Shoulder’s of giants
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Shoulder’s of giants Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Copernicus A Church canon in Prussia(what is now Poland) Avid mathematician,lawyer, etc De revolutionibus orbiumcoelestiumOn the Revolutions ofHeavenly Spheres
  • 2. Tycho Brahe
  • 3. Johannes Kepler Takes Brahe’s data anduses them toreexamine structure ofuniverse Heliocentric Three Laws of Motion• MysteriumCosmographicum
  • 4. Galileo• Mathematician atuniversity of Pisa• Uses telescope to lookat planets – SideriusNuncius (1610)• His observations of Jupiter• Becomes courtAstrologer to Cosimodi Medici in Florence
  • 5. Dialogue Concerning the TwoChief Systems Salvati (Galileo’swords) Sangredo (observer) Simplicio (Church’swords) Middle finger to church
  • 6. British Context Boyle’s Air Pump Creates a vacuum But nature abhors avacuum Hobbes attacks Boyle,saying there has to besomething in there
  • 7. Issac Newton• Synthesizes modern physicsout of the work of Descartes,Boyle, Galileo, and Kepler– Principia Mathematica• Three laws of motion• Done geometrically though hehad invented calculus• Theory of gravity explains system,he can’t explain gravity – God?• Alchemist• Opticks – fundamental shift inoptical physics and he inventsreflecting telescope.
  • 8. Mechanistic World View• World (universe) as amachine• Created by god and thenleft alone• Governed by naturallaws explained viamathematics• Leads to Deism– God = Higher power,creator, but is not involvedin the world on a day today basis.
  • 9. Mechanistic World View• World (universe) as amachine• Created by god and thenleft alone• Governed by naturallaws explained viamathematics• Leads to Deism– God = Higher power,creator, but is not involvedin the world on a day today basis.