Interoperability of Virtual Organizations
                          on Complex Semantic Grid
www.InteliGrid.com




      ...
Content
www.InteliGrid.com

                         Overview of the InteliGrid project
                     

          ...
About InteliGrid project
www.InteliGrid.com

                         September 2004 – April 2007 (32 months)
            ...
InteliGrid context
www.InteliGrid.com

                                                                                   ...
InteliGrid layers
www.InteliGrid.com




 EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007   Parametri...
InteliGrid technologies
www.InteliGrid.com




 EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007   Par...
InteliGrid architecture
www.InteliGrid.com




 EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007   Par...
InteliGrid computing components
www.InteliGrid.com

                         InteliGrid portal (GridSphere)
              ...
InteliGrid HPC/HTC portlet
www.InteliGrid.com




 EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007   ...
InteliGrid computing components
www.InteliGrid.com

                         InteliGrid portal (GridSphere)
              ...
Available computer resources
www.InteliGrid.com

                         UNIX® servers are actually quot;servingquot;
   ...
Available computer resources
www.InteliGrid.com

                         Almost every organization is sitting atop
      ...
HPC vs HTC
www.InteliGrid.com

                         HPC – High Performance Computing
                     

         ...
HTC DRM systems (a selection)
www.InteliGrid.com

                         Condor
                     

                ...
Condor pool at UL FGG
www.InteliGrid.com




 EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007   Param...
Parametric studies in
                                                       earthquake engineering
www.InteliGrid.com

  ...
Case study: IDA Analysis
www.InteliGrid.com

                         IDA –
                     

                      ...
IDA Analysis ...
www.InteliGrid.com




                                 v DV w =∫∫ ∫ G DV ∣DM  w∣ z ∣dG DM ∣EDP  z∣ ...
IDA analysis workflow
www.InteliGrid.com

                         Number of analyses
                     

            ...
IDA analysis workflow
www.InteliGrid.com

                         Number of analyses
                     

            ...
Performance analysis
www.InteliGrid.com

                         Number of analyses: 280
                     

        ...
Performance analysis
www.InteliGrid.com

                         Number of analyses: 280
                     

        ...
Conclusions
www.InteliGrid.com

                         InteliGrid platform
                     

                     ...
Future work (1)
www.InteliGrid.com

                         Complete workflow
                     

                   ...
Future work (2)
www.InteliGrid.com

                         Remote access
                     

                       ...
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Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform

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Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform

  1. 1. Interoperability of Virtual Organizations on Complex Semantic Grid www.InteliGrid.com Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform M. Dolenc and R. Klinc matevz.dolenc@fgg.uni-lj.si IST-2004-004664 University of Ljubljana Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering Institute of Civil Engineering, Earthquake Engineering and Construction IT Chair of Construction Informatics EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007
  2. 2. Content www.InteliGrid.com Overview of the InteliGrid project  High throughput computing (HTC)  Overview  DRM systems – products overview  Use case: parametric studies  Performance analysis / benefits  Conclusions and future work  EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  3. 3. About InteliGrid project www.InteliGrid.com September 2004 – April 2007 (32 months)  Effort 360 person months  EU funding 2.100.000 € (STREP)  Partners 9 (5 industries) / 6 countries  Research/academic  organisations Infrastructure software  providers Vertical software  providers and ASPs Industrial associations  Characteristic user  EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  4. 4. InteliGrid context www.InteliGrid.com European large scale  engineering industries ... huge number of  experts ... wide a range of  software/hardware resources ... dynamic virtual  organization (VO) ... sharing information  InteliGrid is building  information infrastructure EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  5. 5. InteliGrid layers www.InteliGrid.com EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  6. 6. InteliGrid technologies www.InteliGrid.com EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  7. 7. InteliGrid architecture www.InteliGrid.com EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  8. 8. InteliGrid computing components www.InteliGrid.com InteliGrid portal (GridSphere)  Authorization service (GAS)  Broker service (Condor, GRMS, OpenDSP)  Other:  Document management integration  Ontology service integration  EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  9. 9. InteliGrid HPC/HTC portlet www.InteliGrid.com EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  10. 10. InteliGrid computing components www.InteliGrid.com InteliGrid portal (GridSphere)  Authorization service (GAS)  Broker service (Condor, GRMS, OpenDSP)  Other:  Document management integration  Ontology service integration  EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  11. 11. Available computer resources www.InteliGrid.com UNIX® servers are actually quot;servingquot;  something less than 10 percent of the time. Most PCs do nothing for 95 percent of a  typical day. Imagine ...  ... an airline with 90 percent of its fleet on the ground  ... an auto maker with 40 percent of its assembly  plants idle ... a hotel chain with 95 percent of its rooms  unoccupied Source: http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/grid/newto/index.html EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  12. 12. Available computer resources www.InteliGrid.com Almost every organization is sitting atop  enormous unused computing capacity. EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  13. 13. HPC vs HTC www.InteliGrid.com HPC – High Performance Computing  Floating point operations per second (FLOPS)  static environments (dedicated clusters)  single large scale problems (huge memory req., ...)  protocols: MPI, PVM, ...  HTC – High Throughput Computing  environment that can deliver large amounts of  processing capacity over long periods of time dynamic environments (non-dedicated comp. resources)  parallel independent jobs, parametric studies, ...  solutions: Condor, Sun N1 Grid Engine, SETI@Home, ...  EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  14. 14. HTC DRM systems (a selection) www.InteliGrid.com Condor  http://www.cs.wisc.edu/condor  OS: Windows, Linux, Mac, ...  great support for dynamic environments, source  available Sun Grid Engine  http://gridengine.sunsource.net  OS: Solaris, Linux, ...  open source  Xgrid  http://www.apple.com/acg/xgrid.html  OS: MacOS X  graphical user interface, easy configuration  EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  15. 15. Condor pool at UL FGG www.InteliGrid.com EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  16. 16. Parametric studies in earthquake engineering www.InteliGrid.com Past/present  single limit state deterministic techniques  Future  multiple performance objectives  probabilities of different socio-economic decision  variables decision variables relate performance of a structure to  decision making (involve: cost of repair, indirect cost of down time, loss of lives, ...) EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  17. 17. Case study: IDA Analysis www.InteliGrid.com IDA –  Incremental Dynamic Analysis ... determining  the relation between the engineering demand parameter and seismic intensity measure. EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  18. 18. IDA Analysis ... www.InteliGrid.com v DV w =∫∫ ∫ G DV ∣DM  w∣ z ∣dG DM ∣EDP  z∣ y ∥dG EDP∣IM  y∣x ∥dλ IM  x ∣dxdydz zyx More info: D. Vamavatsikos and C.A. Cornell, Incremental Dynamic Analysis, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 31(3), 491-514, 2002. EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  19. 19. IDA analysis workflow www.InteliGrid.com Number of analyses  different structural models  (loss, capacity, demand, seismic hazard) several ground motion  records multiple levels of intensity  IDA workflow  (1)numerical modelling (2)selection of earthquakes (3)job descriptions (4)non-linear analysis (5)results analysis EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  20. 20. IDA analysis workflow www.InteliGrid.com Number of analyses  different structural models  (loss, capacity, demand, seismic hazard) several ground motion  records multiple levels of intensity  IDA workflow  (1)numerical modelling (2)selection of earthquakes (3)job descriptions (4)non-linear analysis (5)results analysis EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  21. 21. Performance analysis www.InteliGrid.com Number of analyses: 280  Average analysis time: ~13min  Number Analysis Speed-up of comp. time [hours] factor 1 61.3 1 5 14.7 4.17 10 7.1 8.63 25 2.5 24.52 EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  22. 22. Performance analysis www.InteliGrid.com Number of analyses: 280  Average analysis time: ~13min  Number Analysis Speed-up of comp. time [hours] factor 1 61.3 1 5 14.7 4.17 10 7.1 8.63 25 2.5 24.52 EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  23. 23. Conclusions www.InteliGrid.com InteliGrid platform  European large scale engineering industries  Dynamic virtual organizations  Product life-cycle management  DRM systems  HPC vs. HTC  Using available computer resources  Solutions: Condor, Sun N1 Grid Engine, ...  Benefits: near linear reduction of computing time (for  parametric studies) Challenges: (1) submit machine must stay connected  during the execution, (2) bulk jobs, ... EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  24. 24. Future work (1) www.InteliGrid.com Complete workflow  post IDA results analysis  automatic data selection  Generalize for any  parametric simulation graphical user interface  release as open source  EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform
  25. 25. Future work (2) www.InteliGrid.com Remote access  WS / DRMAA (OpenDSP DRMAA implementation)  enable discontinued use  EUROPEAN COMPUTING CONFERENCE, Vouliagmeni, Athens, GREECE, Sept2007 Parametric studies for the AEC domain using InteliGrid platform

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