1848

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1848

  1. 1.  The Revolutions of1848 were the mostviolent uprisings sincethe French Revolution CommonThemes: Nationalism Liberalism Romanticism
  2. 2.  February – crackdownon freedoms by LouisPhillip Uprising ensues –barricades, etc Second Republicdeclared Unfortunately, many ofwealthiest leave Paris
  3. 3.  Nephew of NapoleonBonaparte Elected in Fall 1848with 70% of the vote Becomes first and lastpresident of theSecond Republic
  4. 4. In 1852 Louis Napoleon dissolves the National Assembly, and becomes Emperor Napoleon III
  5. 5.  Revolution in Francespurs liberals in Prussiato action – Barricades inBerlin! In March EmperorFrederickWilliam IVgrants liberal demands Parliament formed inFrankfurt to draftConstitution of UnifiedGermany
  6. 6.  Composed of middleclass Promote Universalmanhood suffrage – noWorking class members Nationalistic GroßsDeutschland/KleinDeutschland? Offers crown to FredrichWilliam IV– Declines No “crown from thegutter”
  7. 7.  Main power for reaction inEurope 1825 Decemberist Fail Czar Nicholas I uber-reactionary March 26 Manifesto: Resist anyrevolutionary aggression Crushes Hungarian Revolutionin 1848 Seeds sewn though for reforminAustria later “Dual Monarchy” Gives support to Prussiaallowing FW IV to resist reform
  8. 8.  Chartists gather tomarch on London Volunteer Militias andArmy guard bridges,prevent them fromgetting into London Chartist movementwithers
  9. 9.  1832 Reform Bill 1834 sewers Corn Law Repeal 1846 No subsidies! Landowners don’t growwheat any more Import from U.S./Canada Pastoralism instead Free-trade for all Who does this benefit? Foreign Affairs
  10. 10.  After 1848Republicanism suffersblow England emergesrelatively unscathed.Liberal Reforms setstage for surge in growth Marx and Engels give upon Liberal reform.

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