Hist1302 Week 10

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  • Pause and count to 5
  • In the week 10 virtual classroom we focus on ...
    For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ...
    The Great "isms" of the 20th Century
    1939 and 1941 as Watershed Years
    US Move to Intervention 
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  • 1931 Japanese Invasion of Machuria, Part of "Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere"
    1937 Japanese capture of Nanking While Chinese Embroiled in Civil War (Mao Zedong vs. Chiang Kai-shek)
    American Ideas of Chinese (Peaceful Peasants) vs. Japanese (Yellow Peril)
    1935 Italian Invasion of Ethiopia
    1933 Germany Elects Adolph Hitler as Chancellor  -- Germany Withdraws from the League and Starts to Rearm Germany
  • Spring 1936 German Troops in the Rhineland
    1937 Axis Forms (Japan, Italy and Germany)
    Hitler Annexes Austria and Demands Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia 
    Munich, Sept. 1938 Neville Chamberlain "Peace in Our Time"
    By March 1939, Germany had Annexed Call of Czechoslovakia 
    Sept. 1, 1939 - Germany Invades Poland and France and Britain Declare War on Germany
    June 1940 - France Falls
    June 22, 1941 - Germany Invades Russia 
  • World War I and the "Merchants of Death"
    Late 1930s Sentiment Shifing From Isolation to Internationalism
    Case of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade in the Spanish Civil War
    Picture of "Volunteers of America" and Abe Osheroff's Speech
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  • Nazi Conquest of Europe in Spring 1940 - Americans Began War Preparation (Trippled War Dept. Budget and Enacted the Draft)
    March 1941 - Lend-Lease to Finance the Allies: America to be the "Arsenal of Democracy"
    August 1941 - Atlantic Charter (US-Britain) Brings US Sea Power Into War (See Map)
    Next Americans Freeze All Japanese Assets in the US
    America First Committee in US Holds on to Isolationist Committee (Charles Lindberg) - Conservative Isolationists' Anti-Semetism
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  • 1940 FDR Replaces Key Posts With Conservatives and Advocates of Intervention
    Move to "Tame and Contain" Unionism
    January 1941 FDR Appoints a National Defense Mediation Board
    April 1941 UAW Strike at Ford's River Rouge Complex.  Ford Becomes a Union Shop.
    June 1941 Strike at a California Aircraft Plant, FDR Sends in 2,500 Troops and Ends Strike
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  • In the week 10 virtual classroom we focus on ...
    For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ...
    December 7, 1941 - Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (2,400 Soldiers and Sailors Died) 
  • "War Without Mercy" In the Pacific Theater
    General MacArthur and Admiral Nimitz (1941-2) Advances "Bathed in Blood"
    Soviets Holding Off German Invasion - Germans Surrender in January 1943
    1942-3 Soviets Had Pushed for the Allies to Open a Second Front in Europe to Relieve Pressure on Russia
    Instead Allies Focused on Mediterranean Theater
    And Allies Launched Arial Bombardment on German Industry  - Area Bombing of Cities in Germany
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  • June 6, 1944 Final Year of the War Allies Open Second Front With Normandy Invasion
     1944 American Troops Saw Battle In Europe
    "Coming Out Under Fire" (Blue Discharges)
    Jim Crow in the Army, The Tuskegee Airmen, and the Battle of the Bulge
    Mexican American and Native American Experiences (Navajo Code Talkers)
    September 1943 - Government Blocked Publication of American KIAs
    Sketch of Army Camp Life in Italy
    Poster of "True Towel Tales"
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  • In the week 10 virtual classroom we focus on ...
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    New Deal Replaced With Wartime Control of the Economy and Near Full Employment by 1943 
  • New Rules of the Road for Government Business Relations: Anti-Trust Out; Government Built Plants; Low Interest Rates: "Cost Plus" Contracts
    The New "Dollar a Year" Men
    Office of Price Administration and War Manpower Commission
    Wave of Corporate Consolidations With Small Businesses Pushed Aside
    Chesterfied Poster Linking Buying to Patriotism
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  • Manual Labor Required for Industry,  Boom in Blue Collar Employment
    Benefits to the American West (ex. Aviation Industry in California)
    Full Employment; African American Migration to the North; Massive Redistribution of Wealth and Dramatic Rise in Standard of Living
    Vision of Cultural Pluralism that Included "White Ethnics" But Did Not Cross the Color Line
    Chart of Wages (Note 1945 Dip)
    Picture of Detroit Labor Exchange Job Board in July 1941
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  • No Strike Pledges and Maintenance of Membership Policies 
    "Speed Ups" and Safety Issues - Work Stoppages as Unpatriotic
    John L. Lewis and the United Mine Workers 
    June 1943 Congress Passes Smith-Connally War Labor Disputes Act Over FDR's Veto
    November 1943 UMW Stike, FDR Seizes Mines & Threatens to End Miners' Draft Exemptions  -- In the end Miners Got The Pay Raise (Cartoon on UMW Strike)
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  • Pause and count to 5
  • In the week 10 virtual classroom we focus on ...
    For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ...
    New Deal Replaced With Wartime Control of the Economy and Near Full Employment by 1943 
  • War Manpower Commission Campaign to Recruit Women & "Rosie the Riveter" (Popular Song)
     Continued Segregation into Lower Wage Jobs and Resistance to Training Women
    Issue of Child Care - Inadequate Attempt at Day Care Programs
    Chart Showing Employment Trends in WWII
    Photo of Workers Getting Off Work at Richmond, CA Shipyard (Sept. 1943)
    Oral History Video of a "Rosie the Riveter"
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  • Northern Migration
    NAACP Challenged "Whites Only" Primaries (Thurgood Marshall)
    Double V Symbol
    War Labor Board Ordered End to Wages Based on Race
    CIO Multiracial Union Drive & Defense of African American Housing Rights in Detroit
    1943 Race Riots in Detroit
    1943 Zoot Suit Riots in Los Angeles (Mexican-Americans)
  • 1940 Plans March on Washington
    Roosevelt Administration Established the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC)
    Attack by Sen. James Eastland - FEPC as "Communist Program for Racial Amalgamation
    1944 Intervention in the North - FEPC Order in Phili to Promote Eight African Americans to Streetcar Drivers, White Workers With on Strike, 8,000 Soldiers Ended Strike
    Pointers to more information about ... can be found on the wikipedia site.
  • 1939 Turning Away Jews Fleeing Europe (Case of the St. Louis) &Treatment of Conscientous Objectors
    Worst Treatment for Japanese Americans, the "Enemy Race"
    March 1942 All Japanese Americans on the West Coast to be put in "Relocation" Camps
     Irony of Young Japanese in American Army Liberating Dachau While Parents at Home Behind Barbed Wire in Camps
    Army Manual - "How to Tell a Chinese from a Jap" & Map of "Geography of Shame" 
    Government Film Justifying Relocation & Interview With "Mr. Sulu"
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  • In the week 10 virtual classroom we focus on ...
    For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ...
    Triumph of American Production: By 1944 US Alone Producing Half of All Goods Manufactured GLOBALLY! 
    D-Day to VE Day to VJ Day
    D-Day:  June 6, 1944, 156,000 American Troops Hit the Beaches at Normandy ... Saving Private Ryan
  • By Sept. 1944 France and Belgium Fall to the Allies
    December 1944 - "Battle of the Bulge" - German Counter-Attack in the Ardennes Forrest
    March 1945 Eisenhower Crosses the Rhine River Into Germany
    US Army Films of Concentration Camps
  • April 12, 1945 Roosevelt Died, Harry Truman Became President
    Truman Did Not Change War Goal of "Unconditional Surrender"
    April 30, Soviet Troops Surround Berlin and Hitler Commits Suicide
    May 7, 1945 Germany Surrendered Unconditionally
    Pointers to more information about ... can be found on the wikipedia site.
  • Photo of American Troops in Battle of Peleliu Island in September 1944 
    Context of Brutality of Pacific Theater Combat on Both Sides (Recent Clint Eastwood Films - Letters From Iwo Jima and Flags of Our Fathers)
    http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0498380/
  • Dropped 2 Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima (Aug 6) and Nagasaki (Aug 8)  
    Hiroshima - 80,000 People Died Instantaneously, 10s of Thousands Died Later
    Nagasaki - 35,000 Died Immediately (60,000 Injured)
    August 6, 1945 Photo of Survivors One Mile From Ground Zero
  • Japan Surrendered on September 2, 1945
    Bombings Had Made the Manhattan Project Public Knowledge
    "US and Britain Waiting on Soviet Invasion of Manchuria; Truman Didn't Wait ... 
     Was it Necessary?  Eisenhower Thought Not
    Feb. 1945 FDR's Meeting With Stalin and Churchill at Yalta
    July 1945 Truman's Meeting With Stalin and Churdchill at Potsdam
    1945 Documentary of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • What Would Happen When the Boys Came Home?
    G.I. Bill of Rights
    Price Controls at Issue:
    Industry Emerged Hostile to Government Control: Labor Party Victory in Britain
    American Labor Resented Loss of Workers' Spending Power Due to Decrease in Overtime
    Labor Activism in the Military in 1945
    Wave of Strikes in 1946
  • Chart of Deficit Spending in Peace and War
    Cartoon "Welcome Back" - Returning GIs and the Housing Crisis
    "Tests Have Shown ... That Our Three Average Men are Equal" (Still From a 1946 Interracial Organizing Drive of the UAW)
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  • Start at 33 seconds into clip.
  • Hist1302 Week 10

    1. 1. A Nation Transformed: The US in WWII 1939-1946 US History Survey Mini-Lectures 1865 to the Present
    2. 2. Week 10 Virtual Classroom The Origins of the Second World War Mini-Lecture 1: Militarism and Fascism Abroad; From Isolationism to Internationalism; The End of the New Deal
    3. 3. Militarism and Fascism Abroad
    4. 4. Militarism and Fascism Abroad
    5. 5. From Isolationism to Internationalism
    6. 6. Isolationism to Internationalism
    7. 7. The End of the New Deal
    8. 8. Nazi Propaganda Machine
    9. 9. Abe Osheroff Abraham Lincoln Bridge Veteran
    10. 10. A Nation Transformed: The US in WWII 1939-1946 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
    11. 11. Week 10 Virtual Classroom Fighting the War Mini-Lecture 2: War in the Pacific and in Europe; Life in the Armed Forces
    12. 12. War in the Pacific and in Europe
    13. 13. Life in the Armed Forces
    14. 14. FDR's Perl Harbor Address (December 8, 1941)
    15. 15. Ken Burns' WWII: The War Click Here To Load in iTunes
    16. 16. A Nation Transformed: The US in WWII 1939-1946 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
    17. 17. Week 10 Virtual Classroom Mobilizing the Home Front Mini-Lecture 3: Government-Business Partnership; The Wartime Industrial Boom; Labor’s War at Home
    18. 18. Government-Business Partnership
    19. 19. The Wartime Industrial Boom
    20. 20. Labor’s War at Home
    21. 21. Frank Capra's Why We Fight
    22. 22. A Nation Transformed: The US in WWII 1939-1946 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
    23. 23. Week 10 Virtual Classroom Economic Citizenship for All? Mini-Lecture 4: Women in the Workforce; Origins of the Modern African American Civil Rights Movement; The Limits of Pluralism
    24. 24. Women in the Workforce
    25. 25. Origins of the Modern African American Civil Rights Movement
    26. 26. A. Philip Randolph Modern African American Civil Rights Movement - FEPC
    27. 27. The Limits of Pluralism
    28. 28. The Negro Soldier (1943)
    29. 29. Government Justification for Japanese Internment
    30. 30. Rosie the Riveter
    31. 31. Oral History of "Rosie the Riveter"
    32. 32. A Nation Transformed: The US in WWII 1939-1946 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
    33. 33. Week 10 Virtual Classroom The End of the War Mini-Lecture 5: Victory in Europe; Japan’s Surrender; Conversion to a Peacetime Economy
    34. 34. The Lessons of Internment George Takei
    35. 35. Victory in Europe
    36. 36. Harry Truman Capitulation of the Third Reich
    37. 37. Final Year of Combat
    38. 38. Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    39. 39. Atomic Diplomacy?
    40. 40. Conversion to a Peacetime Economy
    41. 41. Conversion to a Peacetime Economy
    42. 42. Pres. Truman Warns Japs To Give Up, 1945/06/07
    43. 43. My Japan (1945)
    44. 44. Alternative Views #258: HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI: WHAT PEOPLE EXPERIENCE
    45. 45. Hiroshima & Nagasaki Documentary (1945)
    46. 46. Nazi Concentration Camp at Buchenwald
    47. 47. The 1946 Strike Wave

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