water& Environment sectors.SKM INTRODUCTIONSKM INTRODUCTION
  • 2. www.globalskm.comPAGE 11ONGOING SUPPORTVISIONMASTERPLANNINGFEASIBILITYAPPLICATIONDESIGNONGOING SUPPORTPAGE 2Case StudyLoughborough University Parking and Travel PlanProgramme ManagementSKM CB has provided a full range of travel planning servicesfor Loughborough University, including designing and hostingcomprehensive staff and student travel surveys, writing theUniversity’s Travel Plan and their Car Parking ManagementStrategy, and helping to implement both elements.The travel plan focuses on encouraging staff to walk, cycleand use public transport, with a wide range of targetsencompassing both regular and occasional travel. SKM CBdeveloped a clear action plan highlighting the measures to beimplemented to ensure their targets are met.On the parking management side, we have implemented aweb-based permit applications system (ParkIT) that helps tosave time in dealing with criteria-based permit applications.The application can be fully customised and deals withmultiple sites and car parks. SKM CB has also managed theinstallation of Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR)technology.The travel plan and car parking management strategy haveboth played an important part in helping the University toreduce their environmental impact and congestion on-site,while encouraging and enabling staff and students to makesustainable travel choices.“LU has worked with [SKM] CB over the last 12 months on allaspects of Travel Planning. Projects have included surveyingstaff and students to inform the updated Travel Plan,supporting and advising the University on delivery of a carpark management strategy and ensuring planning conditionscan be met by the University going forward. CB has met alltargets and deadlines set by the University and continuallyoffered flexibility in their approach.”Sustainability Manager, Loughborough UniversityCase StudyUCLANPerforming Arts CentreSKM was appointed by contractors ROK to provide thestructural engineering for the performing arts centre at theUniversity of Central Lancashire.The client’s brief was to provide a new media centre for useby several departments as a rationalisation of the existingmedia and performance faculties which were spread acrossthe campus. The new media centre was required to supportperforming arts and media studies and the incorporation offunctional spaces including video editing suites, televisionstudios, dance studios and theatres as well as split teachingfacilities.The brief presented numerous challenges including theadded complexities of being located adjacent to a canaland a disused railway line and the design solution had to berespectful of potential future development of the canal.The acoustic performance of the functional spaces presenteda huge challenge and required each of these spaces to beindependently ventilated to mitigate sound transfer betweenadjacent teaching and learning areas.To achieve the clear spans within the functional spaces,long span cellular steel beams were adopted. These weredesigned to be integrated with a complex ventilation strategyand designed with consideration to the vibrational effectsassociated within these performance areas.SKM also carried out a Part L Building Regulationsassessment to assess how the building, designed to meet the2002 regulations, would perform against the 2006 revisions.
  • 3. PAGE 10 www.globalskm.comPAGE 3SUPPORTING YOUR VISIONThe quality and accessibility of the University estate isfundamental to attracting the next generation of prospectivestudents. Competition between Universities is at an all-timehigh with the optimum use the estate under the spotlight. SKMprovide specialist support in the strategic planning, designand delivery of higher education estates functions.Our alignment principles are based on:• Sustainabilityembedding solutions across the planning, developmentand maintenance of the estate• Estate optimisationimproving the quality and accessibility of the Estate,such as reducing the amount of unnecessary car parking,providing energy efficiency and low carbon solutions• Consultationensuring solutions are designed, tested and influenced bykey stakeholders• Buildingsensuring individual buildings match up to the site widesustainability aspirations• Legacyfuture proofing on site infrastructure and ensuringthe connectivity of the site is linked to the wider localcommunity• Innovationensuring that new technologies and ideas are considered.Working with SKM offers the benefits of a holistic and multi-disciplinary environmental, transport and engineering teamthat will optimise the synergies related to higher educationsite and infrastructure planning, engineering design,environmental assessment, energy and transport strategies.We pride ourselves in our ability to put sustainability intopractice and can bring experience that goes beyond strategydevelopment through to project design and delivery.ONGOING SUPPORTSKM provide a range of Estates and Facilities Management services under sustainability, transport, parking,procurement and programme/ project management support. Our solutions help to ensure that University EstateDirectors can optimise use of the estate for teaching and learning without having to allocate unnecessary space toadditional car parking capacity.In the context of a long term Estates Strategy, it is not uncommon for Universities to set ambitious target to reducecarbon emissions by 50% in 2020 (compared to 2005 base levels). The achievement of this strategy requires theidentification, quantification and prioritisation of a wide range of energy and carbon reduction opportunities frombuildings across multiple campuses, covering diverse activities including laboratories, lecture theatres, cafes andaccommodation.SKM identify energy and carbon reduction opportunities through detailed building surveys and their benefits assessedusing the building models. This also allowed the impact of multiple options to be more accurately quantified.Additionally, as Carbon Trust Standard assessors, SKM regularly calculate and verify scope 1, 2 and 3 emissionsfor leading UK companies who are recertifying under the Standard. We have also calculated carbon footprints underspecific legislative criteria, including the Carbon Reduction Commitment.SKM will help you implement a first class sustainable transport system by understanding the balance between parkingrevenue, business operations, needs of users and local transport conditions. We have worked with several collegesand universities to develop and implement car parking management strategies, such as Durham University, theUniversity of Leicester and Loughborough University.Case StudyRenewable Energy Strategy for Glasgow CaledonianUniversityIn line with their Sustainable Campus Master Plan, GlasgowCaledonian University wanted to understand the optionsand associated costs and benefits of different renewableenergy technologies that would be suitable for their maincampus. The options also included low carbon technology,such as Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system, and thedevelopment of a district heating system.SKM was commissioned to carry out a review on renewableenergy options. The study involved collating and analysingenergy consumption data, developing building specificenergy profiles and assessing the viability of variousrenewable technologies (both building specific and site wide)for cost and carbon savings. The preferred option (gas firedCHP and district heating) was developed addressing strategiccontext, business needs, benefits, economic (quantitativeappraisal), procurement, risks and project plan. The businesscase was presented and gained approval from the UniversityCourt. SKM have now been retained as a specialist advisorto work alongside various framework contractors in thedesign, procurement, construction and commissioning of thescheme.Client Benefits of this Approach • Financial and delivery models – The analysis highlightedthe various financial and delivery models which couldbe used by the University to deliver a CHP/DH scheme,highlighting the risks and rewards associated with each• Policy Framework – The approach identified the changingpolicy framework and provided insight into the possibleimpacts of Renewable Heat Incentives and Feed in Tariffsincentives.
  • 4. PAGE 4 www.globalskm.comPAGE 9MASTERPLANNING OUR WORK - PROJECT EXAMPLESAt SKM we consider sustainability should be at the heartof masterplanning process. It reflects our desire to provideadvice and solutions that deliver enduring value. We take astep back from the technical detail to examine the broad,holistic context for sustainability integration for a project atboth current and future timescales. This enables us to designand deliver developments that are iconic, functional, efficientand adaptable whilst embedded within the local communitymeans that sustainability needs to be integrated from theinitial vision and a driver for decision making throughout thedesign process.Our team of sustainability specialists works closely withclients and design teams from the original concept designs toensure that the proposals developed take full account of policyrequirements and deliver schemes that will achieve exemplarystandards of sustainability and environmental performance.In order to embed this philosophy effectively SKM hasdeveloped a well-structured and proven sustainabilityassessment process known as ‘Sustainability by Design’ thatfacilitates integrated, strategic thinking. This involves in depthanalysis of the requirements of students, staff and membersof the local community to ensure that our projects meet theirneeds whilst maximising environmental and social benefits.Another major set of considerations that SKM leads during themasterplanning stages is the approach to transport and trafficconsiderations and land use planning. SKM acquired ColinBuchanan and Partners in 2011 to provide these services.SKM Colin Buchanan (SKM CB) is a leading internationalplanning, urban design, transport and economicsconsultancy, totally integrated into the SKM group. SKMCB is unique amongst consultancies, in that it combinesa strong planning and urban design skills capability withtraffic and public transport and a rigorous economicapproach. SKM CB delivers the multidisciplinary approachrequired to solve masterplanning, estates rationalisationand transport problems, with different specialists workingclosely together in teams based on the needs of eachproject.Case StudySITRAN Research Laboratory‘SITraN’ (otherwise known as the ‘Sheffield Institute for TranslationalNeuroscience’) is set to become a world centre for research into MotorNeurone Disease. This project will occupy some 2750m2of a slopingbrownfield site on the edge of Sheffield University’s campus, adjacent toa quiet residential area.The proximity of existing housing lead the local planning authority to limitthe building height to two storeys (this being the height of the buildingspreviously located on the site), resulting in a building approximately 60mlong x 22m wide. A palate of well detailed materials including stonework,timber, render and glazing will be used to break up the visual impactof the 60m long elevation. The visual impact of the building is furtherreduced by stepping the upper floor back slightly, resulting in a roofterrace adjacent to the office and administration areas located at theupper floor level. The laboratories are all located at lower ground floorlevel, which is partly built into the sloping site by the use of an in-situretaining wall along the rear elevation. Due to the significant buildingservices requirements associated with the laboratories, a steel frameconstruction based on ‘Slimflor’ beams was adopted involving setting theprecast concrete floor units at upper floor and roof levels within the depthof the ‘Slimflor’ beams, resulting in no downstand beams and henceuninterrupted horizontal distribution of services. A steel frame was morepractical for a tight site, as well as minimising the period of construction,and hence disruption to the adjacent residents.Unusually for a brownfield site, the depth of made ground was relativelylow and the levels of contamination were insignificant, resulting in a veryeconomic sub-structure solution based on a groundbearing concreteslab, strip footings to the building perimeter, and shallow pad footingsat column positions. A gas resistant membrane will be installed toovercome potential mine gases associated with deep coal mines in thearea. The stability of the sloping site had to be checked, and the existingon-site roads regraded to enable safe access for both constructionpersonnel and end users (particularly the disabled).Case StudyManchester Metropolitan University (MMU) 2007-2010SKM Colin Buchanan (CB) was commissioned by MMUto provide highways and transportation advice to seekplanning approval for the amalgamation of its campuses.The transport work was a key piece in the StrategicDevelopment Framework gaining approval from ManchesterCity Council in 2010.As part of the Transport Assessment, parking studieswere undertaken in order to assess the present situationand potential effects of the amalgamation on off andon-campus parking. SKM CB undertook in depth studenttravel surveys which fed into the Transport Assessmentand Travel Plan. We recognised that obtaining accuratetravel information for students is difficult through pastexperience of low response rates to surveys. Because ofthis we developed a new ‘hands-up’ survey technique. Thisinvolved understanding all teaching patterns of each coursetaught at each campus and selecting lectures to attend thatwould create a representative sample. This survey methodensured a larger and more representative response thanobtained from university students in the past.As part of the Transport Assessment for the city centrecampus, options were investigated for pedestrianising aroad to link the two parts of the campus together. Thiswas undertaken with the vision of making the campusenvironmentally friendly and encouraging sustainable travel.
  • 5. PAGE 8 www.globalskm.comPAGE 5OUR WORK - PROJECT EXAMPLES FEASIBILITYDESIGN ENGINEERING APPROACHTransportation considerations:SKM can help shape masterplans in the HE sector byunderstanding and testing options for campus expansion orconsolidation. Our transport strategies are always developedtaking advantage of any spare capacity in transport provisionin the vicinity of the site. We then undertake further analysislooking to achieve modal shift to reduce costs of externalhighway works. Through detailed analysis of the impactsof individual development phases, we can identify the mostappropriate point for implementation of the various transportschemes and also identify the scope for works to be deferredsubject to monitoring the impacts of the completed phases.Engineering approach:Our approach and methodology providing engineeringsolutions starts with testing the client’s ‘must-haves’ on eachproject and making sure we deliver those. Our clients havestrong visions of what their projects should be both in termsof function requirement but also the buildings identities.A review of the masterplan, the history of its developmentand a visit to the site provide us with excellent insights intothe development to date. A review of this decision making, tounderstand and enhance helps us understand the challengesin delivering the clients vision. In our approach at this stagewe believe that considering longer term aspirations now, thecost and quality and ultimately the vision can be managed anddelivered.Working with some of the best visionary architects we haverefined our approach to engineering solutions to test anddevelop briefs. For us it’s about being able to ask the rightprobing questions, in a timely manner that enhances theprocess for the client and its team to deliver a best for projectset of outcomes.Our motivation with clients is to strive towards efficient,elegant and economical engineering solutions. This reflectsback what our clients expect from us: To present solutionswhich are clear, supportive of their aspirations and helpdeliver the project vision. 1. Critical Success Success means different things to each of us. Our engineering design solution must address theseand our solutions need to balance all of them.2. Revisiting the brief Reminding ourselves what our aspirations are, and reviewing progress against those is oftenover looked by some. Our approach is to regularly review the brief, taking the time to check progress, review the designdevelopment and provide formal and informal environments for our client to review and access our progress.3 Understanding potential risks As technical specialists, good designers understand risks associated to their completionof tasks. However, identifying how those risks affect others, and how they are communicated and then mitigated is acritical point. We believe that a holistic understanding of project risks and how the impacts of our actions affects othersare key.4. Relationships and collaborative working Our belief is that project environments should encourage openness,collaboration, and working to resolve the project issues – with a common aim of providing ‘best-for-project’ outcomes.5 Value Value is a term that almost always means something different to people. Our role is to identify value asunderstood by our client, our design partners, and wider project stakeholders and address it through design.6. Innovation The most successful projects are those where innovative thinking and application has been a centralcomponent. Keeping this component focused on ‘best-for-project’ outcomes allows us to express design flair andinnovation whilst ensuring it delivers real value. Innovation could be simplifying the construction sequence, minimisingworking at height, or adjusting the design to suit a better program of site activities.Often our best engineering design solutions are those that are supported by a collection of factors and considerations thatlink together. Our approach to engineering is influenced by those around us (clients and stakeholders), by limiting factors(such as financial or physical project restraints) and project briefs (both for today and the future).There are numerous influences that can be considered. Here are six that we regularly address:2Revisiting thebrief3UnderstandingPotentialRisks4Relationships& CollaborativeworkingDESIGNENGINEERING1CriticalSuccesses6Innovation5ValueCase StudyMasterplan image as prepared by Stride TreglownUniversity of the West of England Transport servicesSKM has been providing transport masterplanning supportto the University of the West of England (UWE) for the past 4years. This has culminated in the submission of a planningapplication for a 25 year Masterplan for a University Campusfit for the 21st century on a 58ha site.In the lead-up to the submission, SKM has assisted with thedecisions on ancillary uses on the site, providing key adviceto the University on access strategies and the appropriatelevels of commercial development that could be accessed viathe congested road network. The application as submittedprovides for UWE’s academic requirements but also protectsthe commercial value of the land.The Masterplan includes a Sustainable Transport hub whichwill include the largest bus station in South Gloucestershireand will facilitate interchange with Bristol’s Rapid TransitScheme, as well as cross-city and national bus services.The Masterplan includes a joint venture between UWE andBristol Rovers Football Club applying for a football stadium onthe site. The car park is proposed to be shared, used by theuniversity on weekdays and the football club on matchdays.SKM also advised the University on sustainable accessto the Campus. Detailed analysis has been undertaken toinform the Travel Smart Project - a stream of measures tobe introduced to encourage staff and student to access thecampus in a sustainable manner.
  • 6. www.globalskm.comPAGE 7APPLICATION OF CONCEPTSWe believe we have a pivotal role in the design team. We must influence, challenge, debate and lead the design teamtowards pragmatic but imaginative solutions which deliver the client best value.This role is most important, providing engineering support to the development of the project concepts. We believein investing the time to understand the detail of the requirements of the other disciplines. Most design concepts areachievable, but our skill is in supporting and adjusting these into realistic, holistic proposals which are deliverable within theclient’s budget and programme parameters. We pride ourselves as consultants who will push the design team to achievethe best value designs. Having a solid understanding of how the application of these concepts can be translated intoconstruction tasks and ultimately then whole life maintenance issues is a key for us.Key to the delivery of a successful project is collaborative working where the entire team, including the client, theprofessional team, the contractor and key sub-contractors can freely contribute to the design and procurement processes.A key focus we bring to projects we are involved with is the application of concepts that continue throughout the entireprogram of the project – not just at the commencement.In these early stages of developing and testing the concepts it is important we prepare a range of possible design solutionsin collaboration with the various design disciplines. In some cases, the involvement of specialist sub-contractors in thedevelopment of these scheme proposals helps address some of the buildability issues.Sustainable practices are fairly well developed in the construction industry and SKM’s capability is broad and experienced.Working with our sustainability consultants we can focus on issues ranging from embodied energy, to carbon reductionstrategies and supporting behavioural change needs. Considering sustainability from the concept of project briefs is a corepart of what we do.PAGE 6Case StudyUniversity of Surrey – Learning Research CentreThe Learning Resource Centre is located inthe heart of the Main Campus at the Universityof Surrey. It is wedged between the LibraryBuilding and the Main block of lecturetheatres. To the front and back are pedestrianroutes. The road access was at the end of acul de sac.The project involved the demolition of a poor quality canteenbuilding that was founded on a series of very large unreinforcedconcrete foundations. The site also had a reinforced concreteservices tunnel running across the site. This 2 metre wide by 3metres deep tunnel carried all the core services that served most ofthe main campus and which could not be relocated nor disrupted.The top of the tunnel corresponded with the ground floor level of thenew building.In order to facilitate the programme and to ensure that the ‘noisy’elements of the programme were carried out during the universityvacations, the contract was split into two phases with the demolitionand the piling contracts were combined into one. SKM provided thedesign input as well as acting as Contract Administrator.One of the major challenges of this part of the works was dealingwith the large foundations. Their size and the time and to breakthem up into manageable sizes for their removal, resulted in leavingthem in position and design a piling layout that work around theseobstructions. Despite the adverse weather conditions these workswere completed on time and to budget.On the four storey building SKM acted as the Employer’s Engineertaking the project was completed.The brief for the building, which served primarily as a library, wasalso intended to house a series of language laboratories, cafeteriaarea and a retail outlet. There was a requirement to recognise that inthe early part of the 21st Century that far more emphasis would beplaced on students IT as a means of learning.The end product in structural engineering terms was a flat slabconcrete framed building. The requirement was to have a clearconcrete soffit to the slabs. Precast concrete ‘Cobiax’ planks werespecified to form these soffits.The building was quite heavily serviced, there was also arequirement to incorporate some of these into those of the existinglibrary. There was a requirement for a high level of integrationbetween that of the M and E requirements and that of the structure.The building also comprised a series of double volume study spacesthat allowed in significant amounts of natural light into the studyareas. The various spaces were located around a feature atrium.The project achieved a BREEAM ‘Very Good’ rating. Case StudyOxford Brookes University Carbon Estates StrategyIn the context of a long termEstates Strategy, Oxford BrookesUniversity has set an ambitioustarget to reduce carbon emissionsfrom its building estate by 50%by 2020. The achievementof this strategy requires theidentification, quantificationand prioritisation of a widerange of energy and carbonreduction opportunities from over 60 buildings acrossfive campuses, covering diverse activities includinglaboratories, lecture theatres, cafes and accommodation.With limited available energy data, SKM provided arobust analysis of energy reduction opportunities foreach building by constructing a mathematical energymodel using IES <Virtual Environment> software. Thisenabled the baseline annual energy consumption ofeach building to be established and broken down intoend-use such as lighting, heating and equipment loads.Using the standard SBEM profile data, the models wereverified by Oxford Brookes against actual energy dataand models adjusted by SKM to achieve an accuracyof greater than 90%. This detailed understanding of theenergy requirements of each building provided a robustfoundation upon which the impact of specific energyefficiency measures could be based.This approach is similar to the methodology proposedfor the assessment of non-domestic Green Deal fundingand established measures that would meet the ‘GoldenRule’ criteria.Energy and carbon reduction opportunities wereidentified through detailed building surveys and theirbenefits assessed using the building models. Thisalso allowed the impact of multiple options to be moreaccurately quantified.Individual benefits from all the buildings were thenamalgamated into a sophisticated financial tool.This provided the University with an interactive costbenefit analysis resource that prioritises the differentopportunities and assists with the business casedecisions needed for investment in the University’sestate.The University now know what needs to be done to meetits 50% carbon reduction target.
  • 7. www.globalskm.comPAGE 7APPLICATION OF CONCEPTSWe believe we have a pivotal role in the design team. We must influence, challenge, debate and lead the design teamtowards pragmatic but imaginative solutions which deliver the client best value.This role is most important, providing engineering support to the development of the project concepts. We believein investing the time to understand the detail of the requirements of the other disciplines. Most design concepts areachievable, but our skill is in supporting and adjusting these into realistic, holistic proposals which are deliverable within theclient’s budget and programme parameters. We pride ourselves as consultants who will push the design team to achievethe best value designs. Having a solid understanding of how the application of these concepts can be translated intoconstruction tasks and ultimately then whole life maintenance issues is a key for us.Key to the delivery of a successful project is collaborative working where the entire team, including the client, theprofessional team, the contractor and key sub-contractors can freely contribute to the design and procurement processes.A key focus we bring to projects we are involved with is the application of concepts that continue throughout the entireprogram of the project – not just at the commencement.In these early stages of developing and testing the concepts it is important we prepare a range of possible design solutionsin collaboration with the various design disciplines. In some cases, the involvement of specialist sub-contractors in thedevelopment of these scheme proposals helps address some of the buildability issues.Sustainable practices are fairly well developed in the construction industry and SKM’s capability is broad and experienced.Working with our sustainability consultants we can focus on issues ranging from embodied energy, to carbon reductionstrategies and supporting behavioural change needs. Considering sustainability from the concept of project briefs is a corepart of what we do.PAGE 6Case StudyUniversity of Surrey – Learning Research CentreThe Learning Resource Centre is located inthe heart of the Main Campus at the Universityof Surrey. It is wedged between the LibraryBuilding and the Main block of lecturetheatres. To the front and back are pedestrianroutes. The road access was at the end of acul de sac.The project involved the demolition of a poor quality canteenbuilding that was founded on a series of very large unreinforcedconcrete foundations. The site also had a reinforced concreteservices tunnel running across the site. This 2 metre wide by 3metres deep tunnel carried all the core services that served most ofthe main campus and which could not be relocated nor disrupted.The top of the tunnel corresponded with the ground floor level of thenew building.In order to facilitate the programme and to ensure that the ‘noisy’elements of the programme were carried out during the universityvacations, the contract was split into two phases with the demolitionand the piling contracts were combined into one. SKM provided thedesign input as well as acting as Contract Administrator.One of the major challenges of this part of the works was dealingwith the large foundations. Their size and the time and to breakthem up into manageable sizes for their removal, resulted in leavingthem in position and design a piling layout that work around theseobstructions. Despite the adverse weather conditions these workswere completed on time and to budget.On the four storey building SKM acted as the Employer’s Engineertaking the project was completed.The brief for the building, which served primarily as a library, wasalso intended to house a series of language laboratories, cafeteriaarea and a retail outlet. There was a requirement to recognise that inthe early part of the 21st Century that far more emphasis would beplaced on students IT as a means of learning.The end product in structural engineering terms was a flat slabconcrete framed building. The requirement was to have a clearconcrete soffit to the slabs. Precast concrete ‘Cobiax’ planks werespecified to form these soffits.The building was quite heavily serviced, there was also arequirement to incorporate some of these into those of the existinglibrary. There was a requirement for a high level of integrationbetween that of the M and E requirements and that of the structure.The building also comprised a series of double volume study spacesthat allowed in significant amounts of natural light into the studyareas. The various spaces were located around a feature atrium.The project achieved a BREEAM ‘Very Good’ rating. Case StudyOxford Brookes University Carbon Estates StrategyIn the context of a long termEstates Strategy, Oxford BrookesUniversity has set an ambitioustarget to reduce carbon emissionsfrom its building estate by 50%by 2020. The achievementof this strategy requires theidentification, quantificationand prioritisation of a widerange of energy and carbonreduction opportunities from over 60 buildings acrossfive campuses, covering diverse activities includinglaboratories, lecture theatres, cafes and accommodation.With limited available energy data, SKM provided arobust analysis of energy reduction opportunities foreach building by constructing a mathematical energymodel using IES <Virtual Environment> software. Thisenabled the baseline annual energy consumption ofeach building to be established and broken down intoend-use such as lighting, heating and equipment loads.Using the standard SBEM profile data, the models wereverified by Oxford Brookes against actual energy dataand models adjusted by SKM to achieve an accuracyof greater than 90%. This detailed understanding of theenergy requirements of each building provided a robustfoundation upon which the impact of specific energyefficiency measures could be based.This approach is similar to the methodology proposedfor the assessment of non-domestic Green Deal fundingand established measures that would meet the ‘GoldenRule’ criteria.Energy and carbon reduction opportunities wereidentified through detailed building surveys and theirbenefits assessed using the building models. Thisalso allowed the impact of multiple options to be moreaccurately quantified.Individual benefits from all the buildings were thenamalgamated into a sophisticated financial tool.This provided the University with an interactive costbenefit analysis resource that prioritises the differentopportunities and assists with the business casedecisions needed for investment in the University’sestate.The University now know what needs to be done to meetits 50% carbon reduction target.
  • 8. PAGE 8 www.globalskm.comPAGE 5OUR WORK - PROJECT EXAMPLES FEASIBILITYDESIGN ENGINEERING APPROACHTransportation considerations:SKM can help shape masterplans in the HE sector byunderstanding and testing options for campus expansion orconsolidation. Our transport strategies are always developedtaking advantage of any spare capacity in transport provisionin the vicinity of the site. We then undertake further analysislooking to achieve modal shift to reduce costs of externalhighway works. Through detailed analysis of the impactsof individual development phases, we can identify the mostappropriate point for implementation of the various transportschemes and also identify the scope for works to be deferredsubject to monitoring the impacts of the completed phases.Engineering approach:Our approach and methodology providing engineeringsolutions starts with testing the client’s ‘must-haves’ on eachproject and making sure we deliver those. Our clients havestrong visions of what their projects should be both in termsof function requirement but also the buildings identities.A review of the masterplan, the history of its developmentand a visit to the site provide us with excellent insights intothe development to date. A review of this decision making, tounderstand and enhance helps us understand the challengesin delivering the clients vision. In our approach at this stagewe believe that considering longer term aspirations now, thecost and quality and ultimately the vision can be managed anddelivered.Working with some of the best visionary architects we haverefined our approach to engineering solutions to test anddevelop briefs. For us it’s about being able to ask the rightprobing questions, in a timely manner that enhances theprocess for the client and its team to deliver a best for projectset of outcomes.Our motivation with clients is to strive towards efficient,elegant and economical engineering solutions. This reflectsback what our clients expect from us: To present solutionswhich are clear, supportive of their aspirations and helpdeliver the project vision. 1. Critical Success Success means different things to each of us. Our engineering design solution must address theseand our solutions need to balance all of them.2. Revisiting the brief Reminding ourselves what our aspirations are, and reviewing progress against those is oftenover looked by some. Our approach is to regularly review the brief, taking the time to check progress, review the designdevelopment and provide formal and informal environments for our client to review and access our progress.3 Understanding potential risks As technical specialists, good designers understand risks associated to their completionof tasks. However, identifying how those risks affect others, and how they are communicated and then mitigated is acritical point. We believe that a holistic understanding of project risks and how the impacts of our actions affects othersare key.4. Relationships and collaborative working Our belief is that project environments should encourage openness,collaboration, and working to resolve the project issues – with a common aim of providing ‘best-for-project’ outcomes.5 Value Value is a term that almost always means something different to people. Our role is to identify value asunderstood by our client, our design partners, and wider project stakeholders and address it through design.6. Innovation The most successful projects are those where innovative thinking and application has been a centralcomponent. Keeping this component focused on ‘best-for-project’ outcomes allows us to express design flair andinnovation whilst ensuring it delivers real value. Innovation could be simplifying the construction sequence, minimisingworking at height, or adjusting the design to suit a better program of site activities.Often our best engineering design solutions are those that are supported by a collection of factors and considerations thatlink together. Our approach to engineering is influenced by those around us (clients and stakeholders), by limiting factors(such as financial or physical project restraints) and project briefs (both for today and the future).There are numerous influences that can be considered. Here are six that we regularly address:2Revisiting thebrief3UnderstandingPotentialRisks4Relationships& CollaborativeworkingDESIGNENGINEERING1CriticalSuccesses6Innovation5ValueCase StudyMasterplan image as prepared by Stride TreglownUniversity of the West of England Transport servicesSKM has been providing transport masterplanning supportto the University of the West of England (UWE) for the past 4years. This has culminated in the submission of a planningapplication for a 25 year Masterplan for a University Campusfit for the 21st century on a 58ha site.In the lead-up to the submission, SKM has assisted with thedecisions on ancillary uses on the site, providing key adviceto the University on access strategies and the appropriatelevels of commercial development that could be accessed viathe congested road network. The application as submittedprovides for UWE’s academic requirements but also protectsthe commercial value of the land.The Masterplan includes a Sustainable Transport hub whichwill include the largest bus station in South Gloucestershireand will facilitate interchange with Bristol’s Rapid TransitScheme, as well as cross-city and national bus services.The Masterplan includes a joint venture between UWE andBristol Rovers Football Club applying for a football stadium onthe site. The car park is proposed to be shared, used by theuniversity on weekdays and the football club on matchdays.SKM also advised the University on sustainable accessto the Campus. Detailed analysis has been undertaken toinform the Travel Smart Project - a stream of measures tobe introduced to encourage staff and student to access thecampus in a sustainable manner.
  • 9. PAGE 4 www.globalskm.comPAGE 9MASTERPLANNING OUR WORK - PROJECT EXAMPLESAt SKM we consider sustainability should be at the heartof masterplanning process. It reflects our desire to provideadvice and solutions that deliver enduring value. We take astep back from the technical detail to examine the broad,holistic context for sustainability integration for a project atboth current and future timescales. This enables us to designand deliver developments that are iconic, functional, efficientand adaptable whilst embedded within the local communitymeans that sustainability needs to be integrated from theinitial vision and a driver for decision making throughout thedesign process.Our team of sustainability specialists works closely withclients and design teams from the original concept designs toensure that the proposals developed take full account of policyrequirements and deliver schemes that will achieve exemplarystandards of sustainability and environmental performance.In order to embed this philosophy effectively SKM hasdeveloped a well-structured and proven sustainabilityassessment process known as ‘Sustainability by Design’ thatfacilitates integrated, strategic thinking. This involves in depthanalysis of the requirements of students, staff and membersof the local community to ensure that our projects meet theirneeds whilst maximising environmental and social benefits.Another major set of considerations that SKM leads during themasterplanning stages is the approach to transport and trafficconsiderations and land use planning. SKM acquired ColinBuchanan and Partners in 2011 to provide these services.SKM Colin Buchanan (SKM CB) is a leading internationalplanning, urban design, transport and economicsconsultancy, totally integrated into the SKM group. SKMCB is unique amongst consultancies, in that it combinesa strong planning and urban design skills capability withtraffic and public transport and a rigorous economicapproach. SKM CB delivers the multidisciplinary approachrequired to solve masterplanning, estates rationalisationand transport problems, with different specialists workingclosely together in teams based on the needs of eachproject.Case StudySITRAN Research Laboratory‘SITraN’ (otherwise known as the ‘Sheffield Institute for TranslationalNeuroscience’) is set to become a world centre for research into MotorNeurone Disease. This project will occupy some 2750m2of a slopingbrownfield site on the edge of Sheffield University’s campus, adjacent toa quiet residential area.The proximity of existing housing lead the local planning authority to limitthe building height to two storeys (this being the height of the buildingspreviously located on the site), resulting in a building approximately 60mlong x 22m wide. A palate of well detailed materials including stonework,timber, render and glazing will be used to break up the visual impactof the 60m long elevation. The visual impact of the building is furtherreduced by stepping the upper floor back slightly, resulting in a roofterrace adjacent to the office and administration areas located at theupper floor level. The laboratories are all located at lower ground floorlevel, which is partly built into the sloping site by the use of an in-situretaining wall along the rear elevation. Due to the significant buildingservices requirements associated with the laboratories, a steel frameconstruction based on ‘Slimflor’ beams was adopted involving setting theprecast concrete floor units at upper floor and roof levels within the depthof the ‘Slimflor’ beams, resulting in no downstand beams and henceuninterrupted horizontal distribution of services. A steel frame was morepractical for a tight site, as well as minimising the period of construction,and hence disruption to the adjacent residents.Unusually for a brownfield site, the depth of made ground was relativelylow and the levels of contamination were insignificant, resulting in a veryeconomic sub-structure solution based on a groundbearing concreteslab, strip footings to the building perimeter, and shallow pad footingsat column positions. A gas resistant membrane will be installed toovercome potential mine gases associated with deep coal mines in thearea. The stability of the sloping site had to be checked, and the existingon-site roads regraded to enable safe access for both constructionpersonnel and end users (particularly the disabled).Case StudyManchester Metropolitan University (MMU) 2007-2010SKM Colin Buchanan (CB) was commissioned by MMUto provide highways and transportation advice to seekplanning approval for the amalgamation of its campuses.The transport work was a key piece in the StrategicDevelopment Framework gaining approval from ManchesterCity Council in 2010.As part of the Transport Assessment, parking studieswere undertaken in order to assess the present situationand potential effects of the amalgamation on off andon-campus parking. SKM CB undertook in depth studenttravel surveys which fed into the Transport Assessmentand Travel Plan. We recognised that obtaining accuratetravel information for students is difficult through pastexperience of low response rates to surveys. Because ofthis we developed a new ‘hands-up’ survey technique. Thisinvolved understanding all teaching patterns of each coursetaught at each campus and selecting lectures to attend thatwould create a representative sample. This survey methodensured a larger and more representative response thanobtained from university students in the past.As part of the Transport Assessment for the city centrecampus, options were investigated for pedestrianising aroad to link the two parts of the campus together. Thiswas undertaken with the vision of making the campusenvironmentally friendly and encouraging sustainable travel.
  • 10. PAGE 10 www.globalskm.comPAGE 3SUPPORTING YOUR VISIONThe quality and accessibility of the University estate isfundamental to attracting the next generation of prospectivestudents. Competition between Universities is at an all-timehigh with the optimum use the estate under the spotlight. SKMprovide specialist support in the strategic planning, designand delivery of higher education estates functions.Our alignment principles are based on:• Sustainabilityembedding solutions across the planning, developmentand maintenance of the estate• Estate optimisationimproving the quality and accessibility of the Estate,such as reducing the amount of unnecessary car parking,providing energy efficiency and low carbon solutions• Consultationensuring solutions are designed, tested and influenced bykey stakeholders• Buildingsensuring individual buildings match up to the site widesustainability aspirations• Legacyfuture proofing on site infrastructure and ensuringthe connectivity of the site is linked to the wider localcommunity• Innovationensuring that new technologies and ideas are considered.Working with SKM offers the benefits of a holistic and multi-disciplinary environmental, transport and engineering teamthat will optimise the synergies related to higher educationsite and infrastructure planning, engineering design,environmental assessment, energy and transport strategies.We pride ourselves in our ability to put sustainability intopractice and can bring experience that goes beyond strategydevelopment through to project design and delivery.ONGOING SUPPORTSKM provide a range of Estates and Facilities Management services under sustainability, transport, parking,procurement and programme/ project management support. Our solutions help to ensure that University EstateDirectors can optimise use of the estate for teaching and learning without having to allocate unnecessary space toadditional car parking capacity.In the context of a long term Estates Strategy, it is not uncommon for Universities to set ambitious target to reducecarbon emissions by 50% in 2020 (compared to 2005 base levels). The achievement of this strategy requires theidentification, quantification and prioritisation of a wide range of energy and carbon reduction opportunities frombuildings across multiple campuses, covering diverse activities including laboratories, lecture theatres, cafes andaccommodation.SKM identify energy and carbon reduction opportunities through detailed building surveys and their benefits assessedusing the building models. This also allowed the impact of multiple options to be more accurately quantified.Additionally, as Carbon Trust Standard assessors, SKM regularly calculate and verify scope 1, 2 and 3 emissionsfor leading UK companies who are recertifying under the Standard. We have also calculated carbon footprints underspecific legislative criteria, including the Carbon Reduction Commitment.SKM will help you implement a first class sustainable transport system by understanding the balance between parkingrevenue, business operations, needs of users and local transport conditions. We have worked with several collegesand universities to develop and implement car parking management strategies, such as Durham University, theUniversity of Leicester and Loughborough University.Case StudyRenewable Energy Strategy for Glasgow CaledonianUniversityIn line with their Sustainable Campus Master Plan, GlasgowCaledonian University wanted to understand the optionsand associated costs and benefits of different renewableenergy technologies that would be suitable for their maincampus. The options also included low carbon technology,such as Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system, and thedevelopment of a district heating system.SKM was commissioned to carry out a review on renewableenergy options. The study involved collating and analysingenergy consumption data, developing building specificenergy profiles and assessing the viability of variousrenewable technologies (both building specific and site wide)for cost and carbon savings. The preferred option (gas firedCHP and district heating) was developed addressing strategiccontext, business needs, benefits, economic (quantitativeappraisal), procurement, risks and project plan. The businesscase was presented and gained approval from the UniversityCourt. SKM have now been retained as a specialist advisorto work alongside various framework contractors in thedesign, procurement, construction and commissioning of thescheme.Client Benefits of this Approach • Financial and delivery models – The analysis highlightedthe various financial and delivery models which couldbe used by the University to deliver a CHP/DH scheme,highlighting the risks and rewards associated with each• Policy Framework – The approach identified the changingpolicy framework and provided insight into the possibleimpacts of Renewable Heat Incentives and Feed in Tariffsincentives.
  • 11. www.globalskm.comPAGE 11ONGOING SUPPORTVISIONMASTERPLANNINGFEASIBILITYAPPLICATIONDESIGNONGOING SUPPORTPAGE 2Case StudyLoughborough University Parking and Travel PlanProgramme ManagementSKM CB has provided a full range of travel planning servicesfor Loughborough University, including designing and hostingcomprehensive staff and student travel surveys, writing theUniversity’s Travel Plan and their Car Parking ManagementStrategy, and helping to implement both elements.The travel plan focuses on encouraging staff to walk, cycleand use public transport, with a wide range of targetsencompassing both regular and occasional travel. SKM CBdeveloped a clear action plan highlighting the measures to beimplemented to ensure their targets are met.On the parking management side, we have implemented aweb-based permit applications system (ParkIT) that helps tosave time in dealing with criteria-based permit applications.The application can be fully customised and deals withmultiple sites and car parks. SKM CB has also managed theinstallation of Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR)technology.The travel plan and car parking management strategy haveboth played an important part in helping the University toreduce their environmental impact and congestion on-site,while encouraging and enabling staff and students to makesustainable travel choices.“LU has worked with [SKM] CB over the last 12 months on allaspects of Travel Planning. Projects have included surveyingstaff and students to inform the updated Travel Plan,supporting and advising the University on delivery of a carpark management strategy and ensuring planning conditionscan be met by the University going forward. CB has met alltargets and deadlines set by the University and continuallyoffered flexibility in their approach.”Sustainability Manager, Loughborough UniversityCase StudyUCLANPerforming Arts CentreSKM was appointed by contractors ROK to provide thestructural engineering for the performing arts centre at theUniversity of Central Lancashire.The client’s brief was to provide a new media centre for useby several departments as a rationalisation of the existingmedia and performance faculties which were spread acrossthe campus. The new media centre was required to supportperforming arts and media studies and the incorporation offunctional spaces including video editing suites, televisionstudios, dance studios and theatres as well as split teachingfacilities.The brief presented numerous challenges including theadded complexities of being located adjacent to a canaland a disused railway line and the design solution had to berespectful of potential future development of the canal.The acoustic performance of the functional spaces presenteda huge challenge and required each of these spaces to beindependently ventilated to mitigate sound transfer betweenadjacent teaching and learning areas.To achieve the clear spans within the functional spaces,long span cellular steel beams were adopted. These weredesigned to be integrated with a complex ventilation strategyand designed with consideration to the vibrational effectsassociated within these performance areas.SKM also carried out a Part L Building Regulationsassessment to assess how the building, designed to meet the2002 regulations, would perform against the 2006 revisions.
  • 12. For more information please contact:Don McCarthy – Regional Manager ClientsT: +44 7824 815 896E: DMcCarthy@globalskm.comwww.globalskm.comHIGHER EDUCATION CAPABILITY STATEMENTwww.globalskm.comWe provide strategic advice that helps our clients to improvethe performance of their projects and enhance return oninvestment, enabling more informed decision-making. Weengineer and design practical solutions, anticipating barriersto implementation so that our designs can be delivered toschedule and budget, and endure the test of time.We are not just engineers, scientists, designers, consultantsand project deliverers. We are people who strive to deliveroutcomes which make a difference – economically, sociallyand environmentally – to ourselves, our clients and thecommunities in which we live and work. We do this byfinding smart solutions to our clients’ challenges.Sinclair Knight Merz is a leading projects firm,with global capability in strategic consulting,engineering and project delivery. Foundedin 1964, it operates in three regions: AsiaPacific, the Americas and EMEA, deployingsome 7,000 people from more than 40 officeswhile serving the Buildings and Infrastructure,Mining and Metals, Power & Energy and Water& Environment sectors.SKM INTRODUCTIONSKM INTRODUCTION