Yalta Conference • Post War issues • Germany – denazification, demilitarization, war criminals • U.S. – wants Russia to help in Pacific • USSR – wants sphere of influence in E. Europe – Poland • U.K. wants free elections in East Europe – Poland Feb 4-11 1945 • U.S. Sells out?
A new Atomic Age "Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds."
Potsdam Conference*Division of Germany into occupation zones*Changing Germany’s borders*Removing German Threat to Russia*Dismantling of German Military-Industrial Complex*Churchill, Truman, Kai-Sheik agree how to end war in Pacific
A United Nations?• Idea originating with FDR and Churchill• 1945 – founded SF• Later based in NY• Security council – 10 nation council with 5 permanent members – Allies in WWII – USSR, UK, France, China, USA – Veto power
Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall was erected in late 1961, closing an emigration loophole between East and West Germany. In the West it symbolized the Iron Curtain, in the Eastern Bloc it was seen as a protective barrier from the vices of capitalism