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PAPER TITLE“E-WASTE EFFECT ON ENVIRONMENT AND ITS MANAGEMENT” E-WASTE M MANAGEMENT Presented by: MD MUSTAFA KAMAL DEPTT.ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING NITTTR,CHANDIGARH
WHAT IS AN E-WASTE?• A Popular informal name of electronic and electric products nearing their end life.• Pose a threat to human health and also for the environment.
SOURCE OF E-WASTE• IT & Telecom Equipments• Large Household Appliances• Small Household Appliances• Consumer & Lighting Equipments• Electrical & Electronic Tools• Toys & Sports Equipment• Medical Devices• Monitoring & Control Instruments
E-WASTEMonitors 10%Televisions 10% Electronic wasteComputers, telephones, fax, printers, etc. 15%DVD/VCR Players, CD players,radios, Hi-Fi sets etc. 15%Refrigerators 20% Electric wasteWashing machines, dryers, air-conditioners,vacuum cleaners, Coffee machines, toasters, 30%irons etc.
EFFECT OF E-WASTE ON ENVIRONMENTElement Effect on environmentLead Damage to central and peripheral nervous systems, blood systems and kidney damage. Affects brain development of childrenChromium Asthmatic bronchitis. DNA damageCadmium Toxic irreversible effects on human health. Accumulates in kidney and liver. Causes neural damage. TeratogenicMercury Chronic damage to the brain. Respiratory andPlastics Burning produces dioxin. It causesincluding PVC Reproductive and developmental problems; Immune system damage; Interfere with regulatory hormones
WHY E-WASTE MANAGEMENT?• Pollution of ground water.• Acidification of soil.• Emission of toxic fumes and gases.• Fastest growing portion of municipal wastes.• Releases carcinogenic substances into the air.
RESPOSIBILITIES OF THE GOVT.,• Regulatory agencies in each district• An adequate system of laws• R&D in hazardous waste management• Strict regulations against dumping e-waste• Heavy fines on industries• Encourage NGOs
RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE INDUSTRIES• Management options.• Label materials to assist in recycling.• Green packaging options.• Adoption of waste minimization techniques.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CITIZEN Opt for those• Made with fewer toxic constituents• That use recycled content• That are energy efficient• That utilize minimal packaging• That offer take back options.