What is enlightenment

285 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
285
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

What is enlightenment

  1. 1.  Tenets of the Enlightenment Role of Reason Origins Guardians of the Enlightenment Role of France Worldview
  2. 2.  What isEnlightenment? “Sapere Aude”
  3. 3.  The Enlightenment stressed that Reason couldcure mankind of all past injustices. In such a new world a perfect society wasalmost insured. Through reason man could discover theNatural Laws that regulated society. Once that is done man can reach Progress thatwould guarantee human betterment.
  4. 4. England Newton Locke GloriousRevolution
  5. 5.  Men can use theirpowers of reason to freethemselves of problems Reason for yourself. Rationality – thinkingthings through, actionwithout emotion
  6. 6. Scientific: The key players inthis were Descartes,Bacon, and Newton. Shows influence ofscientific thought
  7. 7.   Sought to usemathematics as alanguage of universalprecision. Systematic Doubt:Question everything Logical analysis. Strict progression ofsynthesis.  Tries to saveChristianity with logic
  8. 8.  Newton’s Principia waspublished in Latin in 1687. Argues universe workedaccording to fixed naturallaws. He saw the world as agreat mechanical work ofGod. "Nature and NaturesLaws lay hid in night;God said, Let Newton be!-- And all was light."
  9. 9.  Work of Newton, Bacon, Descartes, highlightsnatural laws, therefore God must work throughnatural laws. Religion, therefore should be rational No mysteries No superstitions No miracles Which church is this really aimed at?
  10. 10.  Logical extent of rationalized religion. God is the creative force in the universe, deny“revealed religion” Mechanistic universe – God created universe,but is uninvolved in man’s affairs Therefore all Christian religions have it wrong
  11. 11.  The intellectuals whoadopted this positionwere called Philosophes. Most, but not all wereFrench. Few were Philosophers inthe strict sense of theterm. The philosophes weresocial critics, publicists,political scientists,economists, and socialreformers.
  12. 12. Reason/Logic Rationalism Empiricism Tolerance Skepticism Deism Light ModernTradition/Superstition Nostalgia for the past Religion Irrationality Emotion Darkness Pre-modern/medieval
  13. 13.  Philosophes critique French society andmonarchy In Politics, three main philosophes are Montesquieu Voltaire Rousseau Agriculture/Botany: Physiocrats
  14. 14.  Debate about the world takes place within the publicsphere, at coffee houses & salons Written about in pamphlets, newspapers, broad sides Ideology of the Enlightenment comes to dominateEuropean Milieu

×