Hist1302 Week 08
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  • Pause and count to 5 <br />
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ... <br /> For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ... <br /> Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought … <br />
  • Black Thursday, October 24, 1929 <br /> 4 Million+ Unemployed By December 1929 <br /> Depression of “Biblical Proportions” in the USA and Rise of Radical Movements in Europe <br /> Role of the Federal Reserve in Fueling Speculation (Trading on Margin); Lack of Insurance for Depositors (9 Million Lost Their Savings) <br /> International System of Finance: Debt Finance in Europe and Asia <br /> Chart on Business Failures <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this graph from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Industrial Jobs Hit First, Then Agricultural <br /> Problem of Underemployment in Industry <br /> Massive Unemployment in Construction <br /> Beginning of Migrations & Impact on Families: Hoovervilles <br /> Impacts on Women (Remember the “Family Wage”?) <br /> Rise of Racial and Ethnic Tensions – Impact on African Americans and Mexican Americans <br /> Charts of Birth Rate and Unemployment <br /> Picture from Life Magazine <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this graph from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this graph from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Jobs Hit Worst – Unskilled <br /> Story of Atlanta Hotels & Their Bellhops <br /> Re-emergence of Lynching <br />
  • Drought Leads to Dust Storms <br /> Erosion of Top Soil Through Farming Practices <br /> Oakies: 16,000 Farmers Fleeing the Dust to California <br /> John Steinbeck’s 1939 Novel The Grapes of Wrath <br /> Total Migrant Population More Like 400,000 <br /> Picture of a Dust Storm in Spearman ,Texas <br /> Map of the Dust Bowl <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this map from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Pause and count to 5 <br />
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ... <br /> For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ... <br /> Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought … <br />
  • Theme of Self Reliance <br /> The Horatio Alger Hero <br /> Poster – “Of Course We Can Do It!” <br /> Pointers to more information about ... can be found on the wikipedia site. <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Published in 1868 <br /> Basis for the "Horatio Alger Story" <br /> Bootblack&apos;s Rise to Middle Class Life <br /> Popular book for children in the later part of the 19th Century <br /> Pointers to more information about ... can be found on the wikipedia site. <br />
  • Objective of President Hoover – Restore Business Confidence <br /> Blame Placed on Europe <br /> Firm Belief That Relief Not the Job of the Central Government <br /> Belief Instead in Voluntary Work <br /> Belief That Government Could Not Limit Production Or Intervene to Stimulate Consumption <br /> Limited Public Works Projects – Ex. Boulder Dam <br /> Public Relief Would Damage “Character” <br />
  • Idea That Hardship Brought on by Personal Failure <br /> Local Relief Weak, And Tainted by Bias (Dallas and Houston Refused Aid to African Americans) <br /> Fialure of Traditional Elites: Welfare Capitalism; Ethnic Banks: Unions <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Role of Communists and Socialists <br /> Attractiveness of Russian Revolution and the Soviet Model <br /> “The Reds” Defended Workers Against Eviction <br /> Deadly Conflict in the Rural South – Active Communist Party in Alabama <br /> 1931 Scottsboro, Alabama – 9 African Americans Falsely Accused, Tried and Condemned to Death <br /> Workers’ Newspaper – Seattle Unemployed Worker <br /> Pointers to more information about ... can be found on the wikipedia site. <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this doucment from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Ford Laid Off 60,000 Workers -- Police Fire on Marchers <br /> Bonus Marchers (WWI Vets) Assaulted by US Army in DC. Their Hooverville Burns to the Ground … <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Pause and count to 5 <br />
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ... <br /> For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ... <br /> Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought … <br />
  • Importance of FDR in American History <br /> FDR as Moderate Within His Historical Context <br /> FDR’s Personal History & Popularity <br /> Use of Radio & “Fireside Chats” <br /> FDR as “Opportunist” and “Experimentalist” <br /> Diversity in Context: Reaching Out to Catholics and Jews <br /> Pointers to more information about ... can be found on the wikipedia site. <br />
  • Regulation Instead of Nationalization <br /> FDIC and SEC <br /> Bold Move – Taking US Off Gold Standard <br />
  • Major Innovation in Use of National Government to Provide Relief: Federal Emergency Relief Administraiton (FERA) <br /> Building on Legacy of TR: <br /> Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) <br /> Civil Works Administration (CWA) <br /> Undercutting Private Relief <br /> “Realism” With Regard to Southern Planter Class Shaped Relief in the South (Keeping a “Ready Labor Supply” in the South) <br /> Reviving “Masculinity”  <br /> Teenage Hobos Riding the Rails - American Experience (PBS)  <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Pause and count to 5 <br />
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ... <br /> For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ... <br /> Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought … <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • 1932 – Unrest in Agricultural Sector – Spirit of ’32 Picture <br /> 1933 Agricultural Readjustment Act (AAA) – Paying Farmers Not to Produce <br /> Effects on Agribusiness vs. Small Holders (Share Croppers) <br /> Rise and Fall of the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union <br /> At First New Deal Dept of Agricuture Supported Tenant Farmers <br /> 1935 Purge at Agriculture to Please Southern Democrats <br /> Bottom Line: Agriculture Became Prosperous and Efficient <br />
  • 1933 – Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) to Harness Water Power and Rural Electrification Administration (REA) to Bring Electricity to Rural Areas <br /> Social and Ecological engineering on a Grand Scale -- Socialistic? <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this map from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • Dawes Act (1887) and the History of Assimilation <br /> John Collier - FDR’s Commissioner of Indian Affairs <br /> 1934 Indian Reorganization Act Restored Surplus Land to Tribes <br /> Resurgence of Indian Cultures <br /> Upset Protestant Missionaries <br />
  • 1933 National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) Administered by National Recovery Administration (NRA) <br /> Use of Government Power to Regulate Production and Prices <br /> Hugh Johnson, NRA Chief, Used WWI-style Marketing (Blue Eagle) <br /> 500+ Industrial Codes Spelled Out What Businesses Could and Could Not Do <br /> Gurantee of Right to Organize (Section 7a of NIRA) <br /> “Yellow Dog” Contracts Now Illegal <br />
  • Pause and count to 5 <br />
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ... <br /> For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ... <br /> Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought … <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • United Mine Workers (UMW) – “The President Wants You to Join a Union” <br /> June 17th – Very Day NIRA Signed by FDR – 80% of Ohio Miners Signed a Union Card! <br /> August 1933, FDR Sets Up National Labor Board to Resolve Disputes <br />
  • Context of Mobilization of Workers by Communist, Socialist and Radical Unionists <br /> Change in Structure of Industry: <br /> Ehtnic Homozenization <br /> Rise of Assembly Lines and “Semi-Skilled Machine Operators” <br /> Bad Economy Prompted Workers to Stay and Fight <br />
  • Labor Insurgencies in Spring of 1934 <br /> Minneapolis Teamsters (Trotskyite) Lead Strike of Truck Drivers and Warehousemen – Leads to Growth of Teamsters <br /> San Francisco Longshoremen – International Longshoremen’s Association (ILA) – Strike Leads to Bay Area Wide General Strike Leads to Federal Arbitration, Union Recognition, 30 Hour Work Week and Pay Raises <br />
  • Pause and count to 5 <br />
  • In the week 8 virtual classroom we focus on ... <br /> For this mini-lecture our topics will be  ... <br /> Unemployment, Hunger, Sickness, Drought … <br />
  • Story Very Different in Agricultural Sector – Power of the Growers (NIRA 7a Excluded Agricultural Laborers) <br /> Without Protection, Strikers Were Arrested, Tried and Jailed <br /> September 1933 - South Carolina Piedmont Textile Workers in the United Textile Workers Union (UTWU) Go On Strike to Protest the “Stretch Out.” Police Shoot and Kill a Dozen Picketers <br /> Defeat of UTWU – Collapse of Unionism in the South <br />
  • Resurgence of Populism With the LaFollettes in Wisconsin <br /> End of the First New Deal - May 27, 1935 Supreme Court Rules NIRA Unconstitutional in Schecter v. United States <br />
  • Let me draw your attention to this image from your text labelled ... your text notes that ... <br /> What does this say about ... <br />
  • End of 1934 New Deal Has Host of Enemies – Under Attack from the Left and the Right <br /> NIRA Had Provoked Business -- Fear of “Working Class Defiance” <br /> Pierre DuPont and Alfred P. Sloan (GM Chairman) Form the Liberty League <br /> California’s Associated Farmers <br />
  • Hughey Long, Governor of Louisiana, Promotes “Share Our Wealth Clubs” For Radical Income Redistribution <br /> Charles E Coughlin, Detroit Catholic Priest, Attacks Jews, Trade Unions and FDR on Radio <br /> Upton Sinclair Leaves Socialist Party to Run For California Governor as a Democrat (End Poverty in California) <br /> Communist Party’s “Popular Front” <br />

Hist1302 Week 08 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey Mini-Lectures 1865 to the Present
  • 2. Week 8 Virtual Classroom Hard Times Again: The Onset of the Great Depression Mini-Lecture 1: The Curse of Unemployment; The Hardest Hit; African Americans Face the Depression; The Land That Flew Away
  • 3. The Onset of the Great Depression
  • 4. Unemployment & The Hardest Hit
  • 5. African Americans Face the Depression
  • 6. The Land That Flew Away
  • 7. Critic's Pick The Grapes of Wrath
  • 8. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
  • 9. Week 8 Virtual Classroom President Hoover’s Response to the Crisis Mini-Lecture 2: A Small Role for the Federal Government; The Failure of Local Relief and the Limits of Self-Help; Emergence of Radical Protest; 1932: Marching for Our Rights
  • 10. Herbert Hoover President Hoover’s Response to the Crisis
  • 11. Ragged Dick Horatio Alger Jr's "Rags to Riches" Stories for Children
  • 12. A Small Role for the Federal Government
  • 13. The Failure of Local Relief and the Limits of Self-Help
  • 14. The Scottsboro Boys Emergence of Radical Protest
  • 15. 1932: Marching for Our Rights
  • 16. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
  • 17. Week 8 Virtual Classroom The Promise of a New Deal Mini-Lecture 3: Franklin Roosevelt: Experimentation and the Status Quo; Rescuing the Banks; Toward National Relief
  • 18. Franklin Delano Roosevelt FDR: Experimentation and the Status Quo
  • 19. Rescuing the Banks
  • 20. Toward National Relief
  • 21. Roosevelt And U.S. History: 1930-1945 (clip)
  • 22. Alan Brinkley on FDR's Personal History and Influences
  • 23. FDR's Fireside Chat on Backing Up the Banking System Pt. 1
  • 24. FDR's Fireside Chat on Backing Up the Banking System Pt. 2
  • 25. FDR on Mortgages, Reflation, and Labor Standards
  • 26. FDR Takes the US Off the Gold Standard (1933)
  • 27. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
  • 28. Week 8 Virtual Classroom The Promise of a New Deal Mini-Lecture 4: A Revolution on the Farm; Public Investment in the South and West; A New Deal for American Indians; Transforming American Industry
  • 29. A Revolution on the Farm
  • 30. Public Investment in the South and West
  • 31. A New Deal for American Indians
  • 32. Transforming American Industry
  • 33. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
  • 34. Week 8 Virtual Classroom The Revival of Organized Labor Mini-Lecture 5: The Working Class Upsurge of 1933 and 1934; A Wave of Strikes; Organized Labor Meets Defeat in the West and South
  • 35. The Working Class Upsurge of 1933
  • 36. A Wave of Strikes
  • 37. A Wave of Strikes
  • 38. The Great Depression & The First New Deal 1929-1935 US History Survey 1865 to the Present
  • 39. Week 8 Virtual Classroom The Counteroffensives Against the New Deal Mini-Lecture 6: Resurgence on the Right; Populist Critics of the New Deal
  • 40. Organized Labor Meets Defeat in the West and South
  • 41. Populist Critics of the New Deal Continued
  • 42. On The 1949 Movie All The King's Men
  • 43. Resurgence on the Right
  • 44. Populist Critics of the New Deal
  • 45. The Threat to FDR From Hughey Long
  • 46. Father Charles E. Caughlin 1936