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Hist1302 Week 08

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  • Pause and count to 5
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ...
    For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ...
    Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought …
  • Black Thursday, October 24, 1929
    4 Million+ Unemployed By December 1929
    Depression of “Biblical Proportions” in the USA and Rise of Radical Movements in Europe
    Role of the Federal Reserve in Fueling Speculation (Trading on Margin); Lack of Insurance for Depositors (9 Million Lost Their Savings)
    International System of Finance: Debt Finance in Europe and Asia
    Chart on Business Failures
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  • Industrial Jobs Hit First, Then Agricultural
    Problem of Underemployment in Industry
    Massive Unemployment in Construction
    Beginning of Migrations & Impact on Families: Hoovervilles
    Impacts on Women (Remember the “Family Wage”?)
    Rise of Racial and Ethnic Tensions – Impact on African Americans and Mexican Americans
    Charts of Birth Rate and Unemployment
    Picture from Life Magazine
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  • Jobs Hit Worst – Unskilled
    Story of Atlanta Hotels & Their Bellhops
    Re-emergence of Lynching
  • Drought Leads to Dust Storms
    Erosion of Top Soil Through Farming Practices
    Oakies: 16,000 Farmers Fleeing the Dust to California
    John Steinbeck’s 1939 Novel The Grapes of Wrath
    Total Migrant Population More Like 400,000
    Picture of a Dust Storm in Spearman ,Texas
    Map of the Dust Bowl
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  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ...
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  • Pause and count to 5
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ...
    For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ...
    Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought …
  • Theme of Self Reliance
    The Horatio Alger Hero
    Poster – “Of Course We Can Do It!”
    Pointers to more information about ... can be found on the wikipedia site.
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  • Published in 1868
    Basis for the "Horatio Alger Story"
    Bootblack's Rise to Middle Class Life
    Popular book for children in the later part of the 19th Century
    Pointers to more information about ... can be found on the wikipedia site.
  • Objective of President Hoover – Restore Business Confidence
    Blame Placed on Europe
    Firm Belief That Relief Not the Job of the Central Government
    Belief Instead in Voluntary Work
    Belief That Government Could Not Limit Production Or Intervene to Stimulate Consumption
    Limited Public Works Projects – Ex. Boulder Dam
    Public Relief Would Damage “Character”
  • Idea That Hardship Brought on by Personal Failure
    Local Relief Weak, And Tainted by Bias (Dallas and Houston Refused Aid to African Americans)
    Fialure of Traditional Elites: Welfare Capitalism; Ethnic Banks: Unions
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  • Role of Communists and Socialists
    Attractiveness of Russian Revolution and the Soviet Model
    “The Reds” Defended Workers Against Eviction
    Deadly Conflict in the Rural South – Active Communist Party in Alabama
    1931 Scottsboro, Alabama – 9 African Americans Falsely Accused, Tried and Condemned to Death
    Workers’ Newspaper – Seattle Unemployed Worker
    Pointers to more information about ... can be found on the wikipedia site.
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  • Ford Laid Off 60,000 Workers -- Police Fire on Marchers
    Bonus Marchers (WWI Vets) Assaulted by US Army in DC. Their Hooverville Burns to the Ground …
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  • Pause and count to 5
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ...
    For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ...
    Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought …
  • Importance of FDR in American History
    FDR as Moderate Within His Historical Context
    FDR’s Personal History & Popularity
    Use of Radio & “Fireside Chats”
    FDR as “Opportunist” and “Experimentalist”
    Diversity in Context: Reaching Out to Catholics and Jews
    Pointers to more information about ... can be found on the wikipedia site.
  • Regulation Instead of Nationalization
    FDIC and SEC
    Bold Move – Taking US Off Gold Standard
  • Major Innovation in Use of National Government to Provide Relief: Federal Emergency Relief Administraiton (FERA)
    Building on Legacy of TR:
    Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
    Civil Works Administration (CWA)
    Undercutting Private Relief
    “Realism” With Regard to Southern Planter Class Shaped Relief in the South (Keeping a “Ready Labor Supply” in the South)
    Reviving “Masculinity” 
    Teenage Hobos Riding the Rails - American Experience (PBS) 
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  • Pause and count to 5
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ...
    For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ...
    Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought …
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ...
    What does this say about ...
  • 1932 – Unrest in Agricultural Sector – Spirit of ’32 Picture
    1933 Agricultural Readjustment Act (AAA) – Paying Farmers Not to Produce
    Effects on Agribusiness vs. Small Holders (Share Croppers)
    Rise and Fall of the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union
    At First New Deal Dept of Agricuture Supported Tenant Farmers
    1935 Purge at Agriculture to Please Southern Democrats
    Bottom Line: Agriculture Became Prosperous and Efficient
  • 1933 – Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) to Harness Water Power and Rural Electrification Administration (REA) to Bring Electricity to Rural Areas
    Social and Ecological engineering on a Grand Scale -- Socialistic?
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  • Dawes Act (1887) and the History of Assimilation
    John Collier - FDR’s Commissioner of Indian Affairs
    1934 Indian Reorganization Act Restored Surplus Land to Tribes
    Resurgence of Indian Cultures
    Upset Protestant Missionaries
  • 1933 National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) Administered by National Recovery Administration (NRA)
    Use of Government Power to Regulate Production and Prices
    Hugh Johnson, NRA Chief, Used WWI-style Marketing (Blue Eagle)
    500+ Industrial Codes Spelled Out What Businesses Could and Could Not Do
    Gurantee of Right to Organize (Section 7a of NIRA)
    “Yellow Dog” Contracts Now Illegal
  • Pause and count to 5
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ...
    For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ...
    Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought …
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ...
    What does this say about ...
  • United Mine Workers (UMW) – “The President Wants You to Join a Union”
    June 17th – Very Day NIRA Signed by FDR – 80% of Ohio Miners Signed a Union Card!
    August 1933, FDR Sets Up National Labor Board to Resolve Disputes
  • Context of Mobilization of Workers by Communist, Socialist and Radical Unionists
    Change in Structure of Industry:
    Ehtnic Homozenization
    Rise of Assembly Lines and “Semi-Skilled Machine Operators”
    Bad Economy Prompted Workers to Stay and Fight
  • Labor Insurgencies in Spring of 1934
    Minneapolis Teamsters (Trotskyite) Lead Strike of Truck Drivers and Warehousemen – Leads to Growth of Teamsters
    San Francisco Longshoremen – International Longshoremen’s Association (ILA) – Strike Leads to Bay Area Wide General Strike Leads to Federal Arbitration, Union Recognition, 30 Hour Work Week and Pay Raises
  • Pause and count to 5
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ...
    For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ...
    Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought …
  • Story Very Different in Agricultural Sector – Power of the Growers (NIRA 7a Excluded Agricultural Laborers)
    Without Protection, Strikers Were Arrested, Tried and Jailed
    September 1933 - South Carolina Piedmont Textile Workers in the United Textile Workers Union (UTWU) Go On Strike to Protest the “Stretch Out.” Police Shoot and Kill a Dozen Picketers
    Defeat of UTWU – Collapse of Unionism in the South
  • Resurgence of Populism With the LaFollettes in Wisconsin
    End of the First New Deal - May 27, 1935 Supreme Court Rules NIRA Unconstitutional in Schecter v. United States
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  • End of 1934 New Deal Has Host of Enemies – Under Attack from the Left and the Right
    NIRA Had Provoked Business -- Fear of “Working Class Defiance”
    Pierre DuPont and Alfred P. Sloan (GM Chairman) Form the Liberty League
    California’s Associated Farmers
  • Hughey Long, Governor of Louisiana, Promotes “Share Our Wealth Clubs” For Radical Income Redistribution
    Charles E Coughlin, Detroit Catholic Priest, Attacks Jews, Trade Unions and FDR on Radio
    Upton Sinclair Leaves Socialist Party to Run For California Governor as a Democrat (End Poverty in California)
    Communist Party’s “Popular Front”

Transcript

  • 1. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey Mini-Lectures 1865 to the Present
  • 2. Week 8 Virtual Classroom Hard Times Again: The Onset of the Great Depression Mini-Lecture 1: The Curse of Unemployment; The Hardest Hit; African Americans Face the Depression; The Land That Flew Away
  • 3. The Onset of the Great Depression
  • 4. Unemployment & The Hardest Hit
  • 5. African Americans Face the Depression
  • 6. The Land That Flew Away
  • 7. Critic's Pick The Grapes of Wrath
  • 8. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
  • 9. Week 8 Virtual Classroom President Hoover’s Response to the Crisis Mini-Lecture 2: A Small Role for the Federal Government; The Failure of Local Relief and the Limits of Self-Help; Emergence of Radical Protest; 1932: Marching for Our Rights
  • 10. Herbert Hoover President Hoover’s Response to the Crisis
  • 11. Ragged Dick Horatio Alger Jr's "Rags to Riches" Stories for Children
  • 12. A Small Role for the Federal Government
  • 13. The Failure of Local Relief and the Limits of Self-Help
  • 14. The Scottsboro Boys Emergence of Radical Protest
  • 15. 1932: Marching for Our Rights
  • 16. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
  • 17. Week 8 Virtual Classroom The Promise of a New Deal Mini-Lecture 3: Franklin Roosevelt: Experimentation and the Status Quo; Rescuing the Banks; Toward National Relief
  • 18. Franklin Delano Roosevelt FDR: Experimentation and the Status Quo
  • 19. Rescuing the Banks
  • 20. Toward National Relief
  • 21. Roosevelt And U.S. History: 1930-1945 (clip)
  • 22. Alan Brinkley on FDR's Personal History and Influences
  • 23. FDR's Fireside Chat on Backing Up the Banking System Pt. 1
  • 24. FDR's Fireside Chat on Backing Up the Banking System Pt. 2
  • 25. FDR on Mortgages, Reflation, and Labor Standards
  • 26. FDR Takes the US Off the Gold Standard (1933)
  • 27. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
  • 28. Week 8 Virtual Classroom The Promise of a New Deal Mini-Lecture 4: A Revolution on the Farm; Public Investment in the South and West; A New Deal for American Indians; Transforming American Industry
  • 29. A Revolution on the Farm
  • 30. Public Investment in the South and West
  • 31. A New Deal for American Indians
  • 32. Transforming American Industry
  • 33. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
  • 34. Week 8 Virtual Classroom The Revival of Organized Labor Mini-Lecture 5: The Working Class Upsurge of 1933 and 1934; A Wave of Strikes; Organized Labor Meets Defeat in the West and South
  • 35. The Working Class Upsurge of 1933
  • 36. A Wave of Strikes
  • 37. A Wave of Strikes
  • 38. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
  • 39. Week 8 Virtual Classroom The Counteroffensives Against the New Deal Mini-Lecture 6: Resurgence on the Right; Populist Critics of the New Deal
  • 40. Organized Labor Meets Defeat in the West and South
  • 41. Populist Critics of the New Deal Continued
  • 42. On The 1949 Movie All The King's Men
  • 43. Resurgence on the Right
  • 44. Populist Critics of the New Deal
  • 45. The Threat to FDR From Hughey Long
  • 46. Father Charles E. Caughlin 1936